New Horizon College English Book II
Key to Unit six
Section A
As His Name Is, So Is He!
Section B
Judge by Appearances
Exercises
Section A
《读写教程 II》: Ex. III, p. 135
1. Vocabulary
《读写教程 II》: Ex. IV, p.136
《读写教程 II》: Ex. V, p. 137
2. Word Building
《读写教程 II》: Ex. VI, 137
《读写教程 II》: Ex. VII, p.138
3. Sentence Structure 《读写教程 II》: Ex. VIII, p.139
《读写教程 II》: Ex. IX, p.139
4. Translation
《读写教程 II》: Ex. X, p. 140
《读写教程 II》: Ex. XI, p. 140
5. Cloze
《读写教程 II》: Ex. XII, p. 141
Vocabulary
III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
application
substitute
convey
quality
approval
prominent
award
reserve
label
impressive
professional
latter
characteristic
despair
confess
refine
1. After two days of questioning by the police, the criminal
finally confessed.
2. It is a very popular play, and it would be wise to reserve
seats in advance.
3. He was an enthusiastic amateur writer for many years
before he turned professional.
4. The actor’s performance in Hamlet has been impressive.
5. Where unemployment and crime rates are high, it can be
assumed that the latter is due to the former.
application
substitute
convey
quality
approval
prominent
award
reserve
label
impressive
professional
latter
characteristic
despair
confess
refine
6. A good photograph can often convey far more than words.
7. Although you have graduated from university, a bachelor’s
degree in English does not qualify you to teach English.
8. The young girl is refined in her manners and she always eats
cakes with a little fork.
9. I have a packed timetable this week. Could you substitute for me
at the meeting at the head office?
10. The new project is expected to start early next year; it has won
the approval of the board.
Vocabulary
IV. Correct the following sentences by using expressions from the text.
Then put a definition, a synonym, or translation of the corrected
expression in the space provided.
1.
Please fill on this application form, giving your name, age, and
address.
Correct form: fill out;
synonym: fill in
2. Since I had given his offer plenty of thought before I accepted it,
I feel comfortable on my decision.
Correct form: feel comfortable with; synonym: feel comfortable
about
3. In order to improve people’s living standard, we should attach first
importance on the development of the economy.
Correct form: attach first importance to; translation: 非常重视;
把……放在第一位
4. Because we don’t want to be too friendly with the Smiths, we
politely turned off their invitation.
Correct form: turned down; synonym: rejected; refused
Vocabulary
5. When he noticed my hesitation, he came on me and said:”Come
on, John.”
6. I don’t know whether to accept this new job, and the company
is pressing me with a decision.
7. Newspapers today are not entirely free to government control.
5.
Correct from: came (up) to; definition: moved toward
6.
Correct from: pressing me for;
definition: try in a determined way to get something.
7.
Correct from: free from/of;
definition: not influenced by
Vocabulary
8. During the summer holiday, many relatives came to Shanghai
to see the sights. We were stuck by the unexpected visitors.
9. Medical students in extended contact with junior doctors
learn attitudes by example, from better or worse.
10. At the age of twenty, he took charge over a large family
business in his hometown after his father died.
8.
Correct from: stuck with;
translation: 不得不接待; 被迫接待
9.
Correct from: for better or worse;
definition: whether the result is good or bad
10.
Correct from: took charge of;
synonym: took responsibility for
Vocabulary
V. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by selecting suitable words from
the Word Bank. You may not use any of the words more than once.
A)
E)
I)
M)
Word Bank
conceded
B) ceased
C) embarrassing D) presumed
realized
F) labeled
G) reward
H) compensate
contrast
J) conflict
K) confuse
L) assigned
characteristic
N) peculiar
O) conversely
My name, Bobby, is used both for boys and girls. Girls spell it
"Bobbie". It is characteristic for little boys to be given a name with a
"y" sound at the end. For example, I often had a Jimmy, Johnny or
Billy in my classes. In my second grade, I also had a Bobbie. In order
not to confuse us when she called our names, our teacher assigned us
the names "Bobbie Girl" and "Bobby Boy". This caused me a lot of
trouble on the playground. There, my friends labeled me "Bobbie Girl".
