Direct Objects &
Direct Object Pronouns
An English and Spanish
Lesson
What is a direct object?????
A direct object receives the action
of the verb
The direct object answers the
question who? or what?
A direct object can be a person or
a thing.
Let’s take a look in English
John threw the ball.
Who did the action (subject)? - John
What did John do (verb)? – threw
What did he throw (direct object)? – the
ball
In this case the direct object is a thing.
Another example…..
My husband made coffee.
Who did the action? (subject) – my
husband
What did he do? (verb) – made
What did he make? (direct object) coffee
Now let’s learn in Spanish….
Juan tiró la pelota.
Juan – subject
Tiró – verb
La pelota – direct object
Mi esposo hizo café.
Mi esposo – subject
Hizo – verb
café – direct object
Now what?????
Now that we know that John
threw the ball and my husband
made coffee, we can now
substitute the direct object with
the direct object pronoun.
What are the direct object
pronouns?
These are the direct object
pronouns in Spanish…
Me – me
(person only)
Te – you
(person only)
Lo – him / it
La – her / it
(person or thing)
Nos – us
(person only)
Os – you all
(person only)
Los – them
Las – them
(person or thing)
Now we are ready to substitute the
direct object with the direct object
pronoun.
1) Remember that if it is 3rd person
singular or 3rd person plural, the
pronoun must agree in gender and
number with the direct object.
2) The direct object pronoun is placed
in front of the conjugated verb.
3) The subject and the verb still must
agree!!
Here it is.
Juan tiró la pelota.
Juan la tiró
Mi esposo hizo café.
Mi esposo lo hizo.
Now let’s go over direct objects that
are people.
It works the same way. Let’s practice using
the verb conocer (to know a person).
Do you remember how to conjugate
conocer?
Conozco
conocemos
Conoces
conocéis
Conoce
conocen
Let’s see how much we know
I know you.
You know me.
They know us.
We know them.
They know him.
I know her.
You know us.
How did you do?
I know you.
You know me.
They know us.
We know them.(m)
Yo te conozco
Tú me conoces.
Ellos nos conocen.
Nosotros los
conocemos.
They know him.
Ellos lo conocen.
I know her.
Yo la conozco.
You know them (f). Tú las conoces.
More practice…
Pablo compró las flores.
Anita tiene los libros.
Pedro come la sopa.
Mis padres compran el almuerzo.
Yo veo la película.
Mi hermana y yo leemos los poemas.
One more thing you must know
about direct objects….
When the direct object (NOT THE
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN) is a
person or a pet, you must insert a
“personal a”.
Juan conoce a Anita.
Juan la conoce.
Nosotros vimos a los estudiantes.
Nosotros los vimos.
Thumbs up or Thumbs down?
¿Lo entiendes?
If you need more help, go to
www.studyspanish.com and click
on grammar, then click on #41,
#42, and #43.
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Direct Objects & Direct Object Pronouns