Canada’s CDM & JI Office: Role &
Presentation by Jane Desbarats
Winnipeg, Manitoba
March 14, 2003
Program Manager
Canada’s CDM & JI Office
CDM and JI Policy Context
Office mandate, objectives, and strategy
Key Accomplishments
Project Facilitation
Linkages with Other Programs
Near Term Focus
Activities Implemented Jointly
Pilot phase launched in 1995
To gain practical experience
No credits
Benefits of CDM and JI for the host
Attracting investment in priority economic sectors
Air quality improvements and health benefits
Access to clean technologies
Improved energy efficiency
Infrastructure improvements and increased
• Mitigation of climate change
• Reduced dependence on imported fuel
• Revenues from credits
CDM Criteria
• Contributes to the sustainable development of the
host country
• Results in emission reductions that would not have
happened otherwise
• Generates real, measurable and long-term climate
change mitigation benefits
• Approved by parties involved
JI- Kyoto Criteria
• Credits earned from 2008 onward
• Results in emission reductions that would not have happened
• Generates real, measurable and long-term climate change
mitigation benefits
• Approved by parties involved
• Project hosted by another Annex I country
• Two Tracks: depends on level of Party’s compliance with the
Protocol’s participation requirements
– Track I: host Party meets all KP participation requirements
– Track II: host Party does not meet all KP participation
requirements, of if host country chooses
• Requires independent third party verification
CDM Project Cycle
Project Idea-
by OE/
by EB
by entities
Does it fit with
Kyoto Criteria?
by OEs
of Certified
by EB
Background of CDM Executive Board
Supervisory body of the CDM, established at COP 7
20 members (10 members and 10 alternates)
Meetings no less than three times per year
– accreditation of the Operational Entities.
– project registration
– approval of new methodologies for baselines &
– issuance of CERs
– establishment and maintenance of the CDM registry
– report on regional distribution of CDM activities
CDM and JI Office Mandate
• Act as national focal point for CDM and JI
– Develop and disseminate information
– Link with other Canadian and international programs
• Facilitate Canadian participation
– Facilitate project development
– Provide technical guidance to companies
– Provide funding support
– Conclude bilateral agreements
• Project approval
• Provide analytical and policy support to negotiations
Budget and staff
• Started in Sept. 1998 with small budget
• Increased capacity under AP2000
– Total budget $25.25Mn over 5 years
• Currently have 10 staff
– technical expertise
– regional expertise
– language expertise
– trade promotion expertise
• Objectives
– Strengthen Canada’s capacity to use Kyoto Mechanisms
• Facilitate Canadian participation and assist companies
in obtaining credits
• Credits back to Canada from CDM & JI projects
towards obligations in the 1st commitment period.
• Overall Strategy
– Initial focus - building awareness and outreach; advising
companies; identifying markets; facilitating MOUs
– Current focus - project-specific activities to reduce
transactions costs
Criteria for funding of proposals
• Results in CDM or JI credits for Canada
• Addresses issues or barriers around CDM or JI
• Enhances business opportunities for Canadian
• Solidifies partnerships with active countries
• Paves the way for future initiatives in the host country
• Leverages resources
Key Accomplishments
International Outreach
Bilateral Agreements
Engaging the Posts
Domestic Outreach
Project facilitation
Communications Activities
International Outreach (examples)
• Canadian CDM workshops in 15 countries
– covering key regions (Latin America, Asia, Africa, Eastern
• Presentations at several Regional workshops
– in Latin America , Africa and Asia
• Participation in 6 federal or provincial trade missions
– (Team Canada, IC; Alberta climate change missions)
• Support to several climate change initiatives
– Small Projects Facilitation Centre- Pembina Institute
– Analytical work on carbon forest sequestration
– Delphi group, CERI demonstration projects in S. America
Bilateral agreements
• 10 MOUs completed: Poland, Ukraine, Latvia,
Korea, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Nicaragua,Tunisia, Uganda (project specific)
• Statements of Intent with Mexico and China
include cooperation on CDM/JI
• 9 MOUs underway: Argentina, Ecuador, Brazil, El
Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, Kenya, Sri Lanka,
• Discussions underway with Kazakhstan, Romania,
Canadian Embassies
• Awareness Building at Posts
– training Posts during outreach
– pre-departure CDM/JI briefings yearly
– briefings at Globe and Americana
• Greater engagement of posts in key countries
Working Groups
Project identification
Project facilitation
Regular contact with CDM focal points
• Working closely with Climate Change
Technology Promotion Officers
Domestic Outreach
• National Workshops (2000,2002, 2003), Ottawa
• Yearly regional Roundtables: Halifax, Montreal,
Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, Winnipeg
• Globe and Americana
• Ongoing dissemination of information
– website
– database (approx 750 organizations)
– phone calls and e-mail
– company visits
Communications Activities
Database of companies
E-mail messages:
– Project opportunities
– EB decisions
– PCF related updates
• Compilation of focal points
• Publications:
– French CDM guide;
– Summary document on COP 7 Decisions
– A Guide to Establishing National Authorities
Project Facilitation
• 13 Market studies completed
• 5 Feasibility studies for CDM project viability
• 19 Baseline studies,monitoring plans,PDD
Interest in CDM and JI
• Many projects being explored by Canadian
– Energy efficiency:
• Includes Fuel Switching, Transportation
– Landfill gas capture
– Renewables
• Includes Hydro, Solar, Biomass, Wind
– Sequestration
– Interest includes: Emitters, Non-emitters
– Need to ensure that credits are brought back to
Near term Activities
• Latin America & Caribbean – focus on Mexico, Chile,
Brazil, Central America
• Asia - focus on India and China
– explore opportunities in Korea and Indonesia
• Africa & Middle East – focus on Egypt,
– build on capacity in the Maghreb countries
• Economies in transition – focus on Russia, Ukraine,
and Kazakhstan,
– build on existing efforts in Poland, and explore
potential in Bulgaria and Romania
Linkages with Other Programs
• TEAM: Baselines for 2 projects
• Canadian Initiative for International Technology Transfer
• NRCAN’s Technology Promotion Officers
• AP2000 International technology Initiative
• CIDA’s Climate Change Development Fund
• World Bank PCF & 2 new funds
• Regional Development Banks
For more information ...
Canada’s CDM & JI Office
Climate Change and Energy Division (AEC)
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade
125 Sussex Drive
Ottawa, ON K1A 0G2
Tel: (613) 944-3039
Fax: (613) 944-0064