How do I know what the author is really trying to accomplish with his/her words? Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football. Figuratively: figure out what it means I’ve got your back. You’re a doll. Figures of Speech Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” Examples The metal twisted like a ribbon. She is as sweet as candy. Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile. A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza. Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.” Examples All the world is a stage. Men are dogs. Her heart is stone. Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples The sunlight danced. Water on the lake shivers. The streets are calling me. Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples I will love you forever. My house is a million miles away. She’d kill me. A word that “makes” a sound SPLAT PING SLAM POP POW A saying that isn’t meant to be taken literally. Doesn’t “mean” what it says Don’t be a stick in the mud! You’re the apple of my eye. I have an ace up my sleeve. When two words are put together that contradict each other. “Opposites” Jumbo Shrimp Pretty Ugly Freezer Burn when a series of words repeat the same consonants or sounds in a line or verse •He is a rock: This signifies that he is strong and dependable. Symbolism in the form of a metaphor. Symbolism - using a word or phrase to represent an idea. When an author wants to suggest a certain mood or emotion, he/she can just use symbolism to hint at it, rather than just blatantly saying it. Symbolism can be found almost anywhere, not only in literature. William Blake refers to life cycle and uses sunflowers to represent humankind and that they desire everlasting life. “Ah Sunflower, weary of time, Who countest the steps of the sun; Seeking after that sweet golden clime Where the traveler’s journey is done;” Tone = the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or the character. Tone is conveyed through the author's words and details. (Examples: witty, sarcastic, angry, serious, haunting, playful, sympathetic, etc.) Mood = emotions that you feel while you are reading. (Examples: cheerful, gloomy, content, relaxed, depressed, bittersweet, scared, etc.) On your bell ringer paper or a separate sheet of paper… 1. 2. 3. I will put an example of figurative language on the board. You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, idiom, onomatopoeia, or oxymoron. You can use your notes. He drew a line as straight as an arrow. The sun was beating down on me. A flag wags like a fishhook there in the sky. Ravenous and savage from its long polar journey, the North Wind is searching for food— Dinner is on the house. The clouds smiled down at me. SPLAT! She is as sweet as candy I could sleep forever! The wheat field was a sea of gold. She was dressed to the nines. Old news She was as white as a ghost.