Republica Del Peru Peru is on the Western (Pacific) coast of South America Peru is just smaller than Alaska and has 2.88% arable farmland Population 29.2 million • Government: Multiparty constitutional republic, Pres. Garcia Perez elected President in 2006 , formed a government by Alliances • Languages : Spanish, Quechua • Religion: Catholicism, Hanan Pacha ( Inti, the Sun God, and Mama Quilla, the Moon Goddess) Coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (similar to an alpacca or llama), cinchona tree (the source of quinine), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out gold coins, all framed by a green wreath • Gross national income per capita $7,950 • Literacy 93% The Inca referred to their empire as Tawantinsuyu. The language quechua was imposed on the empire by the ruling elite and their dialect became the official “quechua” of the Incan Empire The Incan Empire c 1500 capital was Cusco, Peru covered modern Peru, parts of Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, and Colombia In Quechua the term Tawantin is a group of four things. Suyu means "region" or "province". The empire was divided into four suyus, whose corners met at the capital, Cusco (Qosqo). The term “Inca” means “Lord” and referred top the elite of the Empire Quipu or talking knot, record keeping devices The Last Supper by Marcos Sapaca Inca, Cuzco Cathederal , 1753 Sapaca was a member of the Cuzco School, an art center in which Spanish painters taught native students to paint religious works. Notice the viscacha (not cuy) and glasses of chicha. Please do not eat guinea pigs in Peru! Demographics by age: % <15 years: 29%, %>65: 6.4% Median age 26.2 Health Indicators for Peru • Life Expectancy: 74/77 (m/f) • Child Mortality: 21 per 1,000 live births • Maternal Mortality: 98 per 100,000 births • Top Causes of Death: Pneumonias, Heart Disease, Strokes, Stomach Cancer, Peri-natal, TB, Liver Diseases, HIV, Diarrhea Child Mortality : 21 per 1,000 live births • Important indicator of Community Health • Disparities follow the vulnerability pathways: poor, remote rural populations, indigenous people, immigrants internally displaced peoples, and refugees. Peru Urbanization : 77% Expenditure on Health $400 per person per year (4.6% GDP) UN R/P 20% : 15.2 World Bank GINI Coefficient: 48% Status of women: poor-fair Prepare to get dirty…..