IBM SWG Group
Concept Notes on Drought Information Network
Ministry of Agriculture,
Govt. of India, New Delhi
Rajendra K Gupta, Ph. D.
Lead Solution Architect
IBM Confidential
10/7/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
Agenda
 Key objectives and goals
 Business View
 Enterprise view
 Process View
 Technical View
 Architectural View
 IBM Offerings
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Objective
 Min. of Agriculture planning to an integrated approach in drought
monitoring, forecasting and impact assessment with the following
objectives
– to develop an operational system for nation wide drought monitoring and
drought impact assessment for application in agriculture and hydrology in
India using various data inventory available with different agencies
– to run short and long term drought management programs related to
monitoring, proofing, mitigation, prevention of drought
– to monitor matters relating to damage to crops due to drought
– to coordinate relief measures necessitated by drought
– to attend the matter relating to loss of human life due to drought
– to manage Indian People’s Natural Calamity Trust
– to frame drought related policies
– to handle all parliamentary matters on drought
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Goals
 Supporting systematic collection and processing of meteorological, agro-meteorological and hydrological
observations;
 Building and strengthening scientific networks;
 Developing an inventory of climate and water resources indicators and indices;
 Improved understanding of the drought climatology;
 Understanding the principal causes of drought at local, regional, and global levels;
 Decision support models for the dissemination of drought-related information;
 Development and dissemination of vulnerability/risk assessment tools (social and environmental);
 Dissemination of drought planning methodologies to drought-prone states
 Development of national and regional drought management policies
 Education and awareness of policy makers and the public;
 Enhancement of collaboration between regional and international organizations
 Scientifically based drought mitigation and drought relief decision alternatives
 Real time drought monitoring and prediction maps
 Assessment of economic loss caused by drought and finally providing suggestions for drought relief decisions
 An Internet based “Drought Information Network” system will be developed to provide information concerning the
drought evolution situation and to support drought relief decision-making. The system will be implemented at the
National Drought Management Center of the Ministry of Agriculture and can be accessed in real time by decisionmaking agencies at different levels (national, state, local authorities) via Internet.
 Setup a “Drought Response Center” for information services to farmers, rural communities and other citizens
 Support development of regional networks for drought preparedness that would build greater institutional
capacity at the local, national, and regional capacity, sharing lessons learned in drought monitoring, prediction,
vulnerability assessment, preparedness, and policy development;
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State Drought Monitoring
Cell, State Agril. Dept., State
Remote Sensing Authorities.
Regional Climatologist
Assessment Group
Local Area Impact
Assessment
Group/Drought Impact
Reporters
Business Context
Diagram for Drought
Monitoring, Forecasting
& Impact Assessment
Validation of Global
Products, Inputs on
drought impact,
economic losses,
regional/local
advisories, etc.
Information Services, Drought
Products, Weather Bulletins,
Agril. Advisory Services,
Policies, Drought Planning &
Mitigation Programs, etc.
Farmers/Users/
Business
Users/ Drought
Response
Center
Meteorological, Agrometeorological data,
indices, weather bulletin,
agro-meter. Advisories,
Medium Range Weather
Forecast, etc.
Reservoir Levels, Ground
Water Levels, Water
Resources Related
Policies, Advisories,
Drought Indices, etc.
Department
Global Drought
of Transport
Monitoring,
Forecasting
IMD, National Center
for Medium Range
Weather Forecasting,
CWC, CGWB,
Min. of Water
Resources
& Assessment
Drought Advices, Assist in
Policies Sharing, Drought
Research Programs, AVHRR,
MODIS, USGS Data for Drought
Monitoring
International Institutions NOAA, NASA, EROS, USGS,
USDA
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Drought Monitoring at
regional level, network of
rainfall/ agrometeorological
observatories, regional
advisories, etc.
IBM Confidential
Advices, Policies, Impact
Assessments, Crop Watch,
Drought Programs, AgrilMeteorological Data, etc.
