Tekes Witty City
Case Studies - USA
Master Long List
Final Selection
25 September 2013
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 1
Living Building Challenge: Cleantech Innovation Horizon for
Buildings, Neighborhoods & Communities
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Living Building Challenge (LBC) is a philosophy, advocacy tool & certification
program that promotes the most advanced measurement of sustainability in the built
environment possible today. Currently [2012], there are more than 140 Living
Building Challenge projects spread across eight countries and 28 U.S. states.
LBC is administered by the International Living Future Institute, with offices in
Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, in the USA, and Vancouver, British
Columbia, in Canada.
Key parties/contacts are:
- International Living Future Institute: http://living-future.org/
- Cascadia Green Building Council: http://living-future.org/cascadia
- The Natural Step Network USA: http://www.naturalstep.org/en/usa/membersnatural-step-network-usa
LBC “…is comprised of seven performance areas: Site, Water, Energy, Health,
Materials, Equity and Beauty. These are subdivided into a total of twenty
Imperatives, each of which focuses on a specific sphere of influence...it defines the
most advanced measure of sustainability in the built environment possible today and
acts to diminish the gap between current limits and ideal solutions..." for buildings,
parks, campuses, infrastructure and communities.
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 1 continued
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LBC “…provides a framework for design, construction and the symbiotic relationship
between people and all aspects of the built environment.” Project typologies are:
- Renovation: Does not form the substantial portion of a complete building
reconstruction – e.g., single floor tenant improvements.
- Infrastructure + Landscape: Does not include a physical structure as part of its
primary program; projects may be as diverse as roads, bridges, plazas, sports
facilities or trails.
- Building: Any project that encompasses the construction of a roofed and walled
structure created for permanent use – either new or existing.
- Neighborhood: Any project that contains multiple buildings in a continuous
campus, neighborhood, district or village.
The socio-economic impact of LBC is best captured by the following comments.
- “The Living Building Challenge is…much more than building green. It describes
the end game; the ultimate vision of where we want to get to...””, says Jerome
Partington, Jasmax (New Zealand). “It’s much,
- Says Julian Huggins, Arrow’s Auckland Manager. “… this is the future. It’s where
innovative developers, planners and construction companies should be
looking...“
- “LBC seeks to lead the charge toward a holistic standard that could yield an
entirely new level of integration between building systems, transportation,
technology, natural resources, and community.”
- See FinNode USA Trendwiki Signals or contact Michael Lovejoy at:
[email protected]
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 2
Building Smarter Cities: Integration of Smart Grid & ITC Networks
with Other Forms of Urban & Social Infrastructure in Houston, TX.
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In March 2011, the City of Houston deployed the first municipal 4G wireless
communications network in the USA as part of its ongoing Smart City project. [The
City had already been recognized for a number of years as one of the leading cities
in the USA for its eGovernment Center: http://www.houstontx.gov/]
Major anticipated benefits from the City’s 4G network are as follows.
• Improving Public Service: Improving customer service and reducing cost by
connecting the city’s mobile AMR system to the WiMAX network to remotely
monitor 550,000 water meter accounts; Improving traffic safety and congestion
throughout the city through remote control of 2,500 traffic intersections and
1,500 school zone flashers
• Reducing Costs: Reducing multi-million dollar annual commercial T1 costs by
replacing these connections with WiMAX service at over 500 city facilities (such
as water/wastewater plants, maintenance and libraries); Affordably expanding
connectivity service to facilities and operations (i.e., SCADA, video surveillance
and parking pay stations)
• Serving the Public Good: Making excess bandwidth available to enable free
Internet service for more than 300,000 residents in underserved, underprivileged
communities (such as public computer centers for children offering free Internet
access and a safe environment to stay and learn; 20 centers are already
operating today)
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 2 continued
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As an important node in the global economy, Houston requires smart solutions:
http://www.houstontx.gov/abouthouston/houstonfacts.html
In terms of sustainability, the city already has important features:
- Green Space: http://smartercities.nrdc.org/city-stories/city-profiles/large/houstontexas#tk-city-profile
- Green Building: http://blog.kirksey.com/houston-a-green-building-leader.html
The commercial sector is doing its part: Houston was selected by both AT&T and
Sprint to be among the first five metropolitan areas in the USA to receive their 4G
wireless telecommunication services; local electricity distribution utility, Centerpoint,
is ranked 5th nationally in the number of installed smart electricity meters; Houston’s
local electricity retailer, Reliant, is ranked first in the USA in social media usage – i.e.,
Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/reliantenergy
In August 2011, the City established the seven division Department of
Neighborhoods to serve as a “one-stop” for residents seeking assistance with
neighborhood issues: http://www.houstontx.gov/neighborhoods/
In March 2012, Houston was the first Texas city of among eight U.S. cities to receive
a Smarter Cities Challenge grant from IBM, which looked at ways the City can
provide greater access to information, services and resources for residents.
Specifically, the project focused on how the City can better connect school-aged
students to public services that strengthen families and schools.
In August 2012, IBM presented its findings & recommendations:
http://www.houstongovnewsroom.org/go/doc/2155/1523483/
Houston offers good insight into the hype and realities of smart city progress.
