CRCT Review
6th Grade Social Studies
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2. Add a new slide (after each question)
where you will type the answer.
3. When you’re finished, print off the
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Latin America
1. Where was the Aztec civilization
located? Who was their leader?
Tenochtitlan(Present day Mexico City).
2. Where was the Incan empire located? Who
was their leader?
Western coast of South America.
3. What was traded during the
Columbian Exchange?
Potatoes, peppers, corn, horses,
tomatoes. Diseases were also brought to
New World.
4. What did Hernan Cortes do?
Defeated Montezuma and the Aztec
5. What did Francisco Pizarro do?
Defeated Atahualpa and Incan empire.
6. What was the Triangular Trade? Who did the
Europeans get to work on the sugar
plantations and mines in Latin America after
the natives died?
Trade between Europe(Old World),
Americas(New World), Africa.
African slaves were brought in
7. Who is Miguel Hidalgo? Country?
Mexican priest that led independence
movement in Mexico.
8. Who is Toussaint L’Ouverture? Country?
Former slave that led slave revolt in
Haiti(gained independence)
9. Who is Simon Bolivar? Countries?
Helped gain independence for Bolivia,
Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru,
10. Who is Fidel Castro and how did he
change Cuban history?
Became dictator of Cuba and started
communist gov’t.
11. What was the Cuban Embargo?
Interactive Notebook pg. 148
12. Who are the Zapatistas?
South American rebels against NAFTA.
Took over a few small towns in protest.
Interactive Notebook pg. 113
13. What is NAFTA and how does it affect
Mexico, US, and Canada?
North American Free Trade
Agreement. Eliminated tariffs between
the 3 countries. Opened up trade.
Interactive Notebook pg. 123
14. What is happening to the Amazon
Deforestation-cutting of trees
Interactive Notebook pg. 125
15. What is the primary religion practiced
and the primary language spoken in
Latin America?
Religion- Roman Catholic
Language- Spanish, Portuguese
Interactive Notebook pg. 125
16. Which two countries had the greatest
impact on the religion of Latin
Spain and Portugal
Interactive Notebook pg. 107
17. What two European countries
colonized Canada?
France and Great Britain
Interactive Notebook pg. 107
18. How did Canada become independent
from Great Britain?
Interactive Notebook pg. 110
19. What does Quebec hope to preserve
by becoming independent from the rest
of Canada?
French culture
Interactive Notebook pg. 107
20. What are Canada’s two official
English and French
Interactive Notebook pg. 95
21. Where does most of Canada’s
population live?
Along southern border of Canada, close
to northern border of US
Interactive Notebook pg. 91
22. Why are most of Canada’s factories
located along the St. Lawrence River
and the Great Lakes?
Trade route/Access to the Atlantic
Interactive Notebook pg. 33
23. Who is Prince Henry the Navigator?
What is he known for?
Set-up exploration school and began
exploring west coast of Africa
Interactive Notebook pg. 35
24. Name at least 3 countries that were
originally colonized by Great Britain?
Interactive Notebook pg. 42
25. Which countries were involved in
World War I?
Central Powers- Germany, AustriaHungary, Ottoman Empire
Allied Powers – British, France, Russia,
Interactive Notebook pg. 42
26. The Treaty of Versailles ended World
War I. What did the treaty force
Germany to do?
Accept blame for war, pay war
reparations(33 billion), give back land,
reduce size of military
Interactive Notebook pg. 43
27. How did World War I affect
Germany’s economy?
Germany went into a depression,
money was worthless
Interactive Notebook pg. 46
28. Who was the leader of the Nazi
Party? What were they known for?
Hatred of Jews
Interactive Notebook pg. 46
29. Who were the Axis Powers in World
War II?
Germany, Japan, Italy
Interactive Notebook pg. 46
30. Who were the Allied Powers in World
War II?
United States, Great Britain, France,
Interactive Notebook pg. 46
31. What caused World War II to take
Hitler broke Treaty of Versailles,
Germany invaded Poland
Interactive Notebook pg. 46
32. What was the Holocaust?
Murder of millions of Jews by Hitler/Nazi
Interactive Notebook pg. 40
33. Who was Vladimir Lenin?
Communist leader of Russia after
Russian Revolution
Interactive Notebook pg. 40
34. What was the Russian Revolution?
Workers went on strike, riots in the
streets, some of army turned against
czar, czar executed
Interactive Notebook pg. 40
35. Who was Czar Nicholas II?
Last czar of Russia, killed during Russian
Interactive Notebook pg. 47
36. After World War II, which 2 nations
engaged in the Cold War?
