Preparing for Success in Algebra English Language Learners in Mathematics A Collaboration among: LAUSD Local District 6 UC San Diego San Diego State University UC Irvine Partners LAUSD Local District 6 UC San Diego San Diego State University UC Irvine Who's Who? Grant Project Director – Open (Local District 6) LD6 Transition Leadership Team – Sharon Sweet, Suyen Moncada-Machado, Stephanie Flaxbeard, Brian Olona, Josie Pajon UCSD: – Gretchen Laue, Director – Dolly Casco, Associate Director – Stephan Bera SDSU: – Dr. Rafaela Santa Cruz – Dr. John Elwin UCI – Robin Scarcella, Researcher Why this grant? What does the data tell us? In 2007-2008 – – – – – Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Algebra Grade 7 Grade 8 45% Proficient or Advanced 27% Proficient or Advanced 23% Proficient or Advanced 9% Proficient or Advanced 44% Proficient or Advanced 17% Proficient or Advanced Grant Goals Research Effect of professional development on – – – Teacher knowledge Instructional practices Student achievement How will we achieve this work? Summer Institutes 30 hours of mathematics content (2009 – 2011) – Focus – Curriculum, Instruction, Assessment 40 hours of SB 472 (2009/2010) 36 hours of follow up and research practicum 30 hours culminating Research Institute (2011) Academic Year 24 hours of follow up – Analyzing student data, adjusting instruction, building on content knowledge 12 hours of research practicum – – Collaborate with university staff Develop plan for action research 100 – 115 teachers, grades 5 – 8 (algebra) Johnny Rivera, Southeast Middle School Teacher Commitment ACHER RESPONSIBILITIES year participation at the same grade level se instructional strategies specified at training hare learning with PLC ollaborate with administration on action research project ork with director of the grant (observations, and coaching) Yesenia Medrano, Southeast Middle School Summer Institutes Dr. John Elwin Dr. Rafaela Santa Cruz Mini Lesson Student from Local District 6 MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDES (MIG) 6th Grade Unit 2, Concept 3 - Algebraic Thinking and Proportional Reasoning Standards: AF2.2 Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per unit value of another quantity. AF2.3 Solve problems involving rates, average speed, distance, and time. NS1.2 Interpret and use ratios in different contexts to show the relative sizes of two quantities, using appropriate notations. NS1.3 Use proportions to solve problems. Use cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems, understanding it as the multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse. NS1.4 Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving discounts at sales, interest earned, and tips. MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDES (MIG) 6th Grade Unit 3, Concept 3 -Statistics, Data and Probability Standards: SDAP1.1 Compute the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets. SDAP1.3 Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of central tendency. SDAP1.4 Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean, median, mode) provides the most useful information in a given context. SDAP2.3 Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was asked might have influenced the results obtained and why the way in which the results were displayed might have influenced the conclusions reached. SDAP2.5 Identify claims based on statistical data and, in simple cases, evaluate the validity of the claims. MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDES (MIG) Algebra Readiness Unit 2, Concept 1 -Decimals, Ratio and Proportions and Percents Standards: 7NS1.2 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers (integers, fractions, and terminating decimals) and take positive rational numbers to whole-number powers. 7NS1.3 Convert fractions to decimals and percents and use these representations in estimations, computations, and applications. Jolly Ranchers/Jawbreakers (3) 5 13 JR JB 100 JB 5 JB 13 100 JB 1300 5 260 Jolly Ranchers/Jawbreakers (4) 5 JB 13 ( 720 JB ) JB JR 720 JR 720 JB 5 13 JR 720 JB JB JB 5 JB 13 720 13 JB JB 13 720 18 520 JR 720 520 200 Estimating the number of fish Let L be the number of fish in the lake and assume we have tagged 50 fish. Let b be the number of black beans and w the number of white beans in our sample. Then b w 50 L is our proportion. Since we have computed b and w, we can calculate L. Proportional Reasoning Estimating populations One method of estimating the number of fish in a lake is to catch and tag a collection of fish and then release them. At a later time we return and catch a sample of fish and determine the proportion of tagged fish.We can then use that proportion to estimate the total fish population in the lake. For example, suppose that we initially caught, tagged and released a total of 50 fish. If we return later and catch a total of 60 fish, 18 of which were tagged, we can then estimate of the number of fish in the lake? Let’s simulate this situation using a bag with an unknown number of white beans. For this exercise, please work in pairs at your table of 4. Remove 50 white beans and replace with 50 black beans (the tagged fish). Then using a scoop, have one partner remove a sample from the bag, count the respective numbers of black and white beans and return the sample to the bag. The other partner will then follow and do the same. Each person at the table should collect a sample, count the respective numbers and replace the sample. Let L denote the number of fish in the lake. Determine your estimate for L by setting up and solving a proportion. When you have calculated your estimate, please write your estimate on a dot and place the dot in the appropriate bin in the histogram of results we are constructing. ACCESS STRATEGIES Cooperative Learning Environment Instructional Conversations Academic Language Development (ALD) Advanced Graphic Organizers Workshop Guidelines Work in small groups (usually 4) Select rich problems with threads across grades guided by ‘big mathematical ideas’ and the MIG Support and encourage participation in existing PLC groups Foster a better understanding of issues faced by those teaching at other grade levels Web Tool The CaMSP Web Tool will be available in June. It is an online community space for teachers to receive updates, review video examples, and share instructional strategies. Video http://erickutner.com/staging/Tennis_v5.mov Dinner The Research Experimental Group/Control Group Qualitative and Quantitative mixed methods design Getting into the research Pre and post test for teachers – Given each year to teacher participants Classroom Observations – – 2 trained research associates will observe teachers 3 times during the year with an observation instrument Grant director will observe and coach teachers through the grant Pre-Test Calendar/Questions

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