Course Introduction Syllabus Textbook, some special features: Concept checks Clinical briefs Glossary of key terms (p.826) Related clinical terms at EOC EOC Review questions: 3 levels Textbook website Lab book / ADAM Lecture notes / class website First Homework Send me an email! [email protected] In Your Email: Worth 3 pts. 1. Name (if it doesn’t fully appear in your email address) 2. Phone number(s) for when I need to reach in case of an emergency 3. Level of computer use • • Beginner, intermediate, expert Computer at home - with or without Internet access? 4. Professional goal(s) 5. What grade you want 6. Nickname to be used for posting grades Ch 1: Introduction to Anatomy Chapter Objectives Define study of Anatomy Identify the levels of organization Understand anatomical and directional terminology to be used during course Review body cavities and lining membranes Immerse yourself into the language of Anatomy Anatomy (= to cut open) Gross Anatomy Microscopic Anatomy Developmental Anatomy (study of first 2 months of development: _?_) Comparative Anatomy Gross Anatomy Surface Anatomy (Ch 12) Regional Anatomy (superficial and internal features in specific area of body, e.g. head and neck....) Systemic Anatomy (11 organ systems) 11 Organ systems different organs work together to provide specialized functions Body Coverings Support & Movement Integration & coordination Transport Absorption / Excretion Reproduction Microscopic Anatomy Cytology (mostly EM pictures) SEM TEM Histology Anatomy at Different Scales (Metric Scale) Fig 1.1 Levels of Organization: COHN – 99.5% 99.9% = See figs. 1.3 & 1.4 Anatomy & the Importance of a Precise Vocabulary Language of Anatomy based mostly on . . . ? Also Eponyms (= ?) Superficial Anatomy Generally consider body in Anatomical Position while studied Two other positions: supine and prone Anatomical Directions Anterior vs. ?; medial vs. ?; superior vs. ? . . . Etc. ... Proximal vs. distal Anatomical Regions: Take words apart! In the clinic: Abdomino-pelvic Regions Sectional Anatomy 3 sectional planes: transverse ( or cross) section frontal (or coronal) section sagittal section (mid- and para-) Fig 1.14 Body Cavities Dorsal Ventral Clinical Discussion: Sectional Anatomy and Clinical Technology Avoid “cutting open” Computers integrate raw data transmitted by electrical signals Radiological » X-rays » CT » MRI procedures: Traditional: X-rays Since 1895 X-ray of skull Radiodensity of different tissues Varies: Denser tissues absorb more radiation Disadvantage? Best for bones and some tumors and tuberculosis nodules in lungs X-rays and Contrast Medium Use of •heavy elements such as _______, •iodinated molecules etc.etc. Clinical Discussion: The visible Human Produce series of sections in one sectional plane at small intervals Combine to reconstruct the 3-D object (serial reconstruction) Allows for very exact analysis of complex structures Male sectioned at 1 mm intervals, female at 0.33 mm intervals.