The sixth element of the
6 + 1 Writing Traits
What are conventions?
 Spelling
 Punctuation
 Capitalization
 Grammar
 Paragraphing
Having correct conventions means that the
reader can pay more attention to your
creative thoughts and ideas.
I don’t know how to spell!
I am a bad speller!
You just tell me how to spell it!
These excuses will not work. What should
you do if you don’t know how to spell a
 Look it up in the dictionary
 Ask a friend
 Look at the resources around
Know the different types of
 period .
 comma ,
 question mark ?
 exclamation point !
 colon :
 hyphen –
 ellipse …
 parentheses ( )
How are all of these punctuation marked used?
When do I use capital letters?
 Names of people – Christopher
 Words used as names – grandpa
 Titles used as names – President Bush
 Abbreviations – NFL
 Proper Nouns – New York City
 Historical Information – Civil War
 Organizations - Republican
 Geographic Names – Agusta, Maine
 Nationalities – Egyptian
 Languages – Spanish
 Titles – Freckle Juice
 First Words – The sky is blue.
 Days & Months – Monday, January
 Holidays – Easter
 Greetings – Dear Charlie,
 Closings – Your friend, Margo
 Check all your sentences.
One cool fall day Tom, Bill, and Bobby.
One cool fall day Tom, Bill, and Bobby
went to go fishing they caught only on
fish all day.
Do you have sentence fragments or run-on
 Do your subjects & verbs agree?
Bill walk to the fishing hole.
Tom, Bill, and Bobby loves to go fishing.
 A paragraph is a group of
sentences that concentrate on
one topic.
Indent each time you begin a new topic.
 Each paragraph should include a…
 Topic sentence – tells what the
paragraph is about
 Body – detail sentences that back up
the main idea
 Closing sentence – sums up the big idea
In order to be good at editing you need to
develop an eye for mistakes.
Check everything
 Check it again
 Read it out loud
 Have a friend check it
 It is hard to edit your own paper
because you know what you want to say.
Although that may not be what is
written on the page.
 Conventions is the most important of
the traits.
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