REPORTED SPEECH
REPORTED SPEECH
Se usa para contar lo que alguien ha dicho
sin repetir las palabras exactas:
- ‘I work here’, she said. (Estilo directo)
- She said (that) she worked there. (Estilo indirecto)
REPORTED SPEECH (1)
STATEMENTS
•
•
•
•
La frase se suele introducir con los verbos ‘say’ y ‘tell’.
No hay comillas
Los verbos cambian al pasado
Los pronombres y adjetivos posesivos cambian
lógicamente (normalmente de la 1ª y 2ª persona a la 3ª),
excepto cuando el hablante cuenta lo que él dijo.
• El pronombre ‘you’ cambia a ‘I’ o ‘we’.
• Las palabras que indican lugar y tiempo deben cambiar
lógicamente
REPORTED SPEECH
STATEMENTS
Diana said, ‘I’m looking for my bag’
Diana said (that) she was looking for her bag
REPORTED SPEECH
STATEMENTS
Fiona said to Jim, ‘We like your new jeans’.
Fiona said to Jim (that) they liked his new jeans.
(told)
REPORTED SPEECH
Cuando el verbo introductor está en pasado (said, told, …) se
producen los siguientes cambios en los tiempos:
PRESENT SIMPLE
‘I play chess.’
PAST SIMPLE
She said (that) she played chess.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
‘I’m playing chess.’
PAST CONTINUOUS
She said (that) she was playing chess.
PRESENT PERFECT
‘I have played chess.’
PAST PERFECT
She said (that) she had played chess.
PAST SIMPLE
‘I played chess’.
PAST PERFECT
She said (that) she had played chess.
FUTURE SIMPLE
‘I will play chess”
PRESENT CONDITIONAL
She said (that) she would play chess
Can
could
Must / have to
must / had to
May
might
REPORTED SPEECH
PRESENT
simple
continuous
perfect
PAST
simple
continuous
perfect
PAST SIMPLE
PAST PERFECT
FUTURE
CONDITIONAL
CONDITONAL
CONDITIONAL
REPORTED SPEECH
SUBJECT
PRONOUN
OBJECT
PRONOUN
POSSESSIVE
ADJECTIVE
POSSESSIVE
PRONOUN
REFLEXIVE
I
you
me
you
my
your
mine
yours
myself
yourself
he
she
it
him
her
it
his
her
its
his
hers
-
himself
herself
itself
we
you
us
you
our
your
ours
yours
ourselves
yourselves
they
them
their
theirs
themselves
REPORTED SPEECH
PALABRAS Y EXPRESIONES QUE CAMBIAN:
Direct speech
Reported speech
here
this
these
today
tonight
yesterday
Last…week / month / year
a week / month / year..ago
tomorrow
Next..week / month / year
there
that
those
that day
that night
the day before / the previous day
the previous..week / month / year
a week / month / year…before
the next day / the following day
the following...week / month / year
Write the sentences below in reported speech:
• Sam said, ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’.
• Sam said , ‘I play tennis with my cousin on Saturdays’.
• Sam said that he played tennis with his cousin on Saturdays.
• Sophie said, ‘We will listen to music at our club’.
• Sophie said , ‘We will listen to music at our club’.
• Sophie said that they would listen to music at their club.
• ‘I’m going to visit your town’, Jill said to Henry.
• ‘I’m going to visit your town’, Jill said to Henry.
• Jill said to Henry that she was going to visit his town.
•
told
REPORTED SPEECH (2)
QUESTIONS
• Una pregunta deja de serlo y se convierte en
una frase.
• No hay comillas ni signo de interrogación ni
inversión de sujeto y verbo.
• Detrás del verbo introductor (ask, …) aparecen
‘if’ (whether) o ‘question word’ (what, who, …) .
REPORTED SPEECH
QUESTIONS
‘Do you like fast food?’ Tom said to Mary.
Tom asked Mary if she liked fast food.
REPORTED SPEECH
QUESTIONS
‘Where did you meet your boyfriend?’ Paul said to Sally.
Paul asked Sally where she had met her boyfriend.
Write the sentences below in reported speech:
• ‘Have you finished your homework?’, Ben said to Terry.
• ‘Have you finished your homework?’, Ben said to Terry.
• Ben asked Terry if he had finished his homework.
• ‘Why are you so sad today?’ Diana said to Helen.
• ‘Why are you so sad today?’ Diana said to Helen.
• Diana asked Helen why she was so sad that day.
• ‘When will you listen to me carefully?’ Jane said to her daughter.
• ‘When will you listen to me carefully?’ Jane said to her daughter.
• Jane asked her daughter when she would listen to her carefully.
REPORTED SPEECH (3)
COMMANDS and REQUESTS
• Se emplea un verbo introductor que exprese
mandato (tell, ask, order, …).
• El imperativo pasa a infinitivo.
• Al traducir las ideas en estilo indirecto usamos
el subjuntivo.
REPORTED SPEECH
COMMANDS and REQUESTS
The nurse said to the visitors, ‘Keep quiet’
The nurse told the visitors to keep quiet.
asked
REPORTED SPEECH
COMMANDS and REQUESTS
The librarian said to Ron, ‘Don’t make a noise”.
The librarian told Ron not to make a noise.
asked
Write the sentences below in reported speech:
• ‘Stand up’, the policeman said to the thief.
• ‘Stand up’, the policeman said to the thief.
• The policeman told the thief to stand up.
• ‘Don’t open your books’, the teacher said to the students.
• ‘Don’t open your books’, the teacher said to the students.
• The teacher told the students not to open their books.
•
•
•
‘Don’t close your eyes and pay attention’, the magician said to the boy.
‘Don’t close your eyes and pay attention’, the magician said to the boy.
The magician told the boy not to close his eyes and to pay attention.
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REPORTED SPEECH