Designing Information Systems in Agriculture
• By
Dr. A.K.Choubey, Head, Division of Computer Applications, IASRI, New Delhi
Focus of Agricultural Informatics Development
Improving Information Access and Delivery of Services for
sustainable agricultural growth and livelihood
Adopting Global best practices
Empowering Farming Community & other Stakeholders
Promoting Informatics led
Management at grassroot level
Resource
Planning
and
Strengthening Research and Education, Training, Extension
and Development linkages
Achieving Agriculture Online
Agricultural Informatics & Communication requires
Inter-Sectoral Approach
 A g ric u ltu ral R e se arc h
 A g ro -M e te o ro lo g y
 A g ric u ltu ral M ark e tin g
 A g ric u ltu ral E n g in e e rin g &
F o o d P ro c e ssin g
 A g ric u ltu ral E x te n sio n an d
T ran sf e r o f T e c h n o lo g y
 C re d it an d C o o p e ratio n
 C ro p p ro d u c tio n &
p ro te c tio n
 E n viro n m e n t & F o re st
 F e rtilise rs an d M an u re
 F ish e rie s
 I rrig atio n an d D rain ag e
S y ste m
 L ive sto c k , D airy
D e ve lo p m e n t & A n im al
H u sb an d ry
 R u ral D e ve lo p m e n t &
P lan n in g
 S o il an d W ate r
M an ag e m e n t
 W ate rsh e d D e ve lo p m e n t
 W aste lan d D e ve lo p m e n t
Agriculture Development Processes
E-Governance
Supply Chain
Management
E-Commerce
Pre & Post Harvest
Marketing
Producers &
Consumers
Application continuance
E-Learning &
KM
Research,
Education &
Extension
Service
Providers
CRM
ERP
Agricultural Resource Planning
Input services
Major Information Systems in Agriculture
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AGRISNET
AgRIS
AGMARKNET
DACNET
 Seed Management System
 Pesticides Registration
 Plant Quarantine
 Pest & Disease Management
 Soil Health Card & Nutrient Recommendation
 NavKrishi
Scheme Monitoring System: NHM,NFSM,NBM,RKVY…
NADRS
Real Craft Vessel Registration
FERTNET
NEGP-AMMP
Database: Agricultural Census & Input Survey, Livestock Census, Minor
Irrigation Census, Farmers Database
• Content Management: Websites & Portal
AGRISNET Objectives
• Development of Databases and Decision Support Systems
• Improve and Provide Advisory and Agricultural Extension services
• Improve dissemination of information on Government Programs
and Services, agricultural resources and technology
• Development of Farmer centric applications such as Input
availability (Seed, Fertilizer, Pesticides, Credit etc.), Soil Health
& Mapping, Cropping Pattern, Rainfed Farming, and Organic
Farming methods.
• Improve tracking of Crop weather situation, (Early warning
System)
• Improve information exchange within and between the state
government and between state to center for better
collaboration, planning and implementation of government
schemes
• Empowering Farming Communities/Stakeholders
Project Components
• Development of e-governance
Applications and Portals in local
languages;
• Capacity Building through Human
Resource Development
• Establishment
infrastructure;
of
Networking
• Establishment
infrastructure;
of
Computing
Common Services
1. Agricultural Resources Improvement
2. Inputs Supply
3. Agricultural Production Monitoring
4. Agricultural Produce Management
5.Agricultural Marketing
Management
and
Sales
6. Knowledge Management
7. Risk Management
8. Agro-Advisory & Extension Services
9. Farmers Help Desk
10. Scheme Monitoring
11. Enterprise Resource Management
Solution Architecture
•
Database System
Spatial System & Non-Spatial System
•
Decision Support System (DSS)
•
Workflow Systems
•
Web Services Applications
•
ICT Infrastructure at district level
•
IntraNet solutions
•
Networking of Stakeholders
•
Capacity Building
•
e-Governance Standards Adoption
•
Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) System
•
Content in Local languages
Outcomes
•
Improved information access and delivery of services to the farming community.
•
Establishing Agriculture online
•
Efficient and improved communication system among all the offices of the
department of Agriculture in the state through the use of e-mails services.
•
Improved transparency and accountability of the Department.
•
Direct feedback from farming community to the decision makers in the state.
•
Better monitoring of government schemes, which directly impact the farmers.
