Office of the
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
United Nations Workshop for South Asian countries
on Collection and Dissemination of Socio-economic Data from Population and Housing Censuses
New Delhi, India 28 – 31 May 2012
• Census 2011 is the 15th Census of India since
1872
• Census 2011 was held in two phases:
•
Houselisting & Housing Census
(April to September 2010)
•
Population Enumeration
(9th to 28th February 2011
•
Reference Date:
0:00 Hours of 1st March 2011
• In Snow Bound areas the Population
Enumeration was conducted from 11th to
30th September 2010
•
Reference Date:
0:00 Hours of 1st October 2010
CENSUS OF INDIA 2011
Number of Administrative Units in Census
2011
States/UTs
Districts
35
640
Sub-districts
5,924
Towns
7,933
Villages
0.6 mn
Some Facts about Census 2011
Cost
Cost per person
No. of Census Functionaries
USD 446 Mn
USD 0.37
2.7 Mn
No. of Languages in which Schedules were
canvassed
16
No. of Languages in which Training Manuals
prepared
18
No. of Schedules Printed
340 Mn
No. of Training Manuals Printed
5.4 Mn
Paper Utilised
8,000 MTs
Material Moved
10,500 MTs
Challenges – diverse & vast
Challenges – Diverse & Vast
Multi-cultural
Difficult
people
Difficult
Areas
• 2875 religions and other persuasions
• 18 languages (training); 16 languages (canvassing);
6661 mother tongues
• Nomads, Homeless, Forest/Island Dwellers
• Infants, Elderly women, Disabled
• Disturbed civil conditions
• Inaccessible terrain
Census 2011 Process
House to house
canvassing
Scanning
Data
Dissemination
Database/
Tabulation
Manual completion of
unrecognized characters
Image based
Recognition (ICR)
Image validation
DATA COLLECTION
Houselisting & Housing Census – 1st Phase
 35 items of information
collected
 2.7 million Census
functionaries
 15 million Schedules processed
 16 languages
 ICR technology used for data
processing
 Houselisting and Housing
Census excluded houseless
households.
The data on amenities and assets
covers normal households only and
excludes Institutional households
DATA COLLECTION
Population Enumeration – 2nd Phase
 29 items of information
collected
 2.7 million Census
functionaries
 Approximately 250 million
Schedules are to be processed
 16 languages
 ICR technology used for data
processing
SOME OF THE
INNOVATIONS IN
CENSUS 2011
Objectives
• Ensure complete and unduplicated coverage
• Improve Quality of the content
• Optimize Cost
• Deliver on time
Complete Coverage: Harnessing GIS
•
•
•
•
Digitised boundary of more than 0.6 million villages
Maps of 8000 Towns upto ward level
Notional maps upto street and house level
Satellite based digital maps of 33 Capital Cities upto street and
building level
• Largest Producer of Thematic Maps in India
Logistics Chain – Innovative Step
Schedules Printed
At
High-end Presses
Materials supplied
by DCO
Charge Officer
Enumerator
20, 000
2.5 million
• Database of language wise requirement of Census Schedules in 20,000
locations
• Packing according to the database
• Dispatch and delivery
Through Indian Posts
• Return logistics
Improving Quality – Training
National
Trainers
( NTs)
90
Master Trainer Facilitators
(MTFs)
725
Master Trainer (MTs)
54, 000
Enumerators and Supervisors
2.7 Million
A serious business !!
