Colon Hydrotherapy
Michael Hamilton
Advisor: Prof. Fahringer
History of Colon Hydrotherapy
Information about I-ACT
Medical Benefits
• Colon Hydrotherapy is the natural evolution of the
• The enema was first recorded in ancient Egyptian
• Also mentioned in the writings of Great Civilizations
History cont.
• Most pre-eminent physicians reported on the
value of the enema
• Hippocrates
• Galen
• Regnier DeGraff
• 17th Century known as the “age of the
History cont.
• Many European Kings appreciated the benefits of
the Enema
• Louis XI - credited the enema with relieving attack
of seizures
• Louis XIII received over 200 enemas in one year
History cont.
• Louis the XIV, ardent
• Had over 2,000 enemas during
his reign.
• He even received court
functionaries and visitors during
the procedure1.
1.Lieberman, William, M.D., “The Enema”, The Review of
Volume 13, May-June 1946
Court Function During Enema
History cont.
• In the early 1900s, Dr. Kellogg popularizes
colon cleansing
• He reported in the 1917 Journal of American
Medicine that in over 40,000 cases, as a result of
diet, exercise, and enema (colon hydrotherapy),
“in all but twenty cases”, he had used no surgery
for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease in his
History cont.
• 1950’s
• colon hydrotherapy was flourishing in the U.S.
• the prestigious Beverly Boulevard in California was then
known as “colonic row”
• Mid-1960’s
• colon hydrotherapy slowly dwindled
• Early 1970’s
• most colon hydrotherapy instruments were removed
from the hospitals and nursing homes
History Summary
• Colon hydrotherapy/enemas have
been around for thousands of years
• Two IMPORTANT conclusions
• First, there is something of value by cleansing
the colon
• Second, it has never received the attention it
justly deserves
• Extended and more complete form
of an enema
• Gently infuse warm, filtered water into
the rectum
• End Results
Hydrates the colon
Waste is softened and loosened
Evacuation is through normal peristalsis
Irrigates/cleanses the colon
Theory cont.
• Modern FDA registered
• Carried out by qualified
• Cleans beyond the rectosigmoid
area through a series of fill and
empty cycles
• Safe and effective when
guidelines are adhered to
Theory cont.
• Various Types of FDA registered equipment
• International Association for Colon Hydrotherapy
• I-ACT is the International Association for Colon
• I-ACT establishes the training standards and guidelines
• I-ACT is committed to work with the FDA, International
organizations, states and municipalities to enhance the
safety of colon hydrotherapy
• I-ACT is the certifying body for colon hydrotherapists around
the world
I-ACT cont.
• Membership
• Over 2200 Members
• Over 400 International Members
• Certification Levels
Foundation Level
Intermediate Level
Advanced Level
Instructor Level
• What about contamination or
spread of disease?
Only report was in New England
Journal of Medicine,
August 5, 1982
No reports of contamination when
using modern FDA registered
equipment and the equipment is
disinfected according to
manufacturer guidelines
Single use, disposable speculums /
rectal tubes, and tubing
• What about puncturing of the colon?
There have been allegations of puncture when using
enemas and colonic irrigation
Recommend caution during insertion of speculum/rectal
tube and follow the recommendation of the
physician/healthcare provider and/or the manufacturer of
the equipment
• Facts
• The pressure of the water during the session is very low
• from 1/4 lbs. to 2.0 lbs
• The Speculum / Rectal Tube in only inserted
approximately 2 inches into the rectum
• How will I assure the
patients therapist is
• Recommend that the patient
seek the services of an I-ACT
certified colon hydrotherapist
using currently registered FDA
equipment and disposable
supplies, and filtered water
• Electrolyte imbalances
• Study conducted by National
• John R. Collins, N.D., Paul Mittman, N.D., Mara
Katlaps, B.A.
• “No patients experienced any clinically
significant complications or complaints during or
after the course of treatment.”
• Only problem might be encountered with
paraplegics that are unable to completely
release their bowels.
Abdominal distensions
Adrenal exhaustion
• Colon
• Cardiac conditions
• Uncontrolled blood
• Hypertension
• Hypotension
• Congestive heart
• Crohn’s
• Colitis
• Diverticulosis
• Diverticulitis
Contraindications cont.
• Hernias
• Liver
• Jaundice
• Acute failure
• Cirrhosis
• Lupus
• Perforations
• Intestinal
• Colon
• Sigmoid
• Rectal
• Pregnancy
• First trimester
• Third trimester
• Renal
• One kidney
• Insufficiency
• Dialysis
• Surgery
• Abdominal
• Colon
• Rectum
• Hemorrhoidectomy
Precautions cont.
• Medications
• Coumadin
• Digoxin
• Lasix (furosemide)
• Prednisone
• Lipitor
• Methotrexate
• When medically indicated, such as before
radiological or endoscopic examination
• Practitioners Suggested Benefits (not
listed by FDA)
• Health maintenance
• Symptomatic relief
• Constipation
• Indigestion
• Functional bowel problems
Indications cont.
• Benefits (not listed by FDA)
• Assessment of bowel function
• Removal of impacted feces
• Removal of foreign material
• Rehydration of bowel
• Toning of the bowel
• Aids in bowel re-training
• Improved bowel elimination
Indications cont.
• Benefits (not listed by FDA)
• Removal of bowel toxins which may be
a cause of chronic inflammatory disease
• Improved sense of well-being
• Improved immune response
• Aids in bowel cleansing
• Aids in elimination of stored toxins
• Aids in restoring the integrity of the
mucosal lining
• Improvement of quality of life
Relatively Inexpensive ($65)
Licensed Practitioners
Effective (This message not reviewed by the FDA)
So can we advocate this practice as
That answer is as clear as…
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