Searching and browsing film
archives – The European Film
Gateway approach
Cultural Heritage 2009
Cairo, Egypt 6-8 December 2009
Pasquale Savino – ISTI-CNR
Franca Debole – ISTI-CNR
Georg Eckes - DIF
Initial Situation:
Why a European Film Gateway?
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growing number of digitisation projects and repositories of digital
collections
 need for a registry of collections, items and film-specific
authority files on a trans-institutional, trans-national level
Lack of common standards for database & record structures
suitable for the needs of film archives
 need for common interoperability standards
flickr, youTube etc. influence user expectations, digital libraries
initiatives are on their way
 challenge for film archives to go along
lack of knowledge and best practices when it comes to dealing
with IPR issues in the context of web-based access
 need to join experiences
Goals and Objectives:
What is EFG supposed to achieve?
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build a „digital showcase“ for collections of Europe‘s film archives
and cinematheques
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Moving images: Films and film clips, trailers etc.
Images: Posters, images, stills, drawings etc.
Text material: Reviews, correspondance, censoship documents etc.
Sound material: Interviews etc.
make collections accessible through a common access point
create a registry of digital objects and filmographic authority
records
link Europe‘s film archives and cinematheques with Europeana
and operate as an “Aggregator” for Europeana
make more than 700.000 photographs, posters, texts,
audio documents, films and film clips covering more than
100 years of film history accessible by 2011
Objectives
• Defining a metadata schema which is able to
describe the complexity of EFG data structures,
relationships, and content and that can support
search and browsing capabilities
• Joining archives and filmographies and support
export of complex metadata structures (OAI-PMH)
• Cleaning and consolidating data from
heterogeneous sources
• Enriching content (tagging archival resources and
filmographic editing)
• Clearing rights where necessary
Partner Institutions:
Who is behind EFG?
Providers of Content
Deutsches Filminstitut – DIF (coordinator)
Cinemateca Portuguesa – Museu do cinema
Cineteca del Comune di Bologna
Det Danske Filminstitut
Filmarchiv Austria
Istituto Luce
La Cinémathèque Française
Lichtspiel - Kinemathek Bern
Lietuvos Centrinis Valstybés Archyvas
Magyar Nemzeti Filmarchívum
Národní Filmový Archiv
Nasjonalbiblioteket
Nederlands Filmmuseum
Tainiothiki tis Ellados
Frankfurt
Lisbon
Bologna
Copenhagen
Vienna
Rome
Paris
Bern
Vilnius
Budapest
Prague
Oslo
Amsterdam
Athens
DEU
PRT
ITA
DNK
AUT
ITA
FRA
CHE
LTU
HUN
CZE
NOR
NLD
GRC
Providers of Infrastructures, Services, and Technologies
Association des Cinémathèques Européennes (initiator)
CNR-ISTI
EDL Foundation
Eremo srl
FernUniversität Hagen
reelport GmbH
Frankfurt/Brussels
Pisa
The Hague
Cupramontana
Hagen
Cologne
DEU/BEL
ITA
NLD
ITA
DEU
DEU
20 institutions
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13 countries
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11 languages
Goals and Objectives:
What is EFG supposed to achieve?
Definition of a common interoperability
schema
• Approach
– The schema was designed taking into account
the specific application scenario
– Looking at existing models, in order to take
into account previous experiences and to
simplify the schema mapping
– The model is based on the User needs defined
in EFG
– Maintain a compatibility with ESE in order to
simplify the ingestion process into Europeana
The EFG Metadata Schema
The EFG Metadata Schema
An AV Creation Corresponds to a
Cinematographic work as defined
in EN 15907.
Main elements:
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Identifier
Title
Record Source
Identifying Title
Country of Reference
Production Year
Keywords
Description
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UserTag
ViewFilmography
The EFG Metadata Schema
An AV Manifestation is the
physical embodiment of an audio
visual creation. For example, it
may contain the different national
versions, different productions of
the same AV Creation.