•
Efficient management (Development, Conservation, allocation and utilization) of
resources
•
Improved productivity and profitability of farmers through better advisory systems.
• Efficient & Increased utilization of information by stakeholders for their decisionmaking.
• Faster and efficient Redressal of farmer’s grievances.
• Foundation for development of e-business in agriculture
• Better organizational efficiency and productivity
Major products/ (e-Governance application)
Products
 Soil Health Card for Integrated Nutrient Management
 Fertilizer Dealers Registration & Movement of Fertilizer
 Pesticides License, Quality Control and Integrated Pest
Management
 Integrated Seed Management System
 Requirement, Availability & Distribution of Inputs
 Irrigation scheduling
 Soil and Watershed Conservation
 Market Prices & Arrival
 Crop Insurance
 Crop Weather Watch
 Scheme Monitoring & Subsidies
 Agricultural Statistics and others
AGRISNET
Central
Government
G2G
Farmer
G2C
G2G
State
Governments
G2G
Local
Governments
G2G
G2B
NGOs/
Business
AGMARKNET (http://agmarknet.nic.in)
Objectives:
 To establish a nation-wide
information network for speedy
collection and dissemination of
market information and data for
its efficient and timely utilization.
 To facilitate collection and
dissemination of information
related to better price realization
by the farmers. This covers
Market related information,
Price-related information,
Infrastructure related information
and Promotion related
information.
AGMARKNET (http://agmarknet.nic.in)
Market level AGMARK software has been developed and deployed at Agricultural
Produce Wholesale for capturing daily commodity arrivals & prices data (Arrivals,
Maximum Price, Minimum Price and Modal Price).
The data is transmitted to the
central server through email attachments as well as messaging queues.
AGMARK software features
• Facilitates easy maintenance and up-dation of market arrivals and prices data
• Automatically synchronizes the market centre database with the Headquarters
database.
• Allows users to use the software in their local languages.
• Allows users to customize the software as per the local requirements.
• Allows users to generate different types of cumulative, comparative and trend reports
facilitating analysis of market trends.
Detailed user manual available at:
(http://agmarknet.nic.in/umagmarksw.pdf)
AGMARKNET (http://agmarknet.nic.in)
To install the software for a market, user
has to select the Market Centre, local
language and set the password by clicking
check box ‘Set Password’ . Enter the desired
password in Password box and again enter
the same password in Confirm Password
box and then Click Proceed.
User can select commodities and varieties
pertaining to his market or depending on the
season using option ‘Set Preferences’ so that
only selected commodities and varieties will
be displayed at the time of data entry.
To enter the daily data (Quantity arrivals,
Maximum Price, Minimum Price and Modal
Price), user has to select the date and
commodity as shown in the figure.
AGMARKNET (http://agmarknet.nic.in)
•Market Profiles:
http://agmarknet.nic.in/profile/page1.asp To enter
and update the market profile information of a market, access the web page by
using the above . Markets can update the market profile information like General
information, Administration, Rail/Road Connectivity, Market Area, Arrivals &
Dispatches, Licensed Functionaries, Market functionaries, Traditional methods,
Transportation, storage, Availability of facilities & services, Market charges and
Financial position , etc.
Market Level Software
Market Level Software
Market Profile (http://agmarknet.nic.in/profile/page1.asp)
Market Profile (http://agmarknet.nic.in/profile/page1.asp)
NeGP-Agriculture Mission Mode (NeGP-AMMP)
being implemented in 7 States in Phase-I - ASM,HP, JH, KAR, KER, MP, Maharashtra
Vision: To create an environment conducive for raising the Farm productivity and
income through provision of relevant information and services to the stakeholders
Objectives:
• Improve access of farmers to timely and relevant information and services
throughout crop cycle
 By providing multiple delivery channels to access of information
 By reducing time in generation and dissemination of information
 By providing information through uniform platform
• Bringing farmer centricity & service orientation to the programs by providing
location specific & up-to-date crop & livestock managementi n terms of GAP & POP
and advisory services
• Increasing effectiveness of government service delivey in certification & licenses
related to manufacturing & marketing, providing easier and approachable channel
for grievances registration and tracking
• More effective management of schemes & subsidies
• Enable private sector participation to benefit farmers by providing integrated
platform to promote value added services (extension, marketing of inputs & output,
post harvest and storage etc.)