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 3
Smart Parking: San Francisco, California’s SFpark Pilot Study
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City of San Francisco is pioneering an advanced parking management system,
utilizing new meters, sensors and demand responsive pricing (SFpark). In the
current pilot, 7000 meters have been outfitted, which allows drivers to conveniently
identify parking availability on a realtime map located either on the SFpark.org
homepage or via freely distributed apps for smart phones (iPhone or Android) or the
region’s 511 phone system.
The system is being developed by City of San Francisco’s Municipal Transportation
Agency (SFMTA), with support by the U.S. Department of Transportation and the
U.S. Federal Highway Administration – both offer Project funding, support and
evaluation. [Note: futures trials planned in Los Angeles, Washington, DC, and NYC.]
Key parties/contacts are:
- Donald Shoup, Professor, Urban Planning, UCLA: http://shoup.bol.ucla.edu/
- Edward Reiskin, Director of Transportation, SFMTA, City of San Francisco:
http://www.sfmta.com/cms/acontact/indxcont.htm
In addition to identifying available parking via mobile apps, customers can pay for
parking at City meters by phone, receive a reminder message when time is almost
up, add time without returning to the meter, and receive a receipt via email.
UCLA professor Donald Shoup estimates that 1/3 of the traffic on downtown U.S.
streets is due to drivers looking for parking spots. This consumes time & fuel,
causes frustration, and it contributes to green house gas emissions.
For full details see: http://sfpark.org/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 4
Promoting Safe & Appealing Walkable Urban Environments:
San Francisco, California’s WalkFirst
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In December 2010, the City of San Francisco adopted the Better Streets Plan, a
comprehensive set of pedestrian-oriented policies and design guidelines for San
Francisco's public streets and sidewalks that coordinates with other efforts to
improve the City's streets and transportation system. Building on this, the City
initiated the WalkFirst project to improve pedestrian safety and walking conditions,
encourage walking as a mode of transportation, and enhance pedestrian connections
to key destinations.
WalkFirst is a collaborative effort between the San Francisco Department of Public
Health (lead agency), San Francisco Planning Department, San Francisco Municipal
Transportation Agency, and San Francisco County Transportation Authority.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Megan Wier, SF Department of Public Health, Email: [email protected]
- Lily Langlois, SF Planning Department, Email: [email protected]
San Francisco’s efforts provides citizens with an Internet forum for community
involvement in walkable urban street planning (http://www.sfbetterstreets.org/) as
well as online maps for planning safe and appealing pedestrian trips
(http://www.sfplanning.org/index.aspx?page=2568#products).
WalkFirst initiative promotes pedestrian involvement & confidence and actively
supports walking as an alternative to motorized fossil fuel transport.
For full details see: http://www.sfplanning.org/ftp/files/Citywide/WalkFirst/WalkFirst_Final_Document_102711.pdf
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 5
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS): New York City’s Midtown in
Motion Project
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In June 2012, the Intelligent Transportation Society of America recognized the City of
New York’s Midtown in Motion project’s commitment to “smart” technologies that
allow engineers to respond to traffic conditions in real time. The pilot project has
been a success, and the program is being expanded.
Midtown in Motion is initiated by the City of New York’s Department of Transportation
(NYDOT) with support by the U.S. Federal Highway Administration.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Janette Sadik-Khan, Commissioner, NYDOT,
Email: http://www.nyc.gov/html/mail/html/maildot.html
- Bruce Shaler, Trafic & Planning, NYDOT, Phone: +1 212 839 6662
- Cordell Schacter, IT & Telecom, NYDOT, Phone: +1 212 839 8163
In this intelligent transportation system (ITS) application, real-time traffic data is
transmitted wirelessly through the city’s network and made available to motorists and
to app developers to use on smart phones, tablets and PDAs. The system allows
Department of Transportation engineers the ability to conduct real-time analysis and
change signal patterns at the touch of a button, helping to alleviate congestion before
it worsens.
In addition to intelligently managing traffic flow, Midtown in Motion reduces
greenhouse emissions and air pollution on the city’s most congested streets.
For full details go to: https://www.dot.ny.gov/index
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 6
Connected Cars in Urban Traffic: Dedicated Short Range Vehicle
Communications Pilot in Ann Arbor, Michigan
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As of August 2012, 3,000 vehicles in Ann Arbor, Michigan are taking part in a 12month pilot, whereby cars can communicate with each other, traffic signals, and
share data to a central platform. [Note: General Motors & AT&T announced in
February 2013 a commercial 4G development project for connected cars.]
The project is being run by the University of Michigan’s Transportation Research
Institute (UMTRI), whose partners also include Michigan Department of
Transportation, City of Ann Arbor, Texas Transportation Institute, AAA of Michigan,
and ESCRYPT.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Dr. Peter Sweatman, Director, UMTRI, Email: [email protected]
- Dr. James R. Sayer, Project Lead, UMTRI, Email: [email protected]
- John Hieftje, Mayor of Ann Arbor, Email: [email protected]
Connected vehicles are a subset of the intelligent transportation system ecosystem
(ITS), and the Ann Arbor pilot involves dedicated short range communications
(DSRC) and video recording facilities.
Concept offers vehicle operators and city traffic managers a platform for optimizing
the potential negative impact of traffic hazards, which in turn enables a more secure
and pleasant quality of life for urban drivers.
