ENGLISH CONSTITUTION VS ITALIAN CONSTITUTION
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The English costitution
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The Italian costitution
THE ENGLISH
CONSTITUTION
Definition
• The English Constitution is a book written in 1867 by Walter
Bagehot
• The book became a standard work which was translated into
several languages
Characteristics
It defined the rights and role of a monarch, a government as threefold:
• The right to be consulted
• The right to advise
• The right to warn
Structure
The English constitution is organized into two components:
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the Dignified (that symbolic part)
the Efficient (the way things actually work and get done).
THE ITALIAN
COSTITUTION
The Italian Costitution
1st step: Monarchy was abolished and the Constituent Assembly was elected
by universal suffrage on 2 June 1946 (men and women could vote for the
first time)
2nd step :The Italian Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly
on 22 December 1947
3rd step : The Constitution came into force on 1 January 1948, one century
after the Statuto Albertino was enacted
4th step: The Constitution forbade the male descendants of the royal family
from entering the territory of the Republic (repealed in 2002)
Content of the Italian
Constitution
The constitutional compromise:The three tendencies(solidaristic
christian democratic, liberal and left-wing) that enlivened debate in
the Assembly, wanted to to insert something reflecting their values
in the Constitution.
EXAMPLES
1)marriage and the family
solidaristic christian democratic
2) workers' rights
communism and socialism
They reached an agreement on one point:
•NO DICTATOR SHOULD HAVE TYRANNIZED ON THE COUNTRY
STRUCTURE
The Constitution is composed of 139 articles
(four of which were later abrogated)
and arranged into three main parts

 Principi Fondamentali, or Fundamental Principles
(articles 1–12)
 Part I (articles 13–54) concerning
the Diritti e Doveri dei Cittadini, or Rights and Duties of
Citizens
 Part II (articles 55–139)
the Ordinamento della Repubblica, or Organisation of
the Republic followed by 18 Disposizioni transitorie e
finali, or Transitory and Final Provisions.
Articles 13–28
the Italian equivalent of a bill of rights in
common law jurisdictions.
Power is divided among
 the executive
 the legislative and
 judicial branches
The Constitution establishes the balancing and
interaction of these branches, rather than their rigid
separation
Bill of rights

Freedom from royal interference with
the law.
I part of italian costitution
Inviolability of personal freedom

Inviolability of domicile
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Freedom from taxation by Royal
Prerogative.
Privacy right
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Freedom to petition the monarch.
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Freedom from the standing army during
a time of peace.

Freedom for Protestants to bear arms
for their own defence
Freedom to elect members of
parliament without interference from
the sovereign.
Freedom of speech and debates;
Freedom travel or sojourn freely in
any part of the national territory
Freedom of aggregation
Freedom of faith

Freedom of press and opinion

no one could be deprived of legal
capacity, citizenship or name.

Freedom of protection of individual
rights
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Freedom from cruel and unusual
punishment and excessive bail.
Criminal responsibility is personal
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Freedom from fine and forfeiture
without a trial.
The death penalty is not admitted.
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Diapositiva 1 - MARILENA BELTRAMINI