Student Success
Retention and Student
Success at UMKC
Why Retention
Matters
Why is Retention Important?
 When students are successful it benefits the
student as well as their community; earning
potential and career opportunities increase
with the level of education.
 Departments are losing top performing
students.
 Retaining students is less expensive than
recruiting new students.
 First year persistence and graduation rates are
standard measures of academic quality as well
as measures of institutional effectiveness.
National Retention and
Graduation Rates
National Retention at a Glance
 Improved freshmen persistence increases the
likelihood that students will complete a program of
study and graduate. This creates an important link
between persistence and graduation rates.
 Freshman year is the most critical period for student
retention; approximately 20% of students are not
retained their second year.
 Approximately 41% of all college students drop out
within 6 years of entry.
 Although we are focusing heavily on freshmen
persistence, the ultimate goal is to improve student
success and retention at every level and, ultimately,
our graduation rates.
National Attrition Rate by Year in College
 First Year
20%
 Second Year
10%
 Third Year
9%
National Graduation Rates in Public
Institutions by Selectivity
Selectivity
1st Year
Persistence
Rate
4 Year
Graduation
Rate
5 Year
Graduation
Rate
6 Year
Graduation
Rate
Highly
Selective
84.9%
47.2%
64.6%
67.9%
Selective
77.0%
29.0%
48.5%
54.1%
UMKC
70.7%
18.8%
32.0%
44.4%
Moderately
Selective
72.6%
21.8%
39.9%
45.3 %
Less
Selective
69.6%
15.5%
31.2%
37.8%
Source: CSRDE, 2009-10 Cohort from Public institutions
with undergraduate enrollment from 5,000 to 17,999
Retention and Graduation
Rates at UMKC
Average Rates of Cohort Departure for
Fall 2000-Fall 2009 Cohorts
31%
29%
14%
12%
6%
During 1st year
During 2nd year
With Medicine and Pharmacy
5%
During 3rd year
Without Medicine and Pharmacy
UMKC Persistence Rates
85.0%
80.0%
75.0%
70.0%
65.0%
60.0%
55.0%
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
First-time, Full-time Students
2005
2006
2007
Transfer Students
2008
2009
Retention and
Graduation of Minority
Students are of
Particular Concern
Retention and
graduation rates are
consistently lower for
under-represented
students
National Retention and Graduation by
Minority Status
Selective/Public
Institutions
1st Year
Retention Rate
4 Year Grad Rate
5 Year Grad Rate
6 Year Grad Rate
UMKC
UMKC
UMKC
UMKC
American Indian
66.1%
53.5%
14.6%
3.6%
29.3%
8.7%
34.5%
14.3%
Black
78.1%
64.5%
23.0%
9.5%
41.7%
22.0%
47.9%
26.2%
Hispanic
76.0%
69.3%
20.9%
11.9%
40.4%
17.8%
47.6%
31.9%
Asian
83.0%
82.6 %
23.2%
13.6%
45.5%
23.2%
55.6%
60.9%
Nonresident
International
77.7%
83.2 %
32.5%
33.7%
48.5%
51.1%
53.2%
57.6%
White
77.9%
68.7 %
31.1%
21.2%
51.1%
34.8%
56.4%
45.0%
All Average
78.0%
69.3%
29.1%
18.3%
49.0%
31.2%
54.8%
43.9%
Source: Consortium for Student Retention Data Exchange,
2000-08 cohorts at 86 selective public institutions
4 Retention Myths
Myth #1
Myth: UMKC students are not “good” students
or not as good as students at other urban
institutions.
Reality: Incoming UMKC freshmen have high
school performance and standardized test
profiles similar to peer institutions.
