NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Technology Infusion Working Group
Karen Moe, NASA/ESTO
Rob Raskin, NASA/JPL
Earth Science Data Systems Working Group Meeting
College Park, MD
November 14 - 16, 2006
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Agenda
• Mission & Scope
• Activities & Accomplishments
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Process & Strategies
Web Services
Semantic Web
Capability Vision
• Breakout Session Agenda
• Technology Showcase
– Web Services and Semantic Web Demonstrations
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Tech Infusion Working Group
• Mission
– Enable NASA’s Earth Science community to reach its research,
application, and education goals more quickly and cost effectively
through widespread adoption of key emerging information technologies
• Scope
– Information technologies that...
• Provide capabilities critical to the ESD mission & vision
• Have been substantially developed (TRL6-9) but have not been widely
deployed
• Cannot be obtained simply through reuse of mature subsystems or software
• May be slow to be adopted because of the unique characteristics of Earth
science (e.g., high data volumes)
• Approach
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Improve community understanding of the technology infusion process
Identify barriers and solutions to technology adoption
Use case studies to evaluate effectiveness of infusion processes
Identify and evaluate new and emerging technologies
Develop roadmaps for adoption of key technologies
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
TIWG 2006 Activities
• Maintained 3 active subgroups
– Infusion Process and Strategies
• Subgroup lead: Steve Olding
– Web Services
• Subgroup lead: Ken Keiser (UAH)
– Semantic Web
• Subgroup leads: Rob Raskin (JPL) and Peter Fox (NCAR)
• Conducted weekly telecons
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1st Thursday: Full working group
2nd Thursday: Process and Strategies
3rd Thursday: Web Services
4th Thursday: Semantic Web
• Presented posters at January and July ESIP Federation meetings,
Geoinformatics 2006, AGU Joint Assembly, and ESTC 2006
• Held TIWG breakout session at July ESIP Federation meeting
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Subgroup Activities
• Process and Strategies
– Completed infusion process document
– Conducted infusion readiness case study (REACT)
– Developed infusion readiness assessment
• Web Services
– Reviewed OGC Web Coverage Service
– Developed web services demonstrations in collaboration with ESIP
Federation Web Services Cluster
– Presented web services demos at the July ESIP Federation meeting
• Semantic Web
– Reviewed current maturity of semantic web technologies
– Developed semantic web roadmap
• Capability Vision
– Continued dissemination of the capability vision
– Presented the vision at Geoinformatics 2006, AGU Joint Assembly,
ESTC 2006, and July ESIP Federation meetings
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Technology Infusion
Process and Strategies Sub-Group
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Technology
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Infusion Process Overview
• Summarizes 2005 findings
• 3 perspectives on technology
infusion
– The innovation development
process
– The innovation-decision
process
– TIWG infusion process
• Conclusion and
Recommendations
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Infusion Education
New Technology Awareness
Technical Support
Funding for Infusion
Technology Assessment
Process
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Prior
Conditions
Innovation Decision Process Model
- the means by which a message gets from the
source to the receiver
-different channels may play different roles in
creating awareness and persuading individuals to
change their attitude towards the innovation
Previous practice
Felt needs / problems
Innovativeness
Norms of the social systems
Communication Channels
Knowledge
Characteristics of the
'Decision-Making Unit'
Socioeconomic characteristics
Personality variables
Communication behavior
Persuasion
Decision
Implementation
Adoption
Perceived
Characteristics of
the Innovation
Relative advantage
Compatibility
Complexity
Trialability
Observability
Adapted from: Rogers (1995),”Diffusion of Innovations”
Confirmation
Continued
Adoption
Later Adoption
Discontinuance
Rejection
Continued
Rejection
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
• Rapid Environmental Assessment
Composition Tools (REACT)
– Client application - part of the decision support
tools being implemented by ACT under a
cooperative agreement with NASA
– Provides network centric services (client-to-server
and peer-to-peer) for reading, reprojecting, and
subsetting geo-spatial satellite imagery
REACT Schedule and Key Deliverables
REACT Technology Infusion Case
Study
• Infusion case study
– Conducted infusion readiness case study
using REACT as an example of a new
technology preparing for infusion
– Evaluated infusion readiness using the
infusion decision process model
• Developed a self-assessment
questionnaire
– Questions designed to elicit preparedness
of the technology for infusion
– Based on infusion decision process model
Year 1: Application Component – a) Req. Gathering, b) Install
high end HW/SW to ingest/process/serve data, c) enhance
current Fusion server & Decision Support Tool Technology.
