Intellectual Development
The First Year
Ability to learn from the senses
Abilities to be Developed
• Memory
• The process in which information is encoded,
stored, and retrieved
• Symbolic Thinking
• Using words or numbers to represent ideas
• Cause and Effect
• One action results in another action
• Attention
• The length of time a person can concentrate on
a task
Object Permanence
• Realize objects continue to exist
even when they are out of sight
• Develops at about10 months
Age Appropriate
Learning experiences
that are suitable for the
age and individual
needs of a child
Theorist Jean Piaget
• Studied how
children learn
• 4 Stages
• Children need
opportunities when
they’re ready
Piaget’s 4 Stages
Sensorimotor: Birth- 2 years old
Preoperational: 2 years old -7 years old
Concrete Operations: 7-11
Formal Operations: 11 to adult
Piaget’s Stages
• Sensorimotor: Birth-2 years
• Babies learn through senses and their own
• Preoperational: 2 years -7 years
• Children think in terms of their own activities and
what they perceive at the moment
Your Turn:
What are some ways people communicate?
• Reading
• Singing
• Talking
• Listening
Learning to Speak
• Listening to people talk is essential for
a baby’s language development
Learning to Speak
1-6 Months:
 Coo, gurgle, squeal
7-12 Months:
 May respond to own name
 May add actions
• Waving to say bye-bye
8-15 Months
 First Words:
• “mama”
• “dada”
• “bye-bye”
Benefits of Sign Language
• Reduces tears, tantrums, &
• Allows babies to share their
• Stimulates intellectual
• Increases respect for babies
• Positively affects different areas
of a child’s development.
• Strengthens the parent-infant
• Social-Emotional Development
• Boosts self-esteem and selfconfidence
• Makes learning to talk easier
• Language Development
• Intellectual Development
Teaching a Baby Sign Language
Click on image for video (1:40 minutes)