UIAA
ACCESS AND CONSERVATION
COMMISSION
Presentation to the Council Meeting in Matsomoto
Friday 5th October 2007
UIAA - ACCESS AND CONSERVATION COMMISSION
THE TEAM WHICH DEVISED ARGEO’S CHARTER
UIAA - ACCESS AND CONSERVATION COMMISSION
ARGEO’S CHARTER
GUIDELINES FOR A SUSTAINABLE MOUNTAIN
TOURISM IN COUNTRIES WITH FUTURE
DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL
Argeo is the ancient latin name for mount Ercyes, Kaiseri, Turkey
Guidelines paragraphs
1) Understanding and protecting the environment
2) Preserving the cultural identity
3) Tourism in the mountains
The Aim is to try and ensure that Countries where mountain tourism is in its infancy
may avoid the common errors and omissions which have marred a century of
development in the classical Alpine regions of Europe
UNDERSTANDING AND PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT
• Water protection
• Biodiversity
• Solid waste
• Liquid waste
• Typical agriculture
• Railways and roads
• Human presence
• Ski
Water Protection
Water in the mountain is a uniquely
precious resource
Streams and waterfalls characterise
mountain landscapes
It is important to guarantee constant and
abundant quantities of water in them
Extraction policies for hydroelectric
usage need to be well estimated
In any case, a constant and abundant
quantity of water must always be
guaranteed
Falling water in Valmasino Central Alps
Biodiversity
In most mountainous regions there is a HIGH LEVEL of biodiversity
The biodiversity is PRECIOUS and has to be guaranteed
The development of mountain tourism must NOT ENDANGER the specific
biodiversity
Predarossa peat-bog Disgrazia Group Central Alps
Solid Waste
Solid waste must always be properly and hygienically dispersed
“Sky dumps” must always be controlled and managed
River bank dumping prohibited because rain or flood will transport garbage downhill causing
severe pollution problems
Waste and rubbish not elimimated on the mountains, must be transported to the valley floor
Liquid Waste
It is essential that liquid waste
is collected and channelled to
purification plants
Pollution of water courses must
always be avoided
At high altitude, where it is
impossible to use biological
purification, special plants must
be created or waste contained
in special tanks transported by
helicopter to the valley floor
Typical Agriculture of High Mountain Pastures
Typical cultivations:
- need to be encouraged
- both form and characterize the landscape, culture and history of the mountains
- create habitats for wildelife
- contribute to the biodiversity
Mazeri, Svaneti, Caucasus, Georgia
Railways and Roads
Roads should
facilitate access to the
mountains
Where it is possible
railways are always
preferable to roads
The fewer cars you
have, the better it is
for the environment
Red train, Engadina, Central Alps
The construction of
new infrastructures in
the mountains must
be evaluated avoiding
damage to the natural
environment
Human Presence in
the Mountains
People living in mountains always modify
the environment
Paths, roads, bridges, houses, churches,
castles, fortresses, and villages are all
contributers to the CULTURAL IDENTITY of
a population
They must be preserved and never
destroyed
To restore these constructions without
destroying them is possible using modern
techniques
Local training in traditional crafts should be
strongly promoted and encouraged
Local designers and workers should be
taught to use typical materials and to employ
methods and techniques of traditional
architecture
Towerhouse, Mestia, Svaneti, Georgia
Ski Grounds
Ski-lifts, cable cars, ski-slopes
and fences have improved the
economic conditions of mountain
areas
They do not have to disfigure the
landscape
They should be located in
consultation with communities
and other user groups
Their construction does not
preclude other activities such as
mountaineering, ski-touring,
climbing and trekking
Stelvio National Park, Central Alps
PRESERVING THE CULTURAL IDENTITY
Tourists in the mountains desire to
experience traditional cultures
Typical languages, clothes,
handicrafts… must be well preserved
Social and economic development must
be designed to harmonise wifh the
landscape and to protect natural
features.