Year 2: Application Component – a) Demonstrate widely available
internet access to all data levels, b) develop initial Hazardous
Algal Bloom product based on satellite/model data in GIS and
other compatible formats, c) add new data streams (e.g. NPP
VIIRS)
Year 3-5: Application Component – a) Expand to other application
areas, geographic areas, and data sources, b) identify and
customize architecture to provide additional decision support
tools, assist in transition of application to operation.
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Technology Infusion Readiness
Assessment
• Questions
– Target users and target user
characteristics
• Identifying the prospective users.
– Innovation characteristics
• Factors affecting prospective users’
perceptions of the technology.
– Financial
• What are the financial implications of
adopting the technology for the
prospective user?
– Productization
• How much effort is required to take a
technology that is proven in the lab and
turn it into a 'product'
– Communication channels
• How will we communicate with the
different prospective users?
– Characteristics of the innovation
decision
• How will the decision to adopt the
innovation be made?
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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Technology Infusion
Web Services Sub-Group
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Web Service Chaining Demo
• Goal:
– Demonstrate collaborative service “chains” by connecting
together services from many ESIP Federation members
• Example Scenario:
– Analyze an Air Quality event
• Demo Participants
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GENESIS SciFlo Workflows – Brian Wilson
DataFed – Rudy Husar
BPELPower Workflows – Liping Di, Peisheng Zhao
WIPE/REACT engine – Eric Malaret
OpenDAP / ECHO – Peter Cornillion & Michael Burnett
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Web Service Chaining Demo
• Success Story
Carbon Cycle
– Developed as a collaboration between TIWG and ESIP
Federation Web Services Cluster
• Activity organized using the Federation Wiki, WS Cluster telecons,
and TIWG telecons (participants are geographically dispersed)
• Nine groups published callable services on the Wiki
• Six groups participated in service choreography demos
– Demonstrated service chains for data query & access,
visualization, image overlay, and simple data fusion
– Demonstrated interoperability between different types of
services: OGC WMS/WCS, SOAP, OpenDAP
• A service chain can combine all three
– Identical Air Quality analysis chains executed by both
BPELPower & SciFlo workflow engines
• Two different environments for authoring XML workflow documents]
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Geographically Distributed
Participants & Services
Join us at: http://wiki.esipfed.org/index.php/Available_Services
Carbon Cycle
GMU LAITS
DataFed
WCS, Render, Aggregate
services
GENESIS SciFlo
GeoRegionQuery services
SciFlo workflow engine
UAH
WMS, HDFEOS Subsetting
ADaM Data Mining
WMS/WCS, Reprojection,
Reformatting services
BPELPower workflow
WIPE from ACT
Query, coverage, mosaics
MSHELL analysis pipelines
SURA SCOOP
SOAP Catalog & Inventory
services for ocean data
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Air Quality Scenario
AIRNOW.pmfine
WCS
Render SOAP
Image
SURF_MET.temp
WCS
Render SOAP
Image
Executable
by BPELPower
Carbon
Cycle
or SciFlo workflow engines
Overlay Images
SOAP
Fused
Image
MODIS Image
via WMS
Dataflow Combines
5 remote services:
- OGC WCS calls (2)
- OGC WMS call
- SOAP services to
render & overlay
images
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• Challenges / Lessons Learned
Lessons Learned
Carbon Cycle
– Daunting semantic variation in service interfaces
• Many ways to describe a lat/lon bounding box, etc.