For my friends, the apparent contrast between my name and my sex
1. M 2. K 3. L 4. F 5. I
Vocabulary
A)
E)
I)
M)
Word Bank
conceded
B) ceased
C) embarrassing D) presumed
realized
F) labeled
G) reward
H) compensate
contrast
J) conflict
K) confuse
L) assigned
characteristic
N) peculiar
O) conversely
was the source of much laughter. The fact that they labeled me as a
girl was very embarrassing . I had a tendency to compensate for my
name by acting more like a boy than I might have otherwise. I threw
more rocks and yelled louder than the sum of all of the other boys
added together. The real "Bobbie Girl", conversely , acted more like a
girl. When my teacher realized she had made a mistake, she stopped
calling us "Bobbie Girl" and "Bobby Boy". Unfortunately, my friends
never forgot or ceased calling me "Bobbie Girl". Third grade was an
improvement; the original "Bobbie Girl" was in a different class. Also,
I requested the teacher just call me "Bob".
6. C 7. H 8. O 9. E 10. B
World Building
VI. The prefixes in-, im-, il- and ir- can be added to adjectives to
make them negative in meaning. For example:
in- + complete— incomplete: not complete
ir- + responsible — irresponsible: not responsible
World Building
Now add proper prefix to the adjectives listed below and complete
the following sentences with the words newly formed.
legal
responsible
polite
consistent
regular
patient
capable
appropriate
correct
definite
1. They have been out of work for too long and they each have a large family
to support. They explain why they are so ________ to find some secure
work.
2. Since I know that to commit money to the project will be a risk, it would be
_______ of me not to advise my company to give up the project.
3. What the government is saying now is ________ with its earlier
statement on this issue.
4. While the manufacture, sale and transport of alcohol was ________ in the
US, it was legal in surrounding countries.
5. Joking with everyone at this official celebration is ________ behavior for
such a serious occasion.
1. impatient 2. irresponsible 3. inconsistent 4. illegal 5. inappropriate
World Building
legal
responsible
polite
consistent
regular
patient
capable
appropriate
correct
definite
6. –What do you think of your chemistry instructor?
- Oh, she’s ________ of doing any real teaching and she’s so boring.
7. The young woman has a very small child to look after and she does not
like such ___________ working hours.
8. It was _________ of her not to say goodbye to her hostess at the end
of the party.
9. Many readers were misled by the ________ account of the accident
the newspaper gave last week.
10. There is so much to do for our research project that it will be
continued for an ________ period.
6. incapable 7. irregular 8. impolite 9. incorrect 10. indefinite
World Building
VII. The prefix un- can be added to adjectives to make them negative in meaning.
For example:
un- + wise — unwise: not wise
un- + forgettable — unforgettable: not forgettable
The prefix can also be added to a verb to make it opposite in meaning. For
example:
un- + dress — undress: take off clothes
un- + tie — untie: undo the tie
World Building
Now add un- to the following adjectives or verbs to form new words and
complete the following sentences with some of the new words.
noticeable
reasonable
grateful
cover
recognizable
fashionable
limited
do
tidy
certain
fold load
1.
I have been working without any break for 24 hours. It is
________ to expect me to work all night again.
2. She ________ a large map and spread it on the table.
3. I had a long talk with him yesterday, but I’m still ________
about his intentions.
4. After a two-month enquiry, the police have ________ their
intention to rob the bank.
1. unreasonable 2. unfolded 3. uncertain 4. uncovered
World Building
noticeable
reasonable
grateful
cover
recognizable
fashionable
limited
do
tidy
certain
fold load
5. You have done so much for him, but he never expresses any
thanks . How could you put up with such _________
behavior?
6. The British ship arrived at the port last week and is
________ its contents in the harbor now.
7. We should economize on oil because the supply of a natural
resource is never _________.
8. They had been working on the project since January, but a
terrible fire last week ________ months of hard work.
5. ungrateful
6. unloading
7. unlimited
8.undid
Sentence Structure
VIII. Complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English,
using an inversion structure.
Model :
As his name is, _________________________(他这个人也是这样).
As his name is, so is he.
1. As water is to fish, __________________________(空气对于人
也一样).
2. As the lion is the king of all animals, _____________________(鹰
也是鸟类之王).
1.