Main elements:
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Identifier
Title
Record Source
Language
Dimension
Duration
Coverage
Format
Rights holder
Provenance
Thumbnail
Note
The EFG Metadata Schema
An Item contains a reference to
the external resource. For a single
AV Manifestation we may have
several Items stored in different
archives.
Main elements:
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Identifier
IsShownBy
IsShownAt
Format
Provider
URI
Country
Note
The EFG Metadata Schema
Examples of Non AV Creations are
pictures, photos, correspondence,
books or periodicals
Main elements:
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Identifier
Title
Record Source
Keywords
Description
Date Created
Language
Note
UserTag
The EFG Metadata Schema
A Non AV Manifestation is the
physical embodiment of an Non
AV Creation.
Main elements:
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Identifier
Title
Record Source
Type
Language
Date
Digital Format
Physical Format
Geographic Scope
Coverage
Rights holder
Provenance
Thumbnail
Note
The EFG Metadata Schema
An Agent is an Entity that can
perform an action.
There are three agent types:
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Person
Identifier, Record Source, Name,
Date, Region of Activity, Place,
Sex, Type of Activity, Note,
ViewBiography
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Corporate Body
Group
The EFG Metadata Schema
Publication event
E.g. a public screening, broadcast
or a public release on a physical
distribution medium or online
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Elements: Identifier, Record
Source, Type, Date, Regional
Scope, Place, Event Name,
Exhibition organizer, Publisher,
Access conditions, Note
Decision event
An event in which a
manifestation of a creation was
evaluated by a censorship body
or an accredited rating agency
IPR Registration
Award
Production event
Examples are dates and locations
where castings took place or
dates and locations of shootings
or other recordings
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Title: “2001: A Space Odissey”
Record Source: IMDB
Identifying Title: “2001: A Space Odissey”
Country of Reference:
Production Year: 1968
Keywords: Science Fiction, HAL, intelligent
computer
Description: “Mankind finds a mysterious,
obviously artificial, artifact buried on the moon
and, with the intelligent computer HAL, sets off
on a quest”
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Title: “2001: A Space Odissey”
Record Source: IMDB
Identifying Title: “2001: A Space Odissey”
Country of Reference:
Production Year: 1968
Keywords: Science Fiction, HAL, intelligent
computer
Description: “Mankind finds a mysterious,
obviously artificial, artifact buried on the
moon and, with the intelligent computer
HAL, sets off on a quest”
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Title: “2001: Odissea nello Spazio”
Record Source: “Cineteca Nazionale”
Language: IT
Duration: 141 min
Title: “2001: A Space Odissey”
Record Source: “MGM”
Language:EN
Duration: 160 min
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Person
Record Source: IMDB
Name: Stanley Kubick
Region of Activity: UK
Sex: male
Type of Activity: director
ViewBiography
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Title: Poster
Record Source: IMDB
Keywords: Used in Italy
Date Created: 1968
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Title: Review
Record Source: IMDB
Date Created: 1968
An example of the use of the
EFG Metadata Schema
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Title: Review
Record Source: IMDB
Date Created: 1968
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Title: Poster
Record Source: IMDB
Keywords: Used in Italy
Date Created: 1968
Linking resources
was advertised
was reviewed in
directed by
played by
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Title: Review
Record Source: IMDB
Date Created: 1968
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Title: Poster
Record Source: IMDB
Keywords: Used in Italy
Date Created: 1968
Linking resources
Advanced search for film title
Person page for Peter Lorre
Time schedule
June 2009
Metadata schema finalised
June/July 2009
Test ingests from first 5 archives
August 2009
Testing and further ingests
Autumn 2009
First test ingests from EFG to Europeana
possible
Summer 2010
EFG portal public launch
Until August 2011 Consolidating film work and person
authority files, linking objects to authority
records, further ingests
Expected results
• Agreement on common interoperability
standards for film archives and cinématques
• Best practices for rights identification
• A single access point to the digitised
collections of Europ’s film and audiovisual
archives
• Access to Europe’s film heritage through
Europeana
Thank you!
Further information can be found
at the EFG web site
http://www.europeanfilmgateway.eu/
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WP 2 – Technical interoperability and access