Agricultural Resources Information System (AgRIS)
A Step Towards establishing a location specific e-Government
Model for the Resource-Poor-Farmers (http://agris.nic.in )
Objectives:
•
Develop District specific Database on Agricultural Resources and
system to manage the information
•
Decision Support systems on Production systems and services
to support agricultural development planning and strengthening
extension services
•
Create Meta Data for building AgRIS
•
Prepare guidelines on standard methodologies and best practices
for replication in other districts
•
Capacity Building through Human Resource Development for
associated officials in the districts
Implimented in two pilot districts – Rohatak in Haryana (Dairy
typology) and Banaskantha in Gujarat (Arid Zone typology)
Implementation Methodology
•
Pilot implementation in 13 Typology districts
·
A tribal district
·
A hill district
·
A dry -farming district
·
A socially backward district
·
A green revolution district
·
A district dominated by cash crops
·
A coastal district
·
A district in a mining/ industrial belt
·
A district dominated by forest economy
·
A dairy-farming district
·
A district dominated by one or two urban centers
·
A district in arid-zone
·
A district, which is flood-prone but having vast wasteland that could be used
to generate forest cover and fodder development.
Information System Layers
Water
Resources
Data
Soil
Resources
Data
Climate
Resources
Data
Infrastructure
Data
Socio-economic
and Statistical
Data
Capital
Resources
DSS, Metadata and
Open GIS
Remote
Sensing Data
Fisheries
Resources
Animal
Resources
Plant
Resources
Land Records
Data
Environment
Data
Components of Agricultural Resources Information
Systems
Decision Support Systems (DSSs)
• Crop Suitability based on factor endowment
• Land, Crop Suitability based on factor endowment, Productivity
Assessment and Population Supporting Capacity; Land Evaluation and
Land Use Planning;
• Land Degradation Risk Assessment; Environmental Impact Assessment
• Wetland and Waste Land Management;
• Water Resources & Watershed Management and sustainable development
• Water Bodies (Basin) planning systems using Watershed and Agro-Eco
Region planning concepts
• Forest Ecology and Forest Management, Fodder Resources development
• Agro-ecological Characterization for Research and Planning;
• Agricultural Technology Transfer and Advisory services
• Integrated Nutrient Management & Integrated Pest Management
• Farming systems Analysis and Development, Livestock Farming Systems
& Health Management; Fisheries Management and Post Harvest
processing & value additions
Livestock Resource Portal
•
Development of Format for Agricultural Resources Issues
Identification survey in Rohtak
•
Preparation of Data sets for collection of information
• Training organized for IT Empowerment to Government Officials
in Rohtak
• Brochures in English and Hindi for creating awareness among
stakeholders
• Website (http://agris.nic.in)
• Design of AgRIS Portal in progress
Contact: [email protected] ; [email protected]
SeedNet India Portal : Striving for prosperity of
farmers (http://seednet.gov.in)
(A National Initiative for Information on Quality Seeds)
SeedNet: Expected “Outcomes”
•
•
•
•
•
Better planning and monitoring for seeds of availability and
distribution of Seeds
Improved Seeds Quality control , Better seeds export and imports
Seed varietal diversity, Facilitate growth of seed Industry
Right to Information for farmers, Establishment of “ National Seed
Grid”, Improve and provide Advisory services on Seeds
Sustainable growth in Agricultural production
ICT in Integrated Nutrient Management
(http://fert.nic.in/inm)
(A Step Towards Sustainable Agricultural Production Through conjunctive
use of Organic, Inorganic and Biological nutrient sources)
•
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

Objectives
Soil health analysis
Suitable cropping systems to improve
the stock of plant nutrients in the soil
Area-specific-fertilizer-use practices
Plant clinic facilities for quick diagnosis
Single Window Delivery System for
Information
Display of technological advancements
GIS based recommendation on soil and
water management
•






Impact
Efficient monitoring of fertilizer
production & imports
Timely disbursement of subsidy
Efficient and wide spread
distribution of fertilizers
Improvement of physical
conditions of soil
Limiting losses of nutrients to the
environment
Improved efficiency of plant
nutrients
Achieving optimum crop yields
FERTNET
Fertilizer Supply Chain
Fertilizer Management On-line
• Fertilizer Management On-line has been developed in Department
of Fertilizers in close collaboration with National Informatics Centre
to meet the national objective of making fertilizers available timely,
adequately in good quality and at affordable price to the farmers by
maintaining
growth
of
fertilizer
industry
through
subsidies/concessions.