2.
so is air to man
so is the eagle of all birds
Sentence Structure
3. As wine is to French people, _______________________(啤酒对于
英国人也一样).
4. Just as coffee is to Westerners, ______________________(茶
对于中国人也一样).
5. Just as the French love their wine, ___________________(英国
人一样喜欢自己).
3.
4.
5.
so is beer to the British
so is tea to the Chinese
so do the English love their beer
Sentence Structure
IX. Rewrite each of the following sentences with the “-ing” participle clause
with a conjunction.
Model :
One day, while she was filling out an application form for a
publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her
middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie.
One day, while filling out an application form for a publishing job,
the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne,
for her first name Debbie.
1. While I was waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entire short
story.
While waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entire short story.
Sentence Structure
2. After you have used the brush, put it in its proper place.
After using the brush, put it in its proper place.
3. Before he was in the army, he was an engineer.
Before being in the army, he was an engineer.
4. Before I went to see the film, I deliberately didn’t read the book.
I deliberately didn’t read the book before going to see the film.
5. When you buy a new car, it is best to seek expert advice.
When buying a new car, it is best to seek expert advice.
Translation
X. Translate the following sentences into English.
regular
1.就像机器需要经常运转一样,身体也需要经常锻炼。
as…so…
(Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does the body
need regular exercise.
Translation
while
play the piano
2.在美国学习时,他学会了弹钢琴。
He learned to play the piano while studying in the United
States.
Translation
to our disappointment
3.令我们失望的是,他拒绝了我们的邀请。
turn down
invitation
To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation.
Translation
new technology
reality
4. 真实情况是,不管是好是坏,随着新科技的进步,世界发生了变化。
for better or worse
The reality is that, for better or worse, the world has changed
with advance of new technologies.
Translation
require
ill at ease
5.我班里的大多数女生在被要求回答问题时都似乎感到不自在 。
most of
answer questions
Most of the female students in my class appear to be ill at
ease when (they are) required to answer questions.
Translation
local
6.当地政府负责运动会的安全。
take charge of
The local government took charge of the security for
the sports meeting.
Translation
XI. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. (Just) as table tennis is to the Chinese, so is football to
Italians.
2. The teacher does not rush the class toward a decision at
this point, but asks them to think very carefully before
making up their minds.
1.
2.
足球之于意大利人,就像乒乓球之于中国人。
教师没急着要班里同学现在作决定,而是要他们仔细考虑后
再下决心。
Translation
3. I don’t know what the drink was and I had that much; then
the lads had to see me home because I was more or less
drunk.
4. Windy days are characteristic of March in the north of
China.
3. 我不知道那是什么饮料,我喝了那么多;结果那些小伙送我回
家,因为我有点醉了。
4. 在中国北方,三月份往往多风。
Translation
5 . Even so, the government has approved a 6.2 percent
increase in total spending.
6. Information , defined as knowledge conveyed to the mind
by a statement of fact, can take many forms.
5. 尽管如此,政府已经同意总支出增加6.2%。
6.
信息被定义为通过陈述事实向大脑传达的知识,它可以有多种
形 式。
Cloze
XII. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best word or phrase
to fill in each blank.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
A. increasingly
B. quickly
C. entirel
D. merely
A. recognize
B. advocate
C. reveal
D. convince
A. other than
B. rather than C. more than
D. less than
A. ask to
B. choose to
C. claim to
D. almost
A. charge
B. present
C.promot
D. claim
A. almost surely B. more likely C. rather possibly D. quite certain
What's in a name? your fate could have been entirely(1) different if
you had been given a different name at your birth. Some of us
recognize(2) that our name does not necessarily fit and start using a
different name rather than(3) the one we were given. Many of us
choose to(4) use our middle name so we can be true to our parents, and
at the same time be more confident. Some people who have changed their
name claim(5) that their professional lives improved. They feel better
about themselves so they are more likely(6) to
. C 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. B
Cloze
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
A. convey
A. in
A . decided
A. far more
A. addicted
A. potential
B. display
B. at
B. denied
B. less than
B. disappointed
B. identical
C. arise
D. link
C. on
D. from
C. scared
D. declined
C. more than
D. than
C. embarrassed
D. disturbed
C. genuine
D. noticeable
achieve more. But those who have changed their names are not just being overly
sensitive. Names themselves convey(7) some information causing others to
make judgments based solely on(8) them. Here is an example: A magazine
declined(9) to print a writer's name simply because the editor thought it
suited a baseball player more than(10) an art critic. Another example: A
woman at a party because embarrassed(11) when she wanted to be
introduced to a man she had declined because of his name. One study showed
that teachers give different grades to the potential(12) essays written by
7. A 8. C 9. D 10. C
11. C 12. B 13. A
Cloze
13) A. Similarly
14) A. how
15) A. as
B. Simply
B. why
B. that
C. Consequently
C. what
C. so
D. Likely
D. which
D. while
boys with different names. Similarly(13) , girls' popularity can be related to
their names.
