Allusions
Raisin in the Sun
Lorraine Hansberry
1. Bantu language
• Common family of
African languages
below the equator
• Out of about 250
Bantu languages,
Swahili is the most
common Bantu
language.
2. Great sculpture of Benin
• From Benin (next to
Nigeria)
• Art mostly animal heads
• 14th-17th century
3. Booker T. Washington
• 1856-1915
• Founded Tuskegee
institute (trade school)
• Educator
• Promoted blacks in
trade (manual labor)
rather than intellectual
pursuits
• Many blacks
disagreed!
4. Chicago’s Southside
• Large black population, esp. after
WWII.
• Reputation of being poor, crimes
• 1940s- lot of immigration of blacks
5. Shaka Zulu
• 19th century warrior king
• Improved weaponry
6. Ethiopia
• East Africa
• Referred to in the
Bible (Queen of
Sheba)
• Cradle of ancient
civilization
7. Conked head
• A straightened hair
style for men
• Painful and high
maintenance!
• Popular 1920s-60s
Natural
• Some considered it
“self-degrading” and
denying their black
identity to change their
natural hair.
Conked
8. “if the salt loses its savor”
(Biblical reference)
• Matthew 5:13: You are the salt of the earth.
But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be
made salty again? It is no longer good for
anything, except to be thrown out and
trampled underfoot.”
• Beneatha refers to this, mockingly, to Mama
9. Monsieur le petit bourgeois noir
• “Mister small
business man” (in
French)
• Bourgeois = middle
class
10. Mrs.Miniver
• 1942 movie – during
WWII
• English housewife –
known for courage
11. Nigeria
• West Africa
• Most populated
country in Africa
• Became independent
1960
• Leader in art,
literature, music,
craftmanship
12. peckerwood
• Derogatory term for poor
working class whites, “cracker,”
“white trash”
• These “peckerwoods” were
considered loud and
troublesome like the bird
• Used by upper class whites and
southern blacks
13. Prometheus
• Greek Titan
• Punished by Zeus for
giving fire to mortals
• Punished by having his
liver eaten out by an
eagle EVERY DAY
14. Scarlett O’Hara
• Main character from
Gone with the Wind
• Southern belle
• Helpless  grows in
strength
15. sharecroppers
• Tenant farmer, paid
rent by giving a share
of crops to land owner
• Popular up to the 50s
in South for cotton
16. Songhai dynasty
• Western Africa, Mali
• 1000 -1591 AD.
• Boasted the city of
Timbuktu
• Largest, richest
17. Nature of quiet desperation
• From Henry David Thoreau’s Walden.
• Most men lead lives this way – unsatisfied,
desperate, but they don’t do anything to
make change!
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Allusions Raisin in the Sun - englishwithmrskim