• Proper planning and monitoring of various aspects like fertilizer
production, imports, quality control, distribution, movement, sales,
stocks, subsidies and concessions has been felt essential.
• In order to manage these issues effectively, a number of
application systems are operational in DOF to provide decision
support.
Plant Protection Informatics Network (PPIN)
A Step towards Bio Security and Ever Green Revolution in Indian
Agriculture (http://ppqs.gov.in)
• The incidence of pest and diseases is assessed to cause loss of crops to the extent
of 10-30% of total output in India. Scientific pest management is acquiring
importance due to the need for precision farming and taking up of high value
crops by the farmers.
• Pest surveillance is a mechanism by which the build up of pests and diseases is
monitored and as and when the pest population crosses “ Economic Thresh hold
level”, appropriate remedial measures are taken to protect the crop.
• Locust Surveillance for warning and control
• The Government of India is promoting Integrated Pest Management (An Eco
Friendly Approach)
• Safe and Judicious use of pesticides, if situation warrants
• Quality Control of Pesticides
• Preventing entry of exotic pests into the country and strict enforcement of
Phyto-sanitary measures for import and export of agricultural commodities
• Building Capacity of Human Resources in Plant protection
Website of Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine &
Storage Faridabad
http://ppqs.gov.in
Plant Protection Information Network :http://ppqs.gov.in
• Pests & Disease Monitoring Information System (PDMIS): http://pdmis.dacnet.nic.in
To be used by State Government to enter weekly data on pest & disease situation at
district level using their login and password. Various Reports are generated for tracking the
situation in the country.
• Information System for Integrated Pest Management (IIPM):
http://ipmweb.dacnet.nic.in
To be used by Central Integrated Pest Management Centres to enter weekly data on pest
& disease situation and IPM activities at district level using their login and password.
Various Reports are generated for tracking the situation in the country.
• Plant Quarantine Information System (PQIS):
http://plantquarantineindia.nic.in
To be used by Traders to apply on line for getting PSC for agricultural commodity to be
exported , IP for Import Permit and IRO for release of imported consignment. Traders
need to register on the site. Plant Quarantine Stations and designated PASC issuing
authorities use the system for Activation of traders accounts and approval of the
certificates .
• Computerized Registration of Pesticides (CROP) : http://cibrc.gov.in
To be used by Pesticides Companies to apply online for getting their pesticides
product/formulations registered in the country for manufacturing, import and export and
Central Insecticides board & registration Committee use for approval of registration.
Major Components
• Computerized
Registration
Pesticides (CROP)
• Plant
Quarantine
System(PQIS)
of
Information
• Information System for Integrated
Pest Management (IIPM) for
CIPMCs;
• Pests & Disease Monitoring
System (PDMIS) for State
• Establishment of ICT infrastructure
(LAN, WAN);
• Capacity Building
• Intranet Portal
Computerized Registration of Pesticides (CROP)
http://cibrc.gov.in
Focus: Increasing efficiency and transparency in the Registration service
Web base Workflow: Complete Application for Registration
from
Application processing, Posting of Application Status, Product Database
(Label & Leaflet, Certificate),Certificate Generation, MIS Reports, Product
and dissemination of information
through the Website.
First level of Business Process Re-engineering attempted
to enhance the
delivery from registration service from 2-3 years to 2-3 months for repeat
Registration under 9(4) category of Insecticides Act 1968.
