CHILD CARE 1 TEST REVIEW On your paper, please write the question and answer- This can be a second type of test review for you! Good luck! Employment Skills ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PRESCHOOL PROGRAM EXCEPT: Usually charges a fee. • B. Usually a half-day program or less. • C. Usually the children are grouped by age. • D. Usually is licensed by the state. • A. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE PRIMARY CRITERION OF AN EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER? • A. Knowledge of child development. • B. Creativity. • C. The ability to communicate with toddlers, using their language, so they will understand. • D. The ability to work best independently and alone. A POSITIVE WAY TO CONTROL YOUR TEMPER DURING WORK IS: • A. Talking to one of your co-workers about how angry you are and why. • B. Taking time out by walking outside until you calm down. • C. Calling a friend. • D. Asking your supervisor if you can take a break and go outside to calm down. TO HELP ASSURE THE PRIVACY OF CHILD-CARE AND FAMILY RECORDS: • A. Each teacher should follow his/her own record keeping system. • B. Only records required by licensing standards should be kept. • C. The director should instruct employees how to keep records confidential. • D. Records should never be shared with a child's teachers. The lesson plan is on fruits and vegetables. Amanda’s parent brings in a new puppy to show the class without prior notice. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate response? • A. Drop everything and show the puppy. • B. Ask the parent to bring the puppy back another day. • C. Invite the parent to join the class for a few moments to tell about the ` puppy. • D. Explain that you would like some notice. • WHEN TELLING THE PARENTS ABOUT THINGS THAT WENT ON DURING THE CHILD’S DAY, IT IS IMPORTANT TO TELL: • A. The negative things that happened. • B. The positive things that happened. • C. Something positive before the child’s behavior is described. • D. Every detail of the day. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE WAY TO INVOLVE PARENTS IN A CHILD-CARE PROGRAM? • A. Require they volunteer in the facility. • B. Send a weekly newsletter home. • C. Encourage them to observe and participate. • D. Provide after-school parenting courses. HEALTHY LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IT IS MANDATORY THAT EACH CHILD ENROLLING IN A CHILD CARE CENTER: • A. Show proof of immunization. • B. Have a birth certificate. • C. Have parental permission for field trips. • D. Be toilet trained. A CHILD CARE TEACHER SEES SMOKE COMING THROUGH THE EDGES OF A CLOSET DOOR. WHAT SHOULD HE/SHE DO? • A. Pour some water on the door. • B. Use the fire drill procedure and leave the building. • C. Tell someone else about it. • D. Have the children run out of the building. Ben, a child care director, should contact the parents before taking any further action when: • A. Jimmy falls from the monkey bars and scrapes his hand. • B. Susie wets her pants and is crying. • C. Charles has just hit a little girl for no reason. • D. A woman who says she is Karen’s aunt has come by early to pick her up. CHILD CARE TEACHERS OUTSIDE ON THE PLAYGROUND SHOULD • A. Be spaced on the outside edges. • B. Stand near one another so they can assist each other. • C. Have only one teacher on the playground at a time. • D. Be evenly spaced so all areas are visible. THE MOST IMPORTANT HYGIENE PRACTICE FOR YOUNG CHILDREN TO LEARN IS: • A. Clothes washing. • B. Hair brushing. • C. Hair washing. • D. Hand washing. GENERAL POLICIES ON ADMINISTERING MEDICINE TO CHILDREN REQUIRE THAT • A. A nurse must be on staff in the preschool. • B. It must be authorized by the parents. • C. The director must administer all the medicine. • D. The parents must make arrangements to administer it themselves. WHEN A CHILD IN A CHILD CARE CENTER HAS SIGNS THAT INDICATE ILLNESS, THE FIRST STEP IS TO: • A. Call a physician. • B. Give the child some cool, clear liquids. • C. Remove the child from the group. • D. Call the parent. THE FIRST THING TO DO FOR AN UNCONSCIOUS CHILD IS TO: • A. Determine if the child is breathing and has a pulse. • B. Administer CPR. • C. Administer artificial respiration. • D. Treat for shock. THE FIRST STEP IN TREATING AN ACCIDENTAL POISONING IS TO: • A. Make the child vomit. • B. Make the child drink milk. • C. Determine what and how much