Tanzania
Millennium Development Goals
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Goal 2: Achieve Universa Primary Education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 6: Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases
David Cahill
Mary Creed
Fionnuala Flynn
Tanzania is over ten times the size of Ireland and has
the lowest income levels in all of Africa. 58% of the
population live below the international ‘dollar a day’
poverty line.
Life expectancy in Tanzania is 55 Years compared to
79 years in Ireland
Population: 37.4 million
Capital: Dodoma
Major languages: English, Swahili
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Main exports: Gold, minerals, cotton, coffee, tobacco, tea,
cashews, cloves, sisal
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
The goal of eradicating extreme hunger and poverty is integrated with many of the other development
goals. Proper nutrition is key in ensuring children receive a full course of primary education. Research has
shown that malnutrition has severe implications on a child’s learning capacity.
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Target: Reduce by half the proportion of
people living on less than $1 a day
Target: Reduce by half the proportion of people
who suffer from hunger
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85% of the population of Tanzania are involved in
farming with 80% of Tanzania’s poor living in
rural areas. There is a direct link between the
percentage of Tanzanian’s who are involved in
agriculture and the percentage who suffer from
hunger. Tanzanians depend on agriculture for
food.
•
Tanzania’s National Strategy for Growth and the
Reduction of Poverty has pinpointed agricultural
growth as one of the necessary components to
reduce poverty .
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The emphasis must be placed on increasing
agricultural productivity as part of an integrated
approach to rural development that includes
health and education.
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As a result of climate change, droughts in
Tanzania are becoming more frequent. If we are
to succeed in eridacating extreme hunger in
Tanzania by 2015 essential action needs to be
taken by the international community to grow
subsistence agricultural produce and to establish
technologies which enhance the agricultural yield
in drier condition
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education.
Target: Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary education
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Education is vital in bringing about an end to world poverty as it is fundamental
for the economic and social development that will bring about an end to poverty
and lay the foundations for economic growth.
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In the past nine years, since the initiation of these goals, primary education in
Tanzania has progressed from 53.5 % in 2000, to 57.3% in 2009, an improvement
of 3.7%.
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In 2001 the Primary Education Development Program was launched with the aim
of improving access to education and the quality of education being provided in
primary schools in Tanzania
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By 2006 the pass rate of the Primary School Leaving Examinations had risen to
62% from 22% in 2000 indicating that Tanzania has made major strides towards
achieving Goal 2.
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It is envisaged that, by 2015, illiteracy in Tanzania will have fallen to between 10
and less than 30%, corresponding with the target date of the MDG’s.
Goal 3: Eliminate gender equality and empower women
Target 4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education
preferably by 2005 and in all levels of education no later than 2015.
• The target of gender
equality at primary level
was achieved within the
time-frame
• There is still an under-representation
of girls at secondary level. However,
the percentage of females to males at
tertiary level is on the increase - 15%
in 2001 compared to 48% in 2007.
• There is a notable change in the number of women in
Parliament in recent years. Female Ministers has increased
from 11% in 1995 to 15% in 2005 and the number of female
Permanent Secretaries has increased from one in 1995 to
seven in 2005.
Goal 6: Combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
Target 7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of
HIV/AIDS
 At the end of 1999, Tanzania declared HIV and AIDS a natural
disaster.
 In 2003, the UN reported that HIV was higher, (4 to 6 times
higher), among girls and young women than among their male
peers.
 In 2006, the UN reported that over 50% of the hospital beds in
Tanzania were occupied by patients with HIV and AIDS related
conditions and that one million adults aged between 15 and 49
years were HIV positive.
 In 2001, the UN reported 110,000 AIDS related deaths
compared to 96,000 in 2007 among 15-24 age bracket.
 In 2009, HIV/AIDS continues to be a major problem in Tanzania
with only six years remaining until 2015.
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Target 8: Have halted and begun to reverse by 2015 the incidence of malaria and other
major diseases
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Tuberculosis an malaria are, along with AIDS, the deadliest diseases in
Tanzania, combining to kill millions annually
•
Statistically, incidences of these diseases have reduced, however
progress has been slow, due to an unsupportive environment, lacking in
satisfactory health and education systems and conditions
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The aim: By 2015, malaria cases per 100,000 in mainland Tanzania will
have fallen to 18,062, in Zanzibar, 5957
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Strategies: Health sector reform, disease programmes, increased
coverage of diseases, subsides on treatment and medication.
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Tanzania Millennium Development Goals