Features:
•
Online filing of application & Documents and e-Payment
•
Automation of Approval Process (Workflow)
•
Deficiency Reporting including Notification for Alerts
•
Online submission of deficiency clarifications and Grievances
•
Checking of Application and Grievances status
•
Creation of Company, Product Label, Leaflet and Certificate Data
•
Issuance of Registration Certificate & MIS Reports
Physical Architecture
Strengthening of Computerized Registration of Pesticides
(http://pesticides-registrationindia.nic.in)
Enhancing Efficiency & Transparency in the Registration Processes and
Improving Communication between Implementers and Beneficiaries
through ICT
Plant Quarantine Information System
(http://plantquarantineindia.nic.in )
Focus:
Improving Efficiency and Productivity in Plant Quarantine
service by 35 Plant Quarantine Stations & 151 PSC Issuing Authorities
Features:
•
Web based Intranet Workflow System for Quarantine services (Import &
Export Inspection) from scrutiny of application, inspection & treatment of
consignment, approval and issuance of PSC, IP and IRO. Other features
include
•
Importer/Exporter/Applicant Registration
•
Online filing of Application and tracking of status by Traders
•
Automatic fees calculation & receiving through E-Payment
•
Generation of Certificate on preprinted stationary
•
National Level Database creation & MIS Reports
•
EDI between CUSTOMS and PQS
•
Dissemination of Information & Delivery of Services to Beneficiaries
Plant Quarantine Information System
(http://plantquarantineindia.nic.in)
Streamlining and uniform adoption of standard plant
quarantine procedures and bringing transparency in the
approval processes
Pests & Disease Monitoring System (PDMIS)
Select Year
and week
ending date
before start
reporting data
Other
reports are
available
here
This
list
shows
reporte
d states
Click on
particular
state for
detail
reports
Select state
name ,enter
password
and click
on Login
Pests & Disease Monitoring System (PDMIS)
1. Fill up Pesticides
availability and
Click on save
availability button
before reporting for
crop disease details
Check
your
state
name
here
2. Select district ,
select crop, select
crop stage ,enter
these three areas
then click on save
area button
Pests & Disease Monitoring System (PDMIS)
3. Select pest,
enter Intensity and
click on save pest
button , for more
pest select diff.
pest and repeat
4. For entering details
of next crop or next
district repeat the
process 2 and 3
Information System for Integrated Pest Management (IIPM)
All reports
are
available
here for
viewing
CIPMCs
Click here
for weekly
Reporting
Directorate can
login here for
target entry and
monitoring
reports
GIS Framework
4
7
 Scale of mapping : 1: 50,000 at district level
 Base Map Content
Administrative Boundary ( state, district, sub-district,
major towns, villages and settlements)
Transport Network ( road, rail)
Water features ( river, canal etc)
Attributes as supplied by NCIPM
(For Cotton Crop for District Warangal, with necessary
base data on IPM, for Aphids and greymildew)
National Informatics
Centre
10/3/2015
GIS Services
4
8
• Integration of spatial data with non-spatial data
• GIS based maps on “Pest infestation level”
• GIS functional tool for information retrieval ; like zoom,
identify, buffer, query, measure , print, tool tip etc.
National Informatics
Centre
10/3/2015
Warangal Pest Location-All Layers
4
9
National Informatics
Centre
10/3/2015
Content Scheduling and Management System
(CSMS): Mass Media (Nav Krishi) Portal
(http://navkrishi.dacnet.nic.in )
(A Knowledge Management System for Agricultural
Extension Services)
• Agricultural Extension programmes are being produced and
telecast by as an average of five days a week for half an hour by a
National Channel; Regional Channels and Narrowcasting clusters
of Doordarshan (DD) and FM Stations of All India Radio (AIR) in
association with Ministry of Agriculture.
• All Narrowcast centers of DD relay the programme produced by
their parent channels.
• To provide a comprehensive and advanced programme schedule;
a Content Scheduling & Management System (CSMS); Nav Krishi
Portal (G2G & G2C); has been developed by National Informatics
Centre (NIC) for reporting and dissemination of Agricultural
programmes for the farming community. This will eventually leads
to sustainable agricultural development in the country.
Contd…/
Objectives
•
Advance Reporting/posting of Programme Schedules by
•National Channel;
•18 Regional Channels
•36 Narrowcasting Clusters of Doordarshan
•96 FM stations of AIR Stations
• Dissemination of station wise advance programme schedules through
Web
• Viewers feedback & suggestions for identification of area specific &
need based programmes
• Analysis and monitoring of programmes
• Creation of centralized Agriculture Programme database
Beneficiaries
Farming community
• Agricultural Extension workers
• Local Print Media
• State Agricultural Functionaries
• Agri. clinics
• Researchers/Scientists
• Ministry of Agriculture
Progress Monitoring System for National Horticulture Mission
(NHM)
Objectives
Project Coordinators
Shri Rakesh Vardhan;
Shri D.V. Singh
Tech Director
SSA
[email protected];
[email protected]
Ph:011-23383230
011-23382267
Effective physical and financial
progress monitoring of the
scheme components
Provide all BackOffice
activities of the NHM, online
and assist the implementation
agencies in implementation
process.
