Colon Hydrotherapy Michael Hamilton Advisor: Prof. Fahringer Overview • • • • • • History of Colon Hydrotherapy Theory Information about I-ACT Concerns Contraindications Medical Benefits History • Colon Hydrotherapy is the natural evolution of the enema • The enema was first recorded in ancient Egyptian documents • Also mentioned in the writings of Great Civilizations • • • • • • Sumerians Chinese Hindus Greeks Romans Hamiltons History cont. • Most pre-eminent physicians reported on the value of the enema • Hippocrates • Galen • Regnier DeGraff • 17th Century known as the “age of the clyster” History cont. • Many European Kings appreciated the benefits of the Enema • Louis XI - credited the enema with relieving attack of seizures • Louis XIII received over 200 enemas in one year History cont. • Louis the XIV, ardent supporter • Had over 2,000 enemas during his reign. • He even received court functionaries and visitors during the procedure1. 1.Lieberman, William, M.D., “The Enema”, The Review of Gastroenterology, Volume 13, May-June 1946 Court Function During Enema History cont. • In the early 1900s, Dr. Kellogg popularizes colon cleansing • He reported in the 1917 Journal of American Medicine that in over 40,000 cases, as a result of diet, exercise, and enema (colon hydrotherapy), “in all but twenty cases”, he had used no surgery for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease in his patients. History cont. • 1950’s • colon hydrotherapy was flourishing in the U.S. • the prestigious Beverly Boulevard in California was then known as “colonic row” • Mid-1960’s • colon hydrotherapy slowly dwindled • Early 1970’s • most colon hydrotherapy instruments were removed from the hospitals and nursing homes • PRESCRIPTIVE LAXATIVES and SURGERY GAIN FAVOR History Summary • Colon hydrotherapy/enemas have been around for thousands of years • Two IMPORTANT conclusions • First, there is something of value by cleansing the colon • Second, it has never received the attention it justly deserves Theory • Extended and more complete form of an enema • Gently infuse warm, filtered water into the rectum • End Results • • • • Hydrates the colon Waste is softened and loosened Evacuation is through normal peristalsis Irrigates/cleanses the colon Theory cont. • Modern FDA registered equipment • Carried out by qualified personnel • Cleans beyond the rectosigmoid area through a series of fill and empty cycles • Safe and effective when guidelines are adhered to Theory cont. • Various Types of FDA registered equipment I-ACT • International Association for Colon Hydrotherapy • I-ACT is the International Association for Colon Hydrotherapy • I-ACT establishes the training standards and guidelines • I-ACT is committed to work with the FDA, International organizations, states and municipalities to enhance the safety of colon hydrotherapy • I-ACT is the certifying body for colon hydrotherapists around the world I-ACT cont. • Membership • Over 2200 Members • Over 400 International Members • Certification Levels • • • • Foundation Level Intermediate Level Advanced Level Instructor Level Concerns • What about contamination or spread of disease? • Only report was in New England Journal of Medicine, August 5, 1982 • • No reports of contamination when using modern FDA registered equipment and the equipment is disinfected according to manufacturer guidelines Single use, disposable speculums / rectal tubes, and tubing Concerns • What about puncturing of the colon? • • There have been allegations of puncture when using enemas and colonic irrigation Recommend caution during insertion of speculum/rectal tube and follow the recommendation of the physician/healthcare provider and/or the manufacturer of the equipment • Facts • The pressure of the water during the session is very low • from 1/4 lbs. to 2.0 lbs • The Speculum / Rectal Tube in only inserted approximately 2 inches into the rectum Concerns • How will I assure the patients therapist is reputable? • Recommend that the patient seek the services of an I-ACT certified colon hydrotherapist using currently registered FDA equipment and disposable supplies, and filtered water Concerns • Electrolyte imbalances • Study conducted by National University • John R. Collins, N.D., Paul Mittman, N.D., Mara Katlaps, B.A. • “No patients experienced any clinically significant complications or complaints during or after the course of treatment.” • Only problem might be encountered with paraplegics that are unable to completely release their bowels. Contraindications • • • • • Abdominal distensions Adrenal exhaustion Anemia Aneurysm Carcinomas • Colon • Cardiac conditions • Uncontrolled blood pressure • Hypertension • Hypotension • Congestive heart failure • Crohn’s • Colitis • Diverticulosis • Diverticulitis • • • • Fistulas Fissures Hemorrhage Hemorrhoids Contraindications cont. • Hernias • Liver • Jaundice • Acute failure • Cirrhosis • Lupus • Perforations • Intestinal • Colon • Sigmoid • Rectal • Pregnancy • First trimester • Third trimester • Renal • One kidney • Insufficiency • Dialysis • Surgery • Abdominal • Colon • Rectum • Hemorrhoidectomy Precautions cont. • Medications • Coumadin • Digoxin • Lasix (furosemide) • Prednisone • Lipitor • ASA/NSAIDS • Methotrexate Indications • FDA • When medically indicated, such as before radiological or endoscopic examination • Practitioners Suggested Benefits (not listed by FDA) • Health maintenance • DETOXIFICATION (correct imbalance) • Symptomatic relief • Constipation • Indigestion • Functional bowel problems Indications cont. • Benefits (not listed by FDA) • Assessment of bowel function • Removal of impacted feces • Removal of foreign material • Rehydration of bowel • Toning of the bowel • Aids in bowel re-training • Improved bowel elimination Indications cont. • Benefits (not listed by FDA) • Removal of bowel toxins which may be a cause of chronic inflammatory disease processes • Improved sense of well-being • Improved immune response • Aids in bowel cleansing • Aids in elimination of stored toxins • Aids in restoring the integrity of the mucosal lining • Improvement of quality of life Summary • • • • • Safe Relatively Inexpensive ($65) Licensed Practitioners Effective (This message not reviewed by the FDA) So can we advocate this practice as PA’S? 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