Lund University
Libraries
Head Office
Open Access, Scholarly
Communication &
Integrating User Access
Presentation at London Online
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Lund University Libraries
Agenda
 Directory of Open Access Journals –
DOAJ – www.doaj.org
 Scholarly Communication – Raising
Awareness
 Swedish Resource Center for Scholarly
Communication – SRVK – www.sciecom.org
 Copyright
 Impact/Evaluation
 SUHF
 Integrating User Access to Digital
Resources – ELIN@
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Directory of Open Access
Journals, DOAJ
initiated during the NCSC conference
in Lund October 2002
supported by OSI, Open Society
Institute and SPARC
project started January 2003
service launched 12th of May 2003
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Lars Björnshauge
Dissemination/visibility of Open
Access journals
more usage = more citations = increased
impact = more usage etc.
 DOAJ Directory of Open Access Journals
 Phase 1 (completed)
 Peer reviewed
 All subjects
 All languages
 Phase 2
 Article level search/retrieve
 Metadata – creation
 Network of editors
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
www.doaj.org
DOAJ is hosted by:
DOAJ is supported by:
Open Society Institute
December 3rd 2003
SPARC
Lars Björnshauge
Selection criteria
Agreed upon in the beginning of the
project
Open Access
Quality control measures, the journal must
exercise peer-review or editorial quality control to be
included.
Scientific or scholarly content
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Open Access –
our definition
We define open access journals as journals
that use a funding model that does not
charge readers or their institutions for
access.
From the BOAI definition of "open access" we
take the right of "users to read, download,
copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the
full texts of these articles" as mandatory for
a journal to be included in the directory.
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Selection policy
Subjects = all
Languages = all
Resource types = periodicals
Target group = researchers
Cost = none for the user
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Collection
Start-up phase (SciX www.scix.net )
Suggestions – enormous response
Sustainability issues
Editorial group
Collaborative model
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Some numbers
No. of journals: 587 (and growing)
Successful requests (MaySeptember): 898,249
A lot of countries have requested
files from DOAJ e.g.:
Sweden, France, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Italy, Netherlands, New
Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Norway, Lithuania, Finland, Denmark,
Belgium, Argentina, Japan, Poland, Brazil, Mexico, India, Germany, Turkey,
Greece, Iceland, United States, Switzerland, Chile, Singapore, Ireland,
Croatia, Israel, Indonesia, Hong Kong, China, Portugal, Austria, Malaysia,
Hungary, Uruguay, Peru, Russia, Czech Republic, Romania, Philippines,
Colombia, Slovenia, South Korea, Estonia, Taiwan, Egypt...
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Very positive response from
journals
“ We've already noticed from our
usage statistics that the DOAJ has
helped to promote our open-access
journals, and we know that each of
our journals are extremely
appreciative!”
Jen Sweezie Project Manager
Bioline International
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
DOAJ: phase 2
An article search service
 Contact and open discussion with OA journals
 Search at article level
 Guided harvesting of full text articles
 Increasing OAI-compliancy creates other options in
the future
 Facilitate the creation of article-level metadata for
journals
 Started September 2003 and will be launched in
May 2004
 Supported by OSI, SPARC and BIBSAM
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Where do we go from here?
Network organisation of editors
Make journals aware of possibilities
Collaboration
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
More information
http://www.doaj.org/
Suggest a journal:
http://www.doaj.org/suggest/
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Scholarly Communication
Raising awareness:
Librarians
Researchers
University decision makers
Research Funders
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Problems of Current System
 Publishing industry consolidation
 New and intricate conditions for ownership, and
licensing of e-content
 Complicated and very expensive pricing models
 Branding – Impact based on journals not articles
 Lack of correlation price / quality /cost
 Growing gap between price & ability to pay
 Copyright – restricting access
 Scientific information – a common good or a
commodity?