the child ingested and call the poison center. • D. Give the child ipecac. SARAH FALLS AND CUTS HER HAND ON A PIECE OF GLASS. IT IS BLEEDING A LOT AND DOES NOT STOP WITH THE APPLICATION OF DIRECT PRESSURE. WHAT SHOULD BE DONE? • A. Apply a tourniquet. • B. Put a bandage on the wound. • C. Wash the wound. • D. Continue direct pressure and transport Sarah to an emergency room. • SNACKS WHICH MOST READILY MEET THE NUTRITIONAL NEEDS OF YOUNG CHILDREN ARE: • • A. Chosen from all the foods on the pyramid. • B. High in calories. • C. Whatever the children choose. • D. Vegetables and fruits. CHILDREN ARE LIKELY TO FEEL MORE COMFORTABLE AT THE TABLE WHEN: • A. Their plates have new foods and flavors on them. • B. They are served mixed foods such as a casserole. • C. They are sitting in a regular-sized chair. • D. Portions of food are small and separated. THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF SNACKS FOR YOUNG CHILDREN IS TO: • A. Provide extra calories and nutrients beyond the child’s daily meals. • B. Provide part of the nutritional needs in combination with meals. • C. Provide a high source of simple sugar carbohydrates for energy. • D. Be served 60 minutes before mealtime. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOOD PROVIDES THE GREATEST AMOUNT OF PROTEIN? • A. Peanut butter. • B. Raisins. • C. Milk. • D. Yogurt. THE LAW CONCERNING THE REPORTING OF SUSPECTED CHILD ABUSE AND/OR NEGLECT, STATES THAT IT IS MANDATORY FOR: • A. A child care teacher to report. • B. Anyone who is aware is required to report. • C. A director of a child-care center to report. • D. A physician to report. • MOST CHILDREN WHO ARE VICTIMS OF ABUSE USUALLY: • A. Demonstrate no symptoms or signs. • B. Were abused by someone they know and trust. • C. Are under age three. • D. Will not talk about the situation. DAP ADULTS HELP CHILDREN COMPLETE TASKS SUCCESSFULLY BY: • A. Staying near and using encouraging words and actions. • B. Allowing limited time for the task. • C. Providing consequences for unfinished assignments. • D. Sharing personal knowledge with the child. THE DAILY TEACHING SCHEDULE SHOULD: • A. Be somewhat flexible so children can finish projects and activities. • B. Have quiet activities in the beginning of the day. • C. Have active activities in the latter part of the day. • D. Be structured in order to accomplish all the planned activities. • A GOOD WAY TO ILLUSTRATE COUNTING CONCEPTS TO CHILDREN IS TO: • A. Look at the objects while counting them. • B. Count first, then pick up objects and ask the children how many objects there were. • C. Count quickly while pointing to objects. • D. Pick up objects while slowly counting them. IN ORDER TO MAKE PLAY MORE VALUABLE FOR CHILDREN AT THE CENTER, ADULTS SHOULD: • A. Place emphasis on winning games. • B. Allow boys to play with boy toys. • C. Avoid having too many toys out at once. • D. Have expensive, up-to-date playground items. • WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST TECHNIQUE TO USE IN PRESENTING SCIENCE ACTIVITIES? • A. Allow the children to explore and discover things for themselves. • B. Control the science experiment. • C. Give information and answers all before beginning the science activity. • D. Explain to the children the scientific principle at the end of the activity. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TEACHING TECHNIQUES IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE TO USE IN THE CLASSROOM? • A. Speaking clearly to individual children and listening to their responses. • B. Use time out for who talk too much. • C. When children ask rhetorical questions, answer with the phrase, “Oh, you know that”. • D. • Ignoring a child with continual questions. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CONCEPTS REGARDING COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN IS TRUE? • A. All cognitive abilities develop at the same time and rate. • B. Most children learn best through hearing and seeing. • C. Experts can measure the newborn’s learning capacity from the first day of life. • D. Humans learn most rapidly from the ages of five to six years. SEVERAL CHILDREN ARE PUTTING UNIT BLOCKS ON THE SHELVES ACCORDING TO THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF THE BLOCKS. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF: • A. Classifying objects. • B. Children cleaning up. • C. Taking too much time to clean up. • D. Solitary play. WHAT IS THE VALUE OF CHILDREN PRACTICING SKILLS BY REPEATING ACTIVITIES? • A. It helps to keep children busy for longer periods of the day. • B. It helps children feel successful and competent. • C. It bores children and should not be done. • D. It makes daily and weekly planning easier for the teacher. • WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE DESCRIPTION OF A TEACHER’S ROLE? • A. Limited time to explore each learning center. • B. Provide active movement throughout the entire day. • C. Respecting, accepting, and encouraging the children. • D. A formal and consistent daily schedule. PLAY: • A. Does not indicate mental growth. • B. Keeps the child from progressing through all developmental stages. • C. Should be child-initiated, child-directed, and teacher-supported. • D. Is only beneficial for physical development. WHEN THREE-YEAR OLDS BECOME DISTRACTED AND NOISY DURING STORY TIME: • A. Ignore their behavior, they will improve with time. • B. Let them miss story time because they are too young to sit still. • C. Pick easier and shorter stories to read to the group. • D. Put the three-year olds on the outside of the group, so they will not disturb the other children. WHEN SUPERVISING CHILDREN DURING OUTSIDE PLAY, IT IS IMPORTANT TO: • A. Know where every child is and what he/she is doing. • B. Find a comfortable spot to sit. • C. Insist on each child's participation because he/she needs the exercise. • D. Not allow them to use the bathroom until it is time to go inside. • Anita, a four-year old, is habitually throwing temper tantrums when she does not get what she wants or if the attention is not directed at her. At circle time, Anita throws a temper tantrum when she is not called on first. As the support teacher, which of the following is the MOST appropriate action to take? • • • • A. B. C. D. Ignore her. Sit beside her. Let the lead teacher handle the situation. Remove her from the group. Joey, age 3, has to put away the art supplies and equipment he has been using in the art center. Which of the following actions will help instill in him a good attitude toward work? • A. Ask two other children to help him clean up his mess. • B. Tell him he goes to time out if he doesn't put away the art supplies. • C. Tell him he made the mess and must clean it up! • D. Tell him, in a cheerful way, you will help him clean up. WHEN THERE ARE MORE INCIDENTS IN THE FREQUENCY OF PHYSICAL AGGRESSION, WHILE CHILDREN ARE PLAYING IN A PARTICULAR AREA OF THE CLASSROOM, THE TEACHER SHOULD: • A. Change the room arrangement. • B. Have the children sit quietly. • C. Put the toys up and have the children color. • D. Make that play area off limits for one week. A CHILD WITH A SHORT ATTENTION SPAN IS MORE EASILY GUIDED TO ACCEPTABLE PARTICIPATION IF HE/SHE IS: • A. Given a job to do and is located next to the teacher. • B. Told to sit and wait for his/her turn. • C. Allowed only to watch. • D. The first to have a turn. APPROPRIATE GUIDANCE IS: • A. Restricted activities. • B. Acknowledgment of inappropriate behavior. • C. A written list of rules and consequences. • D. Recognition of appropriate behavior. • Karman takes a toy car out of his pocket during circle time and passes it to his friend. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate way to handle the situation? • A. The teacher continues to read and tries to ignore the situation. • B. The teacher has Karman put it into his locker. • C. The teacher takes the car from Karman and tells him he broke the rules. • D. Karman is removed from circle time. Becky is hammering for the first time. This new experience delights her and she wants to continue to hammer. There are other children who also want to hammer. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate way to handle the situation? • A. Tell her that she has to take turns. • B. Let her hammer until she stops. • C. Give her a time limit. • D. Take the hammer away. