WITS UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING (SoAP) Human Settlements-related SHORT COURSES The Wits School of Architecture and Planning sees Human Settlements holistically + offers the following short courses: • SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL SUSTAINABILITY • INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS UPGRADING • HUMAN SETTLEMENTS AND HOUSING: THEORY, CONCEPTS AND POLICY • HOUSING FINANCE AND THE LAW • MANAGEMENT OF EXISTING HOUSING STOCK • All courses are accredited by various committees within Wits University, incl. the Academic Planning Office • Short Course cost: R10 000 per person; minimum 10, maximum 25 participants per course • All logistical arrangements are professionally handled by Wits Enterprise (WE) , which is dedicated to and vastly experienced in the running of Short Courses via their Professional Development hub. • Delivery is by means of face to face and highly interactive lectures. • Wits Enterprise also conducts course and lecturer evaluations as a matter of course. OUTCOMES • Detailed outcomes for each course are available upon request, but in general, participants should be able to: • Interpret fundamental concepts of sustainable human settlements • Understand and cite theories, concepts and ideas pertaining to the subject matter • Apply theories and concepts to housing inadequacies • Describe housing policies promoted by various countries and international institutions • Link policy and practice These are stand-alone courses (at NQF level 8), but could also count towards a Master’s degree* i.e. Master of the Built Environment – Housing * Ts & Cs apply! Admission requirements • A Bachelor’s degree in architecture, engineering, planning, sociology or similar fields or • A Matric + 3 years professional experience in human settlement-related professions SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL SUSTAINABILITY • The course aims to equip students with the necessary awareness/understanding of the various dimensions of sustainability – environmental, economic and social. The course is structured into two blocks: • Block A focuses on social aspects of the sustainability concept • the aim is to equip students with the knowledge, analytical tools, and approaches to community engagement, to develop and argue for socially appropriate housing responses. • Block B focuses on technical aspects. The environmental/resource dimension will provide the framework for understanding human settlements policy and practice in response to environmental and policy constraints. INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS (IS) UPGRADING The course aims to • equip students with the necessary understanding of informal settlements as human settlements, and • frame IS upgrading with the understanding that various strands of policy (financial, regulatory, construction, participation, planning) need in order to speak to this. The course is structured into two blocks: • The first block focuses on understanding informal settlements as complex human settlements and comparing different approaches to them • The second block introduces various approaches to informal settlement upgrading in South Africa and related policy and practice. • The content involves the analysis, synthesis and application in the specific area of participatory informal settlement upgrading. HUMAN SETTLEMENTS AND HOUSING: THEORY, CONCEPTS AND POLICY The course introduces participants to the local and international literature on core aspects of housing. Participants are expected to • engage critically with existing discourses on housing policy, both local and international. • be able to draw on contrasting policies from other countries, while being able to reflect on the political, economic and social conditions that allowed these to be developed in their particular context. • The course encourages a commitment to addressing the housing crisis. • case studies from other countries are brought into the discussion in order to explore alternative scenarios. HOUSING FINANCE AND THE LAW • The course aims to equip students with the necessary understanding of the various dimensions of housing finance, and to rights and legislation that apply to housing. • The course deals in depth with the evolution of housing policy, housing rights and legislation in South Africa, particularly since 1994. • This is placed in an international context, allowing us to explore both the broader global developments from which South Africa is no longer isolated, and to explore alternatives to the South African scenario. • While the course seeks to link housing finance to questions of rights and legislation, and how these jointly shape the built environment, the course to some extent is divided into two separate sections: • The first block deals with housing finance. • The second focuses on rights and legislation. MANAGEMENT OF EXISTING