For full details see: http://www.umtri.umich.edu/divisionPage.php?pageID=505 and
also http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdot/B01__Michigan_Connected_Vehicle_Working_Group_2012-01-30_379092_7.pdf
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 7
Driverless Vehicles on City Streets: Google’s Demonstration/Pilot in
Las Vegas, Nevada
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In May 2012, The Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles announced that it had
approved Google's application to test autonomous (‘driverless’) vehicles on public
streets in Las Vegas, Nevada, which is believed to be the first license in the USA.
Utilizing Toyota Prius hybrids and Lexus RX hybrids, the vehicles are outfitted with
Laser radar mounted on the roof and in the grill detects pedestrians, cyclists and
other vehicles, creating a virtual buffer zone around the obstacles that the car then
avoids.
The pilot is run by Google; however, another test by Continental is the first by a
commercial automobile manufacturer.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Dr. Chris Urmson, Head of Engineering, Self Driving Car, Google Inc.
Autonomous vehicles are a subset of the intelligent transportation system ecosystem
(ITS), and the technology works like auto-pilot to guide a car with little or no
intervention from a human operator.
Las Vegas experiences a large number of visitors, who rent cars for a limited time
and who are not familiar with city streets. The autonomous car concept could ease
traffic situations for both visitors and locals as well as minimize fuel usage and GHG
emissions for needless driving. It also offers the visually impaired the potential
means to independently utilize personal transportation technology.
For full details see: http://www.dmvnv.com/autonomous.htm and
http://businessprnews.com/google-driverless-car
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 8
ZNE Pilot Program / Architecture at Zero: PG&E Net Zero Energy
Building Initiatives, San Francisco, California
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Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) Zero Net Energy (ZNE) Pilot Program was launched in
2010, and it is focused on achieving maximal energy efficiency and load reduction by
leveraging advanced design, construction and building operations before the addition
of on-site renewable energy generation. PG&E ZNE Pilot Program in collaboration
with the San Francisco Chapter of the American Institute of Architects has developed
an annual zero net energy building design competition, Architecture at Zero.
ZNE Pilot Program is run by California energy utility, PG&E, who also join AIA San
Francisco and University of California at Merced for the Architecture at Zero awards.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Peter Turnbull, PG&E ZNE Pilot Program, Email: [email protected]
- Margie O’Driscoll, AIA San Francisco, Email: [email protected]
ZNE Pilot Program supports the 2008 California Long Term Energy Efficiency
Strategic Plan, requiring that all new residential & commercial construction be ZNE
compliant by 2020 and 2030, respectively.
ZNE Pilot Program & Architecture at Zero is an active outreach effort to stimulate
innovation in net zero energy building construction. The State of California’s ZNE
mandate helps set a goal horizon.
For full details see:
http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/energysavingsrebates/rebatesincentives/znepilotpro
gram/us.htm and http://architectureatzero.com/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 9
Net Zero Energy LEED Platinum Campus: SMUD East Campus
Operations Center, Sacramento, California
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Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), which has taken a leading role in netzero home building in Northern California, is building the most energy-efficient
corporate yard of any U.S. electric utility, SMUD’s East Campus-Operations Center,
which will be completed in 2013, with the expectation that it will receive the U.S.
Green Building Council's top award, the Leadership in Energy and Environmental
Design (LEED) Platinum certification. The new center, employing 700 persons on 51
acres, will include a six story office building, equipment repair shops, maintenance
and warehouse buildings, storage space and parking for fleet vehicles.
SMUD is a publically-owned municipal utility.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Mr. Farres Everly, Communications, SMUD, Email: [email protected]
Photovoltaic and thermal solar panels will be the source of on-site renewable energy.
Techniques for low-energy heating and cooling and lighting include displacement &
evaporative cooling, external shading, daylighting, ceiling fans, geothermal energy
storage, radiant slab heating and cooling, use of building exhaust air to precondition
incoming air, and a heat recovery heat pump system.
SMUD campus is seventeen years ahead of California’s ZNE mandate for
commercial buildings.
For full details see: https://www.smud.org/en/about-smud/news-media/newsreleases/2011-09-26.htm
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 10
Building/Modeling Replicable Zero Energy District: FortZED Project ,
Fort Collins, Colorado
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Mission of FortZED is to transform the downtown area and the main campus of
Colorado State University into a net Zero Energy District through conservation,
efficiency, renewable sources and smart technologies. The downtown area of Fort
Collins currently supplies 45 MW of peak demand electricity to 7000 residential and
commercial customers.
FortZED is a public-private partner community initiative, which includes the City of
Fort Collins & its municipal-owned utility, Fort Collins Utility, and members of the
Colorado Clean Energy Cluster and also Colorado State University.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Ms. Katy Bigner, FortZED Coordinator, Email: [email protected],
Phone: +1 970-221-6317
FortZED is ‘jump started’ through ‘Smart Grid’ & ‘Smart Projects’ – i.e., 5MW Smart
Grid Technologies Pilot & Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration – which is
matched with eleven ongoing ‘Smart Building’ demonstrations/pilots as well as a
community energy challenge, designed to promote ‘Smart People’, who are inspired
to make their homes more energy-efficient, cost-effective, and comfortable.
