Using Technology
in the (I)ESL Classroom
Digital Native or Digital Immigrant?
“Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants”
by Marc Prensky
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What level are you?
So, what?
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IESL and some younger ESL students are
digital natives!
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All students need computer literacy for
success.
Why aren’t teachers using
technology in the (I)ESL
classroom?
Why are teachers using technology
in the (I) ESL classroom?
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To teach, assess and practice language objectives

To be flexible in a variety of contexts and classroom
settings
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To be responsive to different learning styles
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To increase student motivation & reduce anxiety
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To provide opportunities for student-centered learning
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To provide access to authentic language and increase
cultural awareness
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To give immediate feedback for error correction
How is technology being used
in the (I) ESL classroom?

As an aid for the instructor
◦ Authoring, course management and presentation programs like
FrontPage, Blackboard and PowerPoint
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Self-guided, student-centered learning
(Teacher = Designer)
◦ Language-learning software, and multimedia like Focus on
Grammar Online and Authentic English resources found on the
Internet

As a life skill for work and community
◦ Using technology to complete a task, produce writing,
communicate with others and find information
So, what does the research suggest?
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Presentation Software
◦ To help teachers design activities that are multi-modal, permanent,
portable and environmentally friendly (Hanson-Smith, 2000 & Earp,
1997)

Multimedia
◦ To increase listening and reading comprehension (Merlet, 2000)

Internet ESL Listening and Reading activities
◦ To help develop L2 learners oral skills (LeLoup, 2005)

Email, blogging and other communicative writing
◦ To increase language production and student interest (LeLoup,
2003)
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Course Websites and Blackboard
◦ To reduce paper, provide transparency, increase student autonomy
and desire for life-long learning (Isbell, 2000 & Okamoto, 2001)
Best Practices for Teachers
Research the benefits and challenges of the technology
Use technology appropriate to the goals for each level in
the program
Choose technology that supports the Washington State
Technology Standards for ESL
Find funding sources for hardware, software and other
materials
Ask for technical training & technical support
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◦
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for Language Teachers
www.ict4lt.org
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Create opportunities to share examples of how to
integrate technology into our classrooms
RIGHT NOW
Bibliography
NCLE (January 2002). Uses of Technology in Adult ESL Education. National Center for ESL Literacy
Education, www.cal.org/ncle
Earp, Samantha (Dec. 1997). More than Just the Internet: Technology for Language Teaching. CAL Digests,
http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/earp0001.html
Merlet, S (2000). Understanding Multimedia Dialogues in a Foreign Language. Journal of Computer
Assisted Learning, 16, 148-156.
Hanson-Smith, Elizabeth (2000). Hands On Teacher Training: Presentation Software. Technology-Enhanced
Learning Environments. Alexandria,VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. (137148)
Jean W. LeLoup and Robert Ponterio (December 2003). Second Language Acquisition and Technology: A
Review of the Research. ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, EDO-FL-03-11
LeLoup, Jean W. & Robert Ponterio (2005). On the Net: First,You Have to Hear It! Oral Language
Practice. Language Learning & Technology 9 (3): 4-8. Retrieved from http://llt.msu.edu/vol9num3/net/.
Kelly, Charles (2000, March). Guidelines for Designing a Good Web Site for ESL Students.The Internet
TESL Journal,VI (3). Retrieved October 10, 2006, from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Kelly-Guidelines.html.
Boswood, T. (1998). In Boswood, T. (Eds.), New ways of using computers in language teaching (169-197).
Alexandria,VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.
Isbell, Katharine & Jonathan Reinhardt. (2000).Web Integration: A Model for Task-Based Learning. In
Hanson-Smith, E. (Eds.), Technology in the classroom (45-55). Alexandria,VA: Teachers of English to
Speakers of Other Languages.
Okamoto, T., A Cristea & M. Kayama (2001). Future Integrated Learning Environments with Multimedia.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 17, 4-12.
Technology
What is it?
1. PowerPoint
Presentation Software for Computers
2. Blackboard/
Angel
Course Management Software (used
online)
3. Web sites
Faculty Web Pages Available Online for
Students
4. Internet
Free Education Resources and Authentic
English
5. Multimedia
Video, Digital Recorders, Cameras
(Audio-Visual Materials)
6. Excel
Spreadsheet Software
7. Email/Blogs
Blog = short for Weblog (web + log)
Email = short for electronic mail
8. Computer
Labs
Student-Centered, Self-Guided Learning
Classrooms
How can we use it?
Jill’s Classroom
Examples of Using Technology
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Use youtube to build background knowledge
for pre- or post-reading.
◦ Prairie Dog Vacuum
Use a class blog for online journaling.
◦ ESL 041.01 Class Blog
Use Media Services for speaking selfassessment.
Use PowerPoint for grammar presentations
and/or writing prompts.
Use a website for class management.
◦ ESL 041.01 Class Web Site
Technology
What is it?
How can we use it?
1. PowerPoint
Presentation Software for
Computers
Teaching Grammar, Low-Level Writing Activities,
Speaking Games, Teaching Strategies
2. Blackboard/
Angel
Course Management
Software (used online)
Online Quizzes, Class Communication, Grading,
Linking to Sources
3. Web sites
Faculty Web Pages Available
Online for Students
Class Information, Linking to Resources
4. Internet
Free Education Resources
and Authentic English
Linking to Resources, Researching, Teacher-Created
Activities
5. Multimedia
Video, Digital Recorders,
Cameras (Audio-Visual
Materials)
Using YouTube, Using media services for recording
6. Excel
Spreadsheet Software
Managing Grades, Attendance and Student Reports
7. Email/Blogs
Blog = short for Weblog (web Online Journaling, Writing Assignments, Classroom
+ log)
Communication
Email = short for electronic
mail
8. Computer
Labs
Student-Centered, SelfGuided Learning Classrooms
FOG software, Net IDs, Mavis Beacon
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