Mercer University Medical Libraries
Community Medicine I 2015
Community Health Needs Assessment Resources:
Library Resources, Statistical Websites, & Basic PubMed
Objectives
Big
Picture
Evaluating
Resources
Group
Work
Statistics
Websites
Researching
at the Library
Guiding you through the big picture, data, and resources
1
BIG PICTURE
Childhood Obesity
Data
Community
Data
Community
Too much information?
Evaluate Resources
Divide and conquer your needs assessment.
The library will help you
navigate statistics on
sites to find the accurate
information.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted March 23,
2010, added new requirements that hospital
organizations must satisfy in order to be described
in section 501(c)(3), as well as new reporting and
excise taxes.
2
EVALUATING
RESOURCES
Demonstrate the ability to evaluate resources, particularly online resources,
for accuracy, authority, objectivity, currency, and coverage
Evaluation of
Resources:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Resources
Accuracy
Authority
Objectivity
Currency
Coverage
Accuracy
• Where did the data come
from?
– “Methods” or “Sources”
section
• Is it consistent with other
resources (if any)?
• Are terms and measures
defined?
– Compare apples to apples
Accuracy: example
Authority
• Sources—whose information?
– Primary data source or aggregator of others’
data?
• Editor lists, editorial statements
– Methodology disclosure helps boost confidence
here too
• For research articles, case studies etc.:
– Peer review
– Author affiliation statements
Authority: example
Objectivity
• Everybody has an motive—what
is it?
• Can you distinguish between regular and
sponsored content?
Currency
• How recent is your data?
• May be impossible to get very recent data
(less than 2-3 years)
– Collection, compilation, etc. can take a long time
• Some resources present data from a mix of
dates—check details, FAQ’s
• If historical data is available, look for trends
Currency: example
Coverage
• Geographical coverage:
– Extent (does it cover the physical area in question?)
– Granularity (in small enough chunks: state, county,
etc.)
• Subject coverage:
– Extent (does it cover the topic in question?)
– Granularity (divisions between groups: percentages,
quartiles, arbitrary groups)
Coverage: example
3
GROUP WORK
Groups
Group 1:
City-data
http://www.citydata.com/
Group 2:
AHRQ ePSS
http://epss.ahrq.gov/
PDA/index.jsp
• Find a Friend….
– Review your site by yourself
• 2-3 minutes
– Review your site with someone next
to you
• 2-3 minutes
– Randomly selected group will
present
• 5 minutes
• Review website for:
1. Accuracy
2. Authority
3. Objectivity
4. Currency
5. Coverage
4
STATISTICS WEBSITES
.
Statistics Website Resources:
1. America’s Health Rankings
2. AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges)
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
4. County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
5. Georgia Bureau of Investigation
6. Georgia Department of Public Health
7. Georgia Department of Labor
8. Georgia Labor Market Explorer
9. Georgia Statistics System
10.Kaiser Family Foundation
11.KIDS COUNT Data Center
12.National Center for Educational Statistics
13.OASIS (Online Analytical Statistical Information System)
14.OASIS Community Health Needs Assessment Dashboard
15.U.S. Census Bureau
16.U.S. Census: American FactFinder
17.U.S. Census: QuickFacts
.
6
RESEARCHING
At the Library
.
Searching PubMed at Mercer:
Boolean Terms
=
asthma AND influenza
SYPHILIS
asthma OR influenza
OR
PREGNANCY
asthma
asthma
influenza
influenza
?
Questions
Test review is next!
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Community Health Needs Assessment Resources: Library