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The Great Depression
The Great Depression
began with the stock
market crash on
October 29, 1929,
also known as Black
Tuesday.
The Depression had
devastating effects in
the US, and around
the world.
Street scene on Black Tuesday
People who had gone
to bed with
thousands of
dollars in the bank
woke up to
discover that they
only had the
money in their
pockets.
Car for sale in New York
People in the Plains States
were particularly hard
hit with a severe
drought, dust storms,
and the Depression.
Many came west to find
work. So many
migrated from
Oklahoma, they
become known as
“Okies.”
The “Okies” were also trying to escape the “Dust Bowl,” a
series of dust storms that caused major agricultural
damage to the Great Plains from 1930 to 1936. At times,
the clouds blackened the sky all the way to California.
Millions of acres of farmland became useless, and
hundreds of thousands of families were forced to leave
their homes.
Families on the road,
traveling west.
Leaving South
Dakota for
Oregon
Okies driving to
California
Migrant families camped out
Cooking supper in a
shanty, a temporary
home
Squatter’s shack
Farmers
sometimes
allowed
migrant
workers and
families to
camp while
they were
harvesting
crops. This
often led to
“squatter
camps” where
people began
living in
throwntogether
shacks.
18 year old mother at a migrant camp
A school for migrant worker’s kids
Christmas dinner for a migrant family
Breadlines became common, as people
struggled to feed themselves and their
families
Jobs were
scarce as the
unemployment
levels soared
Migrant workers camp
Dorothea Lange’s
photo, “Migrant
Mother,” perhaps
the most famous
image from the
Great Depression
John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck (19021968) was one of the
best-known and most
widely read American
writers of the 20th
century. Steinbeck grew
up in the Salinas Valley
region of California, an
agricultural area, a
diverse place of rich
migratory and immigrant
history.
Salinas,
California
In 1937, John Steinbeck
published his novella “Of
Mice and Men,” the
tragic story of two
migrant ranch workers,
George and Lennie,
during the Great
Depression in California.
Of Mice and Men
The title is taken from Robert
Burns' poem, To a Mouse, often
quoted as: "The best-laid plans of
mice and men often go awry."
Required reading in many
American, Australian, British, New
Zealand, and Canadian high
schools, Of Mice and Men has been
a frequent target of censors for what
some consider "offensive" and
"vulgar" language; consequently, it
appears on the American Library
Association's list of the Most
Challenged Books of 21st Century.
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The Great Depression - North Bend Oregon School …