Provide online interface for
the Citizens/Farmers to query
the system, and achieve 100 %
transparency
Facilitate NHM Management
to track the critical issue of
successful implementation by
providing 100 % visibility and
control over the
implementation process
Progress Monitoring System for National Horticulture Mission
(NHM)
System’s Description:
States are required to send annual action plan to DAC Hqrs after compiling the
district action plan. Hqrs intimates the approved action plans to states. The
physical and financial target data are entered by Hqrs with reference to annual
action plans. States compile physical and financial achievement data and enter
on monthly basis. The system has been extended to district level and is
expected to be monitored by states.
System’s Features:
• Grid formats are used for easy data entry
• A state/district can enter its own data only
• Facilitates report generation at remote end for states/district
• Online data transmission to reduce time lag
• Efficient Progress Monitoring
• Facilitates adhoc queries
Implementation Status & Coverage :
• Implemented in 2005-06.,Scheme operational in 18 states
• State data reporting is satisfactory from all 18 states.
• District level data reporting from 10 states.
• Separate work flow based grass root level MIS under implementation in states
Progress Monitoring System for National Bamboo Mission (NBM)
http://nbm.nic.in
Objectives
 Effective physical and
financial progress
monitoring of the
scheme components
 Facilitate online, timely
and accurate data
transmission from
states
 Facilitate transparency
in mission
management
 Login as guest for
details of user manual
Progress Monitoring System for National Bamboo Mission (NBM)
System’s Description:
States are required to send annual action plan to Hqrs. Hqrs intimates the
approved action plans to states. The physical and financial target data are
entered in the system by Hqrs with reference to annual action plans. States
compile physical and financial achievement data quarterly and enter into the
system on quarterly basis. The data is monitored by Hqrs.
System’s Features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Grid formats are used for easier data entry
A state can enter data District Wise only.
Facilitates report generation at remote end for states
Online data transmission to reduce time lag
Efficient Progress Monitoring
Facilitates online data reporting status
Implementation Status & Coverage :
• Website launched in 2007
• Progress monitoring system is being rolled out in all states
• Backlog data entered for 2006-07 to 2010-11.
Contact: [email protected] ; [email protected]
Land Use Statistics Information System
(http://dlus.dacnet.nic.in)
OBJECTIVES
• To Facilitate / Analyse
– Formulation of Land Use Policy
– Percentage of Irrigation used for each crop based on Irrigation feed
cycle
– Study of Impact on Central sponsored Scheme Land development,
Irrigation, Crop specific Schemes.
– Identification of Sources of Irrigation (Net Area / Gross Area
– Cropping pattern of Irrigated and Un-irrigated Area
–
–
Land Use Classification
Crop wise Irrigated Area and Area Under Crops Analysis
/ Year wise
– Time series Analysis
– Crop diversification study
–
Land Use Patten Study
– Category-wise Irrigated Area
(District wise
Land Use Statistics Information System
(http://dlus.dacnet.nic.in)
Initiatives taken up & Completed
• District wise data collection from State Agriculture Statistical Unit
(SASA) of State/UT’s at http://dlus.dacnet.nic.in
• Dissemination of the authenticated data for public use at
http://lus.dacnet.nic.in
Land Use Statistics Information System
(http://dlus.dacnet.nic.in)
Availability of data: 1998-99 to 2009-10 (reported data)
LUS system collects the data on four modules, namely
1. Land Use Classification
2. Source wise Irrigation
3. Crop wise Irrigation
4. Area Under Crops ( Irrigated + Un Irrigated)
Definition of each available at
http://lus.dacnet.nic.in/Concepts%20&%20Definitions.pdf
Land Use Classifications (Module- 1)
a). Forest Area
b). Area Under Non-Agricultural Use
c). Barren and Un cultivable Land
d). Permanent Pastures and other grazing land
e). Land Under misc. tree crops etc.
f). Culturable waste land
g). Fallow lands other than current Fallows
h). Current Fallow
I). Net Area Sown
Crop Production Statistics Information System
(http://dapy.dacnet.nic.in)
Data collection Agency
Each State/UT’s - State Agricultural Statistical Agency (SASA)
Data Collection Methodology
• Crop Covered Area
– Crop wise Eye Estimate by village Patwaris
– Compiled at Block/District level after sowing.