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Creating Awareness:
Networking
Swedish Resource Center for
Scholarly Communication
Operated by Lund University Libraries
A cooperative network
Seminars
Rich Web-site – www.sciecom.org/
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
ScieCom.org
Swedish Resource Centre for Scientific Communication
 Inform scholars,administrators, funders, and
libraries about the scholarly communication crisis
 Contribute to a common strategic plan for Swedish
HE-libraries to work efficiently with alternative
publishing models
 Re-establish control of scholarly communication
• Promote to use of bibliometrics, open citation and
other methods to analyse and show the ”impact” of
alternative publishing
• Intellectual Property Rights - Model licenses
• Arrange seminars and courses
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
www.sciecom.org
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Nordic interest!
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
SRVK-activities last 9 onths
30+ presentations at seminars,
conferences in Sweden and other
Nordic Countries
15+ articles, interviews, radiospots
etc.
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Proposed development
 Raise the issue on Nordic and national level
 Transform ScieCom.org into a Nordic Knowledge
Centre for Scholarly Communication
 Current initiatives:
 Application to NORDINFO & national research
funding agencies
 NOP:HS application as a follow up of a recent
report on the future of Nordic research
publications and the Nordic languages. Nordic
Council of Ministers
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Copyright
Model licenses
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Why do researchers not retain
their copyright ?
 Scholarly publishing - main objectives
 Dissemination of knowledge
 Archiving for posterity
 Registration to establish priority
 Certification of quality and validation
 Publishers ask for assignment of copyright
 Scholars believe compliance needed to be published
 . . . Advice is necessary
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
IPR-agreements
Transfer of copyright = market power
 Working group with representatives from the
Law Faculty, the University Legal Department,
and the Library Head Office have propsed
model licenses for Lund University
 Interest from Universities in Copenhagen and
Aarhus
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
www.lu.se/jurenh/INTERN/avtal.html
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Impact – evaluation
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Existing research assesment
models
Limited
Biased
Fuels the existing problems in
scientific publishing
New & additional measures have to
be developed and applied
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
New ranking systems
 Automatic citation indexing of OA articles
 Extract title, abstract, author, and references
 Rank results
 Citation changes over time/article
Citebase (citebase.eprints.org)
 arXiv.org, cogprints, BiomedCentral
CiteSeer (citeseer.nj.nec.com/cs)
Citations in Economics (netec.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/CitEc/)
 Citation analysis of documents distributed via
RePEc, WoPEc, Socionet, EconPapers, IDEAS
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Roads for Knowledge – the
need for a new strategy for
universities and their libraries
Report commissioned by the Association of
Swedish Universities & University Colleges
(SUHF) http://www.suhf.se/pdf/Biblioteksrapporten.pdf
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Recommendations
 The need for changes in the current system for
scholarly publishing
 The need to establish conditions for creating
professional, publishing services within
universities and university colleges
 As of today the libraries are the natural choice
for the organisation of such activities due to the
fact that the necessary competence is at hand
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Recommendations
 SUHF will
Establish a task force to see to that new
intellectual property rights agreements will
be drafted and implemented, securing that
researchers can publish, disseminate and
archive publications on university servers
(institutional repositories)
Investigate the long term effects of the
current system of scholarly publishing
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Recommendations
 SUHF will
Investigate and evaluate current research
assessment and merit systems and
Highlight current projects and activities
promoting new approaches based on
university publishing and other initiatives
for open access publishing – promote open
access
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Creating Awareness
National level initiatives
SUHF
task force decided
intellectual property rights agreements
initiate discussions with research
councils/funders
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Integrating User Access to
Digital Resources – ELIN@
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
New challenges for libraries
•
Publishers plan to disintermediate libraries
•
Publishers want to control user behaviour
•
Publishers want users to be dependent on
their own brands
•
Researchers want access to information
without intermediaries
•
Libraries run the risk of being regarded only
as passive links in the information chain
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Libraries become invisible
Science Direct
Academic Search Elite
[email protected]
 Users should understand that they are using
the library´s services and resources
 Libraries´ role to help researchers find relevant
and priceworthy information products
 Libraries work in the interest of researchers,
students, and the general public
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Branding
End users exposed to publishers and
aggregators
the publisher trap
library bypass
individualization
”Free on the internet”
Who pays??
