Stefan Lindholm
Chairman, UPU Telematics Cooperative and
the Advanced Electronic Services User Group
Universal Postal Union at a glance
• UPU, a not-for-profit UN agency for the Global Postal Industry
• 190 countries, 700,000 post offices
• The largest physical distribution network in the world.
• In 2002 the Posts distributed..
• a total of 425 billion domestic items.
• a total of 6.7 billion international items.
• The UPU is committed to deliver the UN Universal Service.
• Keeping pace with customer behaviour, Posts are increasingly
using new technologies to move…
…“beyond the physical mailbox into every household and every
business desktop”.
March 2004
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Posts inherited & developed skills
Mass- and niche market
Every company & household
every working day
Global Trust
Address Competence
Physical - electronic
March 2004
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UPU - Bridging the Digital Divide
• By migrating their universal delivery commitment to the online
world, postal services can ensure that citizens have better and
easier access to internet connectivity and services.
• A growing number of UPU member postal administrations have
intensified their cooperation with the telecommunications sector
to develop tele-kiosk and hybrid mail combining electronic
transmission and a physical delivery.
• Standards are now developing to support this bridge over the
digital divide.
March 2004
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UPU Universal @ddressing PT ([email protected])
and POST*Code project
•Origin: Resolution C 87/1999, from the Beijing Congress
•Aims: promote and improve the quality of domestic and international
mail services
•Products: Developing a product range on:
1.-addressing systems: «Standard S-42 »
« Postal Addressing Systems »
2.-postcodes :
March 2004
« Universal POST*CODE® Database »
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POST*Code: Standard S-42
Goals
• prepare a dictionary of address types and elements
• define address structures (country by country) and
templates in natural language and XML.
Implementation
• EDIFACT and XML message
March 2004
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POST*Code: Standard S42
Postal Address Components : Dictionary
Addressee Specification
Mailee
Specification
Individual Identification
Mailee Role
Descriptor
or
Organisation Identification
Function
Organisational
Unit
Legal
Status
Surname
Given
Name
Surname
Prefix
Qualification
Surname
Root
Form of
Address
Delivery Point Specification
March 2004
Delivery Service
Indicator
Floor
Door
Supplementary Despatch Data
Delivery Point
Access Data
Secondary
Thoroughfare
Building/
Construction
Wing
Delivery SerVice Qualifier
Building/Cons
Type
Floor
Supplementary
DP Data
Door
Extension
Designation
Street No
or Plot
Country
Region
Proximate
Town
Postcode
Town
District
Sector Type
Organisation
Identification
Delivery Point Location
Postal Service Delivery Point Identifier
Locality
Wing
Name Qualifier
Addressee Role Descriptor
Defining
Authority
or
Mail Recipient Despatching Information
Organisation
Name
Delivery Service
Type
Individual
Identification
Thoroughfare
Secondary
Thoroughfare
Name
Thoroughfare
Name
Secondary
Thoroughfare
Type
Thoroughfare
Type
Thoroughfare
Qualifier
Sector Indicator
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POST*Code: Standard S42, natural language
Address template in Natural Language Notation, example:
United States of America
[\ (12.33 supplementary despatch data) {L} \)
< [\ [10.04 addressee role descriptor {precedence1}] [10.05 form of address] [10.06/1 given name part 1] [10.06/2
given name part 2] [10.06/3 given name part 3] [10.08 surname] [10.09 name qualifier] [10.10 qualification] {L} \]
[\ [10.04 addressee role descriptor {precedence2}] (10.03 function) {L} \]
[\ [11.11 mailee role descriptor {precedence1}] [11.05 form of address] [11.06/1 given name part 1] [11.06/2 given
name part 2] [11.06/3 given name part 3] [11.08 surname] [11.09 name qualifier] [11.10 qualification] {L} \]
[\ [11.11 mailee role descriptor {precedence2}] (11.03 function) {L} \]
[\ [11.11 mailee role descriptor {precedence3}] (11.02/2 succeeding organisational unit) {L} \]
[\ [11.11 mailee role descriptor {precedence4}] (11.00/2 succeeding organisation name) [11.01/2 succeeding
organisation legal status] {L} \] >
< [\ (10.00 organisation name) [10.01 organisation legal status] {L} \]
[\ [10.04 addressee role descriptor] (10.02 organisational unit) {L} \] >
[\ (13.17 district) {L} \]
<(\ (14.21 thoroughfare name) [13.19 delivery service type] [13.20 delivery service indicator] {L} \)>
<(\ (13.19 delivery service type) (13.20 delivery service indicator) {L} \)>
<(\ (14.24 street number or plot) [14.23/1 preceding thoroughfare qualifier] (14.21 thoroughfare name) [14.22
thoroughfare type] [14.23/2 succeeding thoroughfare qualifier] [14.31/1 secondary unit type] [14.31/2 secondary unit
identifier] {L} \)>
(\ (13.16 town) (13.15 region) (13.13/1 primary postcode) [13.13/2 secondary postcode] {L} \)
[\ (13.14 country) {L} \]
March 2004
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POST*Code: Standard S42 by XML
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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!-This is the PATDL USPS template representing the street
address, postal box, and rural route formats using UPU codes
and rendition instructions. It has been validated using the Postal
Address Template description Language (PATDL) v2.2 W3C
schema. The file name is straddr.xml
-->
<!DOCTYPE patdl.xml SYSTEM "patdl.dtd">
<patdl22.xml xmlns:xsi=http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchemainstance”
xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation=“PATDLv2.2.2.xsd”>
<!-- -->
<identifier>
<referenceKey>UPU-US</referenceKey>
<elementIdentifier>
<type>code</type>
<prefix>U</prefix>
<system>UPU</system>
<version>s42-3</version>
<source>POST*Code</source>
</elementIdentifier>
…..
