Gerard Gielen
Pedagogue/Sexologist MD
Professional situation
Katholieke Hogeschool Limburg /Limburg catholic
university college HASSELT
Lecturer : department social work bachelor social
Courses : ICT & Research methology/Intercultural
social work/Management of organizations
CVO Hoger instituut der Kempen/Center for adult
education GEEL
Lecturer : department of teacher training
Courses : Psychology(head of the development
group )/General didactics/Practical teaching
methodology/Guidance of children in trouble
Welcome to Flanders
Catholic University College Limburg
(Katholieke Hogeschool Limburg)
Education in Flanders
Nursery and primary education
Secondary education
Tertiary education
Bachelor - Master
New structure
Profession oriented
Bachelor (180 ECTS)
Bachelor (180 ECTS)
Master (60 ECTS)
Who we are
Merger 1995
Transformation Higher
9 small institutions
6 Departments (faculties)
6 500 Students
600 FTEs (650 staff)
Tasks (by law)
Scientific Research
Community Service
6 Departments (faculties)
Commercial Sciences & Business Administration
Health Care
Industrial Sciences and Technology (Engineering)
Media and Design Academy
Social educator and Special Education
Teacher Training
Department Social Agogical Sciences
Bachelor orthopedagogy (Social Educator/Special
Regular 3 years day training
They work with : mental, physical,
sensorial…disabled people in (semi)residential
settings and ambulant; youth in trouble and at risk
youth prevention; youth with educational difficulties,
drug/alcohol abuse problems, working with
immigrants, learning problems, children, adults or
old people in social need, poverty,….
Social challenge
Scientific and technological development.
Labour market asks for flexible employees.
Availability of the social educator increases.
Student focused education.
Learn how to learn.
Education of competences
Special activities
Creativity week
Nature week
Reflection days
International collaboration : Romania, SouthAfrica, Morocco, Turkey, Surinam….
Stuwer adult project
Stimulating adults going studying again
Special program for workers, other ways of learning
Center for adult education
CVO Hoger Instituut der Kempen
CVO Technisch Instituut St. Jozef
The evening school
The evening school HIKempen
 Started in 1951 from a technical school
 Strongly related with ‘high school’
 Two different schools:
– Secondary level: 3000 students
– Higher level: 1500 students
 About 320 teachers
 A wide variety of training programmes
Offer on secondary level
 ICT-training: Office, web-design, autocad, etc.
 Computer technician: hardware
 Languages: French, English, German, Spanish,
Polish, Italian and Chinese
 Technical: construction, welding, repair of cars and
byclicles, wood processing, printing, etc.
 Food: cooking, hotel techniques, etc.
 Personal care: beauty specialist
 Tourism
Offer in higher education
Fiscal sciences
Management Office
Computer sciences
 Marketing
 Teacher training
 Social work
 Orthopedagogic
 Counsellor for elderly
 Electro-Mechanics
 Guide
 Travel Guide
Studying traject teacher training (GPB-OPLEIDING)
: diplom pedagogical competences
Starting competence
1. Otv Language skills
2. Oav General knowledge skills
Society and
competentie (MBC)
competence (POC)
competence (PPC)
4. MBCl Teaching and responsabilities
5. POCc Communication and cooperation
6. POCb Guiding and problem solving
7. POCg Group management
8. PPC Psycho-pedagogical competence
10. DCp Didactic competence initiation to
3. MBCo Education and society
9. DCa General didactic competence
Didactic competenc
11. DCo Didactic competence practical
teaching sessions
12. DCs Didactic competenc workplace
Teacher training in adult school
 Students follow minimal 2 years
lessons(+1/2 year for some students :
preparation studies) : 4 semesters
:modular system
 Between 8 and 9 hours /week
 Theoretical and practical oriented
courses and work field practice in schools
CVO HIKempen
Position of Roma children in Belgium ?
Travelling gypsies : living together in camps
(caravans) and moving from town to town
Living in poor situations in houses in the big cities :
Belgium : between 10000 and…. 50000 Roma
inhabitants…. The government doesn’t really know
because lots of them are illegal or travelling all the
Lots of other immigration groups : travellers,
Turkish, Maroccan, people from Eastern Europe,
African people Belgium is getting more and more a
multicultural situation (very good security system :
ex. head of a family with 2 children who doens’t
work gets about 1100 euro from government)
There is in fact no such thing as “the Roma
population”, which is in fact far from homogeneous:
there are traditional cleavages based on origin,
language, religion and occupation as well as more
recent divisions, such as economic status and kind
of residence. Some groups are nomadic, some are
sedentary (even if this is not the general
perception); some are well integrated in mainstream
population (minority in the general perception =
migrants group)
Some Roms live semi-nomadically: they travel in
summer and stay at private or public camping sites
during winter.
In Flanders and Brussels only 28 official camping
sites are available for about 400 families. 400 others
have their caravans on private sites, mostly not
complying with urban regulations, so they live in the
permanent threat of being chased away.
The other Roma live in houses, the majority being
forced to do so by the lack of camping sites. The
Roma are living in houses, mainly in the cities, but
also they move a great deal because they don’t
want to stay in one place or for working purpose.
