Capital de la Provincia de
Jeanine Carr
In 711, los Moros, Arabs and Berbers from North Africa invaded Spain and had
conquered almost the entire Peninsula from the Visigoths by 718. With them they
brought Islam. Only some mountainous northern regions remained Cristianos.
The Moslems had a more advanced culture than most of Europe. They were advanced
in Mathematics (Algebra), medicine, astronomy and preserved the writings of great
classics from Greece and Rome. They built exquisite architecture of palaces and
mosques and decorated with horseshoe arches, mosaic, lace carvings, Arabic writing
from the Koran.
By the 11th century there were disputes among the leaders, and the power of los Moros
was divided in weaker states. By the end of the 13th century the northern Christianos
had reconquered the land and pushed los Moros back southward into the region of
Granada (from the word, pomegranate).
Later los Reyes Católicos Fernando e Isabel defeated los Moros at their last
stronghold in Granada. They took over the magnificent Moorish arquitectura and La
Alhambra (the red fort) where we can still visit today El Patio de los Leones and the
magnificent gardens: el Generalife.
Los Reyes Católicos who defeated the Moros are buried in the Holy Chapel of the
Cathedral of Granada.
Later on el rey Carlos V de Habsburgo from the Netherlands had a Spanish Italian
Vista de la Catedral de Granada
La Catedral de Granada
Los Mausoleos de Fernando e Isabel
• Los Reyes
• Dentro de la
Capilla Real
• Al lado de la
Catedral de
Isabel had inherited the kingdom of Castilla y León. She later married Fernando from
Aragón y Navarra. Their union started la Reconquista. They wanted to reunify Spain
under one single Catholic faith. The Spanish flag shows the emblems of Castilla y León
on top of the emblems of Aragón y Navarra at the bottom.
They started the Inquisition to expulse the non Christians and used los Judios to defeat
los Moros in their stronghold of Granada in 1492. They carried the extinction of the
Jews through the infamous auto-da-fé, public burning of the Marranos (conversos who
kept on practicing their Judaism in secret). For their desire to unify Spain under the
banner of Christianity, the Pope bestowed upon them the title of Reyes Católicos.
They are buried in the Cathedral of Granada
That same year 1492, they sponsored the first trip of Cristobal Colón to the New World.
The Alhambra complex sits on a hill at the base of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Granada,
Spain. The Alhambra is made up of three distinct areas: a fortress known as the Alcazaba,
extensive gardens called the Generalife, and the royal palace. The Alcazaba, parts of which date
to the 11th century, is the oldest part of the complex. During the 13th and 14th centuries, Spain’s
Moorish rulers built the Generalife and the royal palace in the Islamic architectural style. This photo
faces the Alcazaba, with parts of the royal palace showing in the background.
Panorama de la Alhambra
• Al fondo, el
Palacio de
• La estructura
cuadrada del
Palacio de
Carlos V
La Alhambra
• La última fortaleza
de los Moros hasta
• Al pie de la Sierra
• De estilo árabe
• Vista al norte
La Alhambra, Vista al Sur
Vista del Patio
de los Leones
El Patio de los Leones
Detalle del
• Cada columna es
• Hay arcos árabes con
columnas simples,
dobles y triples
Detalle de
la cupola
de la Sala
de las
Decoración árabe con líneas
geométricas y texto del Corán
Vista del Generalife
EL Generalife
El jardín
El Jardín de la Acequia
con el Palacio de Verano o Pavilión del Norte
El Palacio Cuadrado de Carlos V
Estilo del Renacimiento
Las Tunas de la Universidad de Granada
Tuna de Ciencias de Granada
Tuna de Ciencias de la Educación de Granada
Tuna de Derecho de Granada
Tuna de Distrito de Granada
Tuna de Farmacia de Granada
Tuna de Medicina de Granada
Tuna de Odontología de Granada
Tuna del Colegio Mayor
Universitario Loyola de Granada

Vista de la Catedral de Granada