Indian Satellite Remote Sensing
Programme : NRSC Perspective
Vinay K Dadhwal
Director
National Remote Sensing Centre (ISRO)
Plenary: Dimensions & Directions of Geospatial Technology
India Geospatial Forum; February 7-9, 2012, Gurgaon
Outline
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Indian EO Satellites : Recent & Future
NRSC Activity Profile
EO Data Acquisition & Archives
Data & Products Dissemination
RS Applications Programme
Visualization & Geospatial Services
Indian EO Satellites : Recent & Future
• Launches in 2011
– Resourcesat-2, Meghatropiques, Youthsat
• Operational/In-service EO Satellites
– Oceansat-2
– Cartosat-1, 2; IMS-1; Resourcesat-1
• Near future EO Satellites
– (Polar) : RISAT-1, SARAL
– (Geostationary) : INSAT-3D, GISAT
Resourcesat-2
•3 Cameras (AWiFS, LISS 3, LISS 4)
•Repetitivity: 5 days (AWiFS) to 24 days (LISS
3) & Revisit : 5 days (LISS 4)
•Spatial resolution of 5.8 m (LISS 4) – 56 m
(AWiFS)
•Swath of 23 km (LISS 4) to 740 km (AWiFS)
•AIS Payload (Communication/ ship
identification)
Data products
 Improved radiometric quality
 Ortho-Rectification using CartoDEM
 Improved Geo-location accuracy
 Automatic LISS-4 MX Registration
Launch: 20 April 2011
SSR
: 200 Gb for 12 min. recording of payload of LISS-4 or LISS-3 + AWIFS
Capability : Steerable with ± 26 deg. across track
Payload can be operated in every orbit for duration of 16 min.
EO Missions - Near Future
RISAT-1
For applications in Disasters,
Agriculture, soil moisture etc.
Payloads
C band SAR 5.35 GHz frequency; 5
imaging modes single, dual &
quad polarisation modes 18.3 to
48.6o look angle; 20.1-54.5o orbit
incidence
Status
• Launch by PSLV in first
quarter of 2012
SARAL
Satellite with ARgos and ALtika
- Joint ISRO-CNES Mission
GISAT
Multiple acquisition capability
from a Geosynchronous Orbit
Payloads
• High resolution multi-spectral VNIR
(HRMX-VNIR): 50m Res.
• Hyper spectral VNIR & SWIR: 320m
and 192m Res.
• High resolution Multi-spectral
(HRMX-TIR): 1.5km Res.
Status
• Launch by PSLV during 2013
INSAT - 3D
For improved understanding
of weather systems
Payloads
Payloads
• Ka-band Altimeter (~35.5GHz)
•Dual freq Radiometer (23.8/36.8 GHz
Status
• Launch by PSLV in Second
quarter of 2012
• 19 channel Sounder
• 6 Channel Imager
Status
• Launch by end 2012
NRSC Activity Profile
• SATELLITE DATA ACQUISITION & ARCHIVAL
• DATA PRODUCTS - PROCESSING, DISSEMINATION
• AERIAL DATA ACQUISITION, PROCESSING
– LFDC & ALTM
• RS & GIS APPLICATIONS
– Nationwide EO Applications
• Disaster Management Support
– DSC & NDEM
• REGIONAL CENTRES
– Applications & User Projects
Bangalore
;
Jodhpur
;
Kolkotta
Balanagar
Shadnagar
; Nagpur
EO Data Acquisition & Archives
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Ground Station at Shadnagar for Indian Region
Global: IGS, OBSSR-Playback, Svalbard (Norway)
Establish GS at Antartica : Global, Near real-time
ARCHIVE (.ca 1000 Terra Bytes since 1979), All IRS
– Foreign : Landsat, ERS, SPOT, NOAA, MODIS
– Top Archives : IRS P5 (235 TB); RESOURCESAT-1 (168 TB);
IRS 1C(140 TB); IRS 1D (140 TB); CARTOSAT 2 (100 TB)
Data & Products Dissemination Services
RSDP 2011 policy implemented
• No restriction of data products up to 1 m
• For FY 2010-11 products supplied 67,002 against targeted sales
of 60,000
• Web based free data delivery (enabled AWIFS & CartoDEM
• Emergency Data delivery - 899 products - under NRT mode for
Emergency applications
• Dissemination of Scatterometer products to EUMETSAT in near
real time
Delivery with less than 150 minutes from the time data is
recorded on onboard
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National EO Applications Projects
Land Use/Land Cover using AWiFS (1:250,000)
• Seven cycles completed 2010-11 ; 8th cycle (11-12) in progress
Land Use/Land Cover using LISS III (1:50,000)
• First cycle (05-06): completed & Atlas Released ; Second cycle (11-12) initiated
Land Degradation using LISS III (1:50,000)
• Mapping completed; Enhanced with NBSS & LUP data; Atlas in preparation
Geomorphology & Lineament using LISS III (1:50,000) with GSI
• 450 maps completed; 600 maps planned by March, 2012
• 1500 maps planned by March, 2013
Space based Information Support for Decentralised Planning (SISDP) using Carto-1+LISS-IV (1:10,000)
• Ortho products being generated
• 9000 Cartosat stereo-pairs processed;
• Satellite data for planning to panchayats
Many New Applications with Resourcesat-2
Forest change alert system using AWiFS
Initiated in association with FSI & Maharashtra State Forest Department
Geospatial Web Services under ISRO/DOS
NRDB- Natural Resource - http://www.nnrms.gov.in
BHUVAN- Gateway to Indian Earth Observation - http://bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in
BHOOSAMAPADA-LULC
- http://applications.nrsc.gov.in
MOSDAC- Met & Ocean Data - http://www.mosdac.gov.in
SCORPIO – Cyclone Observation and Prediction – http://122.252.237.243/scorpio/
DSC-Disaster Decision Support - http://dsc.nrsc.gov.in
IBIN- Bio-resource Information - http://www.ibin.co.in
BIS- Biodiversity Information - http://www.bisindia.org
India WRIS- Water Resources - http://india-wris.nrsc.gov.in
Additional web –enabled systems for
- Indian Forest Fire Response and Assessment System
- Wasteland Information System
- Wetland Information System
- Urban Information System
…Next Challenge – Data Discovery & Gateway : Unified Data Geoportal
Bhuvan - Gateway to Indian EO
Data Products & Services
Prototype
Visualisation
Data Archive
 Availability of Seamless High Resolution Data
 Multi-Sensor, Temporal, Resolution Data
from IRS Satellites
 Rich Thematic Information
Sharing
/
What is Unique in Bhuvan?
 Online Shape file Creation
 Terrain Profile
 3D Fly Through
 Ocean Services
/
Geo-Processing
 Urban Design Tools
 Weather Data from ISRO AWS
 Collaboration
Participation
Thematic Services
Community
 OGC Web Services
Website of the Month – Dec’2010
 Multi-Lingual (English | Hindi | Tamil |
Telugu | Gujarati | Marati | Kannada --)
 Data Download (CartoDEM, AWiFS , LISS III
Ortho)
NRSC Open EO Data Archive
http://bhuvan-noeda.nrsc.gov.in
A new initiative to facilitate the users to select, browse and
download IRS satellite data products.
Data Downloads (thousand)
 CartoDEM –
6
 AWiFS Ortho – 2
Released on
29 Sep 2011
 LISS III Ortho – 5
Released on
02 Jan 2012

