Course Introduction
 Syllabus
 Textbook, some special features:
 Concept checks
 Clinical briefs
 Glossary of key terms (p.826)
 Related clinical terms at EOC
 EOC Review questions: 3 levels
 Textbook website
 Lab
book / ADAM
 Lecture notes / class website
First Homework

Send me an email!
[email protected]
In Your Email:
Worth 3 pts.
1.
Name (if it doesn’t fully appear in your email
address)
2.
Phone number(s) for when I need to reach in
case of an emergency
3.
Level of computer use
•
•
Beginner, intermediate, expert
Computer at home - with or without Internet access?
4.
Professional goal(s)
5.
What grade you want
6.
Nickname to be used for posting grades
Ch 1: Introduction to Anatomy
Chapter Objectives

Define study of Anatomy

Identify the levels of organization

Understand anatomical and directional terminology to
be used during course

Review body cavities and lining membranes
Immerse yourself into the language of Anatomy
Anatomy (= to cut open)

Gross Anatomy

Microscopic
Anatomy

Developmental
Anatomy (study of first
2 months of development:
_?_)

Comparative
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
 Surface
Anatomy (Ch 12)
 Regional
Anatomy (superficial and internal
features in specific area of body, e.g. head and neck....)
 Systemic
Anatomy (11 organ systems)
11 Organ systems
different organs work together to provide specialized functions

Body Coverings

Support & Movement

Integration & coordination

Transport

Absorption / Excretion

Reproduction
Microscopic Anatomy

Cytology (mostly EM pictures)
SEM
TEM

Histology
Anatomy at Different Scales (Metric Scale)
Fig 1.1
Levels of Organization:
COHN – 99.5%
99.9% =
See figs. 1.3 & 1.4
Anatomy & the Importance of a
Precise Vocabulary

Language of
Anatomy
based mostly
on . . . ?

Also Eponyms
(= ?)
Superficial Anatomy
Generally consider body in
Anatomical Position while studied
Two other positions: supine and prone
Anatomical Directions
Anterior vs. ?; medial vs. ?; superior vs. ? . . . Etc.
...
Proximal vs. distal
Anatomical
Regions:
Take words
apart!
In the clinic: Abdomino-pelvic Regions
Sectional Anatomy
3 sectional planes:

transverse ( or cross) section

frontal (or coronal) section

sagittal section (mid- and para-)
Fig 1.14
Body Cavities
Dorsal
Ventral
Clinical Discussion: Sectional
Anatomy and
Clinical Technology
 Avoid
“cutting open”
 Computers
integrate raw data
transmitted by electrical signals
 Radiological
» X-rays
» CT
» MRI
procedures:
Traditional: X-rays
Since 1895
X-ray of skull
Radiodensity of
different tissues
Varies: Denser tissues
absorb more radiation
Disadvantage?
Best for bones and
some tumors and
tuberculosis nodules in
lungs
X-rays and
Contrast Medium
Use of
•heavy
elements
such as
_______,
•iodinated
molecules
etc.etc.
Clinical Discussion:
The visible Human
Produce series of sections in one
sectional plane at small intervals
Combine to reconstruct the 3-D object (serial reconstruction)
Allows for very exact analysis of complex structures
Male sectioned at 1 mm intervals,
female at 0.33 mm intervals.
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Sectional Anatomy and Clinical Technology