By law, Belgium municipalities have the obligation to
allocate a piece of land to (Romani) travellers
(caravan dwellers) when they arrive but it is
forbidden to stay on forbidden places and the places
are limited.
Same problems as everywhere in Europe : very low
participation in education/racism from site of
autochthons (July 2010 700 French Roma had to
leave Belgium : big media event)
Educational participation
A survey of 1994 shows that 94.6 % of the Voyager
children were registered in a school but only 80.3%
attended school more than four days a week (20%
stayed at home on Wednesday since there was no
class in the afternoon).
Absenteeism increased with the age of the children
(from 13-15y), causing big problems in secondary
The biggest problem is among the Roms: only
18.8% of the children from 15 years attend school.
The girls are staying home at early level and have
children at early age.
Living circumstances
It is very difficult to see how they earn their money
: buying and selling cars or second hand machines,
lot of social security, unskilled, temporary jobs and
illegal activities (begging/stealing ???????)
For the Roma who live in the country without legal
documents only the informal labour market is
Lots of them are living from social security
(unemployment wages)
The recently immigrating Roma are considered
either as asylum seekers or illegal residents. For
asylum seekers the usual provisions are available for
a limited time.
More than 200.000 people are asking for asylum per
year. After a time these Roma become illegal
residents, and for these persons there is no policy at
all except expulsion.
Within the Belgian law they have a right to urgent
medical care and education
Roma/Sinti/Travellers and community
In the past the work for Roma/Sinti/Travellers was
done by charitable organizations, mainly Catholic.
From the beginning of the 1970’s these local
organizations were invited to unite in order to
receive subsidies from the Government. This is how
the Vlaams Centrum Woonwagenwerk was founded
in 1977. This organization is the only professional
one in Belgium.
There are also several Catholic missions with
Some local governments have social workers who
spend some time to travellers (institutional or in
temporary projects).
Actual situation
City Ghent has an estimated 5000 Roma living in
and around the city, according to Tinten, a nongovernmental organisation behind the weekly food
distribution programme that serves the city's illegal
The explosion of Roma, or Romani - people entering
Belgium from newly annexed Eastern European
countries over the past few years - has been a hot
topic in the media: television documentaries
detailing the harsh circumstances in their home
There were stories of tour operators capitalizing on
faulty newspaper headlines that "Belgium welcomes
all Roma" with a one-way bus ticket from Sofia to
Brussels costing as little as €56; or articles
discussing the political loopholes and opposing
viewpoints surrounding the migration boom. "The
Roma" seem to be everywhere.
"For many people, even if they don't have a house,
even if they don't have money, living in Belgium is
still better than there.“
Educational approach
Till 2002 different educational and stimulating
Since 1 September 2002, all the temporary projects
have been replaced by an integrated support
provision, paying special attention to children from
deprived backgrounds.
The Act on equal opportunities in education
In principle, each pupil (legal/illegal) has the right to
enroll in the school chosen by their parents or
GOK (Gelijke onderwijskansen) : equal
educational opportunities
The Act on equal educational opportunities ensures
that schools adopt a long-term and targeted strategy
to address the educational disadvantages of deprived
pupils and to encourage their integration.
To this end, schools receive additional funds for
monitoring and support. As a result, children with
fewer development opportunities are given better
The five equal opportunities indicators which
can provide additional support to the school in
primary education and the first stage of
secondary education are:
1. The parent is a barge skipper, fairground worker,
circus artist, circus manager or a caravan dweller.
2. The mother hasn’t obtained a certificate or
qualification of secondary education (or equivalent
3. The child is temporarily or permanently living
outside the family.
4. The family lives on a replacement income.
5. The language the child speaks with his family at
home is not Dutch.
A pupil with at least one of these characteristics is a
pupil eligible for GOK
A school obtains extra support provision if 10
percent (for primary and the first stage of secondary
school) or 25 percent (for the second and third
stage of secondary school) of its pupils are eligible
for GOK.
The funds which the school acquires on the basis of
the act on equal opportunities can be used for the
recruitment of additional staff.
By opting for a comprehensive approach, the school
provides better educational opportunities to children
of deprived backgrounds, as well as to children who
do not meet the equal opportunities indicators.
Therefore there are beneficial effects for all pupils.
Once the department has awarded the additional
support to the school, the school is free to use the
funds and allocate the hours. Funding is awarded for
a period of three years.
Prevention and remediation
Socio-emotional development
Language skills
Pupil and Parent participation
Study orientation
Intercultural education
Educational problem for Roma
The most urgent problem for Roma is regular school
attendance. They follow mostly vocational training,
part time education or special education.
Belgium : compulsary education but no obligation to
attend school (home education is possible)
Some programs and studies
There is a broad consensus that to be effective in
combating poverty and discrimination, interventions
must start early, and that education is one of the
most critical areas of intervention for Roma children.
Several individual programs are working in the big
cities : most of them are temporary projects.
In Belgium there is a lack of integrated programs :
most of them are temporary and on basis of
temporary fundings
But there is a difficult political situation in Belgium
(no government for almost a year) so ….
Good practices : sport ?