Direct Object Pronouns
Sí, la gramática otra vez…
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What is a DOP?
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A direct object pronoun answers the question “what?”
or “whom?” with regard to what the subject of the
sentence is doing.
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BILL HIT THE BALL.
Bill hit what?
DOP = the ball
SHERRY HIT BILL.
Sherry hit whom?
DOP = Bill
Replacing the DO with a Pronoun
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Using the previous examples without a
pronoun a paragraph might read like…
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Bill hit the ball. Tom then chased the ball. Billy
arrived at the ball first, picked up the ball, fumbled
the ball and finally threw the ball to the first base
man (or woman  ).
Using a pronoun…
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Bill hit the ball. Tom chased it. Billy arrived at it
first, picked it up, fumbled it and finally threw it to
the first base man.
Replacing the DOP with a Pronoun
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The Direct Object Pronouns are
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Me (me)
Te (you, familiar)
Lo / La (him, her, you-formal)
Nos (us)
Los / Las (them, you all-formal)
So, what do I do with a DOP?
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In an affirmative statement with one verb, the
DOP comes immediately before the conjugated
verb.
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Tengo el lápiz.
►
Juan tiene el lápiz. ►
Tess tiene el lápiz. ►
Tengo la pluma.
►
Juan tiene la pluma. ►
Tess tiene la pluma. ►
LO tengo.
Juan LO tiene.
Tess LO tiene
LA tengo.
Juan LA tiene.
Tess LA tiene.
So, what do I do with a DOP?
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In an affirmative statement with one verb, the
DOP comes immediately before the conjugated
verb.
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Tengo los lápices.
Juan tiene los lápices.
Tess tiene los lápices.
Tengo las plumas.
Juan tiene las plumas.
Tess tiene las plumas.
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LOS tengo.
Juan LOS tiene.
Tess LOS tiene
LAS tengo.
Juan LAS tiene.
Tess LAS tiene.
Problems with Literal Translation
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Problem
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I eat the soup. ► I eat it. ►Yo como la. WRONG
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Redundant (Yo como)
Incorrect (como la)
Solution
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Think of the two words as a single phrase
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La como
Lo como
La tengo
Lo tengo
Who are we talking about?
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La come… Lo tiene…
La compra…
When using third person forms of the verb, it
is important to clarify who you are talking
about.
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Juan la come.
Sara lo tiene.
Usted la compra.
Plural DOPs
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Juan come un sándwich.
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Juan come dos sándwiches.
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Juan los come.
María tiene un libro.
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Juan lo come
María lo tiene.
María tiene tres libros.
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María los tiene
What if the direct object is a person?
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You use the same pronouns!
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I know you.
She loves him.
He loves me.
Juan sees her.
We call them.
They call us.
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Te conozco.
Ella lo ama.
Él me ama.
Juan la mira.
Nosotros los llamamos.
Ellos nos llaman.
Negative Sentences
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The only difference is that the DOP is placed
between the negative word and the conjugated
verb.
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Affirmative sentence
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Compro los libros.
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Los compro.
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No los compro.
Negative sentence
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No compro los libros.
What if there are two verbs in the
sentence?
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You have two options
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Place the DOP immediately before the conjugated verb
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Attach it directly to the infinitive
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Lo quiero ver.
Quiero verlo.
The same rules apply to questions
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¿No lo necesito lavar?
¿No necesito lavarlo?
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Direct Object Pronoun PPT