The EU Citizenship
A little quiz
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What is the EU?
When and how was the EU established?
Which are the founding states?
Why was the EU established?
How is the EU organised?
What are main roles of European Parliament?
What are the Copenhagen criteria?
What are the EU symbols?
What is the motto of the EU?
What is the European Union?
• economic and political partnership between 28
democratic European countries primarily located in
Europe
When and how was the EU
established?
• established by the Treaty of Mastricht on
November 1, 1993 upon the fundations of the
European Communities
Founding states
• Six original founding states – Belgium, France,
(then – West) Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the
Netherlands
• Today European Union is composed of 28
sovereign Member States
Why was the EU established?
• It was set up to bring peace, stability and prosperity
for its citizens – in a fairer, safer world
How is EU organised?
• To realize all goals, EU countries set up bodies to
run the EU and adopt its legislation:
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The European Parliament
The Council of the European Union
The European Commission
The Court of Justice
The Court of Auditors
The European Economic and Social Commitee
The Commitee of the Regions
The European Central Bank
The Europe Investment Bank
EU bodies
The decision making triangle
• The European Parliament (representing the people
of Europe)
• The Council of the Europen Union (representing
national goverments)
• The European Commission (representing the
common EU interests)
The decision making triangle
The European Parliament
• Elected every five years by the people of Europe
• Has the power to dismiss the European
Commission
• Members of the European Parliament are members
of Europe-wide political groups
• The main meetings of the Parliament are held in
Strasbourg (France)
• Parliament works in all 24 official EU languages
• Martin Shulz is the current President
Roles
• The European Parliament has three main roles:
• debating and passing European laws, with the
Council
• scrutinising other EU institutions, particularly the
Commission, to make sure they are working
democratically
• debating and adopting the EU's budget, with the
Council.
The Council of the European Union
• EU’s principal decision-making body
• Defines the general political direction and priorities
of the European Union
• In charge of the EU’s foreign, security and defence
policies, and responsible for key decisions on
justice and freedom issues
• Consists of the Heads of State or Government of
the Member States, together with its President and
the President of the Commission
• meets twice every six months, convened by its
President
• Current President is Herman Van Rompuy
The European Commission
• EU's executive organ which represents and
upholds the interests of Europe as a whole
• drafts proposals for new European laws, which it
presents to the European Parliament and the
Council
• manages the day-to-day business of implementing
EU policies and spending EU funds
• also seen as the motor of European integration
• currently composed of 28 commissioners for
different areas of policy, one from each member
state
• Current Commission President is José Manuel
Barroso
Copenhagen criteria
• To join the EU a country must meet the
Copenhagen criteria, defined at the 1993
Copenhagen European Council. These require:
• a stable democracy that respects human rights
and the rule of law
• a functioning market economy capable of
competition within the EU
• the acceptance of the obligations of
membership, including EU law
Member states
• Evaluation of a country's fulfilment of the criteria is
the responsibility of the European Council and they
must have a public administration capable of
applying and managing EU laws in practice.
• No member state has ever left the Union
• Official candidate countries: FYR Macedonia,
Montenegreo, Serbia and Turkey.
• Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina are officially
recognised as potential candidates.
The EU Symbols
• The European flag
• The 12 stars in a circle symbolise the ideals of
unity, solidarity and harmony amog the people
of Europe.
The European anthem
• The melody comes from the Ninth Symphony
by Beethoven, it is called “Ode to Joy”
• When this music is used as the European
anthem, it has no words.
• Europe Day, 9 May
• The ideas behind what is now the European
Union were first put forward on 9 May 1950 in a
speach by the then French Foreign Minister,
Robert Schuman.
• Each year, 9 May is celebrated as the EU’s
EU Motto
• „United in diversity”.
EU Citizenship
EU Citizenship
• Any person who holds the nationality of an EU
country is automatically also an EU citizen.
• EU citizenship is additional to and does not replace
national citizenship. It is for each EU country to lay
down the conditions for the acquisition and loss of
nationality of that country.
From the Treaty on the Functioning of
the EU:
• Citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be
subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties.
• They shall have, inter alia:
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• (a) the right to move and reside freely within the
territory of the Member States;
• (b) the right to vote and to stand as candidates in
elections to the European Parliament and in
municipal elections in their Member State of
residence, under the same conditions as nationals
of that State;
(c) the right to enjoy, in the territory of a third country
in which the Member State of which they are
nationals is not represented, the protection of the
diplomatic and consular authorities of any Member
State on the same conditions as the nationals of
that State;
• (d) the right to petition the European Parliament, to
apply to the European Ombudsman, and to
address the institutions and advisory bodies of the
Union in any of the Treaty languages and to obtain
a reply in the same language.
Economy
• Since its origin, the EU has established a single
economic market across the territory of all its
members.
• Currently, a single currency is in use between the
16 members of the eurozone.
• EU has the largest economy in the world and the
second largest trade bloc economy in the world.
• It is the largest exporter, and the largest importer of
goods and services, and the biggest trading partner
to several large countries.
Military and defence
• The predecessors of the European Union were not
devised as a strong military alliance because
NATO was largely seen as appropriate and
sufficient for defence purposes.
• Twenty-two EU members are members of NATO
while the remaining member states follow policies
of neutrality.
Humanitarian aid
• The European Commissions Humanitarian Aid
Office, or „ECHO“, provides humanitarian aid from
the EU to developing countries.
• Counting the EU's own contributions and those of
its member states together, the EU is the largest
aid donor in the world.
EU’s mission in the 21st century
• Provide peace, prosperity and stability for its
people
• Overcome the divisions on the continent
• Ensure that its people can live in safety
• Promote balanced economic and social
development
• Meet the challenges of globalisation and
preserve the diversity of the people of Europe
• Uphold the values that Europeans share, such
as sustainable development and a sound
environment, respect for human rights and the
social market economy.
Some positive results so far
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Frontier – free travel and trade
The Euro (the single European Currency)
Safer food and greener environment
Better living standards in poorer regions
Joint action on crime and terror
Cheaper phone calls
Millions of opportunities to study abroad
Freedom, security and justice for all
Equal chances for everyone
A brief history of the EU
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XgnXwrsMBUs
Translate the following:
• Europska unija jedinstveno je gospodarsko i
političko partnerstvo 28 europskih država koje
zajedno pokrivaju velik dio kontinenta. Europska
unija osnovana je nakon Drugog svjetskog rata.
Sve je počelo poticanjem gospodarske suradnje s
namjerom da zemlje koje međusobno trguju
postanu gospodarski ovisne jedna o drugoj i time
izbjegavaju sukobe. Tako je 1958. nastala
Europska ekonomska zajednica (EEZ) kojom je u
početku pojačana gospodarska suradnja šest
zemalja: Belgije, Njemačke, Francuske, Italije,
Luksemburga i Nizozemske. Otada se stvaralo
ogromno jedinstveno tržište koje se i dalje razvija u
smjeru dostizanja svog punog potencijala.
Suggested translation
• The EU is a unique economic and political
partnership between 28 European countries that
together cover much of the continent.The EU was
created in the aftermath of the Second World War.
The first steps were to foster economic
cooperation: the idea being that countries who
trade with one another become economically
interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict.
The result was the European Economic Community
(EEC), created in 1958, and initially increasing
economic cooperation between six countries:
Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and
the Netherlands. Since then, a huge single market
has been created and continues to develop
towards its full potential.
Thank you for your attention!
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The European Union