A perspective on agricultural and trade
issues of India ….
Indian Agriculture – An Overview…
Challenges facing Indian agriculture &
Syngenta’s contribution…
March 6, 2014
Some facts….
Total calorie requirement will go up
from
2495 to 3000
Food grain production would need
to increase by
5.5 MT annually
By 2050 global
population will rise to 9
billion….out of which
1.7 billion will be
in India alone
Currently..
52% of our population is involved in
Agriculture....
yet it contributes just 13.7% to India’s
GDP
2
Demand for high-value food commodities
will go up by > 100% due to migration
of people into cities, increased wealth,
shift towards diets rich in protein
Growing resource constraints
Produce more with less…
Land | Water | Labor
•
•
Much of India’s total arable area already in use (46%)
Most remaining land has serious soil and terrain
constraints
Arable Land (ha) per person
0.9
Hectare of Arable Land
0.8
0.7
Most populous countries have
least room to expand
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
3
Source: UN and FAO, 2005
There is also the problem of….
Decreasing size of landholding
in India are
smallholders
They cultivate 44%
of the land and
contribute 50% to
farm output
Landholding declined
from 2.30ha in the
70s to 1.32 ha in
2000-01
Average size would
be a mere 0.68 ha
in 2020 and 0.32
ha in 2030
86% growers
4
And the degradation of the production environment….
Soil erosion has degraded 120.72
million ha of land in India
8.4 million ha has soil salinity
and water-logging
Water-table & water quality
deteriorating
Green-revolution belt exhibiting
problems owing to overexploitation and mismanagement
of soil-and-water resources
5
Growing resource constraints
Produce more with less…
Land | Water | Labor
Agriculture is India’s
largest user of
water
>40% lost to
inefficient practices
Nearly 50%
agricultural land is
rain-fed
6
Source: UN-Water and FAO
Growing resource constraints
Produce more with less…
Land | Water | Labor
Farm demographics- aging
population and migration
to cities influence labor
availability
High-tech machines,
complex production
processes and strict
production regulations
require skilled labor
7
Source: UN-Water and FAO
Indian Agriculture
● India agriculture has an extensive background which goes back to 10
thousand years. At present, in terms of agricultural production, the
country holds the second position all over the world.
● Indian Agriculture has made rapid strides since independence;
- From food shortages and import
to self-sufficiency and exports.
- From subsistence farming
to intensive and technology led cultivation.
- Today , India is the front ranking
producer of many crops in the world.
- Ushered in through the
green, white, blue and yellow revolutions
8
8
Indian Agriculture – Respective Global Rank
Total Area
Irrigated Area
Population
Economically Active population
Total Cereals
Wheat
Rice
Coarse grains
Total Pulses
Oil Seeds
Fruits and Vegetables
Implements (Tractors)
Milk
Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes)
9
7th
1st
2nd
2nd
3rd
2nd
2nd
4th
1st
2nd
2nd
3rd
1st
1st
Indian Agriculture- Some Facts
● Contributes to 14% of GDP
● Provides food to 1.25 Billion people
● Sustains 65% of the population : helps alleviate poverty
● Produces 51 major Crops
● Provides Raw Material to Industries
● Contributes to 1/6th of the export earnings
● Huge bio-diversity : 46,000 species of plants & 86,000 species of animals Largest
producer in the world of pulses , tea , and milk
● India was largest exporter of rice and guar gum, and second largest exporter of
cotton and beef (buffalo meat).
● Second Largest producer of fruits & vegetables,wheat,rice,groundnut & sugarcane.
● Our major imports: edible oils (US $11 billion) and pulses (about US $ 3 billion).
10
Agriculture productivity in India - 1970 to 2010
Average YIELD,
1970-1971
Average YIELD,
1990-1991
Average YIELD,
2010–2011
kilogram per hectare
kilogram per hectare
kilogram per hectare
Rice
1123
1740
2240
Wheat
1307
2281
2938
Pulses
524
578
689
Oilseeds
579
771
1325
Sugarcane
48322
65395
68596
Tea
1182
1652
1669
Cotton
106
225
510
Crop
11
Indian Agriculture – Major Crop Areas
Total Geographical Area - 328
million hectares
Net Area sown - 142 million
hectares
Gross Cropped Area – 190.8
million hectares
Major Crop Production;
12
Rice
106 million tonnes
Wheat
Coarse
Cereals
Pulses
96 million tonnes
Oilseeds
20.9 million tonnes
Sugarcane
29.9 million tonnes
41 million tonnes
20 million tonnes
Indian Agriculture – Strong regional variations in yield
Average farm yield
in Bihar
Average farm yield in
Karnataka
Average farm yield in
Punjab
kilogram per hectare
kilogram per hectare
kilogram per hectare
Wheat
2020
N.A
3880
Rice
1370
2380
3130
Pulses
610
470
820
Oil seeds
620
680
1200
Sugarcane
45510
79560
65300
Crop
13
Indian Agriculture – Present Scenario (SWOT)
● STRENGTHS
- Rich Bio-diversity
- Arable land
- Climate
- Strong and well dispersed
research and extension
system
● OPPORTUNITIES
-
14
● WEAKNESS
- Fragmentation of land
- Low Technology Inputs
- Unsustainable Water
Management
- Poor Infrastructure
- Low value addition
● THREATS
- Unsustainable Resource Use
- Unsustainable Regional
Development
- Imports
- small and shrinking holding
size (1.16 ha in 2010-11);
- climate variability...high risk.