FortZED brings together government, university and companies in a combined effort
to create local innovative net zero energy know-how by achieving a replicable model
net Zero Energy District, which can be introduced/sold to other communities.
For full details see: http://fortzed.com/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 11
Public-Private Community Effort to Building a Smart City & County:
Greenprint Denver, Denver, Colorado
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In 2007, the City of Denver created an office of sustainability, Greenprint Denver, and
established the cities sustainability policy. The mission of Greenprint Denver is to
provide leadership and contribute practical solutions to deliver a prosperous, world
class community where people and nature thrive. City of Denver was ranked second
for sustainable competitiveness in a study completed by The San Diego Regional
Economic Development Corporation. In July 2012, City’s Mayor unveiled ‘Smart City’
plans for creating a vibrant, world-class city attracting new residents and businesses.
Greenprint Denver is a city initiative, but its intent is to actively involve the community
to achieving the mission.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Ms. Cindy Bosco, Office of the Mayor, [email protected]
Greenprint Denver addresses energy, air & emissions, water, land, transportation &
waste. There are a variety of ongoing community programs: The Denver Energy
Challenge, Certifiably Green Denver, Watts-to-Water, Non-profit Energy Efficiency
Program, etc.
Greenprint Denver philosophy is knowing the entire community has a role to play in
building a world-class city where everyone matters. Denver Mayor Michael B.
Hancock states: “Even if the City of Denver took every action possible to retrofit its
buildings and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, 97 percent of the problem is still
in the hands of the community and in need of a solution.”
For full details see: http://www.greenprintdenver.org/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 12
Systems Dynamic Modeling for Smart City Development: Portland
Plan, Portland, Oregon
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Working with IBM, the City of Portland, Oregon, has developed a 25-year plan for
becoming a “smarter” city. IBM chose Portland with idea of using simulation for
smart city planning because of the City’s reputation: Portland has consistently ranked
as the ‘greenest’ city in the USA, with an initial sustainable urban plan dating back to
more than thirty years.
In creating the simulation model, IBM and the City of held sessions with more than
75 Portland-area experts in a wide variety of fields in order to learn about how city
systems interact. Portland State University and Forio Business Simulations
contributed to the project and IBM collected ten years of historical data.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Ms. Susan Anderson, Director, Bureau of Planning & Sustainability, City of
Portland, Email: [email protected] , Phone: +1 503-823-7700
Plan uses computer simulation designed to help city leaders see how municipal
systems work – i.e., the economy, housing, education, public safety, transportation,
healthcare/wellness, government services, utilities, etc.
IBM states: “…City of Portland has served as a living laboratory…to explore how
complex city systems behave over time...While other analytical approaches rely on
breaking a problem down into smaller and smaller pieces, the model we’ve created
recognizes that the behaviour of a system as a whole can be different from what
might be anticipated by looking at its parts.”
For full details see: http://www.portlandonline.com/portlandplan/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 13
Mobile Urban Food Culture: U.S. Food Truck Revolution
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Jonathan Gold writes in his article How America became a Food Truck Nation in
March 2012 Smithsonian magazine: “At a time in America when finances are shaky,
yet even modest big-city restaurant spaces involve multimillion-dollar build-outs,
when consumers have wearied of giant chains but still demand food that is novel,
inexpensive and fast, food trucks are the new incubators of culinary innovation”
Food trucks are a phenomenon that exploded across the USA in 2011, with its
origins in Los Angeles, California, this new form of the Urban Street Food Movement,
has its own urban geography.
See:
http://www.theatlanticcities.com/artsand-lifestyle/2012/11/geographyamericas-best-food-trucks/3987/
NOTE: Cities across the USA are
dealing with the Food Truck Revolution
differently – some positively; some
negatively. Los Angeles, California, is
best for analysis.
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 13 continued
Once the purview of immigrant cooks, food trucks are now
often art-designed and run by culinary school grads,
celebrity chefs…they serve food (often fusion) to go,
they’ve lowered the financial bar for becoming a
restaurateur, and they use electronic media to connect to
their loyal followers, either by public or their own means.
Incredible Flying Soup Mobile
City: Atlanta, Georgia
Cuisine: Soup and other dishes
from Souper Jenny Cafe
Twitter: @souperJenny
Sample Tweet: "Mobile truck will be
parked in front of Murphy's for
Summerfest Sat & Sun Selling
Lobster Rolls and other yummies!"
See: http://www.cityofboston.gov/business/mobile/schedule-tabs.asp
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 14
Building the World’s Leading Digital City: City of New York’s NYC
Digital Project
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Established in January 2011, the mission of NYC Digital is to realize New York City's
potential as the world's leading digital city. With 80 percent of its objectives complete,
NYC Digital demonstrates the strides the City has made to achieve its goals, driven
by a vibrant technology industry, a strong media presence, infrastructure
improvements, and historic investments in education.
See: http://www.nyc.gov/html/digital/downloads/pdf/digitalroadmap2012.pdf
NYC Digital is part of the Mayor’s Office of Media and Entertainment
Key parties/contacts are:
- Ms. Rachel Haot, Chief Digital Oficer, NYC Digital, Mayor’s Office, City of New
York, New York, Email: [email protected]
- International Requests, NYC Digital, Email: [email protected]
NYC Digital’s approach is focused on initiatives that span five core pillars: Access to
Technology, Education, Open Government, Engagement and Industry.