•
•
•
•
Training Alliance
Training Methodology
Improved inputs
Scientific Training aids
ICT in Training
• Instruction Manuals
• Training Guides
• PowerPoint
presentations
• e-Learning Module
• Intra net
• Training CDs
• Community Radio
• SMS/email
Improvement in Quality: Publicity
• Census Mascot (Lady
enumerator)
• Campaign included • Mass media
• Public outreach
• Digital media
• Special attention to rural
areas
• Sensitization of critical
issues
• In local languages
• Involve all
• Print Ads in 16 languages
• TVCs and Radio Spots in 12
languages
ICT in Census - Call Centre
• Call centres were set up at State level
• Redressal of grievances received from public
about non-enumeration
• Direct communication with Enumerators in
reporting progress and clarifying doubts
Data
Processing
Data Processing
• Indian Census - Always been in the forefront of using
latest technology
• 1961 Census – Unit Record machines used
• 1971 Census – Key-punching (electrical cum
mechanical) machines used – An IBM 1401 computer
with IBM card Reader used
• 1981 Census – Data Entry made using Key to Disk
machines. Processing by HP 1000 CD-Cyber 730 & NEC
- 1000 Computer System at NIC
Capturing Information and Processing Very Large
volume of Census Data
• 1991 Census - Medha 930 Main Frame
Computer System used for Data processing.
Unix based dumb terminals used for data entry
• 2001 Census – First large country to use image
based Automatic Form Processing Technology,
High Speed Duplex Scanners used for image
capturing
• 2011 Census – Using more developed ICR
Technology with advanced features.
System flow at Data Centers
Export station
Scanning station
Supervisor Export completed
batches as ASCII file for further
processing
Forms are fed thru scanners
batch by batch
Supervisors Handle Quality
check /Exceptional cases
QC & Exception
Recognition stations
Form IMAGES
stored in
Network
DISK
Server
Tile/Correction station - Un-recognised
Characters are corrected by OPERATORS
Tiling & Completion stations
Field by field
character
images are
automatically
recognised
Data Tabulation
• Provisional Population Totals for India and States compiled from
Enumerator’s Abstract manually declared within about four
weeks
• Later, Household Schedules are collected, scanned and
processed
• Extensive Quality Check and Data Validation are being
undertaken
• 48 tables at India level and similar tables at State/UT/District/
Sub-District/Town level have been released on “Houses,
Household amenities and assets” for Census 2011.
• More than 300 Tables to be published on Census 2011 at India,
State, District level as per the tabulation plan (being finalized).
Tables released on
Houselisting & Housing Census 2011
Series
Category
Indicators
No. of
tables
HH
Househol
d Series
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Number of households and size
Ownership status
Dwelling rooms
No. of married couples
Type & location of drinking water source
Main source of lighting
Type of latrine facility
Bathing facility
Type of drainage (Waste water outlet)
Availability of kitchen
Fuel used for cooking
Possession of certain assets like Bi-cycle, two-wheeler,
car, telephone/mobile phone, computer/laptop(with
or without internet), television
• Households availing banking services
42
HL
Housing
Series
• Number of Census houses and the use
• Condition of Census house
• Material of floor, wall, roof of Census house
6
Level of presentation: India/State/District, some tables upto
Sub-District/Town.
Dimension: T/R/U
Tabulation Plan 2001
(Population Enumeration)
(2011 Tabulation plan is being finalized)
Indicators
Series
Category
A
General Population
Area, Population, Density
20
B
Economic Activities
Workers, Industrial classifications,
Occupations etc.
53
C
Socio-cultural tables
Age structure, Education, language &
Mother tongue, marital status,
religion, disability
53
D
Migration tables
Place of birth, place of last residence,
duration of stay, reason for migration
22
F
Fertility tables
Children ever born, children surviving,
birth during last 12 months
20
HH
Household Series
Household size, composition etc.
54
SC
Special tables on Scheduled
Castes
Selected indicators from the above
series
16
ST
Special tables on Scheduled
Tribes
Selected indicators from the above
series
19
Level of presentation: India/State/District/Sub-District/Town
Dimension: T/R/U by age, sex etc.
No. of
tables
Improvement in Quality : Website
Interactive and instructive
Internet effectively used for training and governance
Feedback/Dissemination
Use of Social Networking Sites
Facebook…
Use of Social Networking Sites
Facebook…
As on 25-05-2012
Use of Social Networking
Sites – Posts on
Facebook Wall…
Facebook Posts
Dr. Manmohan Singh The Prime
Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh and wife of the
Prime Minister Smt. Gursharan Kaur being
enumerated for Census 2011 at his
Residence in New Delhi on February 09,
Adviser to the PM on PIII, Sam
Pitroda Congratulations on completing
Census 2011! Citizens and planners alike
need access to timely and reliable data.