But the future is safe and optimistic for the next decade and more
Bridgeable yield crops
Exports
Agro-based Industry
Horticulture
Untapped potential in the
North Eastern part of India
10 challenges faced by agriculture in India
● Small and fragmented land holdings
● Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides
●
●
●
●
Shortage of good quality Seeds for poor peasants
Problem of Irrigation
Lack of mechanization
Soil erosion
● Agricultural marketing
● Inadequate storage facilities
● Inadequate transport
● Scarcity of capital
15
Classification: PUBLIC
Draft
Contribution of Syngenta in India
16
Syngenta in India is….
• A leading Agribusiness
• Providing Integrated solutions
• Engaging with growers at every
step.
• Focusing on 8 strategic crops.
• World class R&T centre and
Manufacturing site in Goa
• Research stations across India
• Seed manufacturing facilities
17
Our Strategy
Our strategy has growers’ needs at its heart
Integrate
Innovate
Outperform
18
Create integrated offers supported
by agronomic expertise and
understanding of growers challenges
Develop new solutions combining biology and chemistry,
incorporating adjacent technologies and building
new business models
Outperform on the farmer’s field, gain market share,
sustain profitable growth
Our Philosophy
Taking responsibility for our productsfrom production to safe use, storage
and disposal is a priority at Syngenta
17,000 trainings for farmers in 2012
More than 1
million farmers and
nearly 1900 Channel partners trained
6500 posters in regional languages
distributed
Active participation in ‘Container
Management Program’ of
Crop Life India
19
Our Collaborations
20
Corporate Social Responsibility
21
The Good Growth Plan
India
22
The Good Growth Plan
More food
Less waste
More biodiversity
Less degradation
Make crops
more efficient
Rescue
more
farmland
Help
biodiversity
flourish
Increase average productivity
of the world’s major crops by
20% without using more
land, water or inputs
Improve the
fertility of 10
million hectares
of farmland on
the brink of
degradation
Enhance
biodiversity on
5 million
hectares of
farmland
More health
Less poverty
Empower Help people Look after
smallholders stay safe every worker
Reach 20 million Train 20 million
smallholders
farm workers on
and enable them
labor safety,
to increase
especially in
productivity
developing
by 50%
countries
Strive for fair
labor conditions
throughout our
entire supply
chain network
One planet. Six commitments.
23
India Examples
GroMore an integrated rice solution comprising of simple protocols offering
timely advice ‘in the language of the farmer’ to establish and protect the crop,
delivering immediate yield increases of up to 30%.
Tegra™: Piloted in South India in 2009. An integrated growing system,
delivering more productive tillers and a yield increase of up to 30%.
Project Nirmiti: a program that utilizes a network of local residents to make
agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural
India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods.
Techno-Commercial Centers: Farmer Producer Companies set up by
government in Madhya Pradesh aim to help India’s smallholders access
technology and achieve economies of scale in purchasing, marketing etc.
Syngenta Me and Mine utilizes a network of local residents to make
agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural
India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods.
24
Joints projects with PAU “ Popularsing recommended agronomic practices of crop viz
Rice,Corn,Wheat & Potato” Major PROJECT GroMore Rice / MaxWheat
25 INTERNAL ONLY
Classification:
Summary of North GroMore pilot project with PAU – 2012/13
MOU Signed with PAU
Sharing GroMore concept
Oct. 2011
June 2012
Syngenta GroMore Pilot
Yield increase
–
32%
Syngenta CP protocol – Rs.7731/ha
PAU officials sharing GroMore
Tillers to farmers
August 2012
26
Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
PAU officials & growers Counting
GroMore Panicles & grains
September 2012
Actual yield and quality data is expected by Oct end 2012
Grower CP spend
– Rs.4790/ha
Additional income –
Rs.21917 / ha
Outcome for Grower & Syngenta
Better ROI for grower
October 2012 onwards
Outlining GroMore Project
•
•
•
•
Selected 5 Districts in Punjab – Divided each in to two sub districts.