HOUSING STOCK • The aim of the course is to equip students to deal with the key issues of how to manage and maintain rental housing stock and how to undertake client services. • The course introduces students to the basic tools and techniques for running and managing existing housing stock. • The course will highlight the basic principles and processes to be followed in managing residential stock… from demand assessment, marketing, allocations, leasing, maintenance, tenant relationship management and customer service to the policies, human resources and organisational management required. • Current issues and debates in the field, both in South Africa and internationally will also be addressed. The course is structured into two blocks • The first block focuses on the definitions of property and facilities management; the development of housing & property management: history & perspective from the UK, & South Africa, and • demand assessment, marketing, waiting lists, allocations, lease and rental administration; and the legal aspects of tenant relationship management. • The second block introduces rent administration, setting & affordability; rent collection; managing empty properties; dealing with arrears & eviction, tenant participation, customer service & complaints & • case studies on the tenant & landlord relationship will be addressed; how to organise the property management function and property maintenance. *An additional short course is the BASIC COURSE IN PARTICIPATORY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT: TECHNIQUES, THEORIES AND METHODS • The purpose of the course is to equip students with the necessary understanding of participatory approaches, the relative institutional models and organisational methods. • The course aims to provide students with a basic understanding and knowledge of participatory methodologies, understanding potentials and criticalities, especially through practical training, simulations and exercises. *this is a non credit bearing course • The main aim is to enable participants to plan an entire participatory community development programme, • selecting the most suitable approaches and understanding the different phasing and techniques to be used for a specific case/context. The course is structured into three blocks • The first block focuses on understanding of community participation, from the theoretical foundations to the practical approaches, • giving an overview of different types of participatory methods and some recent innovations. • The second block introduces various approaches and related institutional models, relative policies and their linkage to practice. • The third block is practical training in the form of 3 workshops, focusing on basic aspects of practising community participatory development through a series of exercises. • Participants will also learn how to identify, select and perform different participatory methods and tools, depending on their implications in terms of different outcomes, involvement and role of different stakeholders. • (this is a stand-alone practical training course at NQF level 5 and does not count towards a Master’s degree) Admission requirements for the Basic Participatory Course: • A minimum of 2 years professional experience in human settlement-related professions. Allied Short Courses • In terms of an holistic approach to Human Settlements, the following courses will also be offered: • • • • • • • • • Climate Change and Towns Drought Management Storm Mitigation Flood Mitigation (Structural and Non/Structural) Wildfires Mitigation Technological Hazards Mitigation Pest Mitigation Mitigation Management Landslide Mitigation (These courses are currently in the process of being approved within Wits University). They are non credit – bearing (for now!) These SCs are pitched at NQF level 7 Admission reqs.: Matric + relevant experience Detailed outcomes for each course are available upon request, but in general, participants should be able to: • Understand and manage the theory and practice of Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management and apply this at all spatial and other levels • Plan, organise and implement local mitigation plans. Leadership for Sustainable Energy Transitions • is a peer to peer, trans disciplinary course (so does not have an NQF rating) • Is run by The Global Change and Sustainability Research Institute (GCSRI) of the University of the Witwatersrand • This course will collaboratively, with programme participants, build and develop • on leadership competencies that deal with leadership for sustainable energy transitions. The three main pillars of the programme are: • Leadership in energy transitions • Unlearning for transitions: Related resource persons, tools and practices • Substantiating on current understanding on unlearning for transitions, with neuroscience as the key approach CVs* of Facilitators and/or