• Yield
– Crop Cutting experiments taken-up by National Sampling Survey
Organization (NSSO) and District Agriculture Office on or before
harvesting
– Corp wise District average yield .
• Production
– Area * District average Yield
Crop Production Statistics Information System
(http://dapy.dacnet.nic.in)
CPS Systems collects district wise, crop wise, season wise and year
wise data on covered area and its production.
Objective
• Input to:
– National Crop Production related schemes formulation and policies
– fixation of MSP (Minimum Support Price)
• Facilitates:
– Analysis on cropping pattern and area intensity
– Crop diversification analysis
– State/District wise production contribution of crops to State/Country.
– Analysis on High Produce Order on major crops and crop groups.
– Agro-Climatic Zone wise Crop Production trend
– Production performance for NFSM Districts on Crop Area covered and
production
– District wise yield rate on Crops for Premium Fixation of Crop Insurance to
farmers
Crop Production Statistics Information System
(http://dapy.dacnet.nic.in)
..contd
Initiatives taken up & Completed
• District wise data collection from State Agriculture Statistical
Unit (SASA) of State/UT’s at http://dapy.dacnet.nic.in
• Dissemination of the authenticated data for public use at
http://apy.dacnet.nic.in
NADRS
National Animal Disease Reporting
System (NADRS)
AIMs at
An ICT Initiative
(A National Mission Mode Project)
facilitating
ICT enabled Animal
Disease Reporting,
Control & Surveillance
Sponsored by
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture
on
Implementing Agency
143 OIE listed [and other
non-OIE listed] diseases,
National Informatics Centre
from 7032 locations in
the Country.
October 3,
2015
Department of Electronics & Information Technology
Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
New Delhi
NADRS Objectives
1.
To improve operational efficiency of the department
2. To provide instant alerts to all concerned about Animal disease outbreak, remedial measures
etc. thus helping the management to minimize loss to livestock, control disease in the very
initial stages and act instantly.
3. To prevent revenue losses by better management of animal health
4. To disseminate information related to animal diseases to all stakeholders in a timely &
efficient manner.
5. To have an integrated scheme monitoring system for better decision support.
6. To systematize the existing record keeping procedure
7. To reduce workload under the manual system thereby increasing efficiency with effective
use of ICT
8. To improve the quality of the information generated by district level officers
9. To improve speed & accuracy of data dissemination related to animal disease to all
stakeholders in a timely and efficient manner.
10. The early detection of livestock diseases of economic/food security/public health importance
Enabling early reaction to such diseases
11. Correct identification of resource needs in the field so that existing resources can be
correctly deployed in disease management.
12. Provision of strategic decision-making support
Central Monitoring Unit (CMU)
Regional / National Laboratory
State Monitoring Unit at AH
Directorate
State Laboratory /
Veterinary College
District Unit
District Laboratory
Block Veterinary Hospital
Veterinary Dispensary/Hospital
NGOs
Local bodies
Farmers/ Livestock Owner
Stockman/sub-centers
Private Veterinary Practitioners
NADRS Deliverables
1.
ICT Infrastructure at 7032locations (SVOs, DVOs & BVOs) including A&N Islands and Lakshadweep – AH Department
2.
ICT Infrastructure at Fisheries Department’s Locations (12th Plan)
3.
National NADRS Server at NIC NDC (Hyd) and DR Server at NIC NDC(Pune);
4.
VPNOBB Connectivity for NADRS Site locations (6936);
5.
Centralized Animal Disease Database at National Level
•
Portal
•
Workflow for Disease Reporting
6.
Animal Disease Reporting through various Channels like IVRS, SMS, email and web based system;
7.
Integration with Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Workflow Application (ADDLWFLA)Software;
8.
Online Monitoring of Animal Health Schemes;
9.
GIS based Decision Support System (Basic and Advanced);
10. Disease Intelligence System using Analytical Tools;
11.
SRS Reports , User’s Manuals and Brochures;
12.
Establishment of CPMU and State PMUs;
13. SRFs for CPMU and JRFs for State PMUs (ICAR Pattern);
14.
Facility Management at NADRS Sites;
15. Capacity Building through Training (Basic and Apps software) at district levels, Workshops and Seminars at State
levels & National level;
16. Creation of e-mail accounts (~ 7000) for all the States/UTs upto the Block level Veterinary/Animal Husbandry officials
(NADRS Users)
October 3,
2015
NADRS Deliverables. continued
1.