IRS 1C/1A Satellite Data,
VHRR, WiFS, Vegetation
Drought Indices, etc..
National Remote
Sensing Agency,
NNRMS, SAC
Crop Weather Watch Group,
National Crop Forecast Group,
Min. of Agri; Indian Council of
Agril Research
10/7/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
Access
Channels
Enterprise
View of
Drought
Monitoring,
Forecasting &
Assessment
Services
Functions
Call CentersTelephony
Internet
Kiosk
Information
Services
• Weather Bulletin
• Crop Production Guide
• Soils, Seed, Fertilizer
• Irrigation and Watersheds
• Water Resources
• Horticulture, Floricutlure
• Diary, Poultry & Fisheries,
• Int. Nutrient Management
• Disease & Pest Manag.
• Post Harvest Technology
• Food Processing
• Govt. Schemes Details
• Demonstration and Trials
• Statistics & Reports,
• Citizen Charter
• Policy Notes, etc.
Face to Face
Wireless
Forms
CellPhone (Drought Res. Center)
Advisory
Services
Drought Planning
Data Gathering,
Validation & Cleansing
Data Warehouse
Govt.
Departments
Data
Products
• Cropping Pattern
• Int. Pest Management
• Int. Nutrient Manag.
• Irrigation Manag.
• Soil Management
• Disease Management
•
Drought Policies
eMailChat
Alert
System/Triggers
• Meterological Data Products
• Hydrological Data Products
• Agricultural Drought Products
Drought Program,
Project & Grant Mgmt
Data Analysis (short
& Long term)
Drought Planning &
Mitigation Programs
• Drought Warning
• Attack of Pests/Insect
• Disaster Relief Details
• Relief measures
extended
Drought Information
Dissemination
Drought Products
Generation
Businesses
• Watershed Mgmt Programs
 Dryland farming & Multicropping
 River Valley Project
 Swajal Dhara
 Acc. Rural Water Supply Prog
 Int. Wasteland Devel. Project
 Drought Prone Areas Program
 Desert Devel. Program
 Int. Afforestation & Eco-Devl.
Proj
 Ind. Farm Foresty Devel Co.
Proj
 Environment Conservation
Prog.
Drought Impact
Assessment
Drought Impact
Quantification
Drought Research
Management
GIS & Remote
Sensing Image
Analysis
External
Agencies
Ag. Min., Ag.
Crop Wea.
Watch Group,
NCFC, ICAR
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Min. of Water IMD-DMD,
Resources- NCMRWF
CWC, CGWB
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NRSA, SAC,
NNRMS
State Agril.
State
Dept,
Drought
Universities Monitoring
Cells
10/7/2015
Local Area Other organi.
NCDEX, ICICI
Impact
Crop
Assessment
Forecasting
Group
International
Institutions NOAA, NASA,
EROS, USGS,
USDA
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
Processes in Drought Monitoring, Forecasting and Assessment
Product
Verification
Data Cleaning
(QC)
Data Collection &
Validation
Local Area Impact
Assessment Groups/
Regional Climatologist/
Drought Impact Reporters
Observatories/ Remote Sensing Data
 Meteorological (Relational Data),
 Agro-meteorological (Relational data),
 Hydrological (Relational Data),
 Satellite Images (Image/Vector Data),
Third Party Reports/Bulletin
 Drought Reports
 Advisory Reports
 Weather Bulletin Board
Data
Warehouse
Drought
Information
Network
Data
Analysis
(Pull/Push
Publish/ Subscribe)
Product
Generation
Data Types
 Structure Data
 Unstructured Data
 Image Data
 Vector Data
Data Analysis
 Statistical Analysis
 Interpolation/Extrapolation
 Spatial GIS Analysis
 Image Processing
Indices
 Meteorological Indices
 Hydrological Indices
 Agricultural Indices
Policies
Policies
 Drought Management
 Drought Relief
 Sustainable Mgmt. of Agril.