Presenters *full CVs are available on request Prof Marie Huchzermeyer • QUALIFICATIONS • Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Sociology, University of Cape Town (2000). • Master in City Planning and Urban Design (with distinction), University of Cape Town (1994). • Bachelor in Landscape Architecture, University of Pretoria (1987). • 3. RECENT HONOURS AND AWARDS • B3 Rating (‘considerable international recognition by peers for high quality and impact of recent research outputs’) from the National Research Foundation (NRF) in 2008 and 2014. • Grant from the ANFASA Grant Scheme for Authors (AGSA), Association of Non-Fiction Authors of South Africa (2009). • Institute of Housing of South Africa (Gauteng Provincial Branch and National) Housing Special Merit Awards (2004). • 4. CURRENT MEMBERSHIPS • Network-Association of European Researchers on Urbanisation in the South – N-AERUS • International Research Group on Law and Urban Space – IRGLUS • Association of Non-Fiction Authors of South Africa – ANFASA • Since 2003: Board member of the urban development NGO Planact • Editorial board of the journals Urban Forum, and Sub/Urban (Zeitschrift fuer kritische Stadtforschung) • 5. PRESENT APPOINTMENT • Professor, Convener of the interdisciplinary MBE Housing, School of Architecture and Planning, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand. Employment history Dates Organisation Appointment Jan 2001-date School of Architecture and Planning, University of the Witwatersrand Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor (since 2005), Professor (since 2011) Mar-Dec. 2000 Faculty of the Built Environment, South Bank University Research fellow (peri-urban transformations) Jan 1995-Dec. 1999 Consultancies/contract research: Isandla Institute, Cape Town; Division of Building Technology, CSIR; Building Design Group, Swaziland; School of Architecture and Planning, University of Cape Town; Division of Transport, CSIR; Environmental Monitoring Group, Cape Town. Review of South African housing policy debate; informal settlement intervention; low income housing; urban integration; sustainable housing. Jan. 1988-Dec. 1992 Landscape architecture offices in Cape Town and Berlin Assistant landscape architect; landscape architect; Dr Margot Rubin • • 2009 – 2013 PhD -Urban Planning and Political Studies, University of the Witwatersrand: • • 2002 – 2005 MA Urban Geography, University of Pretoria: • • 1999 January – 1999 December, BA, Honours in Geography and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand • • 1996 – 1998 Bachelor of Arts (Geography and Philosophy), University of the Witwatersrand • 2. Experience • • January 2009- Current: Independent Development Consultant and Policy Researcher ; Sessional lecturing and post-graduate supervision at the University of the Witwatersrand; Housing Policy training for government officials • • January 2006- December 2008: Researcher, and Research Coordinator, Centre for Urban and Built Environment Studies (CUBES); Wits University, • • August 2004 – December 2005: Researcher and research dissemination officer, Social Housing Foundation • • February 2004 – August 2004: Researcher Centre for Development and Enterprise Mr Neil Klug • National Diploma in Town and Regional Planning, Natal Technikon, 1983 • Masters Degree in Town and Regional Planning, Natal University, 1991 • Masters Degree in Urban Design, Oxford-Brookes University (UK), 1995 • Diploma in Project Management, University of Pretoria, 1997 • Corporate Member of the South African Council of Town and Regional Planners • Corporate Member of the South African Planning Institute • Neil Klug is an urban planner and designer who has over 24 years consulting experience and is the director of Neil Klug TRP (SA). • he is a permanent major-time (80%) senior lecturer at the University of Witwatersrand’s Planning School and has 18 years lecturing experience. Neil has strong experience in the management of planning processes. His areas of specialisation include Integrated Development Plans, Spatial Development Frameworks, housing policy plans, detailed spatial layout design (incorporating informal settlement upgrading); the formulation of land use plans, urban design, and feasibility studies. Over the past five years he has published 6 articles and chapters in local and international journals with colleagues in the areas of informal settlement upgrading, inclusionary housing and spatial planning. • BROAD RELEVANT EMPLOYMENT HISTORY • Self-employed / Senior Lecturer (2002 – Present) 80% University of the Witwatersrand and 20% Neil Klug TRP (SA) • Self-employed (1999 – 2002), Neil Klug TRP (SA) + part time lecturer at University KwaZulu Natal • Senior project manager (1996 – 1999), Scott Wilson Planning & Development Resources + part time lecturer at University of KwaZulu Natal • Town Planner (1990 – 1996), Seneque Maughan Brown and Associates • Town Planning technician (1980 – 1983), Vincent Leggo Associates • SELECTED PROFESSIONAL WORK OVER PAST 10 YEARS • 2014 - Preparation of teaching materials for NUSP for Informal Settlement Upgrading. • 2013 – Contributed to a Supply Side Housing Strategy for De Beers Consolidated Mines • 2012 – Contributed to a Supply Side Housing Strategy for ESKOM • 2009 – Appointed by national treasury, ISRDP-Neighbourhood Development Grant Programme Selection Process. • 2008 - Appointed by the National Department of Housing to review the BNG policy on informal settlement upgrading • 2006/07 - Prepared the Umdoni Municipality Housing Plan • 2005/06 - ILO Employment Aspects for Slum Upgrading Study: Undertook a study of a People’s Housing Process project as a case study, • 2004 – 2008 Khulula Housing Layout Project • SHORT COURSE TEACHING • Training of municipal housing officials, 2014: Appointed by Shisaka to train housing officials in a course entitled: An Introduction to Housing Policy for Housing Administrators, funded by ABSA, and the French Development Bank. Now have trained about 380 local, district, metropolitan and provincial government officials country wide on this course. • Training of municipal housing officials, 2009-2013: Appointed by Shisaka to train housing officials in a course entitled: An Introduction to Housing Policy for Housing Administrators, funded by ABSA, and the French Development Bank. • Special Lecture on Site Analysis and Seminar, 2009: Conducted a special lecture on an analysis of a specific site in South Africa and gave a general seminar on planning in SA for the University of Sheffield’s Department of Urban Planning, in Sheffield, UK. • . • Preparation of Course Material for a Housing training Course, 2008: Appointed by Shisaka to prepare Town planning aspects for a housing course for municipal officials funded by ABSA. • Training the Trainers on the DPLG’s IDP Training Manual: 2007 – Prepared course material and undertook training of 21 potential IDP trainers. This was undertaken for GTZ. • Integrated Development Planning Short Course: 2007 – Prepared and presented SETA accredited five day short courses on Integrated Development Planning at MXA. Three courses were taught during 2007, and were attended by approximately 45 delegates made up of municipal and provincial officials • Integrated Development Planning Short Course: 2006 – Prepared and presented together with Professor Phillip Harrison a two day short course on Integrated Development Planning for the Development Bank of South Africa. The course was attended by 21 delegates made up of bank officials and some municipal officials. • Spatial Development Framework Workshop: 2005, Prepared and facilitated a national workshop on Implementing Spatial Planning for Government, for Trade Conference International. The workshop was attended by 34 public and private sector participants from around the country. Dr. Costanza la Mantia • EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND • • Postdoc Fellowship, University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), July 2013-present. Research topics: Urban Resilience for Sustainable Development, Resilient Governance, Resilient Urban Form, Informality and Resilience. • • PhD in Urban and Regional Planning, University of Palermo (Italy), 2010: Research topic: Strategic tools, Governance and Participation in Planning, dissertation title “Sharing the Future. Urban Strategic Tools and Inclusive Processes in Planning”, 2007-2009. • • International Postgraduate Master in Integrated Relational Tourism and Regional Planning, University of Palermo (Italy) & Helwan University (Egypt), 2008. • • Professional Degree in Architecture, cum laude, University of Palermo (Italy), 2005: Thesis: “New operative models and complex tools for urban and regional planning: from autopoiesis of living systems to autopoiesis of urban and regional systems. “ • • Senior Lecturer, University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), School of Architecture & Planning, August 2014-present. Courses: • • Contemporary Design & Environmental Issues in South Africa, 2014. Urban design course focusing on participatory informal settlement upgrading. • Senior Lecturer, Kigali Institute of Science and Technology (Rwanda), Faculty of Architecture & Environmental Design, 2012-2013. Courses: • • Urban Ecology & Slum Upgrading Design Studio, 2013. • • Participatory Informal Areas Upgrading Design Studio, 2012. • • Urban Anthropology, 2012. • • Research Methodologies, 2013. Research Affiliate, Bartlett School - University College London (UK), Department Planning Unit, 2012. Researcher within the collaborative research project The Heuristics of Mapping Urban Environmental Change, a comparative research on bottom-up mapping practices between London, Milan, and Cairo. • Organization of research workshop & symposium Cairo: Mapping Informality, in