Looking forward to accessing the data soon.
2011.
Census of India on Twitter
Census Info India
2001
Disseminated on an interactive CD
 Data on Demography, Economy and Education
 Time series data (From 1901 to 2001)
 Tables, Graphs and Maps
2011
 Under preparation
 Would be disseminated on an interactive CD using the latest
version of CensusInfo
 Will contain all the information as given in CensusInfo 2001
along with the data on Census 2011
Census Info India, 2001
Census Info India, 2001
Achievements
 Provisional data 2011 Census - released
 Data Dissemination Centers set up in ORGI and Census
Directorates worked as hubs for dissemination
 Census of India website used as a major platform for data
dissemination.
 Launched Census Info Dashboard at Census of India website
to generate quick profiles on Provisional Results released
from Census 2011.
 Set up workstation for research on micro-data on from 1991
and 2001 Census at Jawaharlal University, Delhi - inaugurated
recently.
 Participation in Book Fairs and Exhibitions in different States
to enhance awareness of census data
Plan for 2012 - 17
 The results of the Census of India 2011 will be disseminated
using all available modes, like, in print, on CD, on web, etc
 Census Data products will be developed and disseminated
 Social networking sites, like Face Book and Twitter will be
used to disseminate data and sensitize visitors about
availability and use of Census data
CensusInfo Dashboard
on the Web
CensusInfo
State
Comparisons
Area
Profile
Development of Census Data
Products
 Data products on 2011 Census results for use by different
category of users will be prepared and disseminated
 These include:
• Basic census tables, analytical reports, data sheets
• Subject specific CDs, Booklets, Website development
• CensusInfo India Dashboard on Website
• Map products and different publicity products
Software module on Decision Support System
(DSS)
 DSS is to be developed to access latest Census Data at
District, Block and Village/Town level for use in planning.
 Datasets to be used for DSS:
 Primary Census Abstract at village/town level
 Village and Town Directory data as collected through
State Governments.
 Linking of village level data with maps will enable to identify
less developed regions/villages in terms of infrastructure
and amenities.
Data Dissemination Workshops
 Data Dissemination Workshop will be organized in
major cities by Census Directorates.
 To sensitize the data users on the availability of latest
2011 Census data on various indicators.
 Data Dissemination Workshop has already been
conducted on data pertaining to “Houselisting &
Housing Census 2011”
Census in School Programme
 The best place to begin this sensitization process is with
the school students who are tomorrow’s decision-makers.
 Sensitizing school students about availability and use of
Census data will be a major way of disseminating Census
2011 data
 Reading material on Census Data would be prepared in
attractive designs and styles in regional languages
 It is proposed to send one School Kit on Census data to
100 schools per district in all the 640 districts in the
country.
Workstation for Research on Micro-data
 Workstation for research on census micro-data already set
up at Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi.
 The objective is to allow researchers to undertake research
on database of more than a billion persons as collected in
Census after anonymizing the sensitive fields.
 18 more similar Work Stations are to be set up shortly in
different parts of the Country.
Setting up of Digital Archive on Old Census
Reports & maps
 To make the old Census Reports (1872 – 2001) available for
research it is proposed to digitize them.
 Available printed reports, microfiches, microfilms, etc will be
digitized by scanning each page and then converting them into
PDF.
 Retrieval software would be used to access this large collection
of digitized Census Volumes.
 Dedicated centres equipped with servers and related facilities
would be set up in all the 34 ORGI/DCOs .
Thank You
Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
2-A, Man Singh Road, New Delhi – 110011
Website: www.censusindia.gov.in
E-mail: [email protected]
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Plan schemes Registrar General, India