Gaining control??
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Elsevier
Springer
Kluwer
MCB
Wiley
Publisher trap?
A publishercentric vision
Ebsco
Integration
Too many different services
Too many different interfaces
Too much redundancy/overlap
How to promote/integrate Open
Access material?
Portals, Linking Software
Adapting commercial software or
develop applications ourselves
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Libraries and Free Resources




Make free resources visible and accessible
Integrate them with other resources
Often not in OPAC:s
Relevance and quality - not medium or
publication model
 Support institutional archives - a strategic role
 Natural extension of the responsibility for
dissemination and archiving of research results
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Personalization
The need for taylored library &
information services
 TOC-alerts,
SDI-alerts,
Quality web resources
Communications to end users
My collection
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
User Training
Numerous interfaces
Information literacy
Fighting existing habits, the Googlesyndrome
On-line tutorials
In the digital library environment:
more user training than ever
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
INTEGRATE - make Open Access and niche
journals visible in a general portal – ELIN@
 Search services and pages library branded
 The initiative back to the library
 Increases the library´s visibility on campus
 A product neutral presentation of resources
 12 000 000 records in one user interface
 Publishers + Open Archives + Open Access Journals
 Quality web resources – Subject Gateways
 Personalization – register for all alerts at one site
 Customization – As simple as Google!
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Organising end user access
 The goals:
 Integration of all services
 Development of personalized services
 Branding of library services
 Principles:
 Single sign on – automatic authentification –
one login/password to all resources
 Remote access
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Integration of Library Services –
Towards the one stop shop
 OPAC –printed collections
 Databases, encyclopedias, reference
works
 Electronic journals
 Open access resources
 Journals
 E- & preprint archives, institutional
repositories
 Subject gateways – recommended quality web
resources
December
3 2003
Lars Björnshauge
rd
ELIN@ - Electronic Library
Information Navigator
 Advantages for end users:
 One interface for all content
 Cross search documents from multiple
sources – free or licensed
 Document delivery services for documents not
available in Full Text
 ToC alerts and SDI´s
 Integration with reference management tools
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
ELIN@ - Electronic Library
Information Navigator
 Advantages for librarians:
 Enhancing availability and visibility of scientific
literature
 Increasing e-journal cost efficiency – Usage is
boosting
 Administrative functions/Management tools:
• Customization, Statistics, Collection Management,
Budgeting, Marketing
• Subscription administration functionalities
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Personalization in ELIN@
TOC-alerts
SDI-alerts from databases, journals
etc.
”My Library”
Recommended resources – selected by
subject librarians
Add your personal favourites
 Users register at one site for all alerts
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
ELIN@ - Electronic Library
Information Navigator
Contents (November 2003)
+14,000 journals, whereof
+7,500 journals with metadata (cross
searchable on article level)
+12,000,000 records
E-print archives,
Databases
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
A brand-independent brand
Flexibility
Openness
ELIN@
December 3rd 2003
Professionalis
m
Quality
Reliability
Simplicity
Lars Björnshauge
ELIN@
The taylored integration tool for your
digital library services
Branding the library
Makes life a lot easier for librarians
Administration tools
 and for end users
One site for access and alerts
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
ELIN@
In operation at
10 Swedish Universities
University of Gent
Freeware version available in
January
See latest issue of Serials
Contact: [email protected]
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Basic Search
Advanced
search
Simple
Search
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
Export to reference management too
Links to fulltext
Searchable authors
Searchable keywords
December 3rd 2003
Lars Björnshauge
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