EUROPEAN UNION EU basics When did the European project start? Why did it start? How many members does it have? What are its member states? What is the aim of the EU today? THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU) http://europa.eu.int/pol/singl/overview_en.htm aim: stability, peace and prosperity the rule of law (The Treaties), acquis (communautaire) unity in diversity COMMON MARKET - SINGLE MARKET – INTERNAL MARKET THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SINGLE MARKET 1960s …….. tariffs and quotas from 1985 ……… other barriers to trade How does it work? removing obstacles - opening national markets to EU consumers; more competition → lower …….., greater ……… for consumers, higher ……..) “The four freedoms”: free movement of …….., ………………, ………….. and …………… The aim: raising competitiveness on the …………. market COMMON MARKET - SINGLE MARKET – INTERNAL MARKET THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SINGLE MARKET 1960s abolishing tariffs and quotas from 1985 removing other barriers to trade How does it work? removing obstacles - opening national markets to EU consumers; more competition → lower prices, greater choice, higher quality) “The four freedoms”: free movement of goods, services, people and capital The aim: raising competitiveness on the global market EU Match the words below (1): acquis Treaty member harmonisation admission accession Candidate enlargement states process to the EU Country communautaire of Rome EU Match the words below (2): single structural Cohesion euro pre-accession single common funds process Fund market area, zone currency funds market EU Matchings: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. common market acquis communautaire Treaty of Rome pre-accession funds member states harmonisation process single market structural funds single currency accession to the EU 11. 12. 13. 14. candidate country enlargement process euro area, euro zone Cohesion Fund EU – (translate into English) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. zajedničko tržište pravna stečevina EU Rimski ugovor predpristupni fondovi države članice proces usklađivanja (zakonodavstva) jedinstveno tržište jedinstvena valuta pristupanje EU zemlja kandidat strukturni fondovi proces proširenja Eurozona Kohezijski fond MAIN INSTITUTIONS The ........... Council The Council of the European Union (Council of …………..) The European ……………. The European ………….. The European ………….. of Justice The European …………… Bank (ECB) The European ... Bank (EIB) ... MAIN INSTITUTIONS The European Council The Council of the European Union (Council of Ministers) The European Commission The European Parliament The European Court of Justice The European Central Bank (ECB) The European Investment Bank (EIB) ... HISTORY OF ENLARGEMENT 1951, 1957 1973 1981 1986 1990* 1995 2004 2007 2013 HISTORY OF ENLARGEMENT (ACCESSION) 1951, 1957 1973 1981 1986 1990* 1995 2004 2007 2013 Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, West Germany, France, Italy Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom Greece Spain, Portugal East Germany (reunification) Austria, Sweden, Finland Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary,Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta Bulgaria, Romania Croatia EU AND CROATIA – Chronology? Candidate Country Stabilisation and Association Agreement Member State application for EU membership Accession Treaty signed Referendum (66.27% “Yes”), ratifications EU AND CROATIA 2001 2003 2004 2011 2012 2013 Stabilisation and Association Agreement application for EU membership Candidate Country Accession Treaty signed Referendum (66.27% “Yes”), ratifications Member State RB: p.52 (text Fit at 50?) Find the right place for the following headings: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Recent achievements Waves of enlargement Birth of the EEC ECSC, EDC and EEC Importance of the economy Objection EU responsibilities EU affairs (revision) EU Institutions 1. Which institution consists of EU heads of state (e.g. presidents)? 2. Which institution is in charge of the euro? 3. Which institution proposes legislation to the European Parliament and to the EU Council (headed by Mr Barroso)? 4. Which institution deals with disputes between member states? 5. Which institution consists of ministers from respective member states? Croatia and the elections for the European Parliament True or false? 1. There are 23 official languages in the EP. 2. The EP has 2,000 members. 3. In the EU, all the legislative decisions (parts of the acquis) are made by the EP. 4. The European Parliament (EP ) is a democratically elected body. 5. A member of the EP must speak English, the only offical language of the EP. Croatia and the election campaign for the European Parliament True or false? 1. There are 23 official languages in the EP. T 2. In the EU, all the legislative decisions (parts of the acquis) are made by the EP. F 3. The European Parliament (EP ) is a democratically elected body. T 4. A member of the EP must speak English, the only offical language of the EP. F Watch the video and compare it to the text in RB (p.54). 1. What topics are the same in the video as in the RB text ? 2. What new information did you identify in the video? 3. What parts of the RB text and/or the video should be updated? Video link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RE6QgoykLZU Home assignment (RB, p.49) Read the text Oh, sweet reason (The Economist) and answer the following questions: a)Why is it surprising for Europe to grow sugar beet? b)What are the effects of EU sugar subsidies? c) Who are the winners and losers in this?