ICT Infrastructure at 7032locations (SVOs, DVOs & BVOs) including A&N Islands and Lakshadweep – AH
Department
2.
ICT Infrastructure at Fisheries Department’s Locations (12th Plan)
3.
National NADRS Server at NIC NDC (Hyd) and DR Server at NIC NDC(Pune);
4.
VPNOBB Connectivity for NADRS Site locations (6936);
5.
Centralized Animal Disease Database at National Level
•
Portal
•
Workflow for Disease Reporting
6.
Animal Disease Reporting through various Channels like IVRS, SMS, email and web based system;
7.
Integration with Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Workflow Application (ADDLWFLA)Software;
8.
Online Monitoring of Animal Health Schemes;
9.
GIS based Decision Support System (Basic and Advanced);
10. Disease Intelligence System using Analytical Tools;
11.
SRS Reports , User’s Manuals and Brochures;
12.
Establishment of CPMU and State PMUs;
13. SRFs for CPMU and JRFs for State PMUs (ICAR Pattern);
14.
Facility Management at NADRS Sites;
15. Capacity Building through Training (Basic and Apps software) at district levels, Workshops and Seminars at State
levels & National level;
October 3,
2015
16. Creation of e-mail accounts (~ 7000) for all the States/UTs upto the Block level Veterinary/Animal Husbandry
officials (NADRS Users)
I. Disease Intelligence Services: Objectives & Scope
Disease Intelligence Services
•
•
•
•
•
Disease Forewarning/Forecasting/Prediction- based on disease incidence reporting, weather conditions
Disease Outbreak- Disease confirmation (Sample Tests – positive, negative) , Pattern Analysis, Alerts
Disease Control – Timely availability of needed interventions (vaccinations, feeds & fodders & others)
Impact Assessment- Population (affected , susceptible, Death) and Loss estimation
Planning of Animal Health Care Facilities- Resource statistics (Clinics, Labs, AI Centers, Slaughter
Houses, ..), Capacity Analysis and enhancement, Stock , etc.
Objectives & Scope
To get a better understanding of Disease situation in the country and use this understanding to devise an appropriate
preparedness and control strategy for improved animal health care.
To develop analytics for deeper understanding of data, trend and pattern, identification of variables causing the outbreak,
discovery of new knowledge, forecasting and optimization of resource use
To strengthen Advisory through Disease Intelligence system
Scope:
Livestock Resources, 143 Notified Diseases and other important diseases
Reporting from Block level (7032 NADRS nodes), NADRES and Institutional Databases
Scheme Monitoring and Block level MIS
II. Equine Disease Monitoring & Surveillance (EDMAS) Process
II. Equine Disease Monitoring & Surveillance (EDMAS) Process
ANALYSIS
Disease Forewarning & Forecasting
Identify Location wise Animal Population under
threat of any disease and possible time of attack
Identify Animal Population under High Risk
Issuing alerts and advisories for preparedness
Through
High risk analysis using Decision Tree & Clustering
Trend and weather based Forecasting models
Other specialized models/expert systems
Disease Outbreak
Issuing Alerts on Pattern & Intensity of
Disease outbreak and affected animals
Disease symptoms and diagnostic measures
Impact Analysis /Assessment of Losses
Disease analysis & GIS Mapping
Disease Detection analysis & clustering
Time series Analysis of outbreak
Advisory
Disease Control
Outcome
Identify factors associated with disease
Resource Requirements & Availability
Inventory & Distribution of resources
Location specific & Personalized Advisories
Planning for Improve Animal
Health Care facilities
Minimize Risks and Losses of
livestock and livestock products
More focused awareness and
control program
Issues & Learning
• Information services should be made available in all regional languages
(customization and localization) at the farmer’s door steps
• Bring change in Mindset and motivate the people towards building of
Comprehensive Database/Information Systems for the farming community
• Development and Implementation of proper early warning systems and
advisory services.
• Development of Expert Systems on What- to- grow- when and where
• Bridging the gap through the judicious use of ICT between knowledge and
practice for sustainable use of natural resources
• Linkages between research, technology, and production
• Reliable and comprehensive Information should be available at any where
and any time (one-stop services).
THANK YOU
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