Mercer University Medical Libraries Community Medicine I 2015 Community Health Needs Assessment Resources: Library Resources, Statistical Websites, & Basic PubMed Objectives Big Picture Evaluating Resources Group Work Statistics Websites Researching at the Library Guiding you through the big picture, data, and resources 1 BIG PICTURE Childhood Obesity Data Community Data Community Too much information? Evaluate Resources Divide and conquer your needs assessment. The library will help you navigate statistics on sites to find the accurate information. The Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted March 23, 2010, added new requirements that hospital organizations must satisfy in order to be described in section 501(c)(3), as well as new reporting and excise taxes. 2 EVALUATING RESOURCES Demonstrate the ability to evaluate resources, particularly online resources, for accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency, and coverage Evaluation of Resources: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Resources Accuracy Authority Objectivity Currency Coverage Accuracy • Where did the data come from? – “Methods” or “Sources” section • Is it consistent with other resources (if any)? • Are terms and measures defined? – Compare apples to apples Accuracy: example Authority • Sources—whose information? – Primary data source or aggregator of others’ data? • Editor lists, editorial statements – Methodology disclosure helps boost confidence here too • For research articles, case studies etc.: – Peer review – Author affiliation statements Authority: example Objectivity • Everybody has an motive—what is it? • Can you distinguish between regular and sponsored content? Currency • How recent is your data? • May be impossible to get very recent data (less than 2-3 years) – Collection, compilation, etc. can take a long time • Some resources present data from a mix of dates—check details, FAQ’s • If historical data is available, look for trends Currency: example Coverage • Geographical coverage: – Extent (does it cover the physical area in question?) – Granularity (in small enough chunks: state, county, etc.) • Subject coverage: – Extent (does it cover the topic in question?) – Granularity (divisions between groups: percentages, quartiles, arbitrary groups) Coverage: example 3 GROUP WORK Groups Group 1: City-data http://www.citydata.com/ Group 2: AHRQ ePSS http://epss.ahrq.gov/ PDA/index.jsp • Find a Friend…. – Review your site by yourself • 2-3 minutes – Review your site with someone next to you • 2-3 minutes – Randomly selected group will present • 5 minutes • Review website for: 1. Accuracy 2. Authority 3. Objectivity 4. Currency 5. Coverage 4 STATISTICS WEBSITES . Statistics Website Resources: 1. America’s Health Rankings 2. AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges) 3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 4. County Health Rankings & Roadmaps 5. Georgia Bureau of Investigation 6. Georgia Department of Public Health 7. Georgia Department of Labor 8. Georgia Labor Market Explorer 9. Georgia Statistics System 10.Kaiser Family Foundation 11.KIDS COUNT Data Center 12.National Center for Educational Statistics 13.OASIS (Online Analytical Statistical Information System) 14.OASIS Community Health Needs Assessment Dashboard 15.U.S. Census Bureau 16.U.S. Census: American FactFinder 17.U.S. Census: QuickFacts . 6 RESEARCHING At the Library . Searching PubMed at Mercer: Boolean Terms = asthma AND influenza SYPHILIS asthma OR influenza OR PREGNANCY asthma asthma influenza influenza ? Questions Test review is next!