• We leveraged OGC WMS/WCS popularity by creating SOAP
services with similar semantics
• Ultimately need standards, taxonomies, & semantic mediation
– Simple, modular XML standards (Microformats) are best
• GML is too large & complex for easy use
– Simple, flat service interfaces are more reusable
• Complex, deeply hierarchical XML input/output docs. are difficult to
generate correctly & extract information from
• Should hide complexity whenever possible
– Demonstrated service chains were simple, but a good start
• More complex analysis & data fusion scenarios will be challenging
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Web Service Chaining
• On-Going Work
Carbon Cycle
– Add domain scenarios from all Federation Application Clusters
• Science Analysis
• Real-Time Decision Support
– Publish & call more kinds of services
• Subsetting, Aggregation, Geo-Transformations, Re-projection, Data
Fusion, Custom Analysis, Data Mining, Decision Support
– Develop & exploit standard XML Microformats
• De facto geo-location standards from Google Earth, Microsoft
Virtual Earth, & GIS world; and science domain standards
• Simple microformats agreed upon on-the-fly during collaborations
– Join the growing “Chain Gang”, please . . .
• Publish your services on the Wiki (we will call them)
• Develop or participate collaboration scenarios
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Web Services Roadmap
• On-Going Work
Outcome
 Improved
Information
Sharing
Assisted
Interoperable
Output
Information Discovery &
Infrastructure Mediation
Data
Messaging
Technology
Capability
Results
– Update Web Services Roadmap to reflect experience with the
demonstrations
 Accelerated
Research &
System Cost
Savings
 Increased
Collaboration &
Interdisciplinary
Science
 Open geospatial
services proliferate
 Geospatial services
established
 Parameter-based
product searches and
access
 Full geospatial logical
searches and access
 Local processing +
data exchange
 Basic data tailoring
services (data as
service)
 Open data access
established (OpenDAP,
OGC)
 Open service
protocols established
(HTTP, REST)
Current
 Increased PI
Participation in
Information
Production
 Increased
Data Utilization
 Production quality
geospatial services
 Semantic
geospatial search &
access
 Interoperable
geospatial services
(analysis as service)
 Intelligent
Services
 Automatic
service
mediation
 Metadata-driven data
fusion (semantic
service chaining)
 Common geospatial
 Geospatial service
 Open geospatial
schema adopted
catalog established (WSDL, ontology converges
(GML, ESML)
UDDI)
(OWL)
 Common service
protocol, description
adopted
(SOAP, WSDL)
Near Term
 Unified security & identity  Standard workflow
management
language infused
(WS-Security, SAML)
(BPEL)
Mid Term
Long Term
18
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
Technology Infusion
Semantic Web Sub-Group
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
•
Reviewed current maturity of tools
for the Semantic Web
– Ontology languages: RDF, OWL
(OWL-Lite, OWL-DL, OWL-Full)
– Ontology editing and visualization:
Protege, SWOOP, Medius,
Cerebra Construct, SweDE
– Reasoners: Pellet, Racer, Cerebra
Server, Medius Knowledge
Brokering Suite.
– Knowledge Inference: Thetus
– Web Services: OWL-S
– Ontology storage: KOWARI,
Sesame
– Search Tools: SWOOGLE
– Ontologies: SWEET. Upper level
ontology for Earth system science.
