Regional Conference On Localized ICT Development
Dissemination Across Asia- PAN Localization Project
12th - 16th January, 2009
Novotel Hotel, Vientiane, Laos
Local Language Computing Technology Training Programs
across PAN L10n project II
Summary and Conclusions
Rajendra Poudel
[email protected]
NEPAL- Background
Location : Southern Asia, between China and India
: 147,181 Sq. Km (Land-143, 181 Sq. km., water- 4,000 sq. Km.
: 29, 519,114 (July 2008 est.)
: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%,
Other 0.9%
: Nepali 47.8% Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu 5.8%
Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4 %,
Other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (Ninety languages fall either
Aryan or Tibeto Burman family, Out of them only 5 have
Internet country
Internet Users
: 48.6% (male 62.7%, 37.3%)
: 42%
: .np
: 337,100
(source: The World Factbook-2007, Publish by CIA, USA)
PAN Localization Project Phase II
The community people women, farmers, teachers, students and youths use
localized computing technology more efficiently in the various fields they
are involved to receive social services delivery system. The community
groups have enough technical capacity to generate and use locally relevant
content to improve their living standard and make their life more enjoyable.
Such benefits of technology is accessing by equal participation of gender,
marginalized community and ethnic group. The model, the experiences and
the techniques and methodologies developed by the project are replicating
in other villages of country.
The project will focus mainly on building the capacity of local community
people from 5 different groups to use and deploy the localized computing
technology in their daily activities. The program will encourage equal
participation of community and organizations accessing the technology and
generating locally relevant content and display them in internet in local
PAN Localization
Phase II- Background
-PAN Localization Project Phase II has been implemented in 5 sites.
- (Major locations are government schools and public tele- centres)
- Conducted training in layered approach
ToT Layer - Training of Trainer - 5 persons
3LT Layer - Local Level Leadership Training
(5X5=25 Persons )
EUT Layer – End user Training
(5X5X5= 125 Persons )
(Total- 155 Persons)
- Focus is given on
leadership handover, skill transformation, digital literacy, and
business creation. .
- Training methodology and all the training materials are developed by
Local Level leader trainer (3LT).
- Options has been given to the end-users for the selection of license
application or open source application or both.
- Youth and students has majority of participation.
- Female participations rate is higher - 56%
- Local level leader can create website in Drupal application.
- End User can upload and access content form the internet.
What were our bottom-line
- Ownership of the program should be in local people,
- Local organization should assure the matching fund for the
sustainability of the training in future. (Acceptance of the project from the local people)
- Local resources (HR/infrastructure) should be capatilzed.
- Training material and methodology should be develop with the
participation of local HR.
- ENRD should only advocate the local people, all the project should be
managed and deployed by local people
How it is going one ?
Different boundary partners played vital role to complete the training.
(Farmers, youth, teachers, students and mothers group)
People either young or old all participated in the training actively and
contributed to the project to achieve it’s goal.
Mr Amar Bahadur Pun is 62 years old retired Gurkha
Army. He actively took training and handover his skill
to the Family of other Gurkha Army. He him self
develop his teaching methodology and training
Mrs Maya Gurung is 32 years old mother having 3 kids.
She had received 5 grade education and after her
marriage she could not continue her education. She is
keen to learn and study for the better future of her family.
She actively took Training and hand over her skill to all
the members of mother Group in her village. She
developed her training materials by her self
What are outputs?
- 5 centres run training in their village and transfer their skill to the 150
participants (Their is 87 female and 63 male)
- 5 different training material has been developed by 5 centres. (Training
manual on Nepali Linux, Training manual on Open Office, Training manual on
Windows XP and Training manual on Ms Office)
- 2 centres selected Nepali Linux as their Operating system. 3 centres
selected Windows XP, for the application 4 centres selected Open office and 1
centre selected MS office.
- 5 websites are running and villagers them self are uploading the content in
the websites. Educational related material, local level literature (poem/stories
etc), advertisement of the village product, local news, and internal tourism
related content are increasing in the websites.,,,
Local government (VDC) decided to allocate budget for ICT education in the
government school for every year planning.
- Mothers groups are raising the fund for the matching fund for running similar
training program in future.
Who are working for it?
Activities in Summary
Activities in Local level
Activities in ENRD
6 general meetings in each centers conduct by the
village (30 general meetings in all the centers)
7 general meetings has conduced in ENRD office
6 computer training program completed in each
centers (total 30 trainings completed in 5 centers)
5 project management trainings (OMG) completed
in ENRD office to the office staffs. Sana has visited
office and give full day training in OMG for all the
ENRD staffs.
Each centers released their own training materials
and training methodology. Most of the centers has
uploaded in the website
3 meetings has been conducted with Higher
government bodies such as Nepal Government High
Level Commission for Information and Technology
(HLCIT) and Ministry of Education and Sport.
8 meetings conducted with the Local government
and Village Development committee to mange the
infrastructure for training and sustainability of the
training promotion.
3 Major visit program has organized to show the
local level initiative to the Higher Government
officials and donor agencies
Lesson learned
Programs running by community people is very effective.
Capitalizing the people’s skill is the way of sustainability.
Content developed by community is useful for other community themself.
Students and School is entry strategies for project and Mother groups and Local
government are exit strategies program.
5. Local leader should be more empowered (more training is needed for the program
management and training management for the Local leader)
Documentation from the initial phase was not done
Training plan was limited only in paper.
Communication planning was not done properly.
ENRD Staffs was changed time by time so community people are suffered
What is ahead ?
Where this river will flow?
How we will advocate the villagers in future?
How we will return the investment that contributed by the
community ?
How we will capitalize villager’s investment toward the
What will be our exit strategies from the project?
(Of course not from Program!)
The biggest challenge- literacy 48.6%
and unemployment is 42%
How we will fill this gap by our activities?
Thank You
Cases of Local Language Content Development and
Cases of Local Language Content Development and Dissemination
Content development approach
Top-bottom approachContent producing by ENRD and MPP (For example (ICT Training
Manual for ToT, and other study materials. Case
study from outside country, motivating articles and case study
We did need assessment during Baseline survey. We found there are lot of
content and we need to only disseminate the content which has already
developed by many organization. For example for
Bottom –Up approachContent producing by community
- ICT Training materials by community for the community
- Global content of community
- Rural bulletin board
- Rural product advertisement
- School level education material
- Local government announcement
- Digital story telling (DST)
- Using Durpal for the online management of the Content.
Content feeders- teachers, students, local government, literate youth and
villagers local community org etc.
Content dissemination methodology
Content type identification (It is necessary for whom? )
For students, for farmers, for women, for teacher or for others?
Content dissemination method
- Online (Client –server architecture and Internet)
- off line (From CD) – or hard disk
- Wallpaper
- IPTV- Tele-medicine, Tele-education
- IP radio- VoIP
- Hard copy publication (we are doing in PAN II Phase 3.1-3.2)
Some example,,,,,
Recommendations for Local Language Content Development and
1- Topic “CONTENT” is sea, so which content does we want to produce? or
we want to only collect and store and disseminate. This role need to be
2. There are many ways of content dissemination. So we need to decide how
we want to disseminate. What technology we want to use to disseminate the
3. Authorization of the content is very important.
4. Duplication of content development should be decreased. For example
D.Net Bangladesh and Nepal can join hand in health related content.
4- If we want to go in large scale then technical and infrastructure support is
5. Very important Project Management and Training management training
should be given to the staffs who are directly working in the filed for content
issue. .

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