Anthropology of High Altitude Environments Highest Mountain in the World: Mount Everest, Tibet and Nepal, 29,035ft, 8,850m Highest Mountain in Western Europe Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 15,771 feet / 4807 meters Highest Mountain in North America McKinley (Denali), Alaska: 20,320 feet / 6194 meters Highest Mountain in the 48 Contiguous United States Whitney, California: 14,494 feet / 4418 meters Highest Mountain in Africa Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340m / 5895m Highest Mountain in South America Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834 feet / 6960 meters Highest Mountain in Europe Elbrus, Russia (Caucasus): 18,510 feet / 5642 meters Highest Mountain in Antarctica Vinson Massif: 16,066 feet / 4897 meters Second Highest Mountain in the World: K2 or Mt. Austin Goodwin, Korakoram Range Pakistan-China Border, 28,251ft / 8,611m Mount Everest-Tibet and Nepal :29,035ft, 8,850m K2 or Mt. Austin Goodwin- Korakoram Range Pakistan-China Border: 28,251ft, 8,611m Kangchenjunga- Eastern Himalaya Tibet-Nepal Border: 28,169ft, 8586m Lhotse- China-Nepal Border: 8516m, 28,000ft Makalu-China-Nepal Border: 8,463, 27,800ft. Cho Oyu- Eastern Nepal-Tibet Border: 8,201 m., 26,906 Dhaulagiri- Eastern Nepal-Tibet Border: 8,201m, 26,906 ft. Manaslu- Nepal: 8,156m, 26,758ft. Nanga Parbat Peak-Gilgit, Baldistan, Korakoram Range, Pakistan: 8,126m, 26,660ft. Annapurna: Central Nepal: 8,091m, 26,545ft. World’s 10 Highest Peaks Mountain Statistics 1/8 (one-eighth) of the world's people live in the mountains. 1/4 (one-fourth) of the world’s landscape is mountainous. 1/4 (one-fourth) of the world’s tourists choose mountains to play or relax in. 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on mountain watersheds for fresh water. 3/4 (three-fourths) of the world’s countries have mountain ranges or high plateaus. 1,000’s (thousands) of different languages are spoken in mountain regions. 1,000,000,000 (one billion) people consider Mt. Kailash (in Asia) to be a sacred mountain. 2,000,000,000 (two billion) people depend on mountains for food, hydroelectricity, timber, or mineral resources. Mount Kailash (6,638m / 21,778 ft) Located in China (Tibet) People and Cultures of High Altitudes Places and Landscapes of High Altitude Andes Himalaya and Korakoram Alps Rocky Mountains Dr. Pitambar Sharma, Geographical Development Expert: "Mountain culture is different from other cultures. If you go to mountain regions of other parts of the world, say to Bolivia or Ecuador in South America, and come back to the mountains of Nepal, you sense some commonalities. People's capacity to adapt to mountain environment - coping mechanism is more or less similar no matter which mountain regions of the world they come from."