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TECHNIQUES IS BEST TO USE WHEN A CHILD LIES? • A. Punish the child for lying. • B. Give positive reinforcement if he/she tells the truth. • C. Demand a confession from the child. • D. Time out. • WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUE TO USE WHEN A CHILD RUNS AWAY FROM YOU? • A. Calmly keep the child from running away, even if you have to hold him/her tightly. • B. Let the child run so that he/she can see that you will not chase him/her. • C. Severely punish the child for running away. • D. Use time out. Jim does not seem to pay attention during language activities. He is more interested in other things. To handle the situation: • A. Take him aside and spend time talking with him. • B. Let him do whatever he wants during language time. • C. Put away the distracting influence and involve him in helping with the activity. • D. Make him sit down and join the group. • WHEN CHILDREN BEGIN ARGUING ON THE PLAYGROUND: • A. Settle the problem for them; be fair with everyone. • B. Report the situation to their parents. • C. Remind them of the playground rules and encourage problem-solving. • D. Place them in time out. WHICH TECHNIQUE IS BEST TO USE WHEN A CHILD IS AGGRESSIVE AND FIGHTS WITH OTHER CHILDREN? • A. Have the child apologize to the others. • B. Ignore the behavior and it might go away. • C. Remove the child from the environment. • D. Verbally reprimand the child. • MODELING PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS: • A. Helps children see how to solve their own problems. • B. Saves children from the pain of conflict. • C. Keeps the classroom in control. • D. Provides an easy way out of a problem. WHICH TECHNIQUE IS BEST TO USE WHEN A ANGELA, A TODDLER, IS HAVING A TEMPER TANTRUM? • A. State that tantrums are not okay and ignore the behavior if it is for attention. • B. Give the child what she wants to get her to be quiet. • C. Try to talk the child out of it. • D. Give her limited choices. A TEACHER CAN HELP CHILDREN FINISH THEIR PLAY AND GET READY TO COME INSIDE BY: • A. Blowing a whistle. • B. Telling everyone to come line up to go inside. • C. Telling them to get ready a few minutes before the end of play time. • D. Only giving them 10 minutes to play. • WHEN COMPLETING AN OBSERVATION OF CHILDREN AT PLAY, THE OBSERVER WORKER SHOULD: • A. Decide how the child should respond to new situations and try to teach this behavior. • B. Question the child about behavior patterns. • C. Make it clear to the child that an observation is taking place. • D. Observe from a distance without the child knowing he/she is being observed WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN OBJECTIVE REPORT OF AN OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOR? • A. The child's parents spoil the child. • B. Other children choose this child to play with because he/she is the oldest. • C. The child says, “I like to play outdoors”. • D. The child smiles, so he/she must be enjoying the activity. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS A SUBJECTIVE OBSERVATION STATEMENT? • A. Joe is turning the pages of the book. • B. Shawn has black hair and brown eyes. • C. As Tina skips around, her arms twist and turn. • D. Ben does not like to come to preschool. WHEN RECORDING OBSERVATIONS OF A CHILD AT PLAY, THE TEACHER SHOULD: • A. Share the information with others. • B. Never discuss records with others. • C. Share the information with the child. • D. File records and report problems to the director. Lesson plans and Curriculum LESSON PLANS NEED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT: • A. Learning activities for large and small group activities. • B. A list of supplies needed for all the activities. • C. An evaluation of how you think things will go that day. • D. Goals and behavioral objectives for the day. THE LESSON PLAN OBJECTIVE(S): • A. Is the ability of the children to complete a given task. • B. Is the ability of the teacher to complete a given task. • C. Are activities in a lesson plan. • D. Are the overall goals. ALL OF THE FOLLOWING SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN A LESSON PLAN EXCEPT: • A. Large and small group activities. • B. Active and passive activities. • C. Goals and objectives. • D. Changing the order of activities daily. THE MAIN PURPOSE FOR CREATING A TEACHING FILE IS TO: • A. Provide cute/fun products a child could create. • B. Maintain lists of stories that children enjoy. • C. Entertain the children you are supervising. • D. Have resources to assist in writing lesson plans. THE WRITTEN CHILD-CARE PROGRAM CURRICULUM SHOULD BE: • A. Strictly followed by the caregivers. • B. Used primarily as a document for parents and board members. • C. Used as a guide by caregivers. • D. Developed only after the program has been in operation for a year. TIME SPENT IN MOVING FROM ONE ACTIVITY TO ANOTHER