The Kentucky Virtual
High School
Linda A. Pittenger, Director
SEIR-TEC
April 2001
KVHS - Quick Facts
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Opened Pilot 24 January 2000
Program of state department of
education
Not a credit-granting institution - KVHS
teaches for the schools
4 Staff/ 18 Part-time teachers/ $500K/yr
From 47 (Spring 2000) to 350+ students
30 courses – broad spectrum of content/
broad spectrum of learners
Kentucky – Quick Facts
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3.9 million Kentuckians
600,000 K12 Students
40,000 K12 Teachers
176 School Districts
1290 schools
250 high schools
What We Believe
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All children can learn at higher levels
The school is the best place to make
decisions about what happens in the
school
High standards and high expectations
produce high achievement
We teach for results and build
accountability for results
Equity is crucial; inequity is unacceptable
Why a Virtual High School?
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More choices for students
Equitable learning opportunity
Address local teacher shortages
Distribute and model online
teaching and learning
Every School/ Every
Child
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Commonwealth Diploma available
from every school
Foreign Languages
Increase graduation rates –
especially for alternative education
Improve literacy through
accelerated learning programs
Recapture drop-outs and pushouts
The Ground Rules
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KVHS will augment local school
services - not compete with local
schools
All courses will be taught by Kentucky
teachers
All courses will be aligned with state
and national curriculum standards
Online Learning?
Web-based Education
Commission, October 2000
Shortcomings
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Focus on recall of facts
Teacher and textbook centered
instruction
Limited social interaction
Antiquated assessment
Online Learning
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More Engagement
More Interaction
More Content
Online Learning
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More Engagement in Learning
“Learner-centered” instruction
 Adaptive learning/ critical thinking
 No back row / No labels
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Online Learning
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More Interaction with Learners
Creation of learning communities
 Greater collaboration/ broader
reach to global resources and
diversities
 Faculty focused on critical thinking
& comprehension
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Online Learning
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More Content
Real-world applicability
 Increased access to content
 More, varied opportunity to
demonstrate knowledge
 Inter-disciplinary is easier
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Real World Issues for a
Virtual School
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Structure and Administration
Funding
Curriculum and Instructional
Management
Faculty
Student Retention, Student
Retention, Student Retention
Program Administration
KVHS is an educational service
managed by state department:
All enrollments come through local
high school
 Credit is granted by the local high
school
 Local school retains “ownership” of
student
 Shared responsibility for student
progress
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Funding
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Modified cost recovery –
$275/ $500
School pays fee out of ADA/FTE
Fee payment governed by local
policy:
 Schools pay fee if course is forcredit and not available at the
school
Policies are not consistent across
districts
Learning Environment
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Web Based/ 24 x 7
25 students in a class
Classroom Model (v. Independent Study)
Small group work
Extensive use of threaded discussion,
writing, and research in all content areas
From “seat time” to “comprehension
time”– performance based credit
From traditional assessments to portfolio
assessments
Student Retention
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Communication with teachers
Course Design that engages
Interaction with other students
Time and opportunity to learn
Preparation (content and writing)
Realistic expectations
Partner at the school
Partner in the home
Attendance Accounting
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Credit earned and ADA generated
for courses taken outside the
normal school day and away from
the school
Physical presence not required
Courses
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Core Courses
Advanced Placement
Dual credit w/ Virtual University
Foreign languages and electives
Accelerated learning and study
skills
Value-added: Online Writing
Center and Virtual Counseling
Office
Common Platform/
Multiple Content
Providers
Platform
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eCollege
Courses
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License from private sector
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License from public sector
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Develop
Decision Points – Content and Course
Design
KVHS Faculty
Kentucky secondary certifications
Part-time Personal Services Contract
Paid at same scale –
Base plus add-on per student
$1K + $65
$1.25K + $70
$1.5K + $95 $2K + $100
Course development, mentoring,
team-teaching as fee-for-service
Policy Implications for
Schools
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Criteria for participation (who?)
Scope of participation (how much?)
Accommodation and monitoring
(when?)
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Scheduling and access?
Who pays?
Academic calendar?
Middle school access?
Seniors completing early?
Critical Success Factors
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Teachers
Small class sizes
Course design – interaction,
differentiated instruction
Choices/ ability to accommodate
learning styles
Engaged partners in the school
Equitable access and support
Rapid cycle of innovation, reflection,
change
Other Dimensions of
Kentucky Virtual High
School
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Virtual Learning for Educators
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Information dissemination
Technical assistance
Professional Development
Virtual Teaming
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Working online across organizational/
geographic boundaries to solve problems
and support schools
Efficient, effective, everywhere, every time
What’s Next
Growth
 Identify targets
 Build core competencies
 Increase capacities
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Extend P16, non-public and middle
school agenda
Before you make the menu for
the party,
take a good, long cook’s tour of
the kitchen and the pantry.
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Kentucky Virtual High School