Kharagauli Nationalpark, Georgia
PRESERVING THE CULTURAL IDENTITY
Focus on:
Economic development:
•
balance must be maintained
•
economic wellbeing and
globalization must prevent the
destrucion of local cultures and
the environment
Equal opportunities for the population
of mountain regions:
•
to preserve local traditions without
converting mountain scenery into
theme parks
•
Mountain communities need
modern facilities
Poschiavo Village, Central Alps, Switzerland
PRESERVING THE CULTURAL IDENTITY
Focus on:
The promotion of local cultures and skills
•
young people must study local history and typical
traditions
•
Historical and ethnographic research must be
supported by books and audiovisual aids
The promotion of typical handicrafts:
By the creation of crafts training workshops, where
older and skilled artists and craftsmen can
instruct and train the new generation of
mountain craftsmen.
Handmade pottery, Cappadochia, Turkey
PRESERVING THE CULTURAL IDENTITY
Focus on:
Promotion of local traditions:
• local usages,
• religious beliefs,
• celebratory festivals…
Mama Ashu feast day procession, Chacas, Perù
TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINS
•
Mountaineering, trekking, climbing,
ski touring,… can transform the
economic development of mountain
areas
•
Free access to the mountains must
be guaranteed
•
Limitation of access must be well
considered and put into effect only
when strictly necessary
•
Raising awarness of issues is more
effective rather than regulating
access
UIAA Magazine Cover feb 2000
TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINS
Suggestions to develop a
sustainable mountain
tourism policy:
• Promote the professional training of
local mountain guides
• Promote the creation of local travel
agencies (protect from exploitation
of mountain tourism by multinational agencies!)
• Build huts and bivouacs along the
well frequented paths ( where it is
possible by restoration of existing
structures) new provision must be
the exception)
• In building huts is necessary to
avoid spoliation of the wilderness;
remoteness and distance from the
roads or railways and popularity of
the area are determining factors
Marco e Rosa de Marchi – Agostino Rocca Hut,
Bernina Group, Central Alps
TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINS
In building a new hut it is strongly
recommended that modern
methods of construction are
employed:
To accord to ecological principles
To use heat- conserving materials
MASSIVE
TROMBE
WALLS
To use the energy of the sun
(photovoltaic panels for
electricity, solar panels for
producing hot water, massive
walls for heating rooms)
To use the energy of running water
for local hydroelectricity
PHOTOVOLTAIC
PANELS
Marco e Rosa de Marchi – Agostino Rocca Hut, m 3610 a.s.l
TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINS
For tourists’ accomodation:
Promote restoration of old civil and
rural structures ( often tourists
prefer to stay in an old traditional
building, instead of in a new one)
However the tourist’s accomodation
must:
•
guarantee cleanliness, hygiene
and essentials facilities ( toilet,
wash-basin, shower)
•
assure modern standards of
healh and safety
Traditional buildings in Orobie Group, Central Alps
TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINS
Provision of way-marked paths
enabling visiting mountaneeres
to explore the regions by
themselves and without guide
Ensure regulations for hunting and
fishing are linked to promotion of
natural environment
CONCLUSIONS
1) These guidelines can be adapted by local communities to their
particular characteristics and needs
2) Tourism in the mountains is important to ensure sustainable
development to people living in mountain regions and to
increase their standard of living
3) At the same time it is important to safeguard the landscape and
local culture
4) Countries where mountain tourism is in its infancy may then
avoid the errors, mistakes, and omissions perpetrated in
Europe and in other places around the world
CONCLUSIONS
5) It is important in many cases to create “ parks ” to preserve
flora, wild animals, environment and local traditions whilst
permitting reasonable and responsible access
6) Tourists of tomorrow will increasingly need to escape from
the congestion of towns and cities to relate to nature
through the mountains
7) The mountains will provide fresh air, exercise and a good
quality natural environment
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