Costos del alcohol a la sociedad
Australiana (en Billones de dólares)
Source: Laslett et al 2010
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Costos del alcohol a la sociedad
Australiana (en Billones de dólares)
Source: Laslett et al 2010
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Impacto sobre la salud general
Años de Vida Ajustados para
Discapacidad (AVAD)
Indicador combinado de los problemas
de salud (ajustados por su gravedad)
y la defunción prematura
Mide la brecha entre cuán saludables
somos y lo cuanto podríamos ser
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Los 10 principales factores de riesgo en
AVADs (mundo)
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Los 10 principales factores de riesgo en
AVADs (Americas)
Female
1.6
Male
Total %
7.5
2.4
2.9
4.3
3.8
1.5
1.5
3
bl
oo
d
1
1.5
2.5
1.2
1
2.2
0.7
1.5
2.2
ys
e
ic
al
in
ac
tiv
Hi
gh
i ty
ch
ol
es
te
ro
l
U
ns
af
e
se
x
Il l
ici
td
U
ru
ns
gs
af
e
sa
ni
ta
tio
n
1.7
2.1
Ph
gl
uc
os
e
d
bl
oo
Hi
gh
an
d
ob
To
ba
ei
gh
t
2.2
2.1
O
ve
rw
5.5
es
i ty
cc
o
ho
l
Al
co
6.1
Hi
gh
9.1
2.6
pr
es
su
r
3.7
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
0.7
0.8
1.5
Taza de muerte y riesgo de muerte entre
los hombres en Rusia
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Taza de muerte y riesgo de muerte entre
los hombres en Rusia
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Taza de muerte y riesgo de muerte entre los
hombres en Rusia
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Porcentaje de todas las muertes por alcohol en
Rusia
59
60
50
40
%
33
30
14-54
20
10
22
0
12
55-74
Men
Women
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Costos económicos per capita (2007 $US PPP)
atribuibles al alcohol por tipo de costo
Thailand
Korea
Health
Law
Other
Productivity
Canada
Scotland
U.S.A.
France
0
200
400
600
800
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
1000
Adultos que no beben (%) por grupo económico (GDP
PPP I$1000) en el mundo (2005)
100%
90%
80%
abstainer (last year)
70%
60%
lifetime abstainer
50%
M=1 denotes the
midpoint of the
respective interval,
in the example
between I$ 0 and
1,000; M=45
denotes the interval
between I$ 40,000
and 50,000; etc.
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Bebedores (%) de acuerdo con ganancias diarias en las
subregiones de la OMS
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
<$1/day
$1-2/day
>$2/day
AFR_D
AFR_E
AMR_B
AMR_D
EUR_B
EUR_C
WPRO_B
Blakely et al 2004
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Consumo per capita de alcohol por adulto (litros de alcohol puro)
por grupo económico (GDP PPP I$1000)
en el mundo, 2005
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
M=1
M=3
M=5
M=7
M=9
M=11
M=13.5 M=17.5 M=25
M=35
M=45
M=1 denotes the midpoint of the respective interval, in the example between I$ 0 and
1,000; M=45 denotes the interval between I$ 40,000 and 50,000; etc.
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
AVADs por alcohol para el mismo nivel de consumo y grupo
económico en las subregiones de la OMS
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
1. El alcohol es un factor de riesgo importante
para:
a. Enfermedades no transmisibles
b. Enfermedades crónicas
c. Lesiones
d. Enfermedades mentales y del
comportamiento; y
2. Un factor que contribuye para las enfermedades
comunicables
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
2. El riesgo absoluto de morir de una
condición relacionada con el alcohol
incrementa linealmente desde el
consumo ZERO; las ocasiones de
consumo excesivo incrementan todos
los riesgos relativos
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
3. Añadir los daños a otras personas
duplica los costos sociales del alcohol
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
4. Mismo con 45% de la población mundial
siendo no consumidora, el alcohol es el
tercer factor de riesgo para la salud y
muerte prematura en el mundo; para las
personas entre 15-59 años de edad, es la
primera causa
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
5. 75% de los costos económicos del
alcohol vienen de la pérdida de la
productividad, correspondiendo a
1.7% de GDP en el mundo.
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Conclusiones
6. Para cada gramo de alcohol
consumido, los más pobres tienen
mayor riesgo de morir que los más
ricos, tanto en países desarrollados
como en los países en desarrollo.
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
Defunciones Prevenibles en las Américas
950/día
The Global Network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of
the Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol | First meeting, Geneva, 8-11 February 2011
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