collaboration with Megawra-Built Environment Collective, Cairo. • Research Board Member, Milan Polytechnic (Italy), Laboratory of Development Cooperation, Department of Architecture & Planning, 2008-2010. Bilateral research-action project Living in the City of the Dead, Cairo. Various Guest Lectures: • Milan Polytechnic DiAP (Italy), guest lecturer in the seminar Cairo’s Informal Areas in Post-Revolution: the Future of the City of the Dead amongst plans and expectations, 2011. • Milan Polytechnic DiAP (Italy), guest lecturer in the seminar Re-framing Egyptian Planning System, 2011. • Milan Polytechnic DiAP (Italy), guest lecturer in the seminar Strategic Planning and Governance for Cairo’s Development, 2010. • American University in Cairo (Egypt), Faculty of Mass Communication, guest lecturer in the seminar inquiring the Community Complexity of the City of the dead, 2010. • American University in Cairo (Egypt) & Milan Poytechnic (Italy), coordination and tutoring of the international workshop Inside the City of the Dead, Cairo, 2010. • Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt), Faculty of Engineering, Design & Architecture, guest lecturer in the seminar Approaching and Representing a Complex Urban Environment, 2009. • Teaching Assistant, University of Palermo (Italy), 2005-2008. Courses: • Architectural & Urban Design, 20052008. Dr Sarah Charlton • PhD in Town and Regional Planning, 2013, University of Sheffield, UK • Master of Architecture (Housing), 1994, University of Natal, Durban • Bachelor of Architecture, 1989, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg • Relevant employment history • Senior Lecturer (2003–present) in the Planning Programme, School of Architecture and Planning, Wits. • Project Manager, (April 1997–Nov 2001) Metro Housing Unit, Durban Metropolitan Council. • Senior Project Leader (March 1994- March 1997) Built Environment Support Group (BESG). • • • • • • • Selected professional work 2014 - Contributed to the development of a training course on informal settlement upgrading, for the National Upgrading Support Programme (NUSP), Department of Human Settlements (with Shisaka) 2012 - Member of the team researching the conceptual basis of the future lowincome housing approach, for the Department of Human Settlements 2010 - Member of the team developing the ‘Bad Buildings’ Strategy for the City of Johannesburg (with team leader Tanya Zack). 2009 - Member of the team formulating the Quick Guide to Housing in Africa, for UN Habitat through the African Centre for Cities (with Tanya Zack and Melinda Silverman) 2004 & 2005 - Formulation of the eThekwini Inner City Housing Strategy, as part of the inner city Spatial Development Framework, for the Inner Ethekwini Regeneration and Urban Management Programme) (with Joanne Lees) 2003 - Review of the National Department of Housing’s Programmes, Policies and Practices 1994-2003, for the National Department of Housing (with Melinda Silverman and Stephen Berrisford) Dr Brian Boshoff • Fulbright Scholar • 2010. Ph.D. in the “Environmental Design and Planning Program(me)” at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, aka Virginia Tech, Virginia, USA. • • • 1989. M.Sc. (T.R.P.) (Town and Regional Planning/Development Planning), University of the Witwatersrand. • • 1984. H. Dip. P.D.A. (Higher Diploma in Planning for Developing Areas) (DISTINCTION: “Development Issues”). University of the Witwatersrand. • • • 1981. B.Soc.Sc. (Three majors: ECONOMICS III, BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION III and PSYCHOLOGY III). Rhodes University. • Diploma of the Institute of Organization and Methods. Current and Previous Employment Currently Full time Senior Lecturer and SHORT COURSE CONVENOR in the School of Architecture and Planning, Wits University (16 years experience) Previously • Development Planner and Environmental Specialist at the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA). Founder member of DBSA’s Environmental Unit. Eight years experience. • Trainee in Environmental Management, and Organization and Methods/Work study at the Electricity Supply Commission. Two Years Experience. • Part-time lecturer: Dept. of Town and Regional Planning, University of the Witwatersrand. Seven years experience. • Instructor: Virginia Tech (USA) Urban Affairs and Planning Programme. • Reviewer/Associate Editor: The International Journal for Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability • Reviewer for DBSA publication ”A DBSA Perspective on Sustainable Development” • Observer: Local Agenda 21 National Network: Establishment of National Steering Cttee. • Past Member of the International Association for Impact Assessment • Consultant (e.g., Evaluation for “Danish Universities Consortium on Environment and Development;” and UN HABITAT). • • Facilitator and presenter of numerous short courses on Disaster Risk Management In Southern and East