United States and Russia
Interactive Notebook pg. 47
37. What happened to Berlin after World
War II?
Wall built to divide into communist and
democratic sections
Interactive Notebook pg. 47
38. After the Soviet Union collapsed, what
happened to East and West Germany?
Berlin wall was torn down and
communist side ended
Interactive Notebook pg. 63
39. What is the European Union?
European countries joined to open
trade, same currency, ease of travel
between countries
Interactive Notebook pg. 25
40. What are the three major religions in
Christianity, Judaism, Islam
Interactive Notebook pg. 16
41. What are some causes of acid rain in
Factories and car pollution
Kills plants and animals, hurts soil/land,
ruins buildings
Interactive Notebook pg. 16
42. What happened at Chernobyl,
Nuclear power plant explosion,
contaminated everything around the
Interactive Notebook pg. 165
43. Who were the Aborigines? How did
they pass their Dreamtime legends
down through generations?
Interactive Notebook pg. 164
44. Why did the British originally colonize
Used it as a prison colony
Interactive Notebook pg. 162
45. Where do most Australians live? Why?
Southeastern coast because of milder
Interactive Notebook pg. 8
46. What is an autocracy?
Gov’t controlled by a single strong
Interactive Notebook pg. 8
47. What is an oligarchy?
Gov’t controlled by a small group or
few people
Interactive Notebook pg. 8
48. What is a democracy?
People control the gov’t—they vote for
Interactive Notebook pg. 53
49. What is a unitary system of
Strong central gov’t and weak
local/state gov’t
Interactive Notebook pg. 53
50. What is a confederation?
Strong local/state gov’t and weak
central gov’t
Interactive Notebook pg. 53
51. What is a federal system?
Central and state gov’ts share
Interactive Notebook pg. 61
52. How is the leader chosen in a
parliamentary democracy?
People elect members of Parliament
and prime minister is chosen from party
with most members(majority)
Interactive Notebook pg. 61
53. How is the leader chosen in a
presidential democracy?
People elect the president
Interactive Notebook pg. 53
54. Australia is considered to have a
federal system, what does this mean?
The central gov’t and territory gov’ts
share the power/duties
Interactive Notebook pg. 61
55. Brazil and Mexico both have
presidential democracies. How do they
determine their leaders?
Elections are held and people vote for
Interactive Notebook pg. 51
56. What are the different economic
systems? Describe each.
Market – people(buyers and sellers)
control economy
Command – gov’t controls economy
Mixed – people/gov’t control economy
Traditional – trade/barter, habits of
Interactive Notebook pg. 51
57. In Germany, Russia, and the United
Kingdom, the government regulates
some industries but most business
decisions are made by individuals.
What type of economy do these
countries have?
Interactive Notebook pg. 51
58. What are the 3 economic questions
that every country must answer?
What to produce
How to produce
For whom to produce
Interactive Notebook pg. 69
59. What are the 3 economic trade
barriers? Describe each.
Tariff- tax on imports
Quota – limit on imports
Embargo – stop all trade
Interactive Notebook pg. 51
60. Cuba has a command economy and
Brazil has a mixed economy. How do
these two economies differ?
Interactive Notebook pg. 73
61. What are the 4 factors of economic
growth? Give an example of each.
Human capital, Capital goods, natural
resources, entrepreneurship
Interactive Notebook pg. 73
62. What is Gross Domestic Product
Total value of all goods/services
produced in a country in a year
Interactive Notebook pg. 73
63. If a country does not have many
natural resources, what will their GDP
be like?
Interactive Notebook pg. 71
64. If countries want to trade
internationally, what must they first do
with their currency?
Exchange currencies – change currency
from one type to another
Interactive Notebook pg. 78
65. If a country has a high literacy rate,
what will the country’s standard of
living be like?
Interactive Notebook pg. 113
67. What is the goal of NAFTA?
Open trade between Canada, US,

Literacy Rate & the Standard of Living in Australia