UMKC Peer Comparison
ACT
Acceptance
Persistence Graduation
Top 10%
HS GPA
25th- 75th
Rate
Rate
Rate
UMKC
31%
3.3
21-28
62%
72%
45%
SUNY at Buffalo
28%
3.3
23-28
52%
88%
66%
Temple
21%
3.4
21-27
61%
87%
67%
Illinois - Chicago
28%
--
21-26
63%
79%
54%
Cincinnati
22%
3.4
22-27
67%
83%
55%
George Mason
21%
3.6
22-28
63%
85%
63%
UAB
27%
3.5
21-27
84%
78%
39%
Louisville
25%
3.5
21-28
73%
78%
48%
USF
35%
3.7
23-28
48%
84%
48%
VCU
16%
3.4
21-26
59%
83%
51%
Myth #2
Myth: A large proportion of UMKC students are
admitted to the university by exception.
Reality: On average, UMKC admits 28% of an
incoming class by exception.
Proportion of Freshmen Students
Admitted by Exception
80%
70%
72%
60%
50%
40%
30%
28%
20%
10%
0%
Admitted Without Exception
Admitted by Exception
UMKC Institutional Research, Assessment & Planning
Summary of Nature of Deficiencies
Number of Students
(a)
(b)
Not
Not
Meeting
Meeting
Core
ACT/Class
Course
Rank
Criterion
Criterion
Both (a)
and (b)
Percentage of Students
(a)
(b)
Not
Not
Meeting
Meeting
Core
ACT/Class
Course
Rank
Both (a)
Criterion
Criterion
and (b)
Campus
Total
MU
5,638
671
362
130
11.9%
6.4%
2.3%
820
86
69
73
10.5%
8.4%
8.9%
1,075
107
24
3
10.0%
2.2%
0.3%
UMSL
379
100
42
32
26.4%
11.1%
8.4%
System
7,912
964
497
238
12.2%
6.3%
3.0%
UMKC
S&T
UMKC Institutional Research, Assessment & Planning
Percentage of Students Missing High
School Core Courses
English
Fine Arts
Foreign
Language
MU
2.0%
3.5%
3.6%
6.5%
1.0%
1.1%
UMKC
2.3%
2.6%
8.2%
11.1%
1.6%
2.2%
S&T
2.4%
2.8%
5.4%
2.9%
0.6%
1.1%
UMSL
17.7%
6.1%
6.6%
24.3%
3.4%
6.1%
System
2.9%
3.4%
4.5%
7.3%
1.1%
1.5%
Campus
Math
Science
Social
Studies
UMKC Institutional Research, Assessment & Planning
Myth #3
Myth: UMKC freshmen are working too many
hours.
Reality: UMKC freshmen do NOT work
significantly more than the national average
for freshmen in urban institutions.
UMKC Freshmen Who Work >10 hours –
Comparison to Urban Universities
60%
50%
47%
43%
40%
39%
30%
40%
39%
34%
20%
10%
0%
2005
2007
UMKC
2009
Urban Universities
Source: National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE).
UMKC Freshmen Who Work On-Campus
vs. Off-Campus
60%
53%
50%
48%
46%
40%
30%
20%
22%
18%
18%
10%
0%
2005
2007
On Campus
2009
Off Campus
Source: National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE).
Myth #4
Myth: UMKC freshmen do not perform well
academically; most non-persistors receive
academic disqualification.
Reality: Well over half of the freshmen who
leave UMKC leave in good standing.
56% leave with an overall GPA of 2.0 or
above. 28% leave with an overall GPA of 3.0
or above.
GPAs of First-time, Full-time
Freshmen Who Left UMKC in 2009
40
37
36
33
28
22
29
21
0.00 - 0.49 0.50 - 0.99 1.00 - 1.49 1.50 - 1.99 2.00 - 2.49 2.50 - 2.99 3.00 - 3.49 3.50 - 4.00
Source: UMKC Institutional Research, Assessment & Planning
Source: College Student Retention: Formula for Student Success.
Alan Seidman, Editor.
“We must build
partnerships across
campus. Student success
takes the collaborative
efforts of all members of
the campus, faculty, staff
and administration.”
Vincent Tinto, Leaving College
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