Africa • Finalist for the University of the Witwatersrand Vice Chancellor’s INDIVIDUAL Teaching Award 1999/2000, • Nominated again for the University Of The Witwatersrand Vice Chancellor’s INDIVIDUAL Teaching Award in 2002. • Nominated for the University of the Witwatersrand Vice Chancellor’s TEAM Teaching Award in both 2008 and 2009. Prof. Daniel Irurah • (PhD, M. Arch, MUP, B.Arch (Hons)) • Architect (Registered - S. Africa and Kenya) • Policy analyst/planner (Urban, Energy, Environmental and Housing) • CURRENT RELEVANT POSITION(S) AND ROLES: • Associate Professor (Sustainable Architecture, Cities & Settlements), School of Architecture & Planning, University of the Witwatersrand (WITS) • Programme Leader: Wits-GIZ CL+: Leadership for Sustainable Energy Transitions – June 2013 to January 2014: A trans-disciplinary peer-to-peer learning and knowledge co-creation initiative based on competencies in self-development for collective agency/action and deepening subject matter understanding. • Convenor/Anchor-Lecturer: Masters in Architecture (Sustainable and Energy Efficient Cities – SEEC) newly launched at Wits (School of Architecture & Planning), 2011 (ongoing) as one of the deliverables under PREA (Promoting Renewable Energy for Africa) Programme, 2006 - 2009. • Bio-fuels Africa (under Syn-Consult Africa): Incubating private sector initiatives to catalyse grass-roots bio-fuels eco-enterprises (with distributed generation as the primary platform/model) • • Member, Adjudication Panel – SAIA-AfriSam Awards for Sustainable Architecture in South Africa (2009/2010, 2011/2012 and 2013/2014) • Member, Jury Panel: Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction, Cycle 4, Africa Middle East Region • External Examiner: Faculty of the Built Environment, Uganda Martyrs University, Uganda • Member, Reference Group: State of the Cities Report 2016, South African Cities Network (SACN) • RELEVANT PREVIOUS POSITIONS (RECENT) • Member, Board of Directors and Chair of Education Sub-Committee, Green Building Council of South Africa (GBCSA) 2011 – 2013 • Visiting Professor: University of Stellenbosch and Sustainability Institute (Stellenbosch, South Africa). • Sustainability Consultant and Co-Administrator – South Bank International Architectural Competition: • Project Leader: Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction, Africa Middle East Region (First Cycle: 2004 – 2006, Second Cycle 2006 - 2009) • Member of the Reference Group: Sustainable Cities: South African Cities Network (SACN) Dr Krisno Nimpuno • 1960 Propaedeutic Exam Architecture, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands • 1962 Candidaat I, b.i., (B. Arch.), Delft University of Technology, TUD, Delft, The Netherlands • 1965 Arkitekt examen), (M. Arch.), Technical University, CTH, Gothenburg, Sweden, • 1971 Teknisk Licentiat, (MPhil), Technical Doctorate, Hospital Planning, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, Sweden • • 1972 Nordic School of Public Health, NHH, Gothenburg, Sweden Certificate of Public Health, Environmental Hygiene • • 1974 Nordic School of Public Health, NHH, Gothenburg, Sweden Certificate of Public Health, Water Hygiene • Languages: Indonesian, English, Swedish, Dutch, Portuguese, French, German, some Swahili. • Dr Nimpuno has forty years of professional and academic experience as architect, planner and public servant. • Specializing in risk management, housing, infrastructure, health buildings and environmental planning, he has worked as a consultant in Europe, North America, Asia, and Africa; and on housing programs in Sweden and throughout East Africa. • He has served as expert for UNDP, NORAD, IDA/World Bank, UNESCO and UNCHS projects, ranging from rural development programs, school planning, refugee settlement planning, sites and services schemes, slum upgrading, and environmental health planning. • He coordinated the UNESCO project to develop training materials on disaster management. As IDA/ World Bank / UN project manager and N0RAD expert he has been concerned with the formulation, planning and implementation of national policies. • He has been stationed for government assignments in Indonesia, Sweden, Canada, Tanzania, Kenya, and Mozambique and has held academic positions in Sweden, Indonesia, Thailand and the Netherlands. • He has worked on research and consultant assignments in Botswana, Zambia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Thailand, Vietnam, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Burma, Colombia, Sweden, South Africa and Portugal. • He has been involved in pioneering modern low cost sanitation methods and has organized several international gatherings on this topic. • He has a wide experience in environmental monitoring and sustainable development planning. His multi-disciplinary work on disaster and emergency reduction explores bridges between disaster risk management and development.