CHAPTER 5
What Is Taught?
Collin College
EDUC 1301
Welcome
Chapter 5 – What is Taught?
I.
II.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Standards
Curricular Issues
Cooperative Learning
Additional Ideas
Texas HS Graduation Requirements
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52
Formal Curriculum
 Explicitly taught
 Planned
 Students learn
subject-matter
information
Hidden Curriculum
 Taught informally
 Often unplanned
 Students learn
attitudes, values,
beliefs, behavior
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53
 Subject-
specific
 What students should:
• know
• be able to do
 Standards
movement is influential,
widespread, but controversial
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54
• Reading
• Writing
General
• Listening
• Speaking
• Whole language versus phonics
Issues and
• Balanced combination
Trends
approach is best
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5-5
General Computational skills and structure
Issues
and
Trends
• Use of manipulatives in early
grades
• More computer use
• Integrating math skills
• Constructivist approaches,
conceptual reasoning v.
procedures, drill
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5-6
• Early grades: topics of natural curiosity
• Middle: projects, topics
General
• High school: year-long courses in
branches of science
• Training next generation of scientists
Issues
• Teaching all students to reason
and
scientifically, make informed judgments
Trends
• Project 2061
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5-7
• Study of people, their ideas &
General approaches to one another
• Dominated by history, government
• Diversity in history
Issues • Geography coming back
and
Trends • The “new” civics
• Standards across different sciences
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5-8
• American students unprepared,
compared to rest of world
General
• Spanish, French popular
• Expanded offerings
Issues • Emphasis on relevance
and
Trends • Technology
• Early introduction
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5-9
• Visual arts
• Music
General
• Dance
• Theatre
Issues • Integrating into the curriculum
and
Trends • In danger from budget cuts
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5 - 10
General
Issues and
Trends
Goals are to promote health of
American public
• Lack of emphasis in public
schools
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5 - 11
General
Range of courses to provide
comprehensive education in high
school
Issues and
Trends
• Increasing requirements leave
less time for electives
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5 - 12
Preparation for employment right after
General
high school
• Increasing academic requirements
leading to declining enrollment
Issues
• More focus on achieving necessary
and
skills
Trends
• Improving school-to-work transitions
– “Tech prep”
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5 - 13
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514
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515
 “Group Work” doesn’t
necessarily
equal cooperative learning
 Key Ideas
• Group goals
• Individual accountability
• Equal opportunities for success
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516
 Student
team learning
 Jigsaw
 Group
Investigation
 Think-Pair-Share
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517
 Critical Thinking
• Evaluating the worth of
ideas, opinions, or
evidence before
making a decision or
judgment.
 Problem
Solving
• Awareness of the
conditions,
procedures, or steps
taken to solve a
problem and the
ability to implement
them.
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518
Stations
 Compacting
 Complex Instruction
 Choice Boards
 Problem-Based Learning
 Entry Points
 Orbital Studies
 4Mat
 Project Approach

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519
 Multicultural
versus Core
 Tracking
 Relevant
to Today’s Society?
• Curriculum as a social bet
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520

Core Curriculum
• Promotes cultural unity
• Encourages same
basic “cultural
literacy” for all
• Core Knowledge says
cultural literacy
needed for success

Multicultural
Curriculum
• Embraces cultural
pluralism, celebrates
diversity
• Some promote
Afro-centric or other
“-centric” curricula
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521
 Texas
High School Graduation
Requirements Have Changed Recently
 Review hand-out
 Discuss as a class
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reserved.
522
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