The status of the program through 2012 is as follows:
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Free Wi-Fi through public spaces, including 26 park locations, 6 subway stations and 11
payphone kiosks. Through the City’s cable franchise agreements, Wi-Fi will grow to an
additional 32 public parks through a $10 million commitment by Time Warner Cable and
Cablevision. In addition, the City is also supporting more broadband choices for residents,
serving 80,000 low income families with high-speed internet.
Open all of the City’s data by 2018, releasing nearly 900 data sets in real-time APIs, and
hosting two ‘hackathons’, resulting in 5000 person-hours dedicated to solving civic
challenges & nearly two dozen website prototypes and applications.
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 14 continued
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Status of the NYC Digital program continued:
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Increasing the City’s digital reach each month to more than 5.4 million individuals through
social media, smartphone apps, SMS programs, newsletters and NYC.gov. In addition, the
redesign of NYC.gov is underway and will be designed with a user-centric approach, making
the site more intuitive, usable and efficient than ever before.
Introducing two new Applied Sciences campuses, including the Cornell NYC Tech on
Roosevelt Island, the new NYU/NYU-Poly Center for Urban Science and Progress, and the
Academy for Software Engineering – all together, a $2 billion capital investment for building
more STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) instruction in New York
City. The City has partnered with the public and private sector on these groundbreaking
education initiatives that will create an estimated 400 new businesses, 22,000 construction
jobs and billions of dollars in economic activity.
Supporting New York City’s digital sector through recognition of homegrown startups,
expansion of the City’s broadband connectivity for businesses to 600 buildings in the next
two years and partnerships with technology companies like Facebook, Buddy Media and
Shapeways to develop youth employment programs that encourage diversity in the
workforce and help young students discover careers in the industry. This includes the
launch of the Made in NY Digital Map, highlighting nearly 1000 local technology companies
hiring.
NYC is already a leading node in financial services and media/communications
commerce. These information technology intensive industries provide a firm base for
NYC to achieve its digital city goals.
For full details see: http://www.nyc.gov/html/digital/html/home/home.shtml
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 15
Enabling the Idea Economy: City of Boston’s Innovation District
Initiative
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The City of Boston is implementing the Innovation District initiative, which is a new
approach to spur economic development along the city's waterfront. It is based upon
the idea that people in clusters innovate at a quicker rate, sharing technologies and
knowledge easier, offering small firms the ability to generate ideas and intermingle
with larger firms who have the access to capital and the ability to scale and grow
those ideas.
Boston’s Innovation District was initiated by the City of Boston’s Mayor in 2010.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Mr. Kristopher Carter, IDBoston, Email: [email protected]
Boston’s Innovation District has three core principals:
- Work: create clusters of innovative people
- Live: build flexible housing options to work for flexible lifestyles
- Play: provide public space and programming to foster an innovation ecosystem
With its world-class cluster of universities and colleges, the City of Boston was
recently ranked the number one smart city in North America.
See: http://www.fastcoexist.com/1680967/the-top-10-smartest-cities-in-northamerica#1 .
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 15 continued
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Innovation District is a cornerstone in the above ranking, and its success is
summarized by Professor Daniel Isenberg:
Boston's Innovation District was launched with clear vision and commitment, but, surprisingly, one
of its keys to success was that it had no detailed plan, budget, organizational structure, nor even
an officially designated team. The fuzziness was a counter-intuitive advantage in engaging
diverse stakeholders to define for themselves the role they would play. The mayor and his staff
were inspirational facilitators, not controllers. They were not shy about making specific proposals
and asking for investments from the private sector, but more as a way to concretize the projects'
feasibilities than to push particular programs.
One element of "best process" in fostering entrepreneurship ecosystems is experimentation. As
Mayor Menino put it, "We'll experiment with alternative housing models. We will test new ideas
that provide live/work opportunities to entrepreneurs and affordable co-housing for researchers....
We'll give architects and developers the challenge to experiment with new designs, new floor
plans, and new materials. Our mandate to all will be to invent a 21st century district that meets
the needs of the innovators who live and work in Boston." Experiment. Test. Invent.
See: http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2012/06/planting_entrepreneurial_innov.html
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For full details see: http://www.innovationdistrict.org/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 16
Aerotropolis – City of the Future: DFW International Airport in the
Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex
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Rowan Moore writes in the 2 March 2013 issue of The Observer:
…in the 21st century, efficient, large, well-connected airports matter to prosperity above
everything else. "The fastest, best-connected places will win", and the future belongs to the "city
that can see the writing on the wall before the competition can even see the wall".
Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) International Airport has been cited as one of the leading
examples of the above by John Kasarda, co-author of Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll
Live Next, who writes:
“Airports will shape business location and urban development in the 21st century as much as
highways did in the 20th century, railroads in the 19th and seaports in the 18th.”
As a local DFW construction contractor observes:
The term “aerotropolis” is gaining traction in today’s lexicon of urban development, global trade
and economic growth. Basically, it means the combination of an airport, planned city, shipping
facilities (e.g. roads, rail and ports), and a business hub.
