Global Johnny Appleseed Project What if every school in the world planted at least two trees? Johnny Appleseed, 1774-1845 So many apples – no one would ever go hungry. John "Appleseed" Chapman brought faith, hope and courage to the pioneers living on the Ohio frontier. Philanthropist, conservationist, environmentalist, horticulturist, visionary, missionary, humanitarian and border scout, Appleseed is a true inspirational hero for all generations. From the Johnny Appleseed Heritage Center Pictured: William Gropper, 1897–1977, Johnny Appleseed, from the series American Folk Heroes, undated, lithograph, 17 1/2 x 22 1/2 in., Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of David Schiffer. The apple was early so important, and so generally distributed, that its name traced to its root in many languages signifies fruit in general. Maelon (Melon), in Greek, means an apple, also the fruit of other trees, also a sheep and any cattle, and finally riches in general. from The History of the Apple Tree, by Henry David Thoreau Other “apples” Orange - In many languages oranges are known as “golden apples”. This is another option for a tree to plant if apple trees do not grow well in your climate. Avocado - Another good option for a type of tree to plant if apple trees do not grow well in your climate. More about the project . . . Goal #1 Every school in the United States, or the world, will plant at least two trees. Why plant these trees? •Beautify the environment •Reduce carbon dioxide •Provide a source of food •Learning experience •Contribution to heritage Global ReLeaf Forests filter water, remove air pollution, sequester carbon, improve community aesthetics and provide homes for wildlife. See this film at the Global ReLeaf Project www.americanforests.org/campaigns/gr2/AF_GR2_movie/index.php The Right Tree The right tree for the right place . . see this web site for a great guide: www.ecomagic.org/fruition/right.html Curriculum When we think of Fall, we often think of apples. Investigating the connections in curriculum, you will find that you can take your students into a meaningful, real-life, interdisciplinary, project-based unit that meets many of the national standards. This unit may be adapted for any grade level, and crosses multiple disciplines. Johnny Appleseed and the Curriculum Johhny Appleseed is not just a cute story for little children. Johnny Appleseed Connections National Apple Month The United States Apple Association states that National Apple Month was originally National Apple Week, established in 1904. Today it has expanded to Include three months, September through November. Starting the school year with such a project would be very appropriate. You can connect to: • Apple harvest • Halloween • Christmas • and much more, as you will see Service Learning Projects The ultimate 21st century curriculum, Service Learning takes place in four major forms: • Direct Service • Indirect Service • Advocacy • Research Plant Trees Poonindie, AU students plant trees after a destructive bushfire. Read the story at http://www.abc.net.au/eyre/stories/s1321562.htm Fourth graders plant 500 trees. Boy Scouts plant 2,500 trees Read more www.wildlifehc.org/template.cfm?FrontID=4729 Environmental Survey • Conduct an environmental survey or study in your community. • Analyze the results • Take action Historic Trees Save a tree, a park or an important historical building/site in your community. This would involve the students in real-life civic action. Fourth generation scion of the tree from Woolsthorpe Manor, Newton's childhood home. Planted at Babson College. See HistoricTrees.org Johnny Appleseed Festival Invite local musicians, artists,craftsmen, cooks and chefs, farmers, gardeners, orchardists, and the local media to a fundraising festival. Festival continued Use the monies for anything from planting apple trees in the community (at the school, a local park or on Main Street) to donations to a local food bank, or any number of worthy projects. Public Service Announcements Help raise awareness in your community by having students conduct an environmental survey of the community, analyze the results, and offer solutions. Use this information to design and produce PSAs for radio and television. Working on the storyboard. Remember these PSAs? Smokey Bear preventing forest fires www.smokeybear.com Smokey Bear’s PSA • • • • The forest has many things Once Upon A Time Fuse Smokey N' Da Boyz View online at www.adcouncil.org/default.aspx?id=60 (takes some time to open and goes to Wildfire Prevention). Also see SmokeyBear.com For more PSAs with Smokey just search YouTube. Keep America Beautiful Iron Eyes Cody – “the crying Indian” Keep America Beautiful Campaign 1971 Click picture to view. YouTube. Woodsy Owl Give a Hoot, Don’t Pollute! