Unsecured Housing…Pack,
Unpack, Pack, Unpack…
How McKinney & Migrant Education Work
Together to Serve Migrant Students
Experiencing Housing Insecurity
“Migrant work is vital to local economies”
-Colorado Coalition for the Homeless
Marcos Fortney, MSW
Program Manager: Community Resources
Regional McKinney-Vento Grant Coordinator
Migrant Education Program Eclectic Social Worker
Centennial BOCES-Federal Programs
(Board Of Cooperative Educational Services)
Phone:970.381.6321 Email: mfortney@cboces.org
CBOCES Data - Title X & MEP
2010 / 11
MEP students are
three times or more likely to
experience a form of
housing insecurity, sin hogar
All Student State Average = 3%
Barriers to Education for Children &
Youth in Habitat Disruption
Non-living wage
High mobility, loss of familiarity
Oppression, Racism
Enrollment requirements
Lack of transportation
New curriculum
Lack of school supplies, clothing,
• Poor health, fatigue & hunger
• Prejudice and misunderstanding
• Move, Mobile, Migrant…
Move from 1 district 2 another
Due 2 economic necessity
Occurred in last 3 years
Purpose 2 obtain qualifying
agricultural work
Seasonal or Temporary
• Agricultural = planting,
cultivating & harvesting natural
resources, food resources…
• Dairies, Meat Processing,
Nurseries, Fish Hatcheries…
Contact State Dept. Education!
Federal Programs?
Title 1 Programs?
Supplemental Services
Most state education agencies
receive grants
Office of Migrant Education (OME)
Program Contact: Michelle Moreno
(202) 401-2928 Washington, D.C.
• Median income for
farmworkers is less than
$11,000 annually
(US Department of Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Office of Program Economics.
(2000). Findings from the national agriculture workers survey 1997-1998: A demographic and
employment profile of U.S. farmworkers (Research Report No. 8). Washington, DC: US Department of
Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Office of Program Economics.)
• 65% + of OSY are McKinneyVento
• #1 barrier 2 ed. was dental
(Castillo, CO CBOCES MEP 2012)
(Corona Research, CO CBOCES MEP, 2006)
• 90% = no health insurance
(Rosenbaum, S. “Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: Health Insurance Coverage and Access to
Care”(Washington: Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, 2005),
http://www.kff.org/uninsured/upload/Migrant-and-Seasonal-Farmworkers-Health-InsuranceCoverage-and-Access-to-Care-Report.pdf, p. 1)
Eligibility = Who is a McKinney Student?
Children who lack a fixed, regular, and
adequate nighttime residence—
Sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason
Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate alternative accommodations
Living in emergency or transitional shelters
Abandoned in hospitals
Awaiting foster care placement
Living in a public or private place not designed for humans to live
Living in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, bus or train stations, etc
Unaccompanied youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian who are lacking a fixed, adequate or regular nighttime residence
• Children who are migratory living
in above circumstances
Providing food for the nation
Extremely resilient
Bargaining & boycotts 2 acquire livable
wages & better working conditions
Loving kindness
"It's hard work in the fields, but at the same
time, it's also good, because it's
honorable work. All that produce is going
to the tables of important people, and so
that is the importance of the humble
farmworker...." -Olga Ramirez
The Rights of McKinney Students:
MEP students identified:
• A Homeless Education Liaison
• Automatic Enrollment
• School of Origin Right
• Transportation 2 School of Origin
• Settled Disputes Quickly
Title 1 Part A Homeless set aside funds
• Districts are mandated by
federal law 2 set aside a min.
amount, $100.00 or more
• Used to remove ed. barriers
• Funds used for basic needs,
school supplies, staff support,
etc (http://center.serve.org/nche/ibt/sc_titlei.php)
• As an advocate, you ask!
50 – 90% of students do not graduate!!!
• Educators estimate 55% graduate
from high school
(Retrieved June 14, 2004, from http://www.ncfh.org/aaf_01.php)
• Colorado Graduations Rates
• Migrant Education Graduation Advocate (MEGA)
2009-10 (baseline)
2010-11 (Year 1)
Dropout Rate
Graduation Rate
Dropout Rate
Graduation Rate
Graduation Rate 60.8
Completion Rate 61.8
Migrant Recruiters often have
the trust of families
• Students & families are more likely
to reveal important needs = lacking
stable housing, hungry, sick, child
not enrolled or attending…
• Otherwise, fear, shame, pride,
language barriers and poor access
to social services can present huge
barriers to serving students for
academic & social success!

No Migrant Child Left Behind