Cyril and Methodius
by Adrian Stanchev
Saints Cyril and Methodius
Cyril and Methodius are Byzantine brothers born
in Thessaloniki in the 9th century
They became missionaries of Christianity among
the Slavic peoples of Bulgaria and Pannonia
Through their work they influenced the cultural
development of all Slavs, for which they received the
title "Apostles to the Slavs"
After their deaths, their pupils continued their
missionary work among other Slavs
Mission to the Slavs
In 862, both brothers began the work which gives
them their historical importance
They were sent by the Byzantine emperor Michael III
to convert the Western Slavs to Christianity
In 863, they began the task of translating the Bible
into the and other texts into the Slavic languages and
travelled to Great Moravia to promote it
For the purpose of this mission, they devised the
Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet to be used for
Slavonic manuscripts. It was suited to match the
specific features of the Slavic language
Its descendant script, the Cyrillic, is still used by many
languages today
The Glagolitic Alphabet
Students of Cyril and Methodius
In the years 883-885 the followers of Cyril and Methodius were educated
by the two brothers in Great Moravian Academy founded by Cyril
The early Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire
as a simplification of the Glagolitic alphabet which more closely
resembled the Greek alphabet
After the death of Cyril and Methodius Clement, Naum of Preslav,
Angelarius and Gorazd were sent to the Bulgarian capital of Pliska,
where they were commissioned by Tsar Boris I of Bulgaria to instruct
the future clergy of the state in the Slavonic language
Saint Clement of Ohrid
Medieval Bulgarian saint, scholar, writer and enlightener of the
He was the most prominent disciple of Saints Cyril and Methodius
and is often associated with the creation of the Glagolitic and
Cyrillic alphabets, especially their popularization among
Christianized Slavs
He was the founder of the Ohrid Literary School and is
considered as a patron of education and language by most Slavic
 He is regarded to be the first bishop of the Bulgarian
Orthodox Church, one of the seven Apostles of the
Bulgarian Empire, the patron saint of the Republic of
Macedonia, the city of Ohrid and the Macedonian
Orthodox Church.
Saint Naum
Also known as Naum of Ohrid or Naum of Preslav (c. 830 –
December 23, 910)
Medieval Bulgarian scholar and missionary among the Slavs
Venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church.
Naum took part in the historic mission to Moravia together with
Cyril, Methodius, Clement, Angelarius, Gorazd and other Slavic
missionaries in 863.
In 867 or 868 he became a priest in Rome
For the next 22 years, he worked with Cyril and Methodius and
other missionaries in translating the Bible into Old Church
Slavonic and promoted it in Great Moravia and Pannonia
Naum was one of the founders of the Pliska Literary School
where he worked between 886 and 893
Seven Saints
Saints honored by the Bulgarian OrthodoxChurch as
the creators and distributors of Glagolitic and Cyrillic

Cyril and Methodius Students