Yet, which name works and which does not depend on the times. The good
qualities of a well-liked president or actor can often influence how(14) a name
is seen. But if a name becomes too well-known, it might also fall out of favor
as(15) parents look for something a little more unique for their child.
13. A
14. A
15. A
Section B
Exercises
III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
exclusive
internalize
bargain
wander
emotional
superficial
tidy
imitate
discourage
validate
prevail
inherent
mild
conceal
accompany
1. In order to welcome foreign friends to their school, the students spent
the morning getting the whole building clean and __________.
2. Lacking communications with outside areas, some very old tradition still
_________ in the mountain villages.
3. Grandpa gets very ________ whenever he talks about the war in which he
fought many years ago.
4. She’s really good at _________ our teacher’s southern accent.
5. Higher cigarette prices do not seem to __________ people from smoking.
1. tidy 2. prevail 3. emotional 4. imitating 5. discourage
Vocabulary
exclusive
internalize
bargain
wander
emotional
superficial
tidy
imitate
discourage
validate
prevail
inherent
mild
conceal
accompany
6. I got this shirt when I was in the store. It was a real __________
7. With their parents at work during the day, the kids are left to
___________ the streets.
8. She does not qualify as an expert; she has only a(n) knowledge of the
language.
9. Jack was very thoughtful; he ________ the news that he had failed his
job interview in order not to make his mother sad.
10. It is common sense that lightning usually _______ thunder. But can you
tell me which comes first: the flash of light or the loud sound?
6. bargain 7. wander 8. superficial 9. concealed 10. accompanies
Vocabulary
IV. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with
words or expressions given below that best keep the original meaning. Change
the form where necessary;.
speak of
take sides
turn out
be (not) up to
more or less
act out
out of character
blow one’s cover
out of bounds
turn to
go to great lengths
tune out
apart from
judge by
1. The children had thought that spending their vacation on their
uncle’s farm would be boring, but it was found to be the best
vacation they had ever had.
1. turned out
Vocabulary
speak of
take sides
turn out
be (not) up to
more or less
act out
out of character
out of bounds
blow one’s cover
turn to
go to great lengths
tune out
apart from
judge by
2. Since Michael hasn’t even graduated from junior high school, he is
not really capable of the job.
3. The famous actor tried very hard to hide from reporters so that
he wouldn’t be made to answer such sensitive questions.
4. The children were performing the story of the prince and the
beautiful girl.
2. is not really up to
3. went to great lengths
4. acting out
Vocabulary
speak of
take sides
turn out
be (not) up to
more or less
act out
out of character
blow one’s cover
out of bounds
turn to
go to great lengths
tune out
apart from
judge by
5. Though she said everything was all right, her eyes showed
suffering.
6. Considering what everyone says about him, I’d say he has a good
chance of winning.
7. When I asked her opinion of marrying a rich man whom one didn’t
love, the response she gave me was so different from her normal
behavior that it shocked me.
5. spoke of
6. Judging by
7. out of character
Vocabulary
speak of
take sides
turn out
be (not) up to
more or less
act out
out of character
out of bounds
blow one’s cover
turn to
go to great lengths
tune out
apart from
judge by
8. When arguing over who would win first place, David never
supported one side against the other.
9. The escaped prisoner dared not even telephone anyone; he knew
that it would only take one phone call to give away his identity.
10. This report says nothing new about the accident; what it
contains is almost the same as the previous one.
8. took sides
9. blow his cover
10. more or less
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