Cartosat-1:DEM: 1 arc Sec

Resourcesat-1:AWiFS Ortho (2008,2009):56m
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Resourcesat-1:LISS III Ortho (2008-09):24m
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Metadata NSDI 2.0
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Select Area based on ‘Bounding box, Mapsheet(SOI), Tiles, Interactive Drawing’
Total – 13
(till 05 Feb’12)
This facility will be extended for other IRS satellite data coarser than 24m in near future.
Thematic Services
“OGC Web Services (WMS, WMTS) towards interoperability”
Bhuvan-Thematic Services facilitate the users to select,
browse and query the Thematic Datasets from this portal.
Users can also consume these Thematic Datasets and
integrate into their systems as ‘OGC Web Services’.

Land Use Land Cover

Flood (Annual and Hazard Layer)

Land Degradation
Released on 17 Dec 2011
 Total Hits : 1,79, 273
 Unique Visitors : 1444
http://bhuvan-noeda.nrsc.gov.in/theme
(till 08 Jan’12)
BHOOSAMPADA- LULC Information
Portal
http://applications.nrsc.gov.in:15001/
• BHOOSAMPADA : interactive GIS environment in
internet domain for LULC data visualization, querying
and analysis.
• Temporal data on LULC-250K (7 Annual Cycles
starting from 2004-05), Water bodies and Snow
cover
available
with
dynamic
linkage
of
socioeconomic data.
• LULC-50K (2005-06)
• BHOOSAMPADA is developed using open source
and COTS GIS solutions.
Future Geospatial Activities
• National HR data sets for decentralised planning
support (SiSDP) - Society Outreach
• Geophysical Products including Climate Quality (ECV)
• Model derived Land Surface Process Outputs
• Unified ISRO Data Geoportal
• Improved / Expanded Bhuvan
• Mashups (many web services, incl WRIS)
• Linking with mobile/PDA for data collection,
applications, disaster-related information support….
Thank You
http://www.nrsc.gov.in
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