5 Villages in each sub district – 10 Villages per district
5 Growers per village – 250 Growers in all 5 districts
Undertaken ½ Acre of Grower for GroMore – 125 Acres Under GroMore
Geograph
y
Central Plain
Zone
Developin
g
Amritsar
Developed
Ludhiana
Mixed
Jalandhar
•
27
Sub Mountainous
Undulating Zone
Undulating Plain
Zone
Developing Geography
Gurdaspur
Kapurthala
Selected 5 Districts cover;
• Major rice agro climatic zones
• 40% of Punjab rice acreage & production
• PAU presence (Farm Advisory Services)
• Both Rice-Wheat & Rice-Potato rotations
Developed Geography
Data Summary
• Total Grower Data – 173 (8 Sub Districts )
• ROI - Average yield increase value is R.22K/Ha over farmer
practice with Rs. 3K/Ha increase in CP spend.
• Average Increase in Yield & Additional Income across
geographies;
Developing
Developed
Mixed
Yield Increase - MT/ Hectare
1.82
1.56
1.68
Yield Increase %
41%
20%
30%
Additional Income/ Hectare INR
23321
19904
21520
28
GroMore – Summary of “ Grower feedback”
• Nursery in beds
• GroMore Plot is like
is meaningful
garden – Everyone
•
Line transplantation
helped in aeration
stops to see.
• Liako prophylactic
of crop hence less
pests/Disease
is unique.
• Fellow farmers who
& Agri.ops are easy
made fun of us are
• Reduced Fertilizer
inputs
now appreciating.
•
• Actara drench gives
lush-green-healthy
will yield more.
•
seedlings.
• One line off is good
More hills/Sq. Meter
Uniform crop
emergence/tillering.
•
Had to spend
• Thionutri at 15 DAT
Rs.800 on manual
gives more tillers
weeding in my plot
•
Not only preached but
practiced too.
•
The only company
having complete
solution.
29
GroMore is a dream harvest for farmers !!
Better Output Price – because of better quality GroMore crop
fetching min 22 $ /MT means 9% higher than farmer practice
Early Harvesting - GroMore harvesting is early by 15 days , means
will be able to advance sowing of Rabi crop for a better harvest .
Observe the grain color
GroMore Practice
30
Farmer Practice
1st GroMore harvest in market
GroMore – Summary of officials'’ feedback
I would like to thank
Syngenta rice team for
this kind of Unique
initiative in our
developing area of Rice.
Deputy commissioner Gurdaspur –
Dr. A Trikha IAS
By this unique story telling you are not only
doing verbal education of rice cultivation but
also demonstrating it in farmer fields….is
commendable .
Syngenta rice team team was recognized in
annual PAU Kissan expo.
PAU Vice- Chancellor , Dir. of Agriculture Punjab, ADG IRRI, Head
of PAU Kissan Club, PAU governing board members
NABARD Team & Deptt of Agriculture officials
31
We feel good to attend such
knowledge dissemination
meetings
Dr.MK Saini – FASS ( Farm
advisory service Gurdaspur)
Global Nuffield farming Scholars from Canada/Ireland/New-Zealand & Australia (Guests at
PAU Kisan Mela) have seen GroMore Rice Plots
“PAU & Syngenta have jointly taken a good
initiative with Rice project This will surely
enhance rice productivity. Farmer will surely get a
yield increase of 20-30%.”
Brenda Schlepp 2012 Scholar
Canadian Nuffield Agricultural Scholar
“Hopes of new revolution will come in future
with the increase of plant population /m²
More Seedling …More crop/Yield
Good initiative. Keep it up
Mr. P.P.S.Pangali (President PAU kisan Club)
32
“It is seen first time the way farmers are being
advise in such a good manner.”
Jemma Sadler 2012 Scholar ,
Wongan Hills in Western Australia,
“It is amazing to see the difference between the
GroMore Rice Plot & Farmer practice field .The
GroMore Plot is completely free of pest & Farmer
Practices was fully damage with pest”
Robin Schaefer,
Loxton in South Australia
Farmer excited to see the MaxWheat project results
33
Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
MaxWheat Project- Agronomy informationinformation gave to growers
34
Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
Safety / Application message….. In all the farmer meeting..
35
Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
GroMore Rice Approach…. Easy to understand
Seedling phase
Vegetative
Establish yield & quality foundation
Reproductive
Max. yield potential
Ripening
Protect quality
Strong & Healthy
Strengthen the
Turn hope into
Maximize yield
foundation
expectation
reality
and quality
36
Thank You!
37
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