*El Subjuntivo*
The mood that describes what may
happen: hypothetical, ambiguous
and emotional situations
Subjunctive Verb Endings:
“ar” Verbs
Box
Box
Box
Box
Box
Box
1
2
3
4
5
6
Yo
Tú
Él, ella, ud.
Nosotros (as)
Vosotros (as)
Ellos, Ellas,
Ustedes
e
es
e
emos
éis
en
Subjunctive Verbs Endings:
“er/ir” Verbs
Box
Box
Box
Box
Box
Box
1
2
3
4
5
6
Yo
Tú
Él, ella, ud.
Nosotros (as)
Vosotros (as)
Ellos, Ellas,
Ustedes
a
as
a
amos
áis
an
How to form the Subjunctive Tense
1.
2.
3.
Put the verb into Box 1 (the “yo” form)
Drop the “o”
Add the subjunctive (opposite) ending
Example: (Beber)
1. Yo bebo
2. Beb
3. Beba
(beba, bebas, beba, bebamos, bebáis, beban)
Example: (preguntar)
1. Yo pregunto
2. Pregunt
3. Pregunte
(pregunte, preguntes, pregunte, preguntemos, preguntéis, pregunten)
Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
The following 5 verbs are irregular in the
subjunctive and do not follow the box one,
drop the o, and the opposite ending
pattern….
Ir, Ser, Saber, Dar, & Estar
5 Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
Ir: Vaya, Vayas, Vaya, Vayamos, Vayáis, Vayan
Ser: Sea, Seas, Sea, Seamos, Seáis, Sean
Saber: Sepa, Sepas, Sepa, Sepamos, Sepáis, Sepan
Dar: Dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den
Estar: esté, estés, esté, estemos estéis, estén
*accents on the e in all boxes except 4*
*Vamos a practicar*
Hagan la practica en el libro:
la página 348A.
El Subjuntivo
You have seen so far that the subjunctive is
used to describe the following:
• Things that may or may not happen (ex- I
want you to do your homework.)
• Things that deal with emotions (ex- Your
parents are happy that you won your softball
game.)
• Things that are ambiguous (ex- I don’t think
my boyfriend is going to the party)
El Subjuntivo
There are phrases and words of volition that
help remind us when we need to use the
subjunctive tense.
WEIRDO Wedding is a mnemonic device
that will help you remember when to use the subjunctive
and which verbs are verbs of volition.
From now on we are going to look at the subjunctive tense
as a wedding.
WEIRDO WEDDING- When to use
the Subjunctive Tense
In order to use the subjunctive tense we must have a
WEIRDO Wedding!
What makes a WEIRDO wedding?
1. A bride and groom
2. A wedding ring
3. A proposal
*All three must be present to have a
wedding/Subjunctive Tense*
WEIRDO Wedding
1. Bride and Groom
The bride and groom in the wedding represent the
change in subject in the subjunctive sentence. You must
have 2 people to get married…and you must have 2
different subjects to use the subjunctive. If there is only
one subject in the sentence (ex-yo) then there can not
be a weirdo wedding!
*Phrases of volition may substitute for one of the subjects*
WEIRDO Wedding
2. Wedding Ring
The wedding ring in subjunctive sentences
is represented by the word “que”. Without
“que” as our wedding ring there can not be
a wedding/subjunctive sentence!
(In some cases “que” is not used-but
MOST of the time we will need “que” to
have a wedding)
WEIRDO Wedding
3. The Proposal
In order to get married someone has to
propose to you….
The proposal must be one of the verbs or
phrases of volition. This is where the
WEIRDO comes into play. Each letter in
WEIRDO represents verbs of volition.
WEIRDO Wedding-The proposal
W
E
I
R
D
O
Wish
Emotion
Influence
Request
Doubt
Order
WEIRDO Proposal- Verbs of Volition
Wish: Desear, Querer
Emotion: Estoy contenta, Tener miedo de, temer, alegrarse de,
Soprender, gustar, sentir,
Influence: Preferir, esperar, aconsejar
Request: rogar, sugerir, pedir
Doubt: Dudar, No creer, No estar seguro, No es cierto
Order: Mandar, exigir
WEIRDO Proposal- Phrases of
Volition
Es imposible
Es posible
Es bueno
Es mejor
Es importante
Es probable
Es necesario
Es fácil
Es difícil
Es dudoso
Ser una lastima
Ejemplos:
1. Es imposible que tú
hagas la tarea.
2. Es dudoso que mi madre
cocine la cena.
3. Es bueno que mi
hermano venga a mi casa
durante las vacaciones.
El Subjuntivo- WEIRDO Weddings
In order to use the subjunctive tense we
must have all 3 things.
1. A bride and groom (change in subject/2
different people)
2. A wedding ring (que)
3. A proposal (WEIRDO verb or phrase of
volition)
Ejemplos
1. I want you to go to school.
Yo quiero que tú vayas a la escuela.
2. My parents demand that I wash the dishes.
Mis padres exigen que yo lave los platos.
3. I doubt that the bus is on time.
Yo dudo que el bus esté a tiempo.
4. My friends prefer chicken for dinner.
Mis amigos prefieren pollo para la cena.
*NO SUBJUNCTIVE- No change in subject-no groom and no wedding ring!!!!!
5. My friends prefer that I eat chicken for dinner.
Mis amigos prefieren que yo coma pollo para la cena.
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WEIRDO Wedding