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Zpz1k5Mv4o Green Celebrities Let the students find out what celebrities are doing for the planet – many exciting projects! Leonardo Dicaprio Top Green celebrities, chefs, cities, etc. are here. Also see one of Redford’s projects, a new series on Sundance calledThe Green www.sundancechannel.com/thegreen#/homePage Green Films • 11th Hour • FLOW • A Civil Action • The Day After Tomorrow • An Inconvenient Truth 11th Hour For many years films have dealt with conditions on planet Earth, from war to animal welfare. For more films see http://liveearth.msn.com/green/greenfilms Live Earth Use these videos from the Live Earth Concert which took place on all 7 continents for 24 hours on 7-7-07 to raise awareness for care of the environment. Jon Bon Jovi http://liveearth.msn.com/green/liveearthfilmproject Environmental News Grist – Environmental News and Commentary http://www.grist.org/ Social Studies Connections American Revolution Minutemen - ready to go into battle with a minute’s notice. Later replaced with Continental Army created by George Washington Johnny Appleseed’s father was a Minuteman. Environmental Law A body of law, which is a system of complex and interlocking statutes, common law, treaties, conventions, regulations and policies which seek to protect the natural environment which may be affected, impacted or endangered by human activities. Some environmental laws regulate the quantity and nature of impacts of human activities: for example, setting allowable levels of pollution. Other environmental laws are preventive in nature and seek to assess the possible impacts before the human activities can occur. Also see . . . Kyoto Treaty Sustainable development Polluter pays principle Eco-taxes Tradeable emission allowances Environmental Protection Agency Literature Connections Henry David Thoreau 1817-1862 "It is remarkable how closely the history of the apple tree is connected with that of man." From Wild Apples by Henry David Thoreau, published 1862. Download the ebook free at Project Guttenberg. www.gutenberg.org/etext/4066 Traditions and Tree Lore • Symbolism of the Apple • Apples as the food of the gods • Hercules and the Apples of Immortality • Tree of paradise and the serpent Mythology Golden apple and the Trojan War The Choice of Paris The Apples of the Hesperides Fairy Tales Mrs. Wholesome and the Apple Orchard Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs The Golden Bird Wassailing An old English tradition of blessing the apple orchards and fruit trees. In literature from Beowolf to Shakespeare to Thoreau. www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5567/waswrite.html Was Hail The tradition has endured in Britain that the one who drinks first at a banquet says "was hail" to his partner, and he who drinks next says "drinc hail." --- Geoffrey of Monmouth, The History of the Kings of Britain (~1135), vi.12 http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5567/washist.html Science Connections Carbon Footprints Carbon footprint is a measure of the amount of Carbon dioxide or CO2 emitted through the combustion of fossil fuels; in the case of an organization, business or enterprise, as part of their everyday operations; in the case of an individual or household, as part of their daily lives; or a product or commodity in reaching market. www.globaljohnnyappleseedproject.org/Carbon_Footprint.htm Carbon Offsetting When one is unable or unwilling to reduce one's own emissions, Carbon offset is the act of reducing ("offsetting") greenhouse gas emissions elsewhere. A well-known example is the planting of trees to compensate for the greenhouse gas emissions from personal air travel. Areas of Research • Alternative fuel research – Algae-based fuels – Salt water burns as fuel? - see the video on this very new, accidental discovery from cancer research . . . www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGg0ATfoBgo – A Better Biofuel – engineering bacteria www.technologyreview.com/Biotech/18476/ Conservation of resources Weather and crop production World hunger Modern Marvels – the supermarket Integrated pest management Forestry Climatology Hazardous Waste Recycling Clean Air Act Clean Water Act Cleanup Climate Change Careers Beaches Agriculture Medical Research • • • • • • • Cancer research Lung cancer research Heart studies Weight loss research Memory research Breast cancer research Antioxidants ActionBioscience.org • • • • Biodiversity – Why preserve life’s variety? Environment – How fragile is our planet? Genomics – What does the genome reveal? Biotechnology – How is biotech changing the world? • Evolution – What is life’s history on earth? • New frontiers – Why is it the age of biology? • Education – Why improve bioscience literacy? Nutrition An apple a day will keep the doctor away . . . Growing Apples Life cycle of the apple tree Apple growers associations Harvesting, packing and production Supermarkets Evolution of the supermarket Economics Apple industry Grocers & Supermarkets Marketing and advertising Production, packing and shipping Orcharding Apple growers associations Apple-based food products Careers in agriculture, weather, environment . . . More to be added This is a starter brainstorming slide show – what can we teach through the theme of Johnny Appleseed?