Semantic Web Activities
• Updated Capability Vision to
reflect semantic technologies
• Developed Semantic Web
Roadmap
– Technologies
– Capabilities
– Results
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 Increased Collaboration
& Interdisciplinary Science
 Geospatial semantic
services established
Assisted
Discovery &
Mediation
Output
Outcome
 Improved
Information
Sharing
Interoperable
Information
Infrastructure
Vocabulary
Languages/
Reasoning
Technology
Capability
Results
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
 Common vocabulary
based product search
and access
 Local processing +
data exchange
 Geospatial semantic
services proliferate
 Semantic
geospatial search &
inference, access
 Basic data tailoring
services (data as
service), verification/
validation
Semantic Web Roadmap
 Acceleration of
Knowledge
Production
 Revolutionizing
how science is
done
 Scientific semantic
assisted services
 Semantic agentbased searches
 Autonomous
scientific
inference
 Semantic
agent-based
integration
 Interoperable
 Metadata-driven
geospatial services data fusion (semantic
(analysis as service),
service chaining),
explanation
trust
 SWEET core 1.0
 SWEET core 2.0
 SWEET 3.0 with semantic  Reasoners
based on
based on best practices
callable interfaces via
able to utilize
GCMD/CF
decided from community
standard programming
SWEET 4.0
languages
 RDF, OWL, OWL Geospatial
 Numerical
 Scientific
S
reasoning, OWLreasoning
reasoning
Time
Current
Near Term
Mid Term
Long Term
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Discovery
Workflow
Inference
Competing
catalog
schemas
Standard workflow
language (BPEL)
Built into code
logic and in the
head of the user
Earth
Science
Standards
GCMD, CF, ESML,
GML, etc.
Languages
XML, RDF
Semantic Web: Roadmap Details
Common semantic
service catalog
established
Semantic framework
for Web Services,
WSMO
Basic semantics
(DL, FOL)
SWEET Core 1.0
VSTO, MMI, others
OWL-DL, OWL-Full
Enhanced semantic
search into search
engines
Semantic
service
chaining, SWSL
High degree of
semantic
understanding
Automatic knowledge
discovery and mining
Intelligent
algorithm
programming
chaining
Intelligent
message
routing (SOL)
SWEET core 2.0 +
domain and math
plug-in
SWEET 3.0 + science
applications plug-in
OWL-S, SWRL
PML
WSML
Current
Syntax
Near Term
Semantics
Mid Term
Explanation/Rules
Long Term
Proof/Trust
22
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Technology Infusion
Capability Vision
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Capability Vision Outreach
• Continue to raise awareness of the
Capability Vision
• Improve online availability
– PowerPoint and PDF versions
– New Flash version created
• Rudy Husar and Erin Robinson
– NASA web sites
• DSWG, ESTO, Tech Infusion
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Capability Vision Posters
Geoinformatics 2006
AGU Joint Assembly
ESTC 2006
ESIP Federation summer
meeting
Capab
25
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
• Leverage the Capability Vision to
stimulate interest within the Earth
science community in new and
emerging technologies
• Provide assessment of current
state of technologies to support the
top 10 capabilities
Extending the Vision
TIWG Capability Vision
– Identify current research and
available technologies
– Assess technology maturity
– Identify gaps and opportunities
• Verify alignment with similar
technology vision activities (e.g.
EOSDIS Evolution)
EOSDIS
Evolution
26
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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Technology Infusion Breakout Sessions
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Review web services
demo – lesson learned,
recommendations etc.
Updating the roadmap
Review of the Semantic
Web roadmap.
Breakout Session Agenda
Extending the capability
vision. Assessment of
technology maturity.
What are the hot new and
emerging technologies?
How do we identify and
monitor them?
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS
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ESDS Tech Infusion Working Group
Technology Showcase
• Technology demonstrations on Wednesday afternoon
– 2:30 – 3:30 Web services chaining choreography update
• Brian Wilson, Rudy Husar, Liping Di, Eric Malaret
– 3:30 – 3:15 Web service based data mining
• Deployment & orchestration of automated workflows at DAAC. Ken
Keiser & Chris Lynnes
– 4:00 – 5:00 Semantic Web
• Ontology-supported knowledge discovery in geospatial semantic
web. Liping Di.
• NOESIS an ontology-based semantic search tool & resource
aggregator. Rahul Ramachandran & Ken Keiser.
• Ontology collaboration web site. Peter Fox & Rob Raskin.
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Technology Infusion Working Group