See: http://greg-wilkinson.blogspot.fi/2012/12/welcome-to-age-of-aerotropolis.html
DFW Airport already in 2009 initiated its long-term plan – Vision for the Future
(VFR:2030) – with the theme “DFW International Airport – Connecting the World”.
See: www.dfwairport.com/cs/groups/public/documents/webasset/p1_056466.pdf
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 16 continued
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DFW International Airport, first completed in 1973, is “Considered one of the most
successful cooperative projects in the history of the cities.” It is jointly owned by the
Cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas, with operations administered by a DFW Airport
Board. Since its opening, four suburban cities have grown up around it – Irving, Euless,
Grapevine & Coppell – and in an effort to ensure future harmony, these cities have one
non-voting representative serving on a rotating basis on the airport’s administrative
board.
Key parties/contacts are:
– John Terrell, VP, Commercial Development, Email: [email protected]
The region surrounding the Cities of Dallas and Fort Worth can best be described as a
an emerging megalopolis – i.e., clustered network of cities with a population of about 10
million or more. Interlinked ground transportation corridors often support this kind of
urban evolution, and the DFW International Airport is locally linked to a highway, rail
and an intermodal logistics hub at Alliance Airport north of Fort Worth. It is also linked
through strategic alliances to airports in China, Dubai & Taiwan.
The DFW Metroplex is home to the USA’s wireless electronics industry, which
contributed to the establishment of a Finnish presence in the region twenty years ago.
DFW International Airport was also an enabling factor; it is the fourth busiest airport in
the world in terms of aircraft movements and eighth busiest in terms of passengers.
For more details see http://archive.uli.org/fallmeeting2012/thur/JohnBrookby.pdf,
http://www.dfwairport.com/index.php & www.dfwairport.com/landhere/index.php
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 17
Open Data & Municipal Regulatory Oversight: City of New York’s
CityScan Pilot Project
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A start-up company, CityScan, offers a system that that integrates public information on
local codes with advanced street-mapping technology to perform the regulatory
oversight cities often cannot manage with their own recession-limited budgets and small
numbers of available inspectors. See: http://cityscan.com/. In March 2013, it was
reported that a 90-day pilot would be ordered by the City of New York to focus is on
construction site permits as part of its ‘Broken Windows’ approach toward general
cleanliness by improving recognition of permit expiration and debris removal. Additional
pilots may be ordered by 11 cities, including Chicago, Los Angeles, & Washington, D.C.
CityScan is a Chicago-based private company.
Key parties/contacts are:
- Mr.. Orlando Saez, Chief Operating Oficer, CityScan,
Contact: http://cityscan.com/about-us/contact-us/
A laser-type remote sensing technology – also known as LiDAR – underlies CityScan’s
system. Strategic partner Nokia/NAVTEQ provides street-level maps and LiDAR
datasets that allow CityScan to create detailed 3D cityscape models and use information
gathered by cars driving through cities to see where things don’t match up.
System allows cities to better enforce codes & collect unpaid permit revenue. The
Finnish connection could be a real winner for the Smart Cities effort.
For technology commercialization timeline see: http://www.tikitoki.com/timeline/entry/49879/CityScan-Inc/%23!date=2012-0524_19:18:10!#vars!date=2010-09-18_12:02:10!
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 18
Municipal Broadband Networks – U.S. Small City Leadership: City of
Chattanooga, Tennessee’s EPB Fiber Optics
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A column in the 22 January 2013 issue of Governing states:
Chattanooga, Tenn. (pop 167,000), has leapt to the forefront of American cities with ultra high-speed
broadband service and has accomplished the feat in a surprisingly old-fashioned way: the city’s
municipally-owned electric utility [EPB] provides the service…What makes Chattanooga’s situation
even more unique is that it stands virtually alone among U.S. cities with a population of 100,000 or
greater that has municipally-owned broadband. There are only 122 U.S. cities and towns that have
municipal broadband in their community, according to Broadband Communities Magazine. But nearly
all are small jurisdictions.
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Internet service is offered by a unit in the City’s municipal electric utility.
Key parties/contacts are: https://epbfi.com/
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Governing further notes:
Chattanooga didn’t install fiber broadband just to make consumers happy, but as an effort to reinvent
itself as a city with first class infrastructure that will further enable economic development while giving
the government innovative capabilities in delivering better services for public safety, traffic and transit,
public works and education.
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Small cities in smaller states are leading the way, because the telecom services giants
have lobbied hard to get legislation passed to block offerings in large markets.
For more details see: https://www.epb.net/news/news-archive/epb-fiber-optics-offersfaster-internet-speeds-without-changing-prices/ & https://www.epb.net/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 19
Open Data for City Apps: City of San Francisco, California’s DataSF
Initiative
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In 2009, San Francisco became one of the first cities to share its data publicly by
creating DataSF, which makes available over 200 datasets from City agencies. In March
2012, the Mayor San Francisco announced the strengthening of the open data initiative
by moving it to cloud computing, stating: “Making City data more accessible to the public
secures San Francisco’s future as the world’s first 2.0 City.”
DataSF is an open data portal of San Francisco’s municipal government, but it is
described as a “laboratory for participatory democracy”, whereby individuals and
organizations are invited to “…help improve the City’s information by using and
providing feedback on the applications and also by building their own applications from
the available datasets.
Key contact: Jah Nath, CTO, City of San Francisco: www.jaynath.com/contact/
Multiple apps have been developed for these areas: Crime, Dinning, Environment,
Local, Maps, News, Politics, Transportation. See: http://apps.sfgov.org/showcase/.
In January 2013, GreenBiz.com blog stated:
Open Data increases government efficiency and civic engagement, leading to social and economic
benefits as a result of citizen interaction with government. Opening city data allows residents to use
that data in innovative ways -- to identify trends, create solutions and build products and companies.
Open Data creates positive environments that support early stage entrepreneurships and contribute
to workforce development and job creation.
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For further information see: http://www.socrata.com/newsroom-article/mayor-leeunveils-socrata-powered-san-francisco-open-data-cloud/ .
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 20
Street-Level Public Internet Access: NYC’s Smart Screen (Pay
Phone Booth) Pilot
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In May 2012, the City of New York (NYC) began a pilot installation of 32-inch “smart
screens” with Internet connections inside 250 old phone booths throughout the City, with
the idea that City’s the futuristic screens could eventually replace all of the city’s 12,800
outdoor pay phones, whose franchise contracts with the city expire in October 2014.
NYC’s Department of Technology & Telecommunications (NYCIT&T) oversees the
project and it has given the private company City24x7 the franchisee to install &
maintain the smart screens. See: www.nyc.gov/html/doitt/html/news/pr071112.shtml
Key contact: Tom Touchet, CEO, City24x7 , Phone: +1 212 229 1414, Email:
[email protected]
Free touch-screen technology will display local neighborhood information, including lists
of nearby restaurants, store sales in the area, traffic updates, landmark information and
safety alerts — in multiple languages – as well as emergency public safety connections,
and the smart screens will eventually be wired to make Skype calls, log onto e-mail
accounts and serve as WiFi hotspots. The screens cost the city nothing and will
eventually bring in revenue via advertising beyond the pilot of 36% of sales.
NYCIT&T states: “The goal is to pilot it and see what the response is.” This pilot is
important as much for the future of pay phones as it is to the question of whether the
Internet should be everywhere. See: http://bizshifts-trends.com/2012/10/22/theultimate-ubiquitous-internet-any-place-any-time-any-apps-omnipresent-web-stats-facts/ .
For further information see: http://www.smartcity24x7.com/NYC.html
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 21
“Smart Becomes the New Green”: Fort Wayne, Indiana, ‘Smart
Hospital’
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Smart buildings predictions for 2013 in the February 2013 issue of
AutomatedBuildings.com opines that “Smart Becomes the New Green” and states:
The lives of typical tenants and building occupants are technology-laden with constant social and
internet connectivity; they’re expecting advanced technology in buildings and smart building
certification can meet those expectations. We anticipate many owners will either forgo or complement
the green certification and get their building certified as smart.
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Perhaps a sign of the above is the recently constructed Parkview Regional Medical
Center in Fort Wayne, Indiana, which features smart rooms, smart beds and materials
handling robots among other things.
Jones Lang LaSalle teamed with HKS Architects of Dallas to design the hospital.
Key contact: Margy Sweeney, Jones Lang LaSalle, Email: [email protected]
Jones Lang Lasalle have also partnered with Pacific Controls to introduce
IntelliCommandSM, the commercial real estate industry’s first integrated, end-to-end
building management solution to combine cloud-based, smart-building technology to
enable 24/7, real-time remote monitoring and control of facilities and portfolios
worldwide. See: http://www.us.am.joneslanglasalle.com/Pages/IntelliCommand.aspx
New builds and solutions of this kind are important first steps in bringing an urban-level
of “Internet of Things” to fruition.
For further information see: http://www.us.am.joneslanglasalle.com/unitedstates/enus/pages/newsitem.aspx?itemid=24584
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 22
Mobility – Augmented Reality – Smart Cities: Google and Visux
Glasses
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As reported by URENIO in April 2012, “Google has confirmed that is developing glasses
enabling augmented reality within smart cities.” The 23 February 2013 Daily Mail
reports that the glasses will go on sale at the end of this year for under $1500. A
competing offering by New York-based Visux, who has been developing similar glasses
for the military and industry for years, will be released in summer 2013, priced at under
$500. One could call these offerings game changers.
These are proprietary endeavors; see links at bottom of page.
Smart City pilots/demonstrations are unknown at this time but their future development
needs to be actively monitored.
The glasses will give users the capability to simultaneously view the actual physical
environment around them along with related computer generated inputs.
The above offerings are truly one of the first steps toward merging the physical and
digital worlds in a robust environment and the impact on how people interact in the
modern urban landscape will be profound. Ubiquitous internet nodes & DER,
holographic & future-generation haptics technologies, and wireless energy transfer may
them outmoded in ten-or-less years, but the way these glasses model the human
interface with augmented reality are an important element in future urban design.
For further details see: http://www.google.com/glass/start/ &
http://www.vuzix.com/augmented-reality/
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 22
Mobility – Augmented Reality – Smart Cities: Police Video Glasses
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As a precursor to the use of ‘smart glasses’ by government entities, police
departments in the USA are starting to employ Point of View (POV) video
glasses other officers – e.g., Maryland, Minnesota & Utah. “The body
cameras work like dash cameras already in police cars — they they'll
provide an eye-level view of an officers one on one interaction with the
public.” See:
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http://news.cnet.com/8301-17852_3-57572355-71/police-to-wear-video-cameras-onsunglasses/
http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148&sid=22965087
Several manufacturers offer these glasses:
http://www.taser.com/products/on-officer-video/axonflex-on-officer-video
http://www.policemag.com/channel/technolo
gy/articles/2012/04/police-product-test-eyeof-mine-hd-video-camera-sunglasses.aspx
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 23
Microgrids as an Enabler of Compact Self-Sufficient Smart
Communities: Dublin, California, Santa Rita Jail Demonstration
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In March 2012, the Santa Rita Jail in Dublin, California, seamlessly disconnected itself
from the electric grid and switched over to its own microgrid, powering itself for the
duration of a demonstration. Santa Rita Jail is the fifth largest in the USA, housing
approximately 4,000 inmates, with peak electricity demand reaching about 3.0
megawatts (MW). The jail was already active in lowering its reliance on the grid, with
the installation of a 1.2-MW rooftop solar array, a 1-MW molten carbonate fuel cell, and
five small wind generators in 2002. The microgrid’s 2-MW lithium ferrous phosphate
battery can carry the load during a power outage without turning on backup generators.
The Demonstration is led by Chevron Energy Solutions with major collaboration with the
U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).
Key contact: Chris Marnay, Berkeley Lab, Phone: +1 510-508-7705, Emial:
[email protected] & Morgan Crinklaw, Chevron, Phone: +1 925 790 6908
Berkeley Lab used software they developed called DER-CAM (Distributed Energy
Resources-Customer Adoption Model), which looks at electricity and heat requirements,
to help analyze and develop an optimal plan for the Jail to meet minimum cost.
The Global FinNode 21st Century Design Project presented information, forecasting selfsufficient, compact urban neighborhoods in 2030, and the above demonstration,
combined with previous cases, is a technological step to this future.
For further details see: http://der.lbl.gov/, http://der.lbl.gov/publications/compendiumberkeley-lab-research-involving-santa-rita-jail-2008-2012 and
http://www.chevronenergy.com/news_room/default.asp?pr=pr_20120322.asp
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 24
Selecting the Most Sustainable Solutions for City Needs: Tacoma,
Washington’s Required Sustainable Return on Investment Tool
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Tacoma, Washington, was named the first Life Cycle City by the Institute for
Environmental Research and Education (IER&E) in January 2011 for its commitment to
life cycle assessment (LCA). The vision of IER&E’s life cycle communities program is
simple: government and business working together to make products and services that
are more environmentally friendly, as measured by life cycle assessment. The City of
Tacoma and 20 other cities around the world are joining Citymart.com for the
LLGA/Cities Pilot the Future program, which focuses on discovering and implementing
the most promising solutions to social and urban challenges.
City of Tacoma Environmental Services Department oversees LCA initiatives.
Key contact: [email protected]
In line with its commitment to LCA and its participation in the LLGA/Cities Pilot the
Future program, Tacoma is looking for a decision-making tool to help evaluate projects
and select the most sustainable solutions for the city’s needs. This will enable the city to
incorporate life cycle assessment practices into its decision-making for capital projects
and programs and better meet economic, environmental & community concerns.
Sustainable solutions help cities live smartly for present and futures generations, and
Tacoma’s needed tool may offer a chance for Finnish interests to collaborate in a region
of the USA that is both innovative and highly receptive to smart city solutions.
For further details see: http://www.cityoftacoma.org/Page.aspx?hid=18884 ,
http://llga.org/call.php?idCall=27 and http://www.iere.org/life-cycle-cities.aspx
FinNode USA Smart Cities Case 25
Thriving Local Economy as an Engine for Smart City Innovation:
Houston, Texas – ‘Coolest’ City in the USA
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Houston, Texas, a city that is not appreciated for its hot & humid spring & summer
climate, described once as a “Hell Hole” during an NBA basketball championship by an
NYC reporter, was named as the Coolest City in America by Forbes magazine in July
2012. A major driver for this designation – a vibrant local job market in a period of U.S. ,
recession, which attracted 50 thousand new residents in 2011. Many of the new
residents are young – the average age of the city is 33. And they are educated; Houston
boasts a percentage of college grads over 25 somewhat above the USA’s average,
having added 300 000 college graduates in the past decade as compared to Boston’s
240 000 or San Francisco’s 211 000.
While Houston is a primary node in the global energy industry, home to NASA’s manned
space program, with state and city government policies that favor business, many of the
innovative transformations in the city are occurring from the ground up.
Key contact: Mr. Peter Brown, Chairman, Mayor's International Trade and Development
Council at City of Houston. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Hoyt_Brown
There are counter opinions: http://www.salon.com/2012/07/30/houston_is_not_cool/ .
Aside from youth-driven inner-urban building & services boom, 1-in-20 of the world’s top
million websites are hosted in Houston: http://gigaom.com/2013/03/07/where-does-theweb-live-surprisingly-houston-is-a-popular-neighborhood/ . And the City is home to a
functioning 2nd Generation Smart Grid: http://www.reliant.com
Door is open for linkages: Mr. Brown, an architect & urban planner, who interned in
Helsinki, and he has talked to Reijo Kangas by phone.
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