Integrated Content-Based
 For students to be successful in mastering the domains
of language in all content areas, ESL teachers need to
collaborate with content-area teachers to plan
instruction that scaffolds language learning.
 For ELL students to be successful in school, their
cultures must be embraced and included in school
 Teachers need to serve as the bridges between school,
mainstream culture, and home cultures.
 Language learning strategies are used to help language
learners acquire and retain new information in and
about the target language.
 Some effective language learning strategies include
self-monitoring, repetition, resourcing, translation, key
word, note taking, transfer, and cooperation.
 The SIOP model proposes an integration of scaffolding
content and language.
 The model includes preparation, instruction, and
review/assessment as its three main components.
 ESL and classroom teachers should collaborate to assess
students in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
Collaboration – Assessments
 Assessments must be useful, meaningful, and equitable.
 State-mandated testing is complex and challenging for
ELLs because the students are so diverse and have
different needs.
 As teachers, we need to advocate for accountability
through the use of sociocultural assessment.
 Some authentic assessments for ELLs include oral
interviews, story retelling, writing samples, projects,
portfolios, and experiments.
Integrated Content-Based Instruction
 ICB instruction provides ELL students with learning
experiences that facilitate language acquisition and
contextualize academic content.
 ICB method places an emphasis on three key factors:
 the use of a variety of media
 the development of students’ thinking skills
 the use of student-centered instruction
Integrated Content-Based Instruction
 The more that the students learn and comprehend
language related to specific content areas, the more
likely they will comprehend future instruction in that
content area.
 Real-world experiences through hands-on activities are
an essential approach to integrating language and
concept development for English language learners.
Benefits of ICB instruction for ELLs
 Less time required for practicing information
 Allows for the concurrent teaching of academic
content and second language learning skills
 Sequence of skills and language introduction bridges
gaps and makes concrete connections to background
Benefits of ICB instruction for ELLs
 Opportunities for increased social interactions with
 Scaffolds learning by providing repeated exposure to
contextualized content and language
 Attention to the four domains of the student
biography (language, cognitive, academic, and social
development) increases achievement
Benefits of ICB instruction for ELLs
 Motivates learners
 Decreases perceptions of marginalization
 Promotes the negotiation of meaning
ICB Lesson: Planning
Select the theme.
Choose topics relevant to the theme.
Create language and content objectives.
Gather appropriate instructional materials.
Arrange the classroom environment.
ICB Lesson: Instruction
Preteach key content vocabulary.
Build background.
Facilitate collaborative learning.
Use authentic activities for integrating literacy.
Engage CLD students cognitively.
Provide visual support and graphic organizers.
Develop learning centers.
ICB Lesson: Assessment
 Provide formative assessment.
 Provide summative assessment.
Let’s look together at a lesson!
 Let’s examine a Language Arts lesson plan from one
of our 7th grade teachers on active reading
 The ICB instruction modifications are in blue.
Practice Time!
 Choose a partner and look together at the sample
lesson plan.
 Using the ICB instruction model, what
modifications can you make to this lesson plan?
 Be prepared to briefly share your modifications
with the group.
Gottlieb, M., Craney, M., Cammilleri, A., (2007). WIDA
consortium: Understanding the WIDA English language
proficiency standards: A resource guide.
Herrera, S. & Murry, K., (2005). Mastering ESL and bilingual
methods. USA: Pearson Education, Inc.
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL),
Inc., 2007. ESL standards for pre-k-12 students, online

Integrated Content-Based Instruction