IS CALLED A: • A. Termination. • B. Transition. • C. Cognitive concept. • D. Musical activity. THE LEARNING CENTERS IN CHILD CARE PROGRAMS SHOULD: • A. Be planned to meet specific goals. • B. Be planned around the favorite activities of the teacher. • C. Be set up at round tables. • D. All have computers KNOWLEDGE OF DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES PROVIDES A BASIS FOR CHILD CARE WORKERS TO: • A. Plan daily activities designed to support each child’s development to the fullest. • B. Evaluate a child’s ability to learn. • C. Plan parent/teacher conferences while studying the growth of children. • D. Identify children with potential disabilities. DAILY DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE SCHEDULES: • A. Should be rigid to give the children security. • B. Should be flexible in order for children to finish projects and activities. • C. Are solely for the benefit of caregivers and the director. • D. Are necessary for new programs but not for established programs. DAILY DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE SCHEDULES: • A. Should be rigid to give the children security. • B. Should be flexible in order for children to finish projects and activities. • C. Are solely for the benefit of caregivers and the director. • D. Are necessary for new programs but not for established programs. WHEN TEACHERS ALTERNATE PERIODS OF QUIET AND ACTIVE ACTIVITIES IN THE LESSON PLAN, TEACHERS HELP CHILDREN TO MANAGE THEIR: • A. Time. • B. Energy. • C. Attention. • D. Schedule. ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE TRUE OF DAILY ROUTINES AND TIME SCHEDULES EXCEPT: • A. Limit creativity. • B. Provide children with security. • C. Give the teacher a structure to plan from. • D. Help the children know what activity comes next. THE FUNCTION OF LARGE GROUP ACTIVITIES IS TO PROVIDE • A. An opportunity to participate in teacher-led activities. • B. Children with individual attention. • C. The teacher to be more effective. WHEN PLANNING LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES USING BOOKS, THE PRIMARY CONSIDERATION SHOULD BE: • A. The children’s attention span. • B. The time of day the story will be told. • C. The size of the book. • D. The number of pictures that are in the book. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE MOST IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION WHEN PLANNING SCIENCE ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN? • A. The ages and abilities of the children. • B. Available equipment. • C. The teacher’s knowledge. • D. The classroom environment. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS SHOULD GUIDE ART ACTIVITIES? • A. Children learn to follow directions. • B. Parents expect children to make what other children make. • C. Parents expect children to try each art activity offered. • D. Children should be encouraged to express themselves through art. TO GIVE PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ADEQUATE PREPARATION FOR READING AND WRITING, THE TEACHER SHOULD ESTABLISH AN ENVIRONMENT THAT: • A. Encourages reading opportunities. • B. Is quiet enough to allow practice of reading skills. • C. Includes pictures of the alphabet and common words. • D. Provides spaces and materials for writing as well as reading practice. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBES AN APPROPRIATE CRITERIA TO USE IN SELECTING A BOOK TO READ TO YOUNG CHILDREN? • A. Select a book with lots of new vocabulary words. • B. Select a book which deals in-depth with one subject. • C. Select a book having to do with everyday experiences. • D. Select a book with many pictures. ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE DEVELOPED DURING DRAMATIC PLAY EXCEPT: • A. Creativity. • B. Role-playing skills. • C. Encouraging children to act out adult situations. • D. Fine motor skills. OPEN-ENDED TOYS WHICH DEVELOP CREATIVITY ARE: • A. Puzzles. • B. Blocks, legos, and sand. • C. Wind-up toys. • D. Books and tapes. SHOW-AND-TELL, OR SHARING TIME, IS USEFUL BECAUSE IT IMPROVES A CHILD’S ABILITY TO: • A. Overcome separation anxiety. • B. Compare likes and dislikes. • C. Listen and speak in front of a group. • D. Develop more friendships. ART ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN AGE TWO AND UNDER: • A. Are not as important as large motor activities. • B. Should focus on sensory stimulation and exploring with materials. • C. Should concentrate on fine muscle development. • D. All of the above. PRESCHOOL CHILDREN ENJOY SINGING SONGS THAT ARE: • A. Creative. • B. New. • C. Calm. • D. Repetitive. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES IS THE MOST APPROPRIATE FOR THREE-YEAR OLDS DURING MUSIC TIME? • A. A marching song. • B. A folk song with dance steps. • C. A piano played by the teacher. • D. Creating visuals to illustrate a song. FREEPLAY ACTIVITIES INCLUDING DOLLS, TRUCKS, CARS, AND SIMILAR TOYS ENCOURAGE CHILDREN TO: • A. Play quietly with their friends. • B. Act upon their own imaginations. • C. Anticipate their responsibilities. • D. Wait for the teacher's direction. FREEPLAY IS MOST SUCCESSFUL WHEN THE • A. Child is kept busy. • B. Child is old enough for parallel play. • C. Restrictions are few. • D. Teachers direct activities. TO HELP CHILDREN EXPRESS THEIR IDEAS AND FEELINGS, THE ART AREA SHOULD INCLUDE: • A. Lots of crayons and coloring books with people that children recognize. • B. Paper and materials such as paints and brushes, markers and collage items that encourage creativity. • C. Small pencils and lined paper so children can practice writing. • D. Tables and chairs for six to eight children so they can all see as the teacher shows how to make the art projects. CALENDAR TIME CAN BE HELPFUL FOR CHILDREN TO • A. Reinforce number concepts. • B. Drain off hostile feelings. • C. Develop a self-concept. • D. Reinforce reading concepts. A GOOD WAY TO ILLUSTRATE COUNTING CONCEPTS TO CHILDREN IS TO: • A. Look at objects while counting them. • B. Count first, then pick up the objects and ask the children for the number of objects. • C. Count quickly while pointing to objects. • D. Pick up objects while slowly counting them. AN ADVANTAGE OF A FLANNEL BOARD STORY IS THAT: • A. A child can use it independently. • B. It is easier for the teacher to use. • C. It is easier for all the children to see and participate. • D. It is easier for the teacher to use. ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE BENEFITS OF USING MUSIC/MOVEMENT ACTIVITIES WITH PRESCHOOLERS EXCEPT: • A. Learning specific dances. • B. Expressing their feelings. • C. Learning different kinds of movements. • D. Using their imaginations. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS REGARDING FOOD EXPERIENCES IS TRUE? • A. Teacher prepares the food while the children watch. • B. Food selection is made by the adults. • C. Cooking is done over several days. • D. Children can smell, touch, and taste the product. WHICH STATEMENT REGARDING MUSICAL ACTIVITIES FOR YOUNG CHILDREN IS TRUE? • A. Children should sit still when listening to music. • B. Most children enjoy just two kinds of music. • C. Children like to sing the same songs over and over. • D. Rhythm instruments are always needed in musical activities. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES IS MOST HELPFUL FOR ACTIVITIES INVOLVING CREATIVE MOVEMENT? • A. Developing concepts of body awareness and space relationships. • B. Developing daily living skills. • C. Developing language and listening skills. • D. Developing self-help skills. ACTIVE SONG/GAME EXPERIENCES ARE HELPFUL IN DEVELOPING: • A. Language skills. • B. Mechanical skills. • C. Reading skills. • D. Science skills. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF FREEPLAY? • A. John is directed to the table to play with the puzzle. • B. John and other children are given scissors and paper to make snowflakes. • C. John and the other children are in a circle playing musical chairs with the teacher. • D. John goes to the housekeeping area to play with whatever he wishes. • WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF PLAY IS CONSIDERED ACTIVE? • A. Reading books. • B. Building with blocks. • C. Singing time. • D. Drawing a picture. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF PLAY IS CONSIDERED PASSIVE? • A. Watching a puppet show. • B. Jumping a rope. • C. Riding tricycles. • D. Climbing on the jungle gym. MANIPULATIVE TOYS PROVIDE PRACTICE FOR: • A. Gross motor development. • B. Fine motor development. • C. Large muscle development. • D. Language development. