Egyptian Contributions
2nd Grade
Created by: Catherine H. Harrison
Introduction
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Conclusion
Evaluation
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Introduction
Did you ever wonder about Ancient Egypt?
• What did our Egyptian ancestors leave behind?
• What exactly is “Hieroglyphics”?
• And, what about those Ancient Pyramids?
Well climb aboard the “Ancient Express”, and take a trip
in time to Ancient Egypt. On your journey, you will
discover the answers to all of these questions and much
more!
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Tasks
As you ride the “Ancient Express”, you will use your
travel journal to write down your discoveries and
thoughts on the contributions of Ancient Egypt. You
will create your name and decipher a message using
Hieroglyphics. You will learn who built the ancient
pyramids of Egypt and how they were used. And you
will build your own pyramid with pictures depicting the
important contributions of this ancient civilization.
Introduction
Task
Process
Conclusion
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Resources
Process
Step 1
Step 1: Click on the Scroll use your travel journal to read about the three
areas of contributions made by the Egyptians. Then answer a the thought
question that goes along with the discovery.
Step 2
Step 2: Click on the Cartouche to create your own Egyptian Cartouche and
create your own name in hieroglyphics. In your Journal decipher the hidden
message using the Hieroglyphics Reference Page.
Step 3
Step 3: Using Kidspiration to create an Egyptian Pyramid and decorate with
pictures and words to illustrate the contributions of the Ancient Egyptians.
Introduction
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Conclusion
We have come to the end of our
journey. On the way you
learned about the many
contributions of Ancient
Egypt. You created your
own cartouche and printed
your name in hieroglyphics.
You deciphered an Egyptian
Hieroglyphic code. You even
built your own Pyramid!
Job well done,
Explorers!
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Evaluation
Egyptian Contributions
Web Quest Rubric
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Resources
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Introduction
Virginia State SOLs and the PWCS Social Studies Instructional Support Team lesson
and activity models
My Second Grade Teachers’ Resource Notebook
“The Mini Page” – 1997 Universal Press Syndicate – Daily Press Tues. March 3, 1997
abc teach - www.abcteach.com
Web Site of the Snaith Primary School - http://home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/egypt.htm
Pyramid Power - http://www.seaworld.org/fun-zone/fun-guides/egypt/pyramidpower.htm
Color Me Egypt - http://touregypt.net/kids/
Hieroglyphs: Say What? - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/hieroglyph/
Pyramid Pattern - http://www.enchantedlearning.com/crafts/Pyramid.shtml
A Walk Through Time - http://physics.nist.gov/GenInt/Time/ancient.html
Papyrus 101 - http://www.lib.umich.edu/pap/exhibits/papyrus_making/index.html#
Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt - http://www.eyelid.co.uk/e-name.htm
Task
Process
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Resources
Step 1 -Travel Journal
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Introduction
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Resources
Step 2 -Hieroglyphics
• Use the following links to create your own
Step 1
Egyptian Cartouche
Name in Hieroglyphics
&
- Back in Ancient times, one could
Step 2
Step 3
tell a pharaoh’s name from a
common person because it
was placed on a Cartouche.
• Print your Cartouche and your name
• Paste them into your journal
• In your Journal decipher the hidden message using the
Hieroglyphics Reference Page
Introduction
Task
Process
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Resources
Hieroglyphic Alphabet
Back to
Step 2
Step 3 Pyramids
Step 1
Build a Pyramid
Step 2
Step 3
Click on the Eye to connect to Kidspiration.
Using Kidspiration to create an Egyptian Pyramid and decorate with
pictures and words to illustrate the contributions of the Ancient
Egyptians.
Introduction
Task
Process
Conclusion
Evaluation
Resources
Written Language
Hieroglyphics
Back To
Journal
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The Ancient Egyptians loved to write and
draw. With that love, they created their own
written language using pictures. The official
language of the Ancient Egyptians was
Hieroglyphics. This language is made up of
pictures or hieroglyphs that represented
words, letters, or a combination of letters.
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Ancient Egyptians wrote Hieroglyphics on
the walls of their homes, pyramids, tombs,
and on papyrus scrolls. Back then, children
could write on their walls and not get in
trouble with mom.
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Original Hieroglyphics started out very
simple. If there was a picture of a bird it
meant bird. But over time, that simple bird
picture became the letter M.
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People started to get confused about what
pictures mean what. Over time, no one could
remember what the pictures meant.
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In 1799, a stone called the Rosetta Stone
was found by the French in Northern Egypt.
On each side of this special stone there were
three different languages telling the same
story. One of the languages was
Hieroglyphics. The other two languages
were Demotic and Greek. People could still
read Greek and so they compared the Greek
words with the Hieroglyphic symbols and
began to understand what each picture
meant.
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In 1822, Jean Fancois Champollion began
study Hieroglyphics and he figured out that
some of pictures were for letters, some were
for words and some were for ideas. His
work helped Archaeologists read the walls
and works of the Ancient Egyptians and
learn more about this time in history.
Inventions Page 1
Egyptian Calendar
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Back To
Journal
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Egyptian Clocks
The Ancient Egyptians created the first
known 365-day Calendar. They created it in
order to mark the passage of years and to
record special or significant events.
Their calendar was originally based on the
phases of the moon until they found the
Sirius star (“Dog Star”) rises up every 365
days. This was also about the time the Nile
river flooded the Egyptian valley.
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Obelisks (slender, tapering, four-sided
monuments) had moving shadows that created
an almost sundial, allowing Egyptians to split
the day in half, morning and afternoon. This
clock showed the year's longest and shortest
days by how the shadows moved. Markers
around the base of the Obelisks helped show
more division of time during the day.
Inventions
Page 2
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Inventions Page 2
“Papyrus”
Egyptian Paper
Back To
Journal
Inventions
Page 1
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Papyrus means two things. First, it is the plant that is
grown in Lower Egypt near the Nile River. Second,
papyrus is the paper that is made from the papyrus
plant.
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Papyrus paper was made by laying the reads of the
plant in two layers and pressing them together.
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The Egyptians pressed several of these pages together
to create scrolls.
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To see how papyrus plants are made into paper, click
on the link below
How Papyrus is Made Slide Show
Architecture - Pyramids
Egyptian Pyramids
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When most people think Egypt, they think Pyramids.
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The Egyptians built two types of Pyramids, the “Step
Pyramid” and the true “Pyramid”
The Pyramids were built as tombs. They were places
to burry the Kings and Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.
They were built to protect the Pharaoh’s body.
Inside the Pyramids were mazes and dead-ends in
order to protect the Pharaoh’s body somewhere in the
Pyramid.
Buried with the Pharaoh, there were all of his
treasures that he/she wanted to take in the afterlife.
The Egyptian Pyramids are hand-made. They are
made of huge blocks made of sand, clay and stone.
“The Great Pyramid” or “Khufu” is the largest
pyramid ever built. It is over 450ft high.
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Journal
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Introduction
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