TAIEX Seminar on IP rights
The Madrid System for the
International Registration of Marks
Ankara - November 7, 2005
Marie Paule Rizo, WIPO
1.
Overview of the
Madrid System
Madrid System
Madrid System
78 Members
Agreement and Protocol
45
Protocol Only 22
Agreement Only 11
(includes EC)
Aims of the Madrid System
• To facilitate the registration of trademarks at
an international level
• To facilitate the management of trademarks
after registration
Route offered by the Madrid System
The national route
•
•
•
•
•
file in many Offices
file in many languages
fees in many currencies
appoint numerous agents
results in many national
registrations
• requires many renewals
• changes recorded via each
national Office
The international route
•
•
•
•
•
file in one Office of Origin
file in one language
fees in one currency
local agents only if refused
results in one international
registration
• requires one renewal
• changes recorded via the
International Bureau
Advantages offered by the Madrid
System
Registration and Administration of Trademarks
in up to 78 Contracting Parties
–
–
–
–
through a single procedure
with a single administration
in a single language
on payment of a fee in a single
currency (Swiss Francs)
Advantages of the Madrid System
• Facility
• Administrative efficiency
– changes in name/address or ownership
– renewal
• Flexibility
– subsequent designations
– limitation, renunciation, cancellation
• Economy
Basic Principles of the Madrid System
– Closed system
• need of a connection with a Contracting Party
• protection only in the other Contracting Parties
nationality
domicile
establishment
– Need of a basic application or basic registration
– One international application
one international registration
– Possibility of refusal by designated Contracting Parties within time limits
• Madrid Agreement
– of April 14, 1891
• Madrid Protocol
– adopted on June 27, 1989
Elements of the
Madrid System
• Common Regulations
– latest revision 2004
• Administrative Instructions
• National Law
Basic Procedure under the Madrid
system
Precondition: basic application or basic registration
OFFICE OF
ORIGIN
Certifies that the data in international
application = those in basic application
or basic registration
INTERNATIONAL
BUREAU
Checks formalities
Records in the International Register
Publishes in the International Gazette
Notifies designated Contracting Parties
OFFICE OF
DESIGNATED
CONTRACTING
PARTY
Substantive Examination
refusal
within set
time limits
no refusal = effect of a
refusal
national registration
Link with the CTM System (EU)
• CTM application/registration can be
a basis for an international
application under the Madrid
Protocol
• EC can be designated in an
international application or
subsequently (subsequent
designation) under the Madrid
Protocol
2.
Current Status
Accessions Since November 2003
• United States of America
November 2003 (P)
• Cyprus
November 2003 (P+A)
• Islamic Republic of Iran
December 2003 (P+A)
• Croatia
January 2004 (P)
• Kyrgyzstan
June 2004 (P)
• Namibia
June 2004 (P+A)
• Syrian Arab Republic
August 2004 (P+A)
• European Community
• Bahrain
October 2004 (P)
December 2005(P)
International applications (1996-2005)
Applications filed (1996-2004) and estimates for 2005
Annual growth rates
40'000
35'000
30'000
25'000
20'000
15'000
10'000
5'000
0
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
A
18'675 19'071 20'406 20'492 24'230 24'331 23'145 23'872 29'474 34'841
g
-4.7%
2.1%
7.0%
0.4%
18.2%
0.4%
-4.9%
3.1%
23.5% 18.2%
Top filer Members
Applications filed from January to August, 2004-2005
Shares within total filings in 2005 and growth rates as compared to 2004
Office of Origin
Jan-Aug 2004
Jan-Aug 2005
Share
Grow th
Germany (DE)
3,620
3,907
17.22%
7.9%
France (FR)
2,387
2,378
10.48%
-0.4%
United States of America (US)
1,028
1,905
8.40%
85.3%
Benelux (BX)
Italy (IT)
Sw itzerland (CH)
European Community (EM)
China (CN)
Austria (AT)
United Kingdom (GB)
Japan (JP)
Australia (AU)
Spain (ES)
Turkey (TR)
Russian Federation (RU)
Czech Republic (CZ)
Denmark (DK)
Sw eden (SE)
Bulgaria (BG)
Poland (PL)
Other countries
Total
1,626
1,602
1,364
1,674
1,565
1,538
1,285
900
830
720
604
573
572
518
403
391
330
242
230
209
1,917
22,691
7.38%
6.90%
6.78%
5.66%
3.97%
3.66%
3.17%
2.66%
2.53%
2.52%
2.28%
1.78%
1.72%
1.45%
1.07%
1.01%
0.92%
8.45%
100.00%
3.0%
-2.3%
12.8%
727
785
635
462
378
589
396
305
407
296
303
201
254
1,772
19,137
23.8%
5.7%
13.4%
30.7%
51.6%
-2.9%
30.8%
32.1%
-3.9%
11.5%
-20.1%
14.4%
-17.7%
8.2%
18.6%
Top Holders of International Registrations
List of 21 top holders of international registrations
on August 31, 2005
#Marks
Country
Holder
2731
1943
1763
1648
1599
1495
1442
1280
1175
1072
852
834
823
722
665
634
621
555
547
517
507
DE
CH
BE
FR
NL
FR
CH
DE
DE
FR
FR
DE
NL
DE
CH
DE
IT
FR
DE
FR
DE
Henkel
Novartis
Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V.
L'Oréal
Unilever
Sanofi-Aventis
Société des produits Nestlé
Bayer AG
Siemens
ITM Entreprises S.A.
Biofarma
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH&Co KG
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
BASF Aktiengesellschaft
Syngenta Participations AG
E. Merck
Fiat Auto S.p.A.
Kodak-Pathé S.A.
Deutsche Bau- und Grundstücks AG
Bongrain S.A.
Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG
Some Figures concerning TR
Total IRs
Origin: TR
Design.: TR
2002
2003
2004
22,236
21,847
23,379
419
408
407
5,458
5,878
6,272
Some Figures ...
January-August 2005
Total IRs
Origin: TR
Design.: TR
22,691
518
4,104
The End.
Thank you!
For further information, visit
www.wipo.int/madrid/en/
Descargar

TAIEX Seminar on IP rights The Madrid System for the