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN APPROPRIATE MATH CONCEPT FOR PRESCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN? • A. How to count up to 100. • B. Matching numbers and objects. • C. Simple addition. • D. Dividing objects into groups of ten. THE PURPOSE OF A DRAMATIC PLAY AREA IS TO DEVELOP: • A. Cognitive skills. • B. The ability to follow instructions. • C. Knowledge of shapes and sizes. • D. Creativity and role-playing. PUZZLES AND TOYS WHICH HAVE MISSING PIECES SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM THE SHELVES MAINLY BECAUSE THEY: • A. Are dangerous for children. • B. Are frustrating for children. • C. Look unattractive to parents. • D. Reveal an attitude of carelessness in children. THE OUTDOOR PLAY AREA: • A. Is for large muscle development only. • B. Can be divided into areas for different types of activities. • C. Is a place where children and teachers take a break; teachers don't need plan activities. • D. Should be used in only in good weather months. A DEVELOPMENTALLY-APPROPRIATE ARRANGED CLASSROOM PROVIDES: • A. Playthings to suit a wide range of developmental interest. • B. Simple activities for children to quickly accomplish. • C. Teacher-supervised/directed equipment. • D. Durable, brand name play equipment. • A. TABLES AND CHAIRS LOCATED NEAR BOOK SHELVES OR THE BOOK STORAGE AREA: Invite children to look at the books. • B. Create a center for musical activities. • C. Limit reading to the smarter children. • D. Allow the teacher to be able to do other things. PAINTING EASELS SHOULD BE PLACED: • A. On a carpeted area in the center. • B. Near the dramatic play area. • C. Away from the block area. • D. Away from the active play area. WHICH ROOM ARRANGEMENT TECHNIQUE IS MOST LIKELY TO ENHANCE A CHILD’S SELF-ESTEEM? • A. Providing plenty of toys and equipment. • B Rotating the students from activity to activity in the same daily order. • C. Using the children’s art work for decorations. • D. Providing plenty of storage space for equipment and supplies. WHEN SETTING UP AN ART LEARNING CENTER, THE TEACHER SHOULD: • A. Keep most art materials on a low shelf so children can help clean up. • B. Allow children to work without aprons or shirts. • C. Work with large groups of children, if possible. • D. Provide only activities that are easy to prepare. IF YOUR LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IS ATTRACTIVE AND WELL-ORGANIZED: • A. The children will be eager to participate and enjoy learning. • B. The children will be afraid to touch anything. • C. You will have to spend many after-work hours putting things away. • D. Too much learning time will be spent on arranging things and less time will be spent on developmentally-appropriate activities. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE PRIMARY REASON FOR CHANGING A ROOM ARRANGEMENT? • A. To keep the children from getting bored. • B. To make the room seem larger. • C. To facilitate the planned activities. • D. To be sure all areas of the room are thoroughly cleaned. • Child Care Licensing Standards THE TEACHER/CHILD RATIO FOR TWOYEAR-OLDS IN A LICENSED CHILDCARE CENTER IN UTAH IS: • A. 1 teacher to every 4 children. • B. 1 teacher to every 7 children. • C. 1 teacher to every 12 children. • D. 1 teacher to every 15 children. THE MINIMUM EDUCATIONAL TRAINING FOR A CHILD-CARE CENTER DIRECTOR IN UTAH IS • A. A high school diploma. • B. A high school diploma and work experience. • C. A C.D.A. or equivalent child development courses and work experience. • D. A four-year college degree in child development. THE TEACHER/CHILD RATIO FOR THREEYEAR-OLDS IN A LICENSED CHILDCARE CENTER IN UTAH IS: • A. 1 teacher to every 7 children. • B. 1 teacher to every 12 children. • C. 1 teacher to every 15 children. • D. 1 teacher to every 20 children. WHICH ONE OF THE FOLLOWING IS A LICENSING STANDARD FOR CHILDCARE CENTERS IN UTAH? • A. A center must provide separate bathrooms for girls and boys of all ages. • B. There must be, at all times, at least two staff members who have first-aid certificates. • C. The minimum age required by law for a caregiver is 16. • D. The outdoor play area must be fenced. THERE MUST BE A TOILET AND A BASIN FOR EVERY ____ CHILDREN IN A LICENSED CHILD-CARE CENTER. • A. 10. • B. 15. • C. 20. • D. 25. • A. 100. • B. 250. • C. 500. • D. 1000. HOW MANY SQUARE FEET OF OUTDOOR SPACE IS THE MINIMUM A LICENSED CENTER MUST PROVIDE? IN A LICENSED CHILD CARE CENTER, THE MAXIMUM NUMBER OF INFANTS IS: • A. 20. • B. 24. • C. 30. • D. 40. HOW MANY ON-DUTY STAFF MEMBERS ARE REQUIRED TO HAVE A FIRST-AID CERTIFICATE IN A LICENSED CHILD CARE CENTER? • A. One. • B. Two. • C. Three. • D. Four.