EUROPEAN UNION
EU basics
 When did the European project start?
 Why did it start?
 How many members does it have?
What are its member states?
 What is the aim of the EU today?
THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
http://europa.eu.int/pol/singl/overview_en.htm
 aim:
stability, peace and prosperity
 the rule of law (The Treaties),
acquis (communautaire)
 unity in diversity
COMMON MARKET - SINGLE
MARKET – INTERNAL MARKET
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SINGLE MARKET
 1960s
…….. tariffs and quotas
 from 1985
……… other barriers to trade
How does it work?
 removing obstacles - opening national markets to EU
consumers; more competition → lower …….., greater
……… for consumers, higher ……..)
 “The four freedoms”:
free movement of …….., ………………, ………….. and
……………
 The aim: raising competitiveness on the ………….
market
COMMON MARKET - SINGLE
MARKET – INTERNAL MARKET
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SINGLE MARKET
 1960s
abolishing tariffs and quotas
 from 1985
removing other barriers to trade
How does it work?
 removing obstacles - opening national markets to EU
consumers; more competition → lower prices, greater
choice, higher quality)
 “The four freedoms”:
free movement of goods, services, people and capital
 The aim: raising competitiveness on the global market
EU
Match the words below (1):








acquis
Treaty
member
harmonisation
admission
accession
Candidate
enlargement






states
process
to the EU
Country
communautaire
of Rome
EU
Match the words below (2):







single
structural
Cohesion
euro
pre-accession
single
common








funds
process
Fund
market
area, zone
currency
funds
market
EU
Matchings:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
common market
acquis communautaire
Treaty of Rome
pre-accession funds
member states
harmonisation process
single market
structural funds
single currency
accession to the EU
11.
12.
13.
14.
candidate country
enlargement process
euro area, euro zone
Cohesion Fund
EU – (translate into English)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
zajedničko tržište
pravna stečevina EU
Rimski ugovor
predpristupni fondovi
države članice
proces usklađivanja (zakonodavstva)
jedinstveno tržište
jedinstvena valuta
pristupanje EU
zemlja kandidat
strukturni fondovi
proces proširenja
Eurozona
Kohezijski fond
MAIN INSTITUTIONS
 The ........... Council
 The Council of the European Union (Council
of …………..)
 The European …………….
 The European …………..
 The European ………….. of Justice
 The European …………… Bank (ECB)
 The European ... Bank (EIB)
 ...
MAIN INSTITUTIONS
 The European Council
 The Council of the European Union (Council
of Ministers)
 The European Commission
 The European Parliament
 The European Court of Justice
 The European Central Bank (ECB)
 The European Investment Bank (EIB)
 ...
HISTORY OF ENLARGEMENT









1951, 1957
1973
1981
1986
1990*
1995
2004
2007
2013
HISTORY OF ENLARGEMENT
(ACCESSION)
 1951, 1957






1973
1981
1986
1990*
1995
2004
 2007
 2013
Belgium, the Netherlands,
Luxembourg, West Germany,
France, Italy
Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom
Greece
Spain, Portugal
East Germany (reunification)
Austria, Sweden, Finland
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech
Republic, Slovakia, Poland,
Hungary,Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta
Bulgaria, Romania
Croatia
EU AND CROATIA – Chronology?






Candidate Country
Stabilisation and Association Agreement
Member State
application for EU membership
Accession Treaty signed
Referendum (66.27% “Yes”),
ratifications
EU AND CROATIA
2001
2003
2004
2011
2012
2013
Stabilisation and Association
Agreement
application for EU membership
Candidate Country
Accession Treaty signed
Referendum (66.27% “Yes”),
ratifications
Member State
RB: p.52 (text Fit at 50?)
Find the right place for the following headings:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Recent achievements
Waves of enlargement
Birth of the EEC
ECSC, EDC and EEC
Importance of the economy
Objection
EU responsibilities
EU affairs (revision)
EU Institutions
1. Which institution consists of EU heads of state
(e.g. presidents)?
2. Which institution is in charge of the euro?
3. Which institution proposes legislation to the
European Parliament and to the EU Council
(headed by Mr Barroso)?
4. Which institution deals with disputes between
member states?
5. Which institution consists of ministers from
respective member states?
Croatia and the elections for the
European Parliament
True or false?
1. There are 23 official languages in the EP.
2. The EP has 2,000 members.
3. In the EU, all the legislative decisions (parts of
the acquis) are made by the EP.
4. The European Parliament (EP ) is a
democratically elected body.
5. A member of the EP must speak English, the
only offical language of the EP.
Croatia and the election campaign
for the European Parliament
True or false?
1. There are 23 official languages in the EP. T
2. In the EU, all the legislative decisions (parts of
the acquis) are made by the EP. F
3. The European Parliament (EP ) is a
democratically elected body. T
4. A member of the EP must speak English, the
only offical language of the EP. F
Watch the video and compare it
to the text in RB (p.54).
1. What topics are the same in the
video as in the RB text ?
2. What new information did you
identify in the video?
3. What parts of the RB text and/or the
video should be updated?
Video link:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RE6QgoykLZU
Home assignment (RB, p.49)
Read the text Oh, sweet reason (The
Economist) and answer the following
questions:
a)Why is it surprising for Europe to grow
sugar beet?
b)What are the effects of EU sugar
subsidies?
c) Who are the winners and losers in this?
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