V
I
K
I
N
G
S
Vikings and Danelaw
• Explorers, warriors
merchants, pirates
• AD 800-1050
Viking Age
• They came from
three countries:
Denmark, Norway, Sweden
• The name Viking means”a pirate raid” in
Old Norse language.
• The Danelaw- the
area conquered by
the Vikings in the 9th
century.
• It is the part of
England where the
laws of the “Danes”
dominated
Alfred the Great
and
the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle
Alfred the Great (849-899)
• was one of the best rulers in British history
• In 871 he and his
brother defeated Danes
and he was also crowned
• 878 a treaty between
Danes and Anglo-Saxons
• 890 the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle
• translated 4 books
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
• was originally compiled by the orders of King
Alfred the Great in AD 890
• consists of 9 manuscripts
• last update was written in 1154
Edward the Confessor
and
Westminster Abbey
Edward the Confessor
• Penultimate Anglo-Saxon king of England
• Normandy
• Nickname “Confessor”
• Had no children
• Construction of a new cathedral
• Was canonized in 1161 by Pope
Alexander III
8 June 1046 – 5 January 1066
Westminster Abbey
• 1045-1065, Edward the
Confessor
• Historical site > religious site
• Burial ground
• 17 monarchs
• ~3300 people buried
• Henry III decided to rebuilt it
in gothic
• The Collegiate Church of
St Peter, Westminster
• The Westminster
Chimes
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