<contentDefinition>
<templateNumber>
<countryCode>US</countryCode>
<userId>USPS</userId>
<templateType>ADR</templateType>
<templateSeqNum>001</templateSeqNum>
</templateNumber>
….
March 2004
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<lineData>
<lineName>lastline</lineName>
<lineNumber>008</lineNumber>
<linePriority>002</linePriority>
<elementData>
<elementId>E10.018</elementId>
<elementDesc>city.name</elementDesc>
<fldJustify>L</fldJustify>
<posStart>001</posStart>
<posLength>***</posLength>
</elementData>
<elementData>
<elementId>E10.020</elementId>
<elementDesc>state.postal.abbreviation</elementDesc>
<fldJustify>L</fldJustify>
<posStart>***</posStart>
<posLength>***</posLength>
</elementData>
<elementData>
<elementId>E10.025</elementId>
<elementDesc>zip.code</elementDesc>
<fldJustify>L</fldJustify>
<posStart>***</posStart>
<posLength>***</posLength>
</elementData>
…
</contentDefinition>
@9
POST*Code: Standard S42
Address example: United States of America
Formatted address
CECIL BOB DEMILLE
PRODUCER
2800 N LOS FELICES CIR E UNIT C100
PALM SPRINGS CA 92260-3002
USA
March 2004
Address elements
10.06/1
10.06/2
10.08
10.03
14.24
14.23/1
14.21
14.22
14.23/2
14.31/1
14.31/2
13.16
13.15
13.13/1
13.13/2
13.14
CECIL
BOB
DEMILLE
PRODUCER
2800
N
LOS FELICES
CIR
E
UNIT
C100
PALM SPRINGS
CA
92260
3002
USA
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Universal POST*CODE® database
A worldwide postcode database to street level for more than
190 countries when available.
General description:
• flat files, text/ASCII, raw data, TABulator separator,
• quarterly updates (included),
• all postcodes in the uniform POST*CODE® format
March 2004
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The physical address is key to…
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Legal address, tax, social sec, children, work..
Utilities, electricity, gas, cable, petrol…
telecom…
Credit cards
Bank
Drivers licence
eID certificate (electronic identification)
Letter and parcel address
eGovernment
March 2004
@12
Privacy issues
• Posts only, have delivery address directory
• Posts provide UN - Universal Services “letter secrecy”
• The individual only, allow for listing of address
• Telephone directory – listed / not listed
• .Post will provide privacy protection
March 2004
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@post – Aliases by the protected “address”
Change address on-line
Mail collect
ePM
Mail forward
Unique secret serial number
Electronic ID
March 2004
@14
@post - Addresses
Anna Hansson
Storgatan 34
S-193 97 Bro
Sweden
Anna Hansson
Storgatan 34
19397-1234 Bro
Sweden
The same address as used today!
[email protected]
March 2004
@15
The Znum ideá…
Post box
Telephone no
The Z - num
Address
IP Address
March 2004
Z - Post*Code
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The .post + S-42 standard in reality..
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Use of existing address infrastructure investments
Electronic PostBox svcs’ migrating to .post domains
Geographical eMessaging – rural, local & global
Demographical eMessaging - rural, local & global
Posts sort by physical or electronic address
Electronic advise of physical delivery
Business system integration
Etc…
Migration – will allow people to manage their comm’s!!
March 2004
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Standard S-43, ePM, Electr. PostMark
The UPU eDocument standard for electronic
signatures and privacy protection.
March 2004
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UPU electronic PostMark, ePM
ePM is the UPU PKI based eSignature service with
legal ramifications, built on…
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A UPU global PKI policy by UPU Congress 1999
Posts strengths for In-Person-Proofing (IPP)
Imbedded Signer sw by leading PC sw suppliers
Transparency of electronic & physical Signatures
Signers and Recipients see what they do/get (WYSIWIG)
March 2004
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EPM – Electronic PostMark, UPU S-43
• Electronic PostMark standard
“Interface and functionality standard”
• UPU S43 – approval Nov 2003 UPU Standards Board
• CEN TC331 – under review for approval 2004
• OASIS DSS – to be approved Q2 2004
• Applications Established by Us, Pt, Be, Ca, Fr
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March 2004
Via Microsoft and Adobe
Documents
Forms
Applications
Any Web/Internet “paper”
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Non-repudiation for all forms of
communication.
• For any document, form or “piece
of electronic paper” – nonrepudiation is applied in the form
of a “stamp” that also seals the
document
• Using Microsoft/Adobe
applications, the EPM stamp is
part of the software
• Once applied, the item is sealed
as if it were in the mail – it cannot
be tampered or corrected without
trace
March 2004
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March 2004
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@post - Aliases
Change address on-line
Mail collect
ePM
Mail forward
Unique secret serial number
Electronic ID
March 2004
@23
Further information
• Electronic PostMark : S-43, please visit:
http://www.globalepost.com/interspec.htm
• POST*code standard : S-42, please visit:
http://www.upu.int/post_code/en/addressing_formats.html
• POST*CODE® database:
http://www.upu.int/publications/en/post_code_database.shtml
March 2004
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UPU – position for the future
• Posts are the “the timeless societal trust-hubs for trade &
communication” in LDCs as well as DCs.
• Posts traditionally deliver tools for worldwide physical…
• Communication
• Distribution
= Tools for “Trade & Communication”
• Payments
• Now, standards are available to migrate the physical and
the electronics eg. Post*Code and Electronic PostMark
with a global outlook and strong privacy protection
“.POST” sTLD will advance these values and further
standard developments in a sponsored environment
for all”
March 2004
@25
UPU .post for Universal eServices
Thank You for your attention !!
March 2004
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