REPORTED SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Se usa para contar lo que alguien ha dicho sin repetir las palabras exactas: - ‘I work here’, she said. (Estilo directo) - She said (that) she worked there. (Estilo indirecto) REPORTED SPEECH (1) STATEMENTS • • • • La frase se suele introducir con los verbos ‘say’ y ‘tell’. No hay comillas Los verbos cambian al pasado Los pronombres y adjetivos posesivos cambian lógicamente (normalmente de la 1ª y 2ª persona a la 3ª), excepto cuando el hablante cuenta lo que él dijo. • El pronombre ‘you’ cambia a ‘I’ o ‘we’. • Las palabras que indican lugar y tiempo deben cambiar lógicamente REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENTS Diana said, ‘I’m looking for my bag’ Diana said (that) she was looking for her bag REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENTS Fiona said to Jim, ‘We like your new jeans’. Fiona said to Jim (that) they liked his new jeans. (told) REPORTED SPEECH Cuando el verbo introductor está en pasado (said, told, …) se producen los siguientes cambios en los tiempos: PRESENT SIMPLE ‘I play chess.’ PAST SIMPLE She said (that) she played chess. PRESENT CONTINUOUS ‘I’m playing chess.’ PAST CONTINUOUS She said (that) she was playing chess. PRESENT PERFECT ‘I have played chess.’ PAST PERFECT She said (that) she had played chess. PAST SIMPLE ‘I played chess’. PAST PERFECT She said (that) she had played chess. FUTURE SIMPLE ‘I will play chess” PRESENT CONDITIONAL She said (that) she would play chess Can could Must / have to must / had to May might REPORTED SPEECH PRESENT simple continuous perfect PAST simple continuous perfect PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT FUTURE CONDITIONAL CONDITONAL CONDITIONAL REPORTED SPEECH SUBJECT PRONOUN OBJECT PRONOUN POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE POSSESSIVE PRONOUN REFLEXIVE I you me you my your mine yours myself yourself he she it him her it his her its his hers - himself herself itself we you us you our your ours yours ourselves yourselves they them their theirs themselves REPORTED SPEECH PALABRAS Y EXPRESIONES QUE CAMBIAN: Direct speech Reported speech here this these today tonight yesterday Last…week / month / year a week / month / year..ago tomorrow Next..week / month / year there that those that day that night the day before / the previous day the previous..week / month / year a week / month / year…before the next day / the following day the following...week / month / year Write the sentences below in reported speech: • Sam said, ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’. • Sam said , ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’. • Sam said that he played tennis with his cousin on Saturdays. • Sophie said, ‘We will listen to music at our club’. • Sophie said , ‘We will listen to music at our club’. • Sophie said that they would listen to music at their club. • ‘I’m going to visit your town’, Jill said to Henry. • ‘I’m going to visit your town’, Jill said to Henry. • Jill said to Henry that she was going to visit his town. • told REPORTED SPEECH (2) QUESTIONS • Una pregunta deja de serlo y se convierte en una frase. • No hay comillas ni signo de interrogación ni inversión de sujeto y verbo. • Detrás del verbo introductor (ask, …) aparecen ‘if’ (whether) o ‘question word’ (what, who, …) . REPORTED SPEECH QUESTIONS ‘Do you like fast food?’ Tom said to Mary. Tom asked Mary if she liked fast food. REPORTED SPEECH QUESTIONS ‘Where did you meet your boyfriend?’ Paul said to Sally. Paul asked Sally where she had met her boyfriend. Write the sentences below in reported speech: • ‘Have you finished your homework?’, Ben said to Terry. • ‘Have you finished your homework?’, Ben said to Terry. • Ben asked Terry if he had finished his homework. • ‘Why are you so sad today?’ Diana said to Helen. • ‘Why are you so sad today?’ Diana said to Helen. • Diana asked Helen why she was so sad that day. • ‘When will you listen to me carefully?’ Jane said to her daughter. • ‘When will you listen to me carefully?’ Jane said to her daughter. • Jane asked her daughter when she would listen to her carefully. REPORTED SPEECH (3) COMMANDS and REQUESTS • Se emplea un verbo introductor que exprese mandato (tell, ask, order, …). • El imperativo pasa a infinitivo. • Al traducir las ideas en estilo indirecto usamos el subjuntivo. REPORTED SPEECH COMMANDS and REQUESTS The nurse said to the visitors, ‘Keep quiet’ The nurse told the visitors to keep quiet. asked REPORTED SPEECH COMMANDS and REQUESTS The librarian said to Ron, ‘Don’t make a noise”. The librarian told Ron not to make a noise. asked Write the sentences below in reported speech: • ‘Stand up’, the policeman said to the thief. • ‘Stand up’, the policeman said to the thief. • The policeman told the thief to stand up. • ‘Don’t open your books’, the teacher said to the students. • ‘Don’t open your books’, the teacher said to the students. • The teacher told the students not to open their books. • • • ‘Don’t close your eyes and pay attention’, the magician said to the boy. ‘Don’t close your eyes and pay attention’, the magician said to the boy. The magician told the boy not to close his eyes and to pay attention.