 Water Mgmt. Policies
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Drought Impact
Assessment &
Quantification
Advisory
Services
Experts
 Agriculturist-Agronomist
 Hydrologists
 Meteorologist/Climatologist
 Remote Sensing & GIS Experts
10/7/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
What are the challenges?
A) Making Composite Application
 Enabling applications to effectively communicate
with each other
 Adding, removing and changing applications without
disrupting the entire business
(A)
multiple programming models
multiple platforms
multiple programming languages
multiple message formats
varieties of “standards”
 Overcoming connectivity challenges
B) Flexible connectivity infrastructure for
integrating applications and services to power
your SOA
(B)
C) Enterprise Service Bus
 Routing messages between services
 Converting transport protocols between requestor
and service
 Transforming message format between requestor
and service
 Handling business events from disparate sources
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(C)
10/7/2015
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DIN needs Service Oriented Architecture Approach…
Decision Criteria
Channel
B2B
Web
Consumers
Enterprise Portals
transform
expose
Service Components
Operational Systems
Enterprise Service Bus
Service components
Packaged
Application
Custom
Application
OO
Application
expose
Business Services Integration
Core
Applications
And Data
Service Provider
Components
atomic and composite
Security/Compliance
Services
Services
Scale/Availability
use
Connectivity/Messaging
Composition; choreography;
business state machines
Workflows
Services Management of Business Metrics
Processes and workflows
Business Process
IT Optimization/Virtualization
Service Consumer
Process
Models and
Modules
Integration layer
Infrastructure Services Landscape
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GIS in the Enterprise Architecture
. . . Open, Flexible and Standards Based
Web Services &
Messaging
Application
Other
Enterprise
Systems
Imaging System
Geodatabase
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A Typical Architecture Overview of DIN
Business Modeling and Monitoring
Consumer
WebSphere Business Integration Server
WebSphere
Business
Integration
Connect
WebSphere
Portal
Process Integration Services
Collaboration
Audit
State
Management
Personalization
Transaction /
Compensation
Presentation
Human
Activity
CrossReference
Process
Choreography
Process
Automation
Alliance
Partners
Partner Services
Business
Protocol
Staff
User Interaction
Services
Dashboard
3rd Party Partner
Data Server
Business
Partner
Data Server
Enterprise Service Bus
Web Services
Routing
Gateway
Pub/Sub
Analytics
Transformation
Mediation
Transport
Enterprise database
Events
Wireless
Applications
Views /
Interfaces
Interne
t
Main application areas supporting the business
Information
Services
Web Services
Advisory
Services
Application
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Alert
Services
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Shared
Collaboration
Services
Image
Services
Product
Services
Geospatial
Service
Operations
< Rolling >
Customer
Other Service
xSeries
pSeries
zSeries
Engines
Engines
Engines
10/7/2015
Enterprise data
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
IBM Software Shared Components
Tivoli
WebSphere
DB2
Lotus
Product
Specific
Investment
Product
Specific
Investment
Product
Specific
Investment
Product
Specific
Investment
Lotus components
Lotus components
Lotus components
DB2 components
DB2 components
DB2 components
DB2 components
WebSphere components
WebSphere components
Tivoli components
WebSphere components
Tivoli components
Rational components
Tivoli components
WebSphere components
Tivoli components
Rational components
Lotus components
Rational components
Rational components
Product
Specific
Investment
Re-factor to SWG Product Offerings
Componentization
Tivoli
Linux
Windows
WebSphere
AIX
DB2
Solaris
 Scalable
 Modular and Flexible
 Platform independent
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Lotus
HP-UX
OS/400
z/OS
 Standards-based
 Reliable
 Globalized
10/7/2015
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
DIN Vision……
Optimized business
results and rapid
reaction to events
Real-time access to
critical drought
indicators
On Demand
Operating Environment
BI Tools
Workflow Monitors
Analytic
Workers
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Process
Managers
Portals
Managers &
Employees
10/7/2015
Management Tools
IT Operations
Managers
© 2007 